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Publication numberUS1573063 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 16, 1926
Filing dateJan 7, 1924
Priority dateJan 7, 1924
Publication numberUS 1573063 A, US 1573063A, US-A-1573063, US1573063 A, US1573063A
InventorsStacy B Haseltine
Original AssigneeMiner Inc W H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door operating and locking device
US 1573063 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 16 1926.

S. B. HASELTINE DOOR OPERATING AND LOCKING DEVICE Filed Jan. ,'7, 1924 Patented Feb. 16, 1926.

noon oPnneTiNe AND lLooK'INGf DEVICE,

Application-filed .rJanu-ar-y"7, 1924. Serial No. 684,691.

To all whom Imay emwem:

Be -it lniownthat `]f,.STAoi' B. HAsnLTINn a citizen oiftlie .UnitedStates, Viesidingat hicagoyintlie county oCook'a-nd State ot Illinois, have invented a eei'tfain' new and useful:Improvement in Door peating and Looking Devices, o' which the `liollowing is a full, cle-ai', concise, and exa-ct description, reference being-'had to the accoinp'anyingl di'awino's, forming -a part of this specilioation.

This invention relates to;inipioveinentain dooil 'operating' and lockingdevices. i

rllie object of tliisinventionis to prov a simple and relatively inexpensive device which ea-n beapplied to a doo-i' of ille-sliding type and which will have effective means for` drawing the doorto :tightlyclosed position, which Will be olf'v service inlstaiting'tlie opening operation, and by Wliicli the .door may be securely. locked when closed.

In tliel drawing' oimilng a part oi' this speciication, Figure lhis a side elevation of f1 `portion of a box oai', :showing a portion ofthe side doei1` theieof withV inyiirnprone.- ine-nts -i-n :connection :theremmL-h. Fig. 2 `is a horizontal, sectional View coi-responding sabstantially'to the line' of Fig. 1; Fig 3 Ais a vertical, sectional View corresponding snbst-antially 'to fthe line fwof :Figi: 1. And Fig. l is 'a detailed, sideeleVat-ional View `of a latch nienibei used in comiectionv with my iinpnoved idevice.

ln saidfc1 anfing, 1@ .mieli-etes the sliding;

side door -o a ijaillway box cai", .which may be eitliei' of the topoi bottoni flninn; type.`

(lne .olf the dooi.l poste isindicated lat 1l in Fig. 2,111@ latter being cutaway as shown at its outer side to pnovide a .door stop 12 aggainst which the 'oiivad edge 13 lofthe door is adapted to beaiwwlienrtlie door in :fully closed position. Y

The rimproved door fopeiiating .f and locking device, as shown,icoinpnises, broadly, a s top i biaclet A; .a pivoted flocking plate 13.2 a

a latchv :member l) g sliding` .bail or link C3 a guide bracket E; arpa-fir ofnsupponting brackets Ill-F; and .van ope ating; level1 (l.

The `pair of supporting brackets F-F `-aife oi' like .constin tion, each including; a base plate lil suitably bolted or Iivetedflto 4the dooiias 'indicated at4 15. Formed :integial Witli-eaoli plate [14 is en foutwardlyprojecting, horizontallydisposed flange 16 of trangulaiwontline, having a bearing l? fori-ned at its outer end7 said bearing being in the iorln'ota bos's'piovided with a cylindrical boite; ,The .supporting-braclets 'F are a1'- ianged Witli-thesides thereof .carrying the. flanges 16 adjacent, the `flanges being'dieposed in spaced `p aiallel relation and the bones ofthe bowling-17 in al'inenient.'V

The level `(le.comprises a j bifnicated head section 18 andoanz'opeiating.liandle 19, the

latter being` pivotal-ly connected l,to the secT v lion; .lSYIb'y ineens ot' a pin ,2OA extending tlnongli the end` oftlie saine and tongue-21 lioinied integifal with the section 1S, tlie pivoedyend .of the liandlebeing preferably piovic-leid .with a snbstantialilyvcirculanenlarge inent- 22slotted to receive the tongue 21 and provided with' alined perlorations adapted the armsnoftlie forked lieadsectionl are connected pin 23. vThe'headL18 is. diep ioeed'betnieen `the flanges 1go-of thelgn'aelets' F and, `at lapoint intermediate the ends tlieifeofyieaeli arm o?? the oillis pieni-d Wit-li tiunniion joiguna ed in tlie beweinig]Y lZno-tlie A,com'ejeponc' b bracket Il". llie head is flnis piivotajlly Mounted between-the lnaolmtsliT-TF i to swing yin a horizonte?, plane,` Upon ieiteience toFigiues 1 and 2J it will b eeeenftliat tile-.handle 19 is piyoted to the head 18 so as to Y* l@ the-neto, thereby peninitt the handle lo :be raised by lthe{operai-or so as to assume a cenyenienft position tof oseill,4 the lioad 18, Aand also allowing the "lil v e yto 'drop` under. the iii-iluence ol' gnay-ity :to the dottedline position shown in Figure 1, lwhen ieleased by the openatoij. 'Vl enlz 1genient is preferably outwardly ol t Witl'i i'efl'eien Ye to .the nn 'oi' pont-,ion oly tee 'lia-indie ae clearlyelionin l in lfiginel, @and the 'free end of the handle do ploded Wi-tlLalmnd {,gifip ion I-9/1. he. ban iol, linl; KC, the main ibody pontion 03T vwhich is iof reetnigulai' cross-section,'Ilias one end'tl1e1eof-5lateraglly en'la-ifgedto `provide liead `The ybai" Uibeaie on-tlie enter `Asa face of tligeidooivlO'and is islidably guided loi movement longitudinally oi' the latten` by means fof'tflie guide bracket "E, the ,Ifelget .lflgbeingl-seon1ed to the door prefera-V L bolts. `flllie Y1liead is adapted to woitli betwieenqtlie of rthe `forl ed head 18. Aand is pl ovided @with llaislot 27 Iextendin lit anglesto tlie plane lofthe idool? adapted to neoeiyegthepine' of the lever G Cil for sliding and pivotal movement. As will be evident, when the lever G is oscillated in a horizontal plane, the pin 23 will be swung` about the pivotal Aaxis ofthe ,lever on the brackets l", and throughit's connection with the bar C cause the same to slide relatively to the door. The end of ythe bar C remote from the head 25 is cut away on itsouter` 'in Figure 4, the latch member D is inthe form of a ilat plate cut away on the inner side adjacent the outer` end to provide a raised hook member 31 presenting a downwardly and rearwardly inclined outer end face 32. Rearwardly of the face 32, the raised portion provides a vertical shoulder 33 and a downwardly and rearwardly inclined face 34. At the opposite end, the inner side of theV plate is also cut away to receive the tongue 28. A ledge 26 is left along the lower edge of the plate adapted to abut the lower edge ofthe bar C tolimit the downward movement of the latch plate D, the upper corner of the pivoted end of vthe plate being rounded off as clearly shown in,` Figure 4 so'a-s to permit the same to swing upwardly. On' its outer side adjacent the hook end thereof, the latch plate Dis provided with a laterally projecting locking l lug 35 adapted to engage within an opening 36 formed in the handle 19, when thelatteris disposed in the full line position shown in Figuresl and 2. It will be evident that the lug 35, when engaged within the-opening 36 of the handle 19 serves to securely interlock the parts, preventing the latch D from being raised independently of the handle.

The stop bracket A is in the form of a flat plate applied to the door stop 11, the same having spaced lateral flanges 37 extending 'along` the front and rear faces of the door stop 11, and lixed to said stop by screws or any other suitable means. The bracket A is also secured by two bolts 38- 38 extending through the post and the upper and lower ends of the bracket, respectively. Adjacent the lower end, the bracket is provided with an outwardly project-ing horizontally disposed shelf 89 provided with an upstanding flangek40 at its outer edge and a longitudinally extending rib 41 disposed parallel to the la.ngeand spaced inwardly therefrom, and connected thereto by a transverse rib 141. The plate is also provided adjacent the top and bottom thereof with reinforcing ribsr42-42 connected by a ver tically disposed web 43. Adjacent the shelf 39, the vertical kplate portionof thebracket A is provided with a projection 44 presenting a vertically disposed shoulder 45 andan inclined face 46 adapted to coact respectively with the shoulder 33 and the inclined: face l 2of the lat-ch D. As clearly shown in ing adapted to receive the bearing member 48 whereby the plate is pivotally mounted to swing in a vertical plane. The plate is retained in position by a washer interposedl between the head of the upper securing bolt 38 and the projection 48 of the boss 47. The plate B is of such a length as to project behind the flange 40 of the shelf 39 when in itsdepen'ding position. Along its front edge, the plate B is formed with a vertically disposed flange 50 adapted to abut a laterallyprojecting lug 51 formed on the handle 19. The lug and the flange are ybrought into abutting relation when the handle 19 is'disposed in horizontal position resting on the rib 41, and the plate B is swung to its lowermost position. The lan'geand lug are provided with alined perforations adapted to receive a padlock or the usual seal cmployed with devices of this character.

Assuming that the'parts are in the posi-V tion Ishown in the full lines inthe drawing, when it is desired to open the door, the fol lowing sequence of operations takes place.

l'The lead seal or other locking means isA lirst removed, after which the plate B is swung to thefdotted line position shown in Figure 1. rlhe lever Gr is then Aswung in a horizontal plane o n its trunnions by means of the handle 19, thereby disengaging the lug 85 on the latch plate D from the opening in the handle and causing the pin through its slotted connection with the bar C to nieve the latter to the left as seen in Figilres l and 2. The sliding movement of the bar C will cause the door to be positively forced away from the door kstop since the end of the latch plate D- is brought into abutment with the vertical web 48 of the stop bracket A.' Then thedoor has been thus partly opened, the hook portion ofthe latch D is disengaged from the projection 44 of the bracket A and the door fully opened by merely pushing the same in the usual manner. The latch may then be swung upwardly to dispose the same inwardly of the edge of the door so as to offer no obstruction. Upon the operator releasing his grip from the handle 19, the latter will drop downwardly automatically under the influence of gravity. It will be noted Vthat the handle isthus disposed in a vertical position inwardly ot the edge 13 c'flhe door, so that the same 'will otter no obstruction. The lever may be swung through an are of 180 in performing the door opening operation to the position shown in dotted 'li-nes in Figure f2. `When it is desired to close the door, the latter 'is moved to a position as near the stop l2 as can be conveniently done by the operator without the use of tools. The handle G is then brought to the dotted line position shown in Figure 2, thereby projecting the bar C outwardly, the latch member D being vli'rstswung downaardly to a horizont al posi-tion. The hooked por-tion oil the latch I) is then engaged; with 'the projection 44 o'l the bracket A' by pushing the door toward the stop, 'the inclined tace 82 ot' the latch plate D engaging the inclined tace le ot the projection 4A swinging the latch upwardly on its pivot until the shoulder 33 thereof passes beyond the shoulder 4.5 of the' projection lille, whereupon the latch will drop to the position shown in dotted lines in Figure 'l with thel shoulders d5 and 3S in engagement. Thereupon the operator swings the handle G horizontally 'from the dotted line tothe lull line position shown in Figure 2, thus positively pulling the door to `:tully closed position. vWhen this condition 'has been reached, the handle 19 et Vthe operating'lever rests upon the rib Ll-'l ot the shelf 39 and the. lug 35 ot the latch plate I) is engaged within the recess 36 to lock the latch plate to the handle. During the operation oi closing the door, the Vpivoted connection between the arnrC and latch plate D will be retired withinthe guide E, preventing relative movement of the parts, the guide E acting as an additional means tor preventing lifting ofthe latch plate. The locking' plate B is then `dropped into position in front ot the handle 19 with lthe lower edge lot the plate disposed in back of the flange el() and the flange 50 in abutment with the lug 5l. The padlock or seal may be then passed through the alined openings in the lflange and lug. Although I 'have herein shown 'and described the latch plate l) as held against upward movement both by engagement of the lug 35 with 'the recess 36 oi2 the handle and by the `pivoted connection between the arm C and the latchplate I) being retired within the guide E, it. will beevident that either ,of these means' alone will vserve the purpose and that the other may be entirely omitted.

Although I 'have hereinshow'n and described the bracketrA and the latch plateV B as secured to the doorpost and the lever mechanism withassociated parts'as secured to the door, it will beevidentjthat the posi-- tion of the parts may be rever-sed without depart-ing from the spirit ot the invention. I have herein shown and described what I now consider the preferred manner of carrying out my invention, `but tliesame is merely illustrative, and I contemplate all changes and moditications that come within the-scope ot the claims appended hereto.

I claimt:

-1. Ina'n operati-ng and locking mechanism `for ia sliding door, the combination with a slidable, pulling member; of an abutment adapted to co'aet with said member to etlect movement ci the door when said member is oper-ated; a lever for operating said memv ber; a swingable latch plate mounted on said abutment and adapted to engage over said "lever when the door lis in closed position; and (2o-operating means onsaid plate and lever whereby the same may be interlocked.

2. In an operating and locking mechanism for ar sliding door, the combination with a movable pulling member having a shoulder thereon; of an abutment means having a lpairof shoulders thereon .adapted to be engaged' respectively by the ven'd ot the pulling member and the shoulder' thereof to ellect vmovement of the door during operation ot said member; a lever for operating said member, said lever being arranged to move at an angle 'to the `plane ot said door and a latch plate movably mounted on said abutment means and adapted to engage over said lever when the-door is in closed position to prevent movement of the lever in adoor operating direction.

3. In an operating mechanism .for `a sliding` door, the combi-nation with a slidable pulling member; of an abutment Vadapted to co-act with said member; an operating lever pivotally mounted to swing in aplane at right angles to the door; and means on said.

lever engaging Isaid member to effect movement ther eot.

il. In an operating mechanism `tor a sliding door7 the combination with a 'movable pulling member; of an abutment adapted to coact with said member.; a lever prvotally lltl mounted 'to swing in arplane at right angles to the door; an operating handle hinged to said lever 'to-swing in a planeet right angles y to 4'said lever and assume a depending position under the influence ol' gravity; and means on said lever engaging said memberto effect' movement ot the same.

5. In an operating mechanism for a Sliding door member associated 'with a traine member. the combination with a pulling element slidably mounted Aon one of said members; Iof an operating lever element pivot'ed onfsaid `vlast named member to swing ktoward and 'from the same, said elementsV having inter-engaging operating means thereon comprising a 'slotted headfon yone of said elements and a pin 'on the other engaging within said slot; and an abutment means mounted on the other member adapted to co-act with said pulling element to effect movement 'of the door upon said element being operated.

5. In an operating and locking' mechanism tor a sliding' door member associatedwvith a trame member, the combination with a b 'acket mounted on one of said members, said bracket being provided With a shelf; of a pulling element mounted on the othermember; an operating lever pivotally mounted between its end portions onsaid last named .member and operatively connected with saidv element, said lever being` adapted to ybe swung into position to rest on said shelf when the door is closed; and a latch plate on said bracket adapted to be disposed in front ot the lever, to retain the lever on said shelf and thereby lock the door in closed position. i l f l 7. ln an operatingand locking mechanism tor a sliding door member' associated With val door iframe. member, the combination with a bracket mounted on one ot `said members, said bracket being provlded With a shelt having' a flange thereon; a pulling,` element mounted on the other member; an operating lever pivotally mounted directlyvon said last namedmember and operatively connected with 'said element,zsaid level-being adapted to be swung' intro position to'rest on vsaid f sheltl when the door is closed, said lever and clement having means thereon adapted to interengagewhen the lever is on said shelf; and a latchplate on said bracket adapted to be disposed in front of the lever and engage ,s behind said flange to retain the lever on said' shelf and thereby lock the door in closed position.

8. In an operating and locking mechanism 'for a slidingl door member associated With a trame member, the.combination yWith a bracket mounted on one ot said members, .said bracket beingl provided with a shelf; of

a pulling element mounted on the other mem` ber; an operating lever having` its body portion pivotally Ymounted on said last named( said bracket having abutment means there-y on; of a supporting` element on said bracket; a pulling bar slidably mounted on the other member; a lever mounted on'said last named 'moans including ,interengaging Amember for swinging` movement in a hori .means for locking said lever in lined position on said bracket when the door is in closed position. n v v l0. ln an operating and locking mechanism for a sliding door member associated With a. door frame member, the combination with a support lined to one ot said members; of a pulling element slidablv mounted on i the other member and adapted tol be detachably connectedto said support; a pivoted lever tor, operating said pulling element to either opener close the door, said lever being' swingable to, a position on said support to be supportedthereby when the door is in Closed position; and means for locking the lever and lelement to said support, said holding means on said lever and element.

1l. In an' operating and locking' mechanism tor a sliding door member associated with a door trame member, the combination With a support lixetv to one ot said members; ofa pulling' element slid-ably mounted on the other member; ak pivoted lever for operating' said pulling,` element,fsaid lever being arranged for movement at an angle to the plane ofsaid` door member and adapted to swing into positionA on said support to kbe supported thereby when the door is in closed position; and meansfor locking said lever and pulling element to said support;

' l2. In anvoperatingiand lockini` mechanism" for a sliding d oormember associated with a doortrame'member, the combnation with a support fixed to one ot said members; a pulling elementslidably mounted on the other member, said element including a pivotedlatch adaptedto be detachably con- Y nected to said support; a guide Within 'which the pivot end` ot the latch may be retired, said guide coucting with the latch to prevent disengagement of the same from the support; a pivoted lever for operating said pulling element to eitheropen or close the door, said lever being swung,l to a position on the support to be retained thereby when the door is in closed position; andfmeans for locking the lever and element to said support.

1. In Witness that I claim the `foregoing.; l have hereunto subscribed n y name this 27th i day of December, 1923.

.. vsitter B., Hasniirmn.

llt)

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5490404 *Jun 24, 1994Feb 13, 1996Takigen Manufacturing Co. Ltd.Door locking handle assembly
US8226132 *Oct 5, 2007Jul 24, 2012Steinbach & Vollmann GmbhOpening means for a closing unit
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/210, 292/DIG.320, 49/277, 292/DIG.720
International ClassificationE05B65/14
Cooperative ClassificationE05B83/02, Y10S292/72, Y10S292/32
European ClassificationE05B83/02