US 1574307 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 23 1926.
A. I. RISSER BOTTLE ADAPTER FOR BOTTLE FILLING MACHINES Filed April 7, 1924 2 sheets-sheet \WrWZM Z Wzbscr Feb 23 9 1926.. 1,574,307
A. l. RISSER BOTTLE ADAPTER FOR BOTTLE FILLING MACHINES Filed April 7, 1924 2 Sheet-Sheet 2 I HXII Patented Feb. 23, 132%.
UNITED sTA Es .P'AT'ENT OFFICE.
AR'IHURI. RISSER, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO U. S. BOTTLERS MACHIN- ERY 00., OFQHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A. CORPORA TION OF ILLINOIS.
BOTTLE Alumna r03 BOTTLE-FILLING richness.
Applicatlon fl ledlliril r, 1924.. Serial no. 104,560.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ARTHUW'YRI. Rrssnn, a v
citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Improvementin Bottle Adapters for Bottle-Filling Machines, of which the a plurality of empty bottles are carried in upright position through. the machine for filling and sometimes for sealing while in the machine and are thereafter delivered to a point outside the machine. J
As these machines are expensive, it is obviously necessary that they be adapted to han'dlebottles or other articles to befilled of different sizes and shapes, but the law of operation of most of such machines is that the vertical axis of each bottle as it goes through the machine shall traverse a given, predetermined, horizontal line, commonly, not always, the arc of a circle.
The object of this invention is to provide interchangeable bottle holders or retainersone style for eachkind or size of bottle which is to go through the machine-said retainers being interchangeably positionable on the bottle carrier mechanism of the filling or capping machine which is in use whereby by selectively equipping the machine with the proper size of bottle holder or retainer, the mechanism will satisfactorily operate upon the particularly type or shape of bottle which is to be handled.
The invention consists in mechanism capable of attainingthe foregoing and other objects; which can be easily and cheaply made; which is satisfactory in use and is not readily liable to get out of order. More particularly, the invention consists in numerous features and details of construction which will be hereafter more fully set forth in the specification and claim.
Referring to the drawings in which like numerals designate the sameparts throughout the several views:
Figure 1 is a side elevation, partly in section, of, for the purposes of this case,'a' conventional bottle filling machine equipped with the device of this invention.
Figure 2 is a plan View on the line 2-2 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is aside andFigure 4 is a plan view of a bottle holder for a cylindrical bot- Figures 5 and 6 are corresponding views of sin-alternative bottle holder for a rectangular bottle. V
Figure 7 is a perspective view of the parts shown in Figures from the other.
Figure 1 shows in side elevation what is, for the purposes of this application, a con- 5 and 6, separated one ventional bottle filling machine having a horizontal table 10 rotatable on the vertical axis of a shaft 12 through the agency of a conventionally power driven shaft 14 and gearing 16 and 18. This table carries at its center a liquid tank 20 surmounted by automatically operated siphon devices 22 movable from' the position shown at the left hand side of Figure 1 to that shown at the right hand side. Onthe table and surrounding the tank 20 is an annular collar or wheel 24' having in its circumference a multiplicity of notches 26 adapted to be entered by bottles.28 which are carried into and out of the machine by a longitudinal con veyer 30, the bottles being guided to and from thetable 10 and the wheel 24 by tracks 32 and 34, respectively.
\Vhen bottles are delivered by the track 32 onto the table 10, each bottle is engaged by a spring controlled roller 36, designed to press the particular passing bottle into an adjacent notch 26 in the wheel 24 so that the wheel and table will carry the successive bottles in a circle aboutthe tank 10 and so accurately position them under the nozzles 37 of the siphon 'mechanisms 22 which are, as shown at the left of Fig. 1, raised as the bottle passes onto the table so that mechanism not shown in detail may, as the table continues to rotate, lower each successive siphon mechanism into its adjacent bottle or to the Qsition shown at the right of Fig. 1, in which position the siphon mechanism fills the bottle. In order that these siphon mechanisms 22 shall properly operate, it is absolutely essential that. the bottles 28 be accurately centered in a circular path under the'nozzle- 37 which are to enter the bottle; viz.: in the arc of a circle about the axis of shaft 12. It is entirely apparent that if the notches 26 and the wheel 24 were of one predetermined size, the central axis machine.
of bottles of different diameters pressed into these notches by the roller 36 would not all lie in the same circular ath about the center of shaft 12 and tan and the result of this would be that the-nozzles 37 would not enter the mouths of bottles 28 which were out of the circular path traversed by the siphon tubes and that bottles would be either broken or tipped over or something else unsatisfactory would happen to them because of this irregular positioning of bottles which were not of the exact size to fit the notches 26 in the wheel 24. In order to overcome this difficulty,-the notches 26 are made substantially larger than the largest bottle which is to be handled by a given In other words, in mechanism T of this invention,'the actual bottles 28 or 28 do not at any time contact the walls of the notches 26, but the bottles are, on the other hand, placed in suitably formed recesses 38 or 40as the case may beformed in the faces of independent blocks 42 or 44, as the when a given block is placed in the notch 26 of the wheel 24, and the bottle for which that particular block is designed is placed in the face recess 38 or 40 of that block, the
mouth opening of that bottle will travel in a circle directly under the nozzles 37 of the siphon mechanisms 22 with the result that one such nozzle 37 can surely enter the-bottle without'damage thereto.
For pur oses of illustrating, the cylindrical bott e28 and rectangular bottle 28" havebeen shown fitting in adapter blocks especially designed to receive them but obviously, the configuration of the recesses 38 and 40 may be varied at will as the crosssectional forms of the bottles to be handled by the machine may dictate. 7
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
In mechanism .of the class described, a bottle transporting member having a vertically extending notch, and an adapter member conforming to and detachably engageable in the notch, one-of said members having an opening therein and 'the other having a dowel pin engageable in said opening to secure the members together with the side portions of the outer face of the adapter member in registry with the adjacent portions of the outer face of the bottle transporting member, said ada ter member having a greater depth than t e length of the dowel. pin whereby the positioning of the lower end of the adapter member in the upper end of the. notch with the side portions of its outer face in registr with the adjacent portions of the outer ace of the bottle transporting member will aline said opening and dowel pin to effect certain engagement of the dowel pin in the opening by downward movement of the adapter member in the notch.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name ARTHUR I. RISSER.