Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1575821 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 9, 1926
Filing dateMar 13, 1925
Priority dateMar 13, 1925
Publication numberUS 1575821 A, US 1575821A, US-A-1575821, US1575821 A, US1575821A
InventorsStuart Daniels Ernest
Original AssigneeJohn Alexander Hugh Cameron
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Parquet-floor composite sections
US 1575821 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 9 1926;

E. s. DANIELS PARQUET FLOOR COMPOSITE SECTIONS Filed March 15, 1925 cnvankoz 6/me4t (112m; 9%

MA 3 bbouw a Patented Mar. 9, 1926.

. UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

ERNEST STUART DANIELS, 01' WEST POINT, VIRGINIA, ASSIGNOR TO JOHN ALEX- ANDER HUGH CAMERON, TRUSTEE, OF MONTREAL, CANADA.

PABQUET-FLOOR COMPOSITE SECTIONS.

Application filed March 13, 1925. Serial No. 15,271.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ERNEST STUART Damnns, a subject of the King of England, residing at West Point, in the county of 6 King William and State of Virginia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Parquet-Floor Composite Sections; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the 10 invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains'to make and use the same.

This invention is desi ed as an improvement on the structure s own and described 16 in my co-pending application, Serial No. 15,-

270 filed Mar. '13, 1925, relating to floor and wall construction and more particularly to what is commonly known as parquetry flooring and wall panelling. The principal 20 object is to provide floor or wall panels constructed in composite sections having integral means for securing or joining a multiplicity of sections together in assembled cross-grain relation. by interlocking tongueand-groove connections to form a solid floor or wall without necessity for other fastening means than said interlocking connections.

A further object is to provide rigid sections of the character referred to from 80 which durable parquetry floors, paneled walls and ceilings of attractive appearance, may be expediently, efficiently and economicall constructed.

e invention will first be hereinafter as more particularly described with reference to the accompanying drawings which are to be taken as a part of this specification and then pointed out in the claims at the end of the description.

In said drawings, Fig. 1 is a perspective view of several sections or panels embodyin this invention, which are joined in pairs and shown in relative position for interconnection or assembly with each other to form a 4B portion of a parquet floor, the several sections being substantially square in surface area;

Fig. 2 is a sectional elevation taken on the line 22 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a longitudinalside elevation of one of the composite sections;

toget Fig. 4 is a plan view of a single com-v posite section, e means for rigidly holding 1ts several pieces together being indicated in dotted lines; and

5 is a perspective view of the preferred form of transverse splining rods or pins employed for compositely uniting the several pieces of a section together.

Referring to the drawings in which like reference numerals are used to indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views, 6 denotes the composite flooring sections, which as clearl shown in Fi s. 1, 2 and 4, are individua y formed of mfitiple pieces of odd planking, boards or scrap material of equal lengths, united or secured together longitudinally in a-composite structure with their edges and surfaces flush and the grain of the wood in the respective pieces running in substantially the same direction, said pieces being united or secured rigidly metal splining rods or pins 7 extending across substantially the full width of the sections intermediate the ends thereof, said rods or-pins being extendingly inserted in and through corresponding or registering holes or channels bored or drilled through the respective ieces of the sections trans versely while t e latter are held under lateral compression, said pins or rods being er by means of transverse wooden or referably glue-coated in order to prevent oosening or withdrawal and hold the pieces of the sections more firmly in place as a rigid structure.

These sections as illustrated, are formed with tenons 8 providing integral projecting tongues on op osite ends thereof, said tenons being pre erably formed or cut on the ends of the sections after the component parts thereof are united in a composite structure as set forth above, the outer ed s along opposing sides of the sections eing kerfed or grooved as at 9 to a standard depth equal substantially to the width of the tenons on their ends, within which the extended tongues or tenons of similarly formed sections are adapted snugly to fit in interlocking engagement therewith. These sections or panels may be formed in'any desired size or shape (square, oblong or diamond) and any suitable material may be utilized as the component parts thereof, the several pieces of each section being joined together in the manner described.

The section splining rods or pins may be uniform or smooth in contour, that is of the simpler form denoted by the numeral 7 in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive, or grooved or notched at spaced intervals to provide a series of peripheral undulations or crevices as shown in Fig. 5, in which a splining rod 10 of preferred form is illustrated, the grooves or notches therein forming pockets for the glue for more rigidly causing the rods to adhere in place within the sections and hold the respective pieces thereof more firmly and positively together, the extremities of the rods terminating flush with the countersunk edges in the grooved sides of the sections, in order that they may not extend into said grooves andprevent the tenons on correspondingly formed sections from complementarily and snugly fitting therein, with consequent gaps or spaces between contiguous edges of adjacent sections.

, It may here be noted that the component parts or pieces of the several sections or panels are first preferably united in a composite structure by means of the splining rods or pins 7 or 10 above referred to, after which the outer edges of the outer pieces in each section are kerfed .or grooved to provide longitudinal recesses or grooves in opposite sides thereof, and that the tenons are thereafter formed or cut on opposing ends of the panels, thus providingcomposite sections which are interchangeably adapted to assembly in alternate cross-grain relation, by interlocking tongue-and-groove connections with each other.

As indicated in Fig. 1, a multiplicity of similarly formed sections may be readily and quickly assembled by inter-engaging or interlocking tongue-and-groove connections and cross-grain relation to each other in the manner described, to produce a solid, durable and attractivefloor, wall or ceiling structure. If desired, edge or border-strips,

A of the form shown in my co-pending application hereinbefore mentioned, may be employed in order to facilitate the assembly and effect a somewhat neater and more attractive appearance 'to the completed floor. The sections or panels are secured in interlocking engagement with such edge or border-strips and with each other, by means of the tenons which are fitted or pressed snugly within the opposing grooved edges of bor er-strip and sides of similarly formed sections. Where opposingly grooved edges between sections, or between a section and a border-strip, are brought into meeting contact, removable splines of the character shown and described in my co-pending applicationmeferred to, may be employed to necessity for removable splines, nailing or other fastening means to each other.

The sections are thus assembled in connection with each other, each section being laid or arranged with the grain of the wood therein running at substantially right angles to the grain of the wood in its adjacent sections, the tenon or tenons on each section being engaged in grooved edges along the sides of adjacent sections. It will be appreciated that any tendency of the wood to warp in the sections thus formed, will be effectually prevented by the individual splining rods or pins 7 orlO, and the interlocking connections therebetween, in which the. tenons of each section are efiectually clamped in a vise-like manner within grooved edges ofadjacent sections, thus holding the same rigidly together in cooperative relation, so that the floor will not buckle nor shrink with spaces between sections, when the wood swells or shrinks, causing unevenness or gaps in the fioor.

In like manner, the sections may be utilized to construct a wall or ceiling, the tenoned ends of the sections being engageable within longitudinal grooves in the studding or joists of a building under construction. I desire it to be understood that the word flooring as used in the appended claims, is intended to include not only flooring material, but wall panels, partitions, paneled ceiling and various other structures in which my invention might be used.

Furthermore, in the broader aspects of the invention, other material than wood might be used to form similarly tongued and grooved sections or panels adapted to perform the same functions as sections formed of wood, and I therefore do not wish to restrict my invention to parquetr fioors or wall panels made entirely of woo although the latter material is preferable.

An attractive-and durable floor may be economically constructed with flooring section of the form described, in which heretofore waste products of lumber, such as short pieces of flooring material which are usually cast ofi for fire-wood, may be economically utilized. Furthermore, hard but inexpensive wood which has been heretofore unfit for use as ordinary hard-wood flooring'because of its tendency to split, and for such reason having a very low market value as compared with other woods, may be used in the sections without danger of the latter coming apart or loosening from place, upon splitting of the wood at any point.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. A parquet flooring comprising individually formed composite sections of flooring material inter-connected and held together in assembled relation by tongue and groove connections on their sides and ends with the grain of the wood in each section running substantially at right angles to the grain of the wood in adjacent sections, the tongues extending along opposite ends of the sections and the grooves extending along opposite sides thereof,-the individual sections being composed of a plurality of wooden pieces of equal lengths placed edge to edge and having registering transverse holes therethrough intermediate the ends of the sections and transverse wooden binder rods forcibly inserted through said holes while said pieces are held together under lateral compression so as to form the sections in inseparable composite structures with the grain of the wood in the several pieces rum ning in substantially the same direction, the extremities of said rods and the tongues of each section terminating flush with the countersunk edges of the grooves in opposite sides thereof.

2. A parquet flooring comprising individually formed composite sections of flooring material inter-connected and held together in assembled relation by tongue and groove connections on their sides and ends with the grain of the wood in each section running substantially at right angles to the grain of the wood in adjacent sections, the tongues extending along opposite ends of the sections and the grooves extending along opposite sides thereof, the individual sections being composed of a plurality of wooden pieces of equal lengths placed edge to edge and having registering transverse holes therethrough intermediate the ends of .the sections and transverse Wooden binder rods coated with an adhesive substance and forcibly inserted through said holes while said pieces are held together under lateral compression so as to form the sections in inseparable laterally compressed and adhe sively bound composite structures with the grain of the wood in the several pieces running in substantially the same direction, the

extremities of said rods and the tongues of each section terminating' flush with the countersunk edges of the grooves in opposite sides thereof.

In testimony whereof I aifix my signature.

' ERNEST STUART DANIELS

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3084406 *Jan 9, 1961Apr 9, 1963KingMosaic flooring block and method of forming the same
US4028858 *Mar 5, 1976Jun 14, 1977Rehbein Erwin GDeck block
US6510665Sep 18, 2001Jan 28, 2003Valinge Aluminum AbLocking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US6516579Mar 24, 2000Feb 11, 2003Tony PervanSystem for joining building boards
US6532709Mar 19, 2002Mar 18, 2003Valinge Aluminium AbLocking system and flooring board
US6588166Jan 29, 2001Jul 8, 2003Pergo (Europe) AbFlooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6606834Jul 16, 2002Aug 19, 2003Pergo (Europe) AbFlooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US6715253Sep 18, 2001Apr 6, 2004Valinge Aluminium AbLocking system for floorboards
US6769218Jan 14, 2002Aug 3, 2004Valinge Aluminium AbFloorboard and locking system therefor
US6851241Jan 14, 2002Feb 8, 2005Valinge Aluminium AbFloorboards and methods for production and installation thereof
US6880305Jun 17, 2002Apr 19, 2005Valinge Aluminium AbMetal strip for interlocking floorboard and a floorboard using same
US6898913Sep 27, 2002May 31, 2005Valinge Aluminium AbLocking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US6918220Feb 7, 2003Jul 19, 2005Valinge Aluminium AbLocking systems for floorboards
US6922964Feb 11, 2003Aug 2, 2005Valinge Aluminium AbLocking system and flooring board
US7003925Oct 6, 2004Feb 28, 2006Valinge Aluminum AbLocking system for floorboards
US7051486Apr 15, 2003May 30, 2006Valinge Aluminium AbMechanical locking system for floating floor
US7086205Jul 25, 2002Aug 8, 2006Valinge Aluminium AbSystem for joining building panels
US7121059May 7, 2003Oct 17, 2006Valinge Innovation AbSystem for joining building panels
US7131242Aug 18, 2003Nov 7, 2006Pergo (Europe) AbFlooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7137229Apr 15, 2003Nov 21, 2006Valinge Innovation AbFloorboards with decorative grooves
US7171791Sep 3, 2004Feb 6, 2007Valinge Innovation AbFloorboards and methods for production and installation thereof
US7275350Aug 6, 2005Oct 2, 2007Valinge Innovation AbMethod of making a floorboard and method of making a floor with the floorboard
US7328536Jun 9, 2006Feb 12, 2008Unilin Beheer B.V.Floor panels with edge connectors
US7386963Feb 3, 2005Jun 17, 2008Valinge Innovation AbLocking system and flooring board
US7398625Jan 30, 2006Jul 15, 2008Valinge Innovation AbLocking system for floorboards
US7431979Oct 31, 2003Oct 7, 2008Kronotec AgWood fiberboard
US7444791Nov 17, 2000Nov 4, 2008Valinge Innovation AbLocking system and flooring board
US7454875Oct 22, 2004Nov 25, 2008Valinge Aluminium AbMechanical locking system for floor panels
US7467499Jun 9, 2006Dec 23, 2008Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7484337Nov 10, 2003Feb 3, 2009Kronotec. AgFloor panel and method of laying a floor panel
US7484338Sep 18, 2001Feb 3, 2009Valinge Innovation AbLocking system, floorboard comprising such a locking system, as well as method for making floorboards
US7497058Jun 3, 2002Mar 3, 2009Pergo (Europe) AbFlooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7506481Dec 17, 2003Mar 24, 2009Kronotec AgBuilding board for use in subfloors
US7516588Jan 13, 2005Apr 14, 2009Valinge Aluminium AbFloor covering and locking systems
US7550202Mar 10, 2005Jun 23, 2009Kronotec AgInsulation board made of a mixture of wood base material and binding fibers
US7562431Jan 18, 2005Jul 21, 2009Flooring Technologies Ltd.Method for bringing in a strip forming a spring of a board
US7617645Jun 9, 2006Nov 17, 2009Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7617651Oct 31, 2003Nov 17, 2009Kronotec AgFloor panel
US7621092Feb 9, 2007Nov 24, 2009Flooring Technologies Ltd.Device and method for locking two building boards
US7621094Jul 9, 2007Nov 24, 2009Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7634886Jun 9, 2006Dec 22, 2009Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7634887Dec 29, 2006Dec 22, 2009Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7637066Jun 9, 2006Dec 29, 2009Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7637067Jun 23, 2006Dec 29, 2009Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7637068Feb 2, 2004Dec 29, 2009Valinge Innovation AbMechanical locking system for floorboards
US7640708Sep 30, 2005Jan 5, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7641963Oct 31, 2003Jan 5, 2010Kronotec AgPanel and process for producing a panel
US7644555Dec 21, 2006Jan 12, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7647741Jun 9, 2006Jan 19, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7647743Jul 9, 2007Jan 19, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten VennootschapMethod of making floor panels with edge connectors
US7650727Jun 9, 2006Jan 26, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7650728Jun 16, 2006Jan 26, 2010UNILIN BEHEER BV besloten vennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7651751Feb 10, 2004Jan 26, 2010Kronotec AgBuilding board
US7654054Jul 9, 2007Feb 2, 2010Uniliin Beheer B.V. besloten vennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7658048Oct 31, 2007Feb 9, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7665265Jun 9, 2006Feb 23, 2010Unlin Beheer B.V.Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665266Nov 30, 2006Feb 23, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7665267Oct 30, 2007Feb 23, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7665268Oct 31, 2007Feb 23, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7669376Oct 30, 2007Mar 2, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7669377Jul 7, 2006Mar 2, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7673431Jul 7, 2006Mar 9, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V. besloten, vennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7677001Oct 29, 2004Mar 16, 2010Valinge Innovation AbFlooring systems and methods for installation
US7677008Oct 30, 2007Mar 16, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7678425Mar 4, 2004Mar 16, 2010Flooring Technologies Ltd.Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US7681371Jun 23, 2006Mar 23, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V.Floor panels with edge connectors
US7698868Aug 31, 2005Apr 20, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7698869Jun 13, 2006Apr 20, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7707793May 4, 2006May 4, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7712280Oct 30, 2007May 11, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7726089Jun 9, 2006Jun 1, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7735288Jun 29, 2006Jun 15, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7739849Dec 9, 2003Jun 22, 2010Valinge Innovation AbFloorboards, flooring systems and methods for manufacturing and installation thereof
US7757452Mar 31, 2003Jul 20, 2010Valinge Innovation AbMechanical locking system for floorboards
US7757453Jun 9, 2006Jul 20, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7770350Jul 7, 2006Aug 10, 2010Unilin Beheer B. V., besloten vennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7775007Jul 25, 2002Aug 17, 2010Valinge Innovation AbSystem for joining building panels
US7779596Aug 26, 2004Aug 24, 2010Valinge Innovation AbLocking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US7790293Apr 27, 2006Sep 7, 2010Flooring Technologies Ltd.Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US7810297Jun 16, 2006Oct 12, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7816001Jun 20, 2008Oct 19, 2010Kronotec Agagglomerate of mixed plastic additive distributed homogeneously within the mixture of wood fibers and bidner fibers containing thermosetting polyurethane core and thermoplastic polyethylene covering (thermoactive) enclosing the core
US7823359Aug 25, 2006Nov 2, 2010Valinge Innovation AbFloor panel with a tongue, groove and a strip
US7827749Dec 22, 2006Nov 9, 2010Flooring Technologies Ltd.Panel and method of manufacture
US7827754Jul 19, 2006Nov 9, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7827755Jun 13, 2006Nov 9, 2010Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US7841144Mar 30, 2005Nov 30, 2010Valinge Innovation AbMechanical locking system for panels and method of installing same
US7845140Mar 25, 2004Dec 7, 2010Valinge Innovation AbFlooring and method for installation and manufacturing thereof
US7854986Sep 7, 2006Dec 21, 2010Flooring Technologies Ltd.of wooden material, plastic or mixture thereof, with polyurethane layer applied on top side with decorative layer imitating natural material is applied thereon; sound proofing; cost efficiency
US7877956Apr 30, 2004Feb 1, 2011Pergo AGFloor element with guiding means
US7886497Dec 2, 2004Feb 15, 2011Valinge Innovation AbFloorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US7908816Jan 30, 2004Mar 22, 2011Kronotec AgDevice for connecting building boards, especially floor panels
US7926234Mar 20, 2003Apr 19, 2011Valinge Innovation AbFloorboards with decorative grooves
US8003168Sep 2, 2004Aug 23, 2011Kronotec AgMethod for sealing a building panel
US8011155Jul 12, 2010Sep 6, 2011Valinge Innovation AbLocking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US8016969Jun 18, 2009Sep 13, 2011Flooring Technologies Ltd.Process for finishing a wooden board and wooden board produced by the process
US8042484Oct 4, 2005Oct 25, 2011Valinge Innovation AbAppliance and method for surface treatment of a board shaped material and floorboard
US8061104May 20, 2005Nov 22, 2011Valinge Innovation AbMechanical locking system for floor panels
US8166723Aug 31, 2010May 1, 2012Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US8176698Sep 20, 2004May 15, 2012Kronotec AgPanel
US8215078Feb 15, 2005Jul 10, 2012Všlinge Innovation Belgium BVBABuilding panel with compressed edges and method of making same
US8234831May 11, 2011Aug 7, 2012Všlinge Innovation ABLocking system for mechanical joining of floorboards and method for production thereof
US8245477Apr 8, 2003Aug 21, 2012Všlinge Innovation ABFloorboards for floorings
US8250825Apr 27, 2006Aug 28, 2012Všlinge Innovation ABFlooring and method for laying and manufacturing the same
US8257791Apr 1, 2008Sep 4, 2012Kronotec AgProcess of manufacturing a wood fiberboard, in particular floor panels
US8293058Nov 8, 2010Oct 23, 2012Valinge Innovation AbFloorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US8365494Aug 31, 2010Feb 5, 2013Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten VennootschapFloor panels with edge connectors
US8402709Jul 11, 2006Mar 26, 2013Pergo (Europe) AbFlooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8475871Oct 29, 2010Jul 2, 2013Flooring Technologies Ltd.Building board and method for production
US8544233Apr 2, 2012Oct 1, 2013Pergo (Europe) AbBuilding panels
US8578675Jan 28, 2008Nov 12, 2013Pergo (Europe) AbProcess for sealing of a joint
US8584423Jan 21, 2011Nov 19, 2013Valinge Innovation AbFloor panel with sealing means
US8613826Sep 13, 2012Dec 24, 2013Valinge Innovation AbFloorboard, system and method for forming a flooring, and a flooring formed thereof
US8615952Dec 13, 2010Dec 31, 2013Pergo (Europe) AbSet of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8627631May 14, 2013Jan 14, 2014Flooring Industries Limited, SarlFloor covering
US8631623Jul 26, 2012Jan 21, 2014Pergo (Europe) AbSet of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8631625May 14, 2013Jan 21, 2014Flooring Industries Limited, SarlFloor covering
US8661762Nov 13, 2012Mar 4, 2014Pergo (Europe) AbFlooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8683698Mar 11, 2011Apr 1, 2014Valinge Innovation AbMethod for making floorboards with decorative grooves
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/391, 52/578
International ClassificationE04F15/04
Cooperative ClassificationE04F15/04
European ClassificationE04F15/04