US 1576940 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Match 16 1926.
5 Sheets-Sheet l a- Llllla v v.
A. WARNER POCKET on STORAGE BIN Filed MaI-dh 2. 192s INVENTUR.- firh/ur Wrmer B fu/. ATTORNEYS.
W1 TNESSES' March 16 1926.
A. WARNER POCKET on STORAGE BIN Filed March 2. 1925 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIC?. I.
Q INVENTOR: Jrhur Warner, BM T rm ToRNEYs.
5 Sheets-Sheet 5 March A16 1926.
A. WARNER POCKET 0R STORAGE BIN Filed March 2. 1923 March 16 1926. 1,576,940
A. WARNER POCKET OR STORAGE BIN NESS INVENTOR.-
6g@ I fLrIw/r Warner,
March 16 1926.
A. WARNER POCKET OR STORAGE BIN Filed March 2. 1923l 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 W ,C9/w.
'7' I :NVENroR: rhzu" U/arfwr,
Patented Mar. 16, 1926.
UNITED stares ARTHUR WARNER, OF IHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TOSIECIALTY ENGINEERING COMPANY, 0F PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, A CORPORATION OF PENNSYLVANIA.
POCKET OR. STORAGE BIN.
Application filed March 2, 192s. serial `N0. 622.257.
To all whom t may concern Be it known that I, ARTI-inn WARNER, a citizen vof the United States, residing at Philadelphia, in the county of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pocket or Storage Bins, of which the following is a specilication, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates generally to pocket oi' storage bins for the containing of more or less graded materials destined to be removed therefrom in predetermined quantities and at different intervals of time.
More Vparticularly the subject matter of the present invention has reference to storage pockets or bins for coal such as are usually provided at coal yards or coaling stations, and from which pockets or bins, coal may be directly chuted into cars, wagons, gondola-s, engine tenders and the like without shoveling or manual labor.
The primary object of my invention is to provide a storage pocket or bin for the reception of coal or other broken, crushed or granular material of a novel transverse cross-section which not only increases its capacity but augments its conveniences when compared with the generally accepted constructions at present in use.
Another object of this invention is to provide a storage pocket or bin of what may be conveniently termed unit construction, that is to say more specifically, a storage pocket or bin embodying my improvements is of a character that can be extended'unit by unit in any desired direction whereby,- space permittingthe capacity of a coal yard or coaling station may be easily increased with a minimum expenditure of material, time and labor.
A further fea-ture of this invention consists in the novel form of storage pocket or bin for coal yards and coaliiig stations, whereby said yards or stations are less congested by supporting columns and the foundations therefor, with a co-related increase in floor space.
Other objects attained by my invention are the provision of a storage pocket or bin characterized by the fact, that themajor portion of the dead weight is directed on to shorter supporting columns, ground storage is concentrated to the reclaiming point, and better protection for teams and the like while loading is afforded.
I/Vith the foregoing and other objects in view as will be more apparent from kthe following description my invention consists essentially in constructing a storage pocket or bin with what I preferably term trapezoidal cross section so as to Aprovide-opposed downwardly tapering walls, said cross-section being attained by spaced plate girders responding parts in all the views.
Figure I is an end elevation of a coal pocket or bin embodying the essential features of my invention, the ordinary superstructure being indicated by dotted lines to better distinguish my said invention .therefrom.
Figure II is a side elevation of the same.
Figure III is an end elevation of a slightly modified form of the invention that affords a large ground storage capacity.
Figure IV is a diagrammatic end view of the application of my invention to a twin-coinpartinent storage pocket or bin.
Figure V is an end view in outline of a modied manner of supporting the pocket or bin. f
Figure VI is a similar outline end View illustrative of the supporting of my novel pocket or bin on three parallel lines of columns. Y
Figure VII is a likeview to the preceding one but eXemplifying the supporting of the pocket or bin on a single lineof columns.
Figure VIII is illustrative of the application to my invention of an enclosing structure beneath the bin for better protection during the loading of vehicles; and also forming an enclosed shed or garage if need be for storage and privacy.
Figure IX exemplifies a further modification of the invention; and
Figure X illustrates the application to my invention of a crueiform support.
Referring more in detail to the drawings, and specifically to Figures I and II thereof, my novel construction of storage pocket or bin consists of a pair of spaced girdersk 11, llfor cantilever trusses*each or which includes a trapezoidal shaped web-plate 12 having parallel upper and lower horizontal edges stifl'ened by angles 13, 14 respectively, and opposed upwardly inclined or oblique ends similarly stiflened by angles 15, 16. Intermediate the aforesaid oblique ends of each girder 11 are a series of vertical angle braces 17, and it will be obvious to those conversant with the art .that all the angles 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17 are duplicated on each face of the web plate 12 in reverse relation and riveted thereto in the well known manner. f
In the embodiment of my invention rc ferred to in the preceding paragraph the numeral 18 designates the ground level or Hoor of a coal yard or station in which are embedded appropriate concrete foundations 18 having` bonded 'uprights or reinforced columns 19, 19.- These uprights or columns 19, 19 are erected at the desired intervals in parallel and aligned relation. Mounted on the buttressed heads 20, of the aforesaid uprights or columns, 19, 19 are I-beams 21 that constitutev the bearers for the entire pocketor bin when erected and mounted thereon.
The pocket or bin is erected as follows Trapezoidal girders 11, constructed as hereinbefore set forth, yare arranged in spaced relation transversely to the aforee said I-beams 21 and preferably vertically central with respect to the center lines of opposed uprights or columns 19. The girders 11 are suitably secured rigidly in place by riveting or otherwise permanently connecting them to the top flanges of the I- beams 21 as will be readily understood by those eonversant with the art to which this invention appertains., It is also to be here noted that the lower parallel edge of the girders 11 is of a lineal dimension equal to, or substantially thesame as, the dimension between the centers of the I-beams 21 for a purpose later on explained. Obviously the I-beams 2 1 will be of a length to accommodate the lrequired initial lineal dimension of the entire series of pockets or bins, but it will be perfectly clear that the same may be extended in either direction by butting another length of I-beam at either end and connecting the abutted ends by splice plates.
Longitudinal bars or angles 22 are suitably secured or riveted to the top flanges or angles 13 of the girders 11 directly vertical above the centers of the I-beams 21 to aid in maintaining said girders 11, 11
in vertical parallel relation, as well as for a purpose hereafter referred to. Riveted or otherwise securely Vli.\:ed`to the lower flanges or angles 14, 14 and conveniently equispaced relative to the I-beams 21 are girts 23 on which the horizontalr floor 24 of the series of pockets or bins 11 is laid. To ensure increased rigidity ofthe entire structure the outer girts 23 may be embeddedas shown--in the lateral parts 20 of the intervening the girders 11, 11 constitute* pockets or bins, having bottoms or floors 24, side walls 26, 2G, and dividing partitions or bulkheads constituted by the. web plates 12 of said girders il 1, 11.
`Chutes 27 are located at the bottmn ou each side of every individual pocket or bin, said chutes being controlled by gates or doors 28 manually or otherwise o'ierable by draw rods or the like 2f). rVhese chutes 2T are also fitted with the usual screens 30, and the gates or doors 28 close or open the discharge outlets from the aforesaid pockets or bins. Beneath each chute 27 there is-or may be.-1, rovided a dust box or collector 31 of any appropriate character and construction, said dust boxes or collectors being littedwith controllable outlets or discharges in the well known way.
In the figures under detailed description it will be seen that the superstructure 32 is laterally extended to project somewhat over or beyond the upper edges of the obliquely inclined sides of the'pockets or bins and to -this end I extend the sidewalls timbers 26 upwardly at 33 and tie them at their outer ends to longitudinal members 34 as will be readily understood. In addition the extensions 33 may be braced to the girder web plates 12 by bracings 35. Diagonal timbers or members 36, 36 securely and rigidly brace the upper superstructure 37 and in view of the fact that I lay no claim to the form or pattern per se of the said superstructure I have only referred thereto generally. The customary endless conveyor is indicated at 38, and it may be of any usual or preferred type adapted to convey the coal or other material to the respective pockets or bins.
At each side of the structure, as is usual in connection with coal or other material storage structures, is a siding or roadway 39, while intermediate the uprights or columns 19 1s a third return vsiding or roadway,
and on said sidings orroadways 39, motor trueks-40 are shown, although it will be 0bvious said sidings or roadways may be used by any other kind of transporting vehicles or locomotives.
Refcrringnou' to Figure III which illustrates a composite overhead and ground storage en'ibodii'ueut of 'my invention, it will be seen that the girder ll instead 'of being trapezoidal in elevational view is triangular in contour, that is to say more specifically the web-plate 4l thereof is substantially triangular in outline. In the drawing it will be Vobs-:owed that I have'shown the web p ate 4l in the form of an inverted isosceles' configuration with vertical angle braces 17 as hereinbefore described with reference 4to Figures I and II. The bottom of each pocket or bin is built up of girts 42, and floor timbers y43, as before setV forth; or steel plates or concrete slabs may be employed-if desirable. The manner vof supporting this form of my invention is somewhat different however, the understructure including spaced vertical columns 44, -conveniently I- beams-anchored at 46 to concrete foundations or bases 47 bedded in the floor or yard 18. These vertical columns 44, 45 are of different heights and are transversely and diagonally braced by angle bars 48. 49 respectively. Itv is to be lobserved that the shorter column 45'is of larger section than the longer one 44, and that the upper ends of the longitudinally aligning' columns 45 are connected together by .1I-beams 50 and angle struts 5l. On the other hand the longer columns 44 are similarly connected by the upper longitudinal girts 42 connected to the said vcolumns by angles in the well known way. A longitudinal tie bar or angle 52 is provided across the tops ofthe beams 1l, while the superstructure is constructed and erected over the series of pockets or bins as before described. The gates or doors 28, chutes 27, screens 30 and dust boxes or collectors 3l are all constructed and arranged as hereinbefore described.
In order to provide for proper ground storage I close the space intervening successively aligning columns 45, 45 with inclined Itimbers 54, 54, and erecta wall or back 55 in spaced relation relative to the columns 44. This wall or back 55 is of Vappropriate character and strength, while the dotted line 55 designates the coal line when'the ground storage provided thereby is filled with coal. Ingrese from the overhead storage a to the ground storage b' is provided for by an outlet 56 controlled by a gate or sliding door 57, and it is'to be observed that the wall or back 55 is erected within the shed of said overhead storage al so that the ground storage 7) is' to a great extent protected from incement weather. On the other hand the ground storage b may be filled direct from wagons, gondolas, or railroad cara-one being designated 58 on a railroad 59.
versant with the art Figure IV diagran'imatically illustrates a modified structure embodying V-iny' invention and comprising aligning "twin-storage pockets or bins 60, 6l, said structure being supported on spaced columns 62, 62 and provided with inwardly and outwardly directed chutes 63, 64 respectively. Thus it will be readily seen that vehicles on the outer sidings or roadways 39 may be concurrently loaded from opposed individual pockets or binsI 60, 6l, whereas a vehicle on the center tracker roadway 39 may be loaded from either or both pockets or bins 60, 61, simultaneously and in the latter case effecting an economy in time.
Figure V is a similar diagrammatic showing of a further modified application of this invention. In this instance the storage pockets of bins 4l are constructed as hereinbefore described but are supported near the ground or floor level 39 by a center wall 65 and columns 62. A relatively large superstructurey 82 is shown, in the referred to ligure while a lixed or traveling conveyor 66 is provided for purposes of elevating the contents of the storage pockets or bins to a car or wagon 40. This form of my invention may conveniently beV termed ,a semi-ground storage construction and it will be found advantageous. wherev siding facilities are meager anda large storage capacity is'desirable. f y
Figure VI exemplifies the application of my improvements to what may betermed an enclosed construction, the storage pockets or bins being` supported byparallel lines of columns62, 62 Vbetween which are the road ways or sidings 39, while the superstructure 32 is of a somewhat .more compact formation. Opposed chutes 63 direct the discharged material to the vehicles to be filled.
Figure VII illustrates a slightly diferf ent manner of supporting the storage pockets or bins on a central line of columns 67, said columns being mounted on concrete bases 68, and reinforced by angle brackets 69. Stability and rigidity of the upper structure is secured by forked bracings 70 Vsecurely fixed to the columns 67 and girts 42 as will be readily understood by those contowhich this invention appertains.
In Figure VIII vthe storage pocket or bin is supported on a wall or central line of spaced columns 67 bedded in concrete foot pieces 68, and the completed structure is appropriately anchored by tension members 71 connecting into concretev blocks 72. -Enclosing walls 73 having glazed upper sections 74 may be provided longitudinally at one or both sides of the pockets or bins to provide for ground storage when desired.
Figure IX exemplifies a slightly varied form of superstructure 32 but in all other respects the construction is substantially the same as shown in Figure VI.`
According to the form of my invention shown by Figure X; the storage pockets or bins are supported on cross members 7 5 anchored to bases 68, while tension members 71 are employed as heretofore explained for ensuring rigidity and stability of the entire structure. In this instance the discharge outlet or chute 63 is shown as being directly central of the structure or inclined to discharge longitudinally in contradistinction to all the previous showings.
From the foregoing description and an examination of the drawings it will be pern fectly clear that when a car, locomotive tender, or wagon is moved into position with respect to any one or more of the chutes 27, 63 or 63 it can be promptly filled with the required amount of coal from the individual pocket or bin under discharge control of the said chute or chutes. It is particularly noteworthy that by my invention the greater portion of the dead load is directed upon the shorter posts at the juncture of the bottom sides, which greatly economizes in material required for construction. Still further it will be seen that with the several constructions disclosed I am enabled to economize very considerably in building and yard space occupied, while at the same time gaining considerably in protective i shedding for teams and so forth.
Obviously the various storage pockets or bins may contain different grades of coal or other material, or different kinds of material, which it is desired to store therein. More or less variation of the exact details of construction is possible without departing from the spirit of the hereinbefore described invention; I desire therefore, not to limit myself to the precise forms illustrated, but include hereby all reasonable variations or modifications ofthe same susceptible of being construed as covered by the scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. A storage pocket forV coal or granular material comprising spaced cantilever bulle heads affording declined ends, girts secured to the declined ends and connecting said cantilever bulkheads to effect their rigid connection in parallel relation, fiooring traversing the girts, and means for supporting the pocket. f
2. A storage pocket for' coal or granular material comprising spaced bulkheads of trapezoidal configuration, girts secured across the inclined ends and lower edges of -whereof converge downwardly, spaced girts traversing the inclined sides and lower edges thereof rigidly connecting said bulkheads in parallel relation, a floor and side walls secured on the girts, and columnal means for supporting the pocket.
4. A storage pocket for coal or granular material comprising spaced bulkheads of trapezoidal configuration, vertical bracings on said bulkheads, spaced girts traversing the inclined sides and bottoms thereof rigidly connecting said bulkheads in parallel relation, floors traversing the girts, and columnal mea-ns for supporting the pocket.
5. A storage pocket for coal or granular material comprising spaced bullrheads of trapezoidal configuration, vertical bracings on said bulkheads, spaced girts traversing the inclined sides and bottoms thereof rigidly connecting said bulkheads in parallel re lation, fioors traversing the girts, columnal means for supporting the pocket, longitudinal tie bars, and means affording support for a covering Super-structure on top of the pocket.
6. A storage pocket for coa-l or granular material comprising spaced bulkheads of trapezoidal conguration, vertical bracings on said bulkheads, spaced girts traversing the inclined sides and bottoms thereof rigidly connecting said bulkheads in parallel relation, floors traversing the girts, columnal means for supporting the pocket, longitudinal spaced tie bars secured to the top anges of the bulkheads, and controlled discharge outlets for thev pocket at the junction of the inclined side walls.
7 A storage pocket for coal or granular material comprising spaced bulkheads of trapezoidal configuration, vertical bracings on said bulkheads, spaced girts traversing the inclined sides and bottom edges thereof rigidly connecting said bulkhead s in parallel relation, floors traversing the girts, columnal means for supporting the pocket, longitudinal tie bars affording support for a covering super-structure on top of the pocket, and reversely directed controllable discharge outlets atl the lower part of said pocket.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto signed my name at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, this 24th day of February 1923.