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Publication numberUS1572120 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 9, 1926
Filing dateApr 14, 1924
Priority dateApr 14, 1924
Publication numberUS 1572120 A, US 1572120A, US-A-1572120, US1572120 A, US1572120A
InventorsClaude W Massingham, Earl A Parker
Original AssigneeClaude W Massingham, Earl A Parker
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flying machine
US 1572120 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 9 1926.

E. A. PARKER ET AL FLYING MACHINE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 14, 1924 Masai m5, w

2 %Mr Guam,

Feb. 9,1926; 1,572,120

E. A. PARKER ET AL FLYING MACHINE Filed April 14, 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 gwmmtoq;

E A Parker,

Patented Feb. 9, 1926.



Application filed April 14, 1924. Serial No. 706,585.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, EARL A. PARKER and Poplar Bluff, in the county of Butler and State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Flying hilachiues: and we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, concise, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to improvements in flying machines of the lighter than air type, having for an object to provide a dirigible and propelled airship having the load sustaining means or body thereof connected to the gondola or carriage in such a manner as to permit of relative uninterrupted parallel movement therebctween, hence, permitting the craft so constructed, to be especially stable and etlicient in flight under abnormal conditions, such as dui'ing storms and similar disturbances; it being at all times possible to cause the craft to face the wind and thus secure thereto, its full power of propulsion and control.

An equally important object of the mvention is to provide a flying machine, the

sustaining means of which is so constructed that the center of buoyancy and of gravity will be in the same vertical plane, hence, permitting the machine to constantly retain its full equilibrium.

It is also an objectof the invention to provide a flying machine with a novelly constructed and shaped sustaining beam or body, the same being circular in shape and formed with angular bow portions, thereby allording superior qualities for the comhating of wind friction and air resistance, together with the ability to ascend or descend when desired and under full control.

Other objects of the invention will be in part obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter.

In order that the invention and its mode of operation may be readily understood by persons skilled in the art, we have inthe accompanying illustrative drawings, and in the detailed following description based thereupon, set out one possible embodiment of the same.

In these drawings Figure l is a side elevation of the im proved machine;

Figure 2 is a top plan view having portions thereof broken away, showing the shape or formation of the sustaining body;

Figure 3 is a vertical section through the sustaining body; and,

l igure -lis an enlarged fragmentary detail, partly in section, showing the swivel connection between thesustaining bodyand the machine gondola or carriage.

lilaving more particular reference to the drawings, in connection with which like characters of reference will designate corresponding parts, the improved flying ma chine maybe stated to comprise a sustaining body 1, a gondola or carriage 2, and a swivel connection 3, such connection, obviously, serving to support the gondola 2 with respect to the sustaining body 1 and to permit of uninterrupted relative parallel movement as between the two;

The sustainii'ig body 1, being referred to in detail, may be stated to comprise a skeleton or superstructure comprehending concentrically arranged circular braces or trusses 4:, of which there are two, as shown in the Figure 3. Radially disposed bars'5 are interconnected with these circular braces 4: and will be noted, are so arranged as to provide a circular frame, the opposite sides thereof, that is, the upper and lower sides of which, are tapered outwardly, as is clearly shown in the Figure 3. Vertically disposed trusses 6 are positioned between the opposite sides of the bars 5 at certain distances throughout their lengths and by reason of their connection with the adjacent portions of such bars will serve to effectual- ].y brace the same and likewise, to alford compartments for the various buoyant elements of the sustaining body to be presently described. In this connection, it will be noted that the marginal or bow portion of the sustaining body 1 is angled, and by reason of this, it will be understood that the sustaining body will be given such superior qualities as will enable the same to successfully combat wind friction and air resistance.

Fixedly connected to the lower side and central portion of the superstructure of the This swivel connecting ring 8, as will be noted upon reference to the Figure 4, coinprises 'a circular tubular-like body portion having a slot formed. in the lower part there of through which hanger brackets 9, connected to rollers 10 travelling within the circular tubularbody may pass. A circular band 11 is fixedly connected to the lower ends of these hanger brackets as indicated at 12. Thus, itwill be understood that by reason of the connection of the circular band 11 to the rollers 10, rotary movement as between said band 11 and the ring 8' will be permitted Incidentally, it should be here noted that the swivel ring 8 is rigidly supported withrespect to the sustaining body .1 through the medium of the various supporting rods 7.

Arranged within the central compartment of the sustaining body superstructure, such compartment being affordedby the inner- .most vertical trusses 6, is a spherical gasinflated bag 13, the upper and lower portions of which pass through the circular braces 41-. Encompassing this spherical gasintlated bag 13, but spaced therefrom, is an inner gas-inflated tube 1 1, the same being arranged in thatcompartment provided as between the innern'iost vertical truss or trusses and those trusses outwardly of but adjacent to the same. Yet another and outer gas-inflated tubelo is arranged within the superstructure of the-sustaining body 1 between another of the compartments afforded by the arrangement of others of the vertical trusses 6, this latter gas inflated tube, as will be noted, being spaced from the inner gas-1nflated tube 14. To secure or support the gasdnflated bag 13 and the gasinflated tubes let-and 15 in suspended positi ons within the superstructure of the sustaining body 1, ropes or suitable forms of cables, generally indicated herein by the numeral 16, are passed about or wrapped over the bag 13, then crossed over the superstruc ture bars 5 and the trusses G and engaged about the nner gas-inflated bag 14 and then over portions of the superstructure bars 5 and others of the trusses G, whereupon the ropes or cables are passed about the outer gas-inflated bag 15. The free or remaining ends of these ropes or cables are then arranged in criss-crossed relationship as indicated by the numeral 17 and secured to adjacent portions of the tapered marginal parts of the sustaining body superstructure,

as clearly indicated in the Figure 3. In

this way, it will be understood that the inflatable bodies within the sustaining body 1 will be immovably secured in their sus pended positions with respect to their particular compartment within the superstructure of such sustaining body and in consequencc, damage thereto, caused by constant rubbing or friction will be avoided and likewise, the stability of the sustaining body brought about by positive positioning of the buoyant bodies therein will be ensured.

The superstructure of the sustaining 'body 1 with arrangement of the lighter than air bodies 13, 14 and 15 therein in the manner hereinbefore described, is adapted to be enveloped in a covering of suitablewaterproo'f fabric or other material indicated by the numeral 18, such material, of course, being stretched taut over the superstructure of the sustaining body and having its adjacent portions joined by stitching, lacing, or other suitable means, common in the art.

The gondola or carriage 2 of the machine is adapted to be connected by hanger rods or similar devices 19 to the circular band or ring 11 and when so positioned, it will he understood that the same will be supported in substantial parallelism to the sus taining body 1. The gondola is provided with suitable motive means for driving the rotatable propeller 20 at the desired velocity, whilethe usual rudder or other steering apparatus 21 is provided upon the rearward or other desired portions of such gondola. Also, landing gearing 22 may be and preferably'is provided the gondola for obvious purposes.

From the foregoing, it will be seen that we have provided a lighter than air flying machine of the dirigible and propelled type which by reason of its peculiar construction and formation of the sustaining body there of will be permitted to successfully encounter and withstand heavy wind friction and air resistance. Because of .the connection of the gondola 2, through the swivel 3 to the sustaining body 1, it will be also seen that the center of buoyancy and the center of gravity of the flying machine will be arranged in the same vertical plane, hence, lending materially to the stability of the machine as well as to its lifting and flying efficiency. Furthermore, because of the ability of the gondola 2 to move in an interrupted path of parallel travel with respect to the sustaining body 1, it will be understood that the propeller 20 thereof may, at all times, be brought head-ion into engagement with wind friction or air resistance, whereas the propelling apparatus 21 of such gondola may be also advantageously positioned in order that the craft may be caused to carry on effectual flight through abnormal air conditions.

Manifestly, the construction shown is capable of considerable modification, and such modification as is within the scope of our superstructure having the upper and lower surfaces thereof tapered, gas inflated bodies retained in spaced relation within said superstructure, a carriage, a circular swivel ring fixedly connected to the under side and central portion of the superstructure, a circular band, rollers fixedly connected in spaced relation to said band and niovably received in the circular ring, and means for cifecting connection between said carriage and said band.

2. A flying machinecomprising a lighter than air sustaining body consisting of a superstructure having the upper and lower surfaces thereof tapered, gas inflated bodics retained in spaced relation within said superstructure, one of said gas inflated bodies being spherical in shape and the others of said bodies being circular in shape and arranged concentrically with respect to said spherical body, a carriage, and means for rotatably connecting and supporting said carriage on said superstructure.

3. A flying machine comprising a sustaining body including a superstructure circular in shape and having its upper and lower surfaces tapered outwardly, a spherical gasinflated body arranged within and centrally of said superstructure, a pair of concentrically arranged gas-inflated tubes within the superstructure and encompassing spherical body, means for suspending said said spherical body and tubes within the super structure and in spaced relation, a carriage, and means connected to the under side of the superstructure and arranged centrally of the same for swivelly connecting said carriage to the sustaining body and permitting of uninterrupted parallel movement therebetween.

4;. A flying machine comprising a lighter than air sustaining body including a superstructure consisting of bars and struts arranged to render the same circular in shapeand to have its upper and lower sides tapered outwardly, a spherical gas-inflated bag arranged within and centrally of said superstructure, gas-inflated tubes arranged concentrically with respect to each other within the superstructure and encompassing said gas-inflated bag, means for supporting said bag and tubes in suspended and spaced positions within the superstructure an envelope enclosing said superstructure, a carriage, a circular swivel ring fixedly con nected to the under side and central portion of the superstructure, a circular band movably connected to said circular ring, and means for effecting connection between the carriage and said circular band.

I11 witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4269375 *Oct 31, 1979May 26, 1981Hickey John JHybrid annular airship
U.S. Classification244/30, 244/127, 244/12.2
International ClassificationB64B1/00
Cooperative ClassificationB64B1/00
European ClassificationB64B1/00