US 1575003 A
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M. RECHER March 2 ,1926. 1,575,003
NECKTIE INTERLINING FABRIC Filed Sept. 12, 1925 INVENTOR A TTORNEV Patented Mar. 2, 1926.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE;
MAX BECKER, or naowns mus, mew JERSEY, assrenoa r imcnnn BROS. mm, or NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION or NEW JERSEY.
NEKTIE-INTERLINING FABRIC Application filed September 12,1925. Serial No. 6,087.
To all whom it hwy concern:
Be it known that I, MAX REGHER, a citizen of Switzerland, residing at Browns Mills,
suitable strips, either lengthwise or widthwise depending upon the weave. In'present practice the fabric must. be cut on the bias to be stretchable and also to prevent u'nraveling ofthe edges thereof. This results in a greatdeal of waste and the lining does not retain its elastic qualities due to gradual distortion of both the warp and weft.
. A further object, therefore, is to produce a lining which can be-cut in strips from the fabric either lengthwise. or widthwise,
thereby using up all of the fabric and eliminating the waste occurring in linings cut on the bias, the fabric weft or warp being woven so that it will stretch in one directioneither lengthwise or widthwise.
A further important obLect is to produce a lining which will stretc in either direction but not both directions in a single piece of lining that is one which is ma e up of a woven fabric of worsted mohair or woolen yarn or a combination of worsted'and cotton or mohair and cotton, or woolen and cotton yarns, in single or double ply, and one which will stretch either lengthwise or widthwise depending upon the particular weave.
Reference is to be had to the accompanyin drawing, showing diagrammatically, a
' fa ric constructed in accordance with-my invention so far as it is practicable to do so. In this drawing 1 constitutes the loosely woven threads and 2 :the closely woven threads.
In detail, the warpor weft ends of the fabric in weaving are drawn in to as'wide a reed width in the loom as is feasible, that is one or the other, either the'warp or the weft, depending upon whether the piece of lining material is to stretch lengthwise or widthwise so that when it is finished and' stretched it will have a tendency to spring back. It is loosely woven, so that when, during the shrinking process, the weave is shrunk in close, the -fabric can be subsequently stretched along its width or along its length and the weave separated, but due to its tendency to close, the fabric after he ing stretched will spring back.
After weaving the fabric is subjected to a rubberizing process, which consists in, surfacing over one side of the fabric with a very thin coating of rubber or any like material. This rubberizing treatment binds the weft and warp threads and at the same time allows the fabric tostretch and return to its normal position, but the binding is primarily for the purpose of preventing 75,
edge unravelling. In the linings cut on the bias, no ravel occurs, but the bias cut of material entails great waster I weave a lining so that 1t can stretch either along the warp or weft depending upon which is loosely woven as has been before described, and therefore the piece can be cut into lengthwise or," widthwise strips. The rubberizing process prevents the unravelling of the edges of the lining as it is understood that some parts of the lining are very narrow and any unravel'will immediately destroy the lining at its narrow portion. My improved'process therefor prevents unravelling of the edges of the tie lining. p
It is to be understood-that the fabric may be woven out p of worsted, mohair, woolen yarns, or a combination of worsted and cotton, mohair and cotton or woolen and cotton yarns in single or double ply.
The weft being horizontal, the weave would be stretchable along the weft only. Therefore by cutting along the width of the fabric lining I produce a lining for neck-- ties which will be non-wrinkable and whichwhen knotted and stretched with the tie will resume its normal woven position, when the tie is unkno'tted, By weaving, the warp threads loosely, the material is stretchable along its warp or. length. By cutting along 105 will ,.therefore stretch in either of two direcloosely wooven normally twisted threads 10 tions only, that is along the weft or the running in one direction and relatively warp, but the whole piece will be cut closer woven normally twisted threads in the straight along its width or length to provide other direction whereby the fabric can lining strips and therefore the strips themstretch in pne direction only, the surface of selves will stretch longitudinally. v the fabric being processed-to prevent'the 15 Having described my invention what I edges thereof from unravelling when said claim is: fabric is cut into strips.
A necktie lining fabric composed of MAX RECHER.