US 1575183 A
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PETI E R E. SINNETT, OF BUFFALO, NEW YQBK.
Application filed October 12, 1925. Serial No. 61,953.
To all? whom it may concern:
I Be it known that 1, PETER E. SI-NNE'XT,
a citizen of the United States, residing at Bufi'alo, in the county of Erie and State of s New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Roofing Elements, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to impro ements in roofing elements such as shingles, tiles 30 and the like, I
In roofing composed of the ordinary well known wooden shingles which taper longitudinally, or from end to end and are lapped one upon another so that the butt ends of '1 the shingles in one row extend over the upper ends of the shingles in the second row below, there is always left a space ex-' tending from the edge of said upper ends to where the intermediate row of shii gles contacts with the roof boards. Consequent- Iiy this space is only covered with two thicknesses of shingles, and when work is being 4 done on such a roof, it often happens that the thin parts of the intermediate shingles which overliii this space and are u nsupported,
become broken when stepped on, andare also liable to be weakened or warped due to snow loads in winter. Furthermore, these spaces leave openings at thesides of the "3 root into which wind and water can enter,
thus causing rotting of the shingles, and sometimes, "leakage into the building. Furthermore such roofing cannot be accurately and evenly laid without the provision of 3 guide lines on the roof. Certain types of slate roofing-are also open to the above 0bjections; Gne'object of the present invention isto provide, improved roofing composed of w shingles or the like elements, said elements being formed with faces. which are adapted to lie flat on, or contact with the roofi throughout its entire area, thereby olirninab ing spaces between the roofing and the roof boards; and also to provide roofing elements from which a strong, Weather-tight roof ..may be produced andwhich is superior to roots constructed from the ordinary roofing elements.
Other objects are to provide a shingle or the like roofing element, from which a roof having the appearance of an expensive tiled roof mhy bclproduced; also toprovide such elements wit spacer or filler members or 1% parts adapted to extend between adjacent sp ce hi g es whereby aid tileglg efiect peditiously secured on a root in even,
straight rows without the necessity of mark ing guide lines or other preparatory work and having means for spacing the elements both laterally and lengthwise, thus reducing the cost of laying the roof; and also to improve shingles or the like roofing elements and simplify, and reduce the cost of laying such elements inthe other respects hereint after specified: and claimed.
In the accompanying drawin s,
Fig. l is a plan view, partly broken away, of aportion of a roof cousiructed from and embodying the improved roofing element of this invention.
Fig. 2 s a side elevation ofa portion of a side edge of the roof.
Fig. 3 is a face view of the under side of the improved roofing element.
Fig. 4 is a side edge view thereof.
.Fig. 5 is a bottom face view of a group of. the roofing elements assembled.
Figs. 6 and 7 are longitudinal-cross sections of the roof on lines 66 and 7-7 rea spectively, Fig. 1.
Fig. 8 is a transverse section thereofon line 8'8,Fig. 1.
The shingle or roofing element 10 of the present invention is of preferably rectangular outline having top and bottom parallel edges 11 and 12 respectively and opposite parallel side edges 13. The upper face 1&-
of the shingleis a continuous fiat surface,
while the underside or -face thereof is divided transversely into two separate, flat surfaces or areas 15 and 16 by an abrupt shoulder 17. The faces 1.5 and 16 are, there fore, disposed in diiierent planes, the face 15 being disposed in angular relation to the top face 14: so a'glto form a wedge portionlS, which increases .in thicknessdownwardly away from the top edge l1, while the face 16, is substantially "pareilcl with said face inverse butts or short shingles 20, of the usual wedge section, are provided for forming the first row or course overlying the eaves of the roof. lhese butts 20 are preferably of substantially the same length as the butt portions 19 of the shingles 10. After a row of buttshaye been secured in place at the caves of the roof A, a row of the shingles 10 is positioned on the roof with the butt portions 19 thereof superimposed upon the butts 20, and the'wedge portions 18 extending upwardly and with the shoulders I? abutting against the upper edges 21. of said butts 20. The depth of the shoulders 17 is substantially equal to the thickness of the edges 21 of the butts and also of the edges 11 of the shingles 10. Consequently, by arranging one row of shingles after another upwardly over the roof lsurface with the shoulders 17 of one row of shingles abutting against the upper edges 11 of the row next below and with the butt portions '19 overlying the wedge portions 18 0t saidrow, all of the lower faces 15 of the shingles will rest flatly on the roof, and these faces will form a continuous contacting surface therewith. Therefore there will be no unsupported portions of the shingles, and no gaps or spaces beneath them, so that the roof will offer a substantially uniform support to any weight thereon, and the edges of the roof will be substantially solid, with no openings for the entrance of the elements. r
The butt portions 19 are, as previously stated, somewhat longer thanjthe wedge portions 18, so that when the shingles are assembled and secured, the lower edges 12 of one row will extend downwardly beyond the upper edges 11 of the second row below, see Fig. 6, thus providing the required protection for these edges 11.
The shingles or roofing elements 10 are preferably all made of the same width as shown, with the exception of the narrow shingles 22.Which are necessary for use at the sides of the roof to fill out the spaces in alternate rows, due .to the staggered arrangement of the elements. i t
In order to produce the tiled effect shown in Fig. 1, the shingles 10 are, in accordance with the invention, provided with means for effecting a predetermined spacing of the shingles. spacing member or filler strip25 preferably formed on or secured to theunder side or face of the butt portion 19 of each shingle, and which ispreferably arranged midway between and narallel with the side edges and has para lel side edges extending'from the shoulder l7 be the lower edge 12. This These 'Ineans shown comprise a filler or spacer 25 is preferablyoi' rectangular cross section and the lower face 26 thereof, for distance beyond the shoulder 17 is in effect an extension of the face 15 of thewedge portion 18, while the remaining portion 27 of the lower face of the spacer 'extends in angular relation to the portion appearance, by using the spacers 25 and top edges 11 as guides for the sides 13 and shoulders 1.7 respectively, of adjacent shingles. By forming the filler 25 with the angularly "ill disposed face 27, the top edge portion of the shinglejin the second row below is permitted to pass beneath said filler, see Fig. 7.
Owing to the fact that the butt portions 19 and fillers 25 are longer than the wedge portions 18- of the shingles, the space between the side portions of adjacent shingles, near the top edges 11, is closed by thefillers 25, see Figs. 1 and 8, thereby effectually preventing the entrance of the weather at these points.
A roof formed from the roofing elements described 15 very strong, 1s weather-proof and produces a roof of attractive appearance, such as has only been possible heretofore with relatively much more expensive roofing.
.lVhile the shingles or elements 10 are preferably formed with the spacers 25, these spacers could be omitted, if desired, and the shingles produced with only the shoulders 17, whereby a roofing having substantially continuous contact with the roof boards would be produced, and in which case shingles of different widths could be used. Separate spacer members could be provided so that this feature could be embodied in a roof, or not, as desired.
It is to be understood that the elements 10 described herein may be made either of wood, or may be 'molded or otherwisewas its
formed of any suitable plastic material, as
desired. I claim as my'mvention:-v-;v
1 Roofing which comprisese plurality 5r roofing elements which are adapted to be assembled in rows with the separate elements in each row in: spaced relation, and" with the elements in alternate rows diselements having portions of their, lower faces which together-"forms suhstantially continuous surface which-is adapted to can tact throughout its. entire area with a roof 2. A shingle having a straight top edge, a shoulder formed on its lower face substantially parallel-with said top edge and of the shingles of another row, and said;
shoulders separating the lower side'of each of said shingles into two faces, one of which is adapted to rest f on a roof, and the other of which orerlies the upper face of a. shingle in an adjacent row.
3. Roofing comprising a plurality of shingles of substantially rectangular outline adapted to be arranged in rows each of said shingles having a roof engaging face and other faces separated therefrom by an offset-shoulder, the seconcLfaccs of the shingles in one row portions of the shingles in the row nextbelow, and a filler member extending from said shoulder upon said overlying face of each shingle and Which is adapted to extend into and fill the space between the side edges of adjacent underlyingishingles, and said shoulders of the shingles in one row being aclaptedto abut against the ends of the shingles in another row to enable the rows of shingles to be alined one with another. 7
4. Roofing comprising a plurality of shingles adapted to be arranged m rows, each of said shingles having a roof engug ing face and another face separated there from by an offset shoulder so as to extend in a relatively different plane to said roofs engaging face, the second faces of the shingles in one row being adapted to overlie portions of the shingles in the .w cw next elow, and a hller member extendLng from being adapted to overlie said shoulder upon. said overlying face of each shingle and separating the same into two s aced areas and which is adapted to exten jacent underlying shingles, said overlying faces of said shingles and" said filler members being of greater length than said roof engaging faces and the filler members, whereby said overlying faces ofone row of shingles are adapted to extend over .portions of the shingles in thesecond row below. i A
Roofing comprising a plurality of shingles of substantially rectangular outline adapted to be arranged in rows, each of said shingles having a roof on aging face and other faces separated there rmn by an offset shoulder, said second faces of the shingles in one row being adapted to overvlie portions of the shingles in the row next below, and a filler member extendin from said shoulder upon said overlying aee of each shingle, and which is adapted to extend into and fill the space between adjacent underlying shingles, sai filler members being cut away on their under sides to permit the edges of underlying shing es to extend beneath the same.
.6. Roofing comprising a plurality of shingles, filler members on said shingles adapted to permit said shingles to be spaced in rows laterally from each other with said filler members entering the spaces therebetween, and shoulders on said shingles adapting said shingles to be spaced in lengthwise relation to each o her, said shoulders being adapted to form faces, one of which is adapted to engage a roof, and slid filler members each having a face which, together with said roof engaging faces, form a continuous roofengaging surface.
PETER E. SINNETT.
into and fill the space between ad-