US 1574336 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
ipem s Eia l H. L. BLYDENBURGH SEDIMENT TRAP Filed July 22. 1922 A TTORNEY.
@etented Feb. dd, i926.
l MLB 2. BFYDENBURGH, @TIE DETROIT, MIGHIGAN.
.implication led only 22, 19%. Serial No. 576,712.
To all whom t may concern.
Be it known that I, HAROLD L. Bnvnnn'- nunon, a citizen ofthe United States, residin at Detroit, county of Wayne, State l5 of ichigan, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Sediment Traps, and declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the saine, such as will enebie others skilled in the art to which 10 it pertains to make and use 'the same, reference being had to the accompanying drewings, which form a part ci tins speciica-tion. This invention relates to sediment trops and the object of the invention is to provide a-device :tor streinin fuel oil which is connccted in 'the line trongh which the 'fuel oil is fed to the engine. A further object of the invention is to provide e strainingn de vice composed oi comparatively few perte il end in which the screen cannot easily be corne clogged. Another object ci the invenf tion is to provide e sediment trep into which the oil is fed with a whirling motion to force -the impurities to ythe outside end the oil is taken from the center end passed thrcngli e screen before being disclierged through the outlet. Another object ci the invention is to provide e device oi the cheracter described in which the bowl may be im easily removed and the sediment therein disposed oi and the bowl mig? as easily be reu placed. still further obgect ci the invention is to rovide a moons whereby the screen rney e easily 'removed 'for cleaning 5 end inav be also easily secured beck in place. These obiects end the several novel ieetnres oi the invention are hereinafter more fully described and claimed end the preferred :torni of construction by which these objects 4@ ere etteined is shown in the eccompenyng drawings in which- Fig'. 1 is en elevation oi 'the device. Fig. 2 is a. section teken on line 2m-2 of Fimo o I i@ .l-iig. 3 is e, bottom view ed the device, with the bowl removed.
lfig. eis e len view ot the device. As shown in Fig. 1 the device comprises a bese i boring e threaded aperture 2 leedf ing thereinto as shown in Fig. 2 into which the inlet line ier the oil nre p'Witir-in the bese i is e semi-cy ndricsl cham ber d boring e sloping ripper tace d. De pending from the ter ot the member 1 is `iJ-shaped wire, shown more particularly in be tlireeded..
a cylindrical dange 5 providing a, cylindrical g5 recess 6, and en outlet conduit 7 is provided opening into the recess 6 end having threads 8 for receiving the outlet line for the oil.
The base 1 is provided with en outer circular flange 9 and an inner circular dange 10 and a packing ring 11 is mounted in the base 1 between the anges 9 and 10. A bowl i 12 is provided having an upper rolled edge 13 or may be provided with a flat face adapted to lit about the flange 10 and engage the packing ring 11 and the bottom of the bowl is raised in the center et 14 'to receive the npwardly bent portion l5 of e clamp i6. T e clamp consists of a single piece of 70 Fig. 1, havipgthe upwardly extending portion .15 and inturned ends 17 extending into a roller 18. As shown in Fig. 2, the ends 17 entend into the roller 18 eccentric to the exis thereof end the roller 18 is positioned on a peir of lugs 19 extendino upwardly from the base 1. A wire clamp irandie or lever 20 is secured in the roller 18 end is edapted to seat on the rnernber 1 as shown in Fig. 1. This clamp when in the position shown in Fig. 2 holds the rolled edge 13 ci the bowl in contact with the packinglr ring 11 and prevents leakage thereabout as will be readily understood. A small aperture 21 is provided through the flange and prevents the possibility of air pockets in the upper part of the semi-cylindrical chamber 3 or the cylindrical chamber 6. A screen 22 is provided having en edge seatin on the 'Harige 5 and the central p ortion bereci is Semiepherical and exten s upwardly into the chamber 6. The denge 5 is provided with an annular tapered ieee 23 end aspring clip 24 is secured over tbe end of the denge 5 end is provided with portions 26 end 2'? engaging the tapered 'fece 23. TWhen this clip is secured to the tapered faces 23 the screen 22 is securely held in position on the end of the flange 5 and the tapered fr .v Q3 prevents the clip trom coming loose..
l'n operation the device is connected in e fuel oil `feed line the oil entering the device brongh the conc uit 2 end being dischereed from tbe device through the conduit 7. i e oil in enteringfer the device 'thro-righ the open tere 2 iiils tbe bowl end posses around through the sbcylindrical ehernber 3 end there imports e roteting motion to tbe oil the oil causes the sediment to travel to the outside of the bowl and paratiin or other 16. By turning the handle 20 back to the such foreign matter floats on the surface of the oil above the screen so that it cannotv clog the screen. The oil from the center of the bowl containing the least sediment passesl upwardly through the screen 22 and through the chamber 6 and thence outwardly through the conduit 7 and discharge line. Should the screen become clogged with sediment the handle 2O is turned to the left of Fig. 2 thus rolling the roller 18 to bring the inturned ends 17 of the clamp 16 to the lowermost position. At this time the bowl may be removed and the sediment therein disposed of and by slipping the clip 24 oit from the conical ace 23 the screen may be removed and cleaned at which time the screen and clip may be put back in place and the bowl may be mount-ed on the portion 15 of the clamp position shown in Fig. 2 the clamp 16 is raised to draw the rolled edgel of the bowl up tightly against the packing ring 11. It can thus be seen that the device may be easily taken apart or cleaned and may as easily be assembled again. On account of the cleanest oil bein passed through the screen the screen rare y becomes clogged to such extent that it Aneeds cleaning and 1n normal use it is only necessary to remove the bowl l2 after long periods of use and dispose of the sedimenttherein to msure a steady How of oil free from sediment. It is also to be noted that the device will operate equally well with lubricatin oil or in fact with any liquid and it is to e understood that this device is not limited to use with fuel oil only.y
From the foregoing description it becomes evident that the'device is very simple and eiicient in operation, will not easily get out of order, may be easily assembled or taken apart, and provides a device which accom p ishes the objects described.
Having thus fully described my invention, its utilit and mode of operation, what I claim and esire to'secure by Letters Patent ofthe UnitedStates is- 1. In a sediment trap, a base having an oil inlet conduit, and an oil outlet conduit in alignment and provided with a semi-cylindrical chamber and a cylindrical chamber, a depending annular flange separating the said chambers, 'the oil inlet conduit opening into the semi-cylindrical chamber and thev oil outlet conduit openinc into the upper end of the cylindrical c amber, a screen seating on the said depending flange, a spring clip securin the screen in position on the flange, a pac ing rino' mounted in the base, a bowl having a rolled upper edge adapted to engao'e the packing ring and enclose the said chambers, the said chambers being both open to the bowl, a pair of lugs on the upper side of the base, a member rotatably mounted in the said lugs, a U- shaped clampengaging the bottom of the bowl and having 'inturned upper ends extending into the rotatable member eccentric tothe axis thereof, and a lever for rotating thesaid rotatable member, the arrangement Vbeing such that oil owig through the bowl is given a rotary motion. f
2.' In a sediment trap, a base havino' an oil inlet conduit and an oil outlet conduit in alignment and provided with a semi-cylindrical chamber and an. open ended cylindrical chamber, a depending annular flange sepaw rating the said chambers, the oil inlet conduit opening into the semi-cylindrical chamber and thc oil outlet conduit opening into the upper end of the cylindrical chamber,
a screen covering the open end of the cylindrical chamber and seating on the said depending flange, a spring clip securing the screen to the flange,a packing ring mounted in the base, a bowl having an upper edge adapted to engage the packing ring and enclose the said chambers, and a clamp securing the bo l to the. said base, the arrangement beinv such that the flow of oil into the semi-circular chamber gives theoil within the bowl a rotary motion.
'3. In a sediment trap, a base having an joil inlet conduit andan oil outlet conduit, the` said base being provided with a semicylindrical chamber having a sloping upper `face` the oil inlet conduit opening into the said semi-cylindrical chamber, the base being further rovided with a cylindrical open ended c amber provided with a depending annular flange thereabout, a screen covering the lower open end of the said cylindrical chamber, a spring clip holding the screen in position on the said flange, the outlet conduit being in communication with the said cylindrical chamber, a bowl enclosy ing the chambers, and aclamp securing the bowl to the base, the semi-circular and cylindrical chambers being open to the bowl.
4. A sediment trap comprising a base and a bowl attached thereto providing a con'- tainer for liquid. the base member having an inlet and an outlet and being provided with a central cylindrical chamber open at the bottom to the bowl, a vent between the cylindrical chamber and the bowl at vthe upper end. a screen covering the open end of the cylindrical chamber, and means for detachablyv connecting the bowl to the base.
5. A sediment trap comprising a base adapted for the attachment of an inlet and an' outlet conduit thereto, said base having a central depending hollow cylindrical portion with which the outlet conduit is connected at the to a screen through which Huid ows to said central portion, the said base further having a chamber surrounding the seid depending portion with which the bowl, and an eccentric with which the yoke inlet conduit is connected, a, depending is connected and by means of which the bowl Hange on the said base about the said chamis detachably and forcibly supported against l0 ber therein, a bowl having an openl upper the gasket.
5 end fitting over the flange, a gasket between In testimony whereof, I sign this specithe edge of the bowl and the base, a yoke tication.
having a loop portion extending under the HAROLD L. BLYDENBURGH.