US 1571100 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 26 1926a 1,571,100
. E. E. SKINNER COOLER Filed May '7, 1924 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 97 E14 Jieznnefl,
' Suva Mo;
Jan. 26 ,1926.
E. E. SKI NNER .my a
a ,1 jig .19- v 146.
Patented Jan. 26, 1926.
a}: li A sir EMERSON EHOCEI SKIETNEPJ,
Application filed May 7,
T 0 oil whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EMEnsoN ENocH SKINNER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Elgin, in the county of Antelope and State of Nebraska, have invented a new and useful Cooler, of which the following is a specification.
This invention aims to provide a simple means whereby provisions and the like may be cooled in a cellar or vbasement, and be raised to a con renient position in an apartment above the cellar or basement, the device comprising a carrier, a portion of which remains in the upper apartment to serve as a container for articles which do not need to be cooled. A further object of the invention is to provide novel means whereby the carrier may be counterpoised, raised and lowered.
It is within the province of the disclosure to improve generally and to enhance the utility of devices of that sort to which the invention appertains.
Although a preferred form of the invention has been shown in the drawings, it will be understood that a mechanic, working within the scope of what is claimed, may make changes without departing from the spirit of the invention or placing the,
utility of the device in jeopardy.
In the drawings :Figure 1 shows, in elevation, a device constructed in accordance with the invention; Figure 2 is a horizontal section taken through the cabinet and at tendant parts; Figure 3 is an elevation showing the guiding means for the flexible elements whereon the carrier is mounted for vertical movement from the position shown in Figure 4 to the position shown in Figure 1; Figure 4 is a vertical section wherein the carrier is shown raised; Figure 5 is a horizontal section showing the guiding means for the vertically moving carrier; Figure 6 is a cross section showing the means whereby the flexible elements which support the vertically movable carrier are connected thereto; Figure 7 is a vertical section wherein the carrier has been raised, as in Figure 4, parts appearing in elevation; Figure 8 is a sectional view supplemental to Figure 6; Figure 9 is a vertical section showing how the flexible elements are connected to the counterpoise weights.
The numeral 1 marks the wall of a building, the floor appearing at 2 and forming an apartment or room 43, above the floor,
1924. Serial No. 711,707.
and a cellar or basement below the floor, the ground being shown at 4 and forming the bottom of the cellar 3. There is an opening 5 in the floor 2, and the soil bottom 4 of the cellar may be excavated to fashion a pit 6.
A cabinet 7 is located in the cellar 3, about the opening in the floor 2 and may be carried by the floor, although this detail is not insisted upon, the height of the cabiuet determining whether it is supported on the cellar bottom 4 or suspended from the floor 2 as shown in Figure 1. The cabinet 7 has a front door 8 and may be equipped in its bottom with a drain 9. Channelshaped guides 1.0 are located in the cabinet 7 and extend between the bottom of the cabinet and the floor 2. The cabinet 7 may be equipped, for the sake of ventilation, with an air conduit 11 controlled by a damper 12. The numeral 14 designates a water pipe having an inlet end 15 and an outlet end 16, the water pipe being formed into a coil 17 located. in the pit 6. As shown at 18, the pit 6 may be filled wholly or in part with earth, as shown at 18 in Figure 1, although whether or not the pit is to be filled, is left to the discretion of the builder. The pipe 14 embodies a coil 19 located in the cabinet 7, at the back thereof.
The device embodies a vertically movable carrier 20, including an upper member 21, preferably made of wood and conforming in finish to the wood trim of the apartment 43. Any desired number of drawers 22 slide horizontally in the upper member 21 of the carrier, and are provided with handles 23. A lower member 24, of metal if desired, is secured within and to the lower end of the upper member 21, as shown at 44 in Figure 4. The lower member 24 of the carrier 20 has a plurality of shelves 25 and is openedat the front. A horizontal slide 26 is secured to the back of the upper member 21 of the carrier 20 andincludes a head 27 slidable in a two-part vertical guide 28, mounted on the walll, the constituent members of the guide being held together by securing elements 29. Channel-shaped riders 30 are secured to the sides of the lower member 24 of the carrier 20 and reciprocate in the vertical channel-shaped guides 10 which are located in the cabinet 7. Adjacent to their upper ends, the guides 10 have openings 31 receiving pulleys 32 on shafts 33 carried by brackets 34 on the guides 10. About the pulleys 32, flexible elements 35, such as chains, are rove. The flexible elements 35 extend through openings 36 formed in the riders 30 of the carrier 20, pins 37, or other fasteners, being engaged with the flexible elements and with the riders 30, as shown in Figure 8, to anchor the flexible elements at one end upon the carrier 20. Weight boxes 38 slide between the guides and the ends of the cabinet 7, as disclosed in Figure 2, and have guide ways 39 affording a slidable mounting for the weight boxes on the guides. The weight boxes are adapted to receive wet sand or any other heavy material, and in this way, the eihciency of the weight boxes, as a counterpoise for the carrier and its contents, may be adjusted. Anchor boxes are mounted in the weight boxes 38 between the inner walls of the guide ways 39 and the outer walls of the weight boxes, the anchor blocks 40 serving to stiffen the guide ways 39 and to reinforce them for sliding engagement with the guides 10. Figure 9 shows that there are recesses 41 in the upper ends of the anchor blocks 40, the flexible elements extending into the recesses and being held therein by securing elements 42 mounted in the guide ways 39 and in the blocks and held against movement toward the left in Figure 9 by the guides 10.
The. water passing through the pipe 14 is cooled by the coil 17 in the pit 6 and, passing through the coil 19, cools the cabinet 7, it being possible to draw cool water from the outlet end 16 of the water pipe by any suitable plumbing arrangement of faucets and the like, forming no part of the present application. I
lVhen the carrier 20 is lowered, as shown in Figure 1, the lower member 24 of the carrier is located in the cabinet 7, and the articles on the shelves 25 are cooled from the coil 19, it being possible to open the door 8, should it be desired to place something on the shelves 25, from the cellar 3. When the carrier 20 is lowered as aforesaid, the upper member 21 of the cabinet remains above the floor 2, and the drawers 22 may be used to contain provisions which do not need to be cooled, the contents of the drawers being always accessible without raising the carrier 20' The handles 28 on the drawers 22 may be used to raise the carrier 20 into the position shown in Figures i and 7 whereupon the contents of the shelves 25 may be removed by a person in the upper apartment 43. The carrier 20 may be slid downwardly from the position of Figure 4 to the position of Figure 1, to dispose the lower member 24 of the carrier again in the cooling cabinet 7 The weights 38 of course offsetthe weight of the carrier 20 and its contents, and since the weights are in the form of boxes, a proper counterpoise may be effected between the weights and the carrier 20.
I claim 1. The combination with the floor of a building, of a cabinet located therebelow, means for cooling the cabinet, a carrier slidable through the floor to dispose the lower end of the carrier in and out of the cabinet, the upper end of the carrier being located above the floor when the lower end of the carrier is moved downwardly to the limit into the cabinet, and means for supporting and counterpoising the carrier.
2. The combination with the floor of a building, of a cabinet located therebelow, means for cooling the cabinet, guide bars in the cabinet, a weight positively interengaged with each guide bar for sliding movement therealong, a carrier movable through the floor and interengaged positively with both guide bars for sliding movement therealong, flexible elements connected at their ends to the weights and to the carrier, and means for guiding the intermediate portions of the flexible elements.
3.. The combination with the floor of a building, of a cabinet located therebelow,
means for cooling the cabinet, guides in the cabinet, hollow weight boxes having guide ways receiving the guides, reinforcing blocks located between the guide ways and the walls of the boxes, acarrier slidable on the aforesaid guides, through the floor, into and out of the cabinet, flexible elements connected to the blocks and to the carrier, and means for guiding the intermediate portions of the flexible elements. 7
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto affixed my signature.
EMERSON ENOOH SKINNER.