US 1573870 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 23 ,1926. 1,573,870
H. SANFORD MATERI AL RECEPTACLE Filed Oct. 24, 1921 pa e-. Feb. 23, 1926.
1,573,810" PATENT OFFICE.
HENRY SANFORD, on unwxonx. N. Y.
Application filed October 24,1921. Serial No. 509,928.
To wllgwhom itmay concern:
Be it known that I, HENRY SANFORD, a citizen of the United States,-and resident of New York, in the county of NewYork and 5. State of New York, have invented. certain new and useful Improvements in Material Receptacles; of which the following is a specification. 1
This invention relates to ash and other waste material receptacles and more particularly to such receptacles for use in combination with closed passenger vehicles.
'Some of the objects of the invention are to provide in combination with a closed vehicle a receptacle for ciganashes or stubs,.ciga
rette ashes or stubs, waste material and-the like; to przovide improved means for. creating a vacuum in connection with such a device for positively withdrawing suchmaterials to provide simple and efiicient means for conducting the materials described to a point outside of the vehicle; to provide means for retaining cigar'or cigarette stubs, which may be smoldering, in a position spaced 2 apart from leakage of inflammable products such/as oils or gasoline used in theoperati'on of self-propelled vehicles; to providemeans for such retention*ofsmoldering materials while the vehicleis at rest, the material be ing automatically ejected upon moyement' of the vehicle; to provide a displaceable cover for the receptacle which is readily and conveniently operable when holding a lighted cigar; to provide such displaceablecovering means as will retire within the receptacle to receive ashes; arid to'provide other features as willappear in the following description taken in connection with the acdompanying drawing. 1 v 1 Rfferring to thedrawing, Fig. 1 shows a side view of the interior of a vehicle, such as a. limousine o'r sedan;
.Fig. 2 shows .a 'detailed elevation of the receptacle, conducting passage and retaining means;
Fig. 3 shows 31 11 viewbf the receptacle, Fig. 4=shows a horizontal section taken on f the line 4.--4 of Fig. 3; and- Fig. 5 shdjvs a view ofthe receptacle with the lid thereof in dpen position.
, Like reference characters denote like parts, in the various figures of the'drawing.
. Referring .to the drawing thereis shownone embodiment of the invention applied to a. limousine or sedan 10, having a usual seat I 11 with an arm rest 12. It understood,
Attached to a suitable portion of the body of the vehicle 10, about the level of seat 11 and arm-rest .12, is a receptacle 13 preferably formed of sheet metal or other desired material. The receptacle 13 may be of any convenient shape, preferably that of a rectangular open box, with its sides curving inwardly to join a. vertical pipe 14:. The pipe 14 extends through floor 15 of the vehicle,-and attached to the walls thereof in any suitable manner as for example by means of a pluralityof pipe, cleats (not shown) of conventional type. The receptacle 13 may be attached to the wall of the vehicle by means of a pair ofears 16 extending outwardly from the receptacle and each having an aperture for receiving a usual woodscrew or other fastening means. M p
The lower end of the pi e 14 is provided with a pair of L-shaped having a/vertical and a horizontal portion, the vertical portion being riveted or otherwise secured to the end portion of the pipe in a planetransverse to the normal direction of movement of the vehicle. Secured to the.
rackets 20, each form member 21, here shown as freely open and exposed all around. The arrangement is such'that the plane of the member 21 is spaced apart from the lower end of the pipe 14, and its area is relatively much greater than the cross section area of the pipe. Thus material dropped throughthe ipe when the vehicle is standing still will 00 lect upon the platform 21, the area of the platform being sufficiently great to retain vaf considerable amount of material. When the vehicle is at rest; there is danger of lubricating oil leaking tov the roadway; and particularly inithe case of gasoline propelled vehicles the seepa e may be of highly inflammable nature.
e platform 21 constitutes a retaining means whereby lighted or smouldering cigar or cigarette stubs are effectually prevented from coming in contact with such pools of inflammable liquid, or with waste paper or other material below the body of the vehicle while at rest, and danger of fire is therefore minimized.
Secured-to the exterior wall of the pipe 14 near the lower extremity thereof, is a pair of air deflectors such as 30. These are preferably formed of a suitable sheet metal ,cut in,
the shape of a fan. The tapered end of each of the deflectors is cut to a concave shape corresponding in curvature to the shape of the pipe 14. The opposite end edge may be cut to an desired shape, that shown being in the orm ofv an arc concentric with? the pipe 14. Each of the deflectors may be attached to the pipe by means of angularly bent braces (not s own) riveted or otherwise sedured to the respective deflector and to the pipe. The deflectors extend through their length in the general direction 'of movement of the vehicle, so that the air will be'deflected by the lowerly disposed surface of the efiector facing the direction of movement. Thus an effective current of air is caused to sweep down upon and across the platform 21, opposite the opening of the pipe 14, and a partial vacuum is created w1thin the pipe, which tends to draw any foreign matter downwardly through the 1pe. p The upholstery of the car may be arranged to partly conceal the pipe 14. If a textile is used for upholstering it may be readily arrange to'cover the eater portion of the pig 14 positioned Within the body of the ve 'cle, and suitable tape snot shown) may be sewed in rows paralle to the pipe to maintain the upholstery in fixed position. With leather upholstery, the pipe 14 may be provided with a suitable surface finish to match. Theshape of the pipe 14 maybe circular or rectangular as may be most convenient. I
The receptacle 13 is provided with amain lid 40 of rectangular shape, preferably made of a suitable sheet metal or the like. The lid 40 has a width'slightly less than the inte'rior width of the receptacle 13, and is pivoted on a horizontal pin 41held in fixed position between the transverse walls of the race tacle atpne end thereof. Attached to the ower surface of the main lid 40 there is rovided one or niore-L-shaped brackets suc as 42. The end portion of the horizontall disposed part of the bracket 42 is refera ly widened for apurpose which w 1 be,
' subseigluently set forth. ,It may also" be curv in the form of a cam, if desired, to facilitate the operation. A retractile spring 43 is attached to thefree end of the bracket 42 and to the wall of the receptacle opposite I the pin. 41 and substantially 1n the horizontal plane of the free end.- Thus the lid 40 is normally yieldingly held in a horizontal plane to form a partial cover or lid for the receptacle.
For operating the main lid 40, and formin the remaining portion ofthe cover or lit? of the recepacle, there is provided an ,auxiliar'yxlid 50, also'of rectangular shape part of the brac cle at the end opposite the pin 41. -Attac ed to the lower surface of the auxiliary lid 50 oppositeeach bracket 42, there is provided an actuating arm 52, extending diagonally downwards and terminating immediately adjacent the upper surface of the horizontal widened to form a suitable sliding surface for the end of the arm 52. The device ma be assembled by inserting the sections of t e pipe 14 throu h a suiteble orifice in the floor 15 of the ve iele. The brackets 20 and the deflectors 30 may .be secured to the pipe 14 either before or after the pipe 14 is applied to the vehicle. If it has con secured thereto in advance, it may be necessary to run the vehicle over a suitable pit during the insertion of the device. The receptacle 13 is then attached to the pipe, and is itself fastened by the fastening means provided. The pi e14 is also se cured as has been descri ed.
et 42, this part having been.
vIn operation, assuming first that the vehicle is stanfling still, the user extends his arm towards the device, and-applies his fourth and, fifth, or other fingers to the auxiliary lid 50. Downward pressure thereupon moves the bracket 42 downwardly and the motion of the lid 40 is relatively much greater than, that of the auxiliary lid 50. Thus the top of the receptacle is conveniently opened, and when the persons hold is released upon the materiztl to be deposited, the material falls through the rece tacle, and also throu h the passage formed y the pipe 14, upon t e platform 21. When the car is started the passage of air across the platform 2i blows off the material, there being then vlrtually no danger of the car becoming ignited, byinflammable material in the roadway.
Assum' the vehicle 10 to be in motion there will a current of air pasing the lower mouth ofthe pipe 14, and the partial vacuum thus created in the pi e will suck or draw out any material deposited in,;the receptacle. Itis obvious that the s 40, 50
are 0 enable in the same menu 'as above descri ed. Movement of the v icle in'the reverse direction produces. a-veoi'responding result, as will be readily'seen.
When the user releases the pressure from the auxiliary lid 50, the spring 43 restores the lid 40 to its horizontal position, and the rod 52 is actuated thereby to restore the auxiliary lid 50 to normal. The device is thus automatically restored to normal available for subsequent use.
Thus it will be seen that I have provided an eflicient receptacle for waste materials inclosed vehicles, whereby such materials are easily disposed of without littering the interior of the vehicle or injuring its upholstery; also the means provided can readily be installed in a vehicle of the type known as limousine or sedan and when so installed will match the interior decorations thereof, so as to form a part of the ornaceiver mentation in the same manner as a vanity case or similar fitting. With the use of my device danger of fire either to the uphblste of the car or to inflammable material whic may be lying on the roadway underneath the car is minimized, and lighted ci ars or cigarettes will be efficiently prevented from igniting such materials under conditions which might ignite the vehicle itself:
While I have shown and described and have pointed out in the annexed claims oer tain novel features of my invention, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions and changes in the form and details of the device illustrated and in its operation may be made'b those skilled in the art withoutdeparting. om the spirit of my invention. r
Having thus described my invention, I claim: c v v 1. The combination with a vehicle employing inflammable liquid, of an ash re.-
m the vehicle and a platform beneath the vehicle freely-open and exposed, with a passage from receiver to platform, and a fan shaped deflector over said platform extending in the direction of movement of the vehicle for directing a eurrentof air across the platformwhen the vehicle is in motion.
2. The combination with' a vehicle employing inflammable liquid, of an ash receiver 1n the vehicle and a platform beneath the vehicle freely open and exposed, with a passage from receiver to platform, and a pair of tapered wind deflectors for directmg a current of air upon said platform'when the vehicle is in motion.
3. The combination with a vehicle employing inflammable liquid, of an ash receiver 1n the vehicle and a platform beneath the vehicle freely open and exposed, with a passage from receiver to platform,- and a pair of deflectors over said platform for directing a current of air over it when the vehicle is in motion.
4. The combination with a vehicle employing inflammable liquid, of an ash receiver 1n the vehicle and a platform beneath the vehicle freely open and exposed, with a passage from receiver to platform, a fan shaped deflector (positioned above said platform and exten 'ng towards the direction of normal movement of the vehicle for 'dirooting a current of air across said platform, and a second fan shaped deflector positioned above the platform and extending opposite to the normal direction of movement of the vehicle for creating a partial vacuum in saidpassage.
'5. The combination with a vehicle employing inflammable liquid, of an ash receiver 1n the vehicle about at seat level and a latform beneath the vehicle for retaining a es so long as the vehicle remains at rest, a conduit with a passa retaining means, a self-c osing cover for the receiver opened by downward pressure from the cigar-holding hand, and a fan shaped deflector over said platform extending in the direction of movement of the vehicle for. directmfi' a current of air across the platform w en the vehicle is in motion.
Signed at New York in the county of New York and State of New York, this 21st day of October A. 1)., 1921. c
- HENRY SANFORD.
e from receiver to-