US 1577595 A
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March 23 19265.-
2 Sheets-Sheet l N. B. SMITH PORTABLE TOILET Filed August 27 IT" /&!} I l )v' attac m M'arch N' B- SMITH PORTABLE TOILET 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed August 27, 1925 mo o c o lllllllll LAS 25 Fly- 5.
Patented Mar. 23, 1926..
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PORTABLE 'roiLnfr.
Application led'August 27, 1925. Serial No. 52,875.
State of Colorado, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Portable Toilets, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to toilets or water closets, and particularly to portable toilets.
The general object of the-invention is to provide a device of this character which is very simple, which may be folded up in a small compass and is, therefore, readily carried, and which is particularly adapted to be carriedy upon a car with other camp equippage and adapted to be set .up at any time desired.
A` further object is to provide av device of thischaracter which has corner posts withcanvas walls, the corner posts being made in sections and the canvas walls so formed that they may be readily folded.
A still further object is to provide a device of this character with a folding seat and' proifided with means which will brace the structure when a person is resting upon the seat. v
Other objects will appear in the course of the following description.
My invention is illustrated in theaccompanying drawings, wherein :e
Figure 1 is a perspective view showing my foldable toilet erected g' Figure 2 is a horizontal section through the middle portion of the toilet looking down upon the seat;
Figure 3 is a view of the canvas walls laid out fiat preparatory to folding up the sections;
Figure 4 is a view of the toilet folded up ;v
Figure 5 is a verticalsectional view through the toilet;
Figure 6 is an elevation of one of the sectional supports;
Figure 7 is van elevation of one of the cross braces;
Figure S is across section showing the toilet seat construction. l f Y Referring to these drawings, it will be seen 'that the toilet Ystructure is square in cross section or rectangular, and that it is formedof canvas walls and uprights at the corners. These uprights, as illustrated in Fi ure,6, are formed ofv three sections 10, 11 an 12, the section 10 being pointed, as at 13, so that it may be driven into the ground and at its upper end being formed with a socket. The section 11 has a pin 14 which engages in said socket and atV its upper end has a socketin which a pin 14 onthe section 12 engages. The upper end ,of they section 12 is provided with an upwardly projecting pin 15`for a purpose to be ilater described.
Preferably the walls ofV the toilet are formed of canvas, as hereinbeforedescribed, adapted to be folded along the dotted lines in Figure 3 into three sections A, B and C, The section B is the only one whichV is attached permanently to the posts. This section is attached by suitable attaching members 16 to the middle section 11 of the four posts. The sections A and C, however, are unattached or only temporarily attached. The section A at one end is formed with a flap 17 having slits or openings which may be engaged with fastening means on, the other end of the section A, as shown in Figure 1, so as to hold the flap or door closed. The four posts formed of the sectionslO, 11 and r12 are held in quadrangular relation by means of the cross braces'lS which are bolted together at their'middles or other-` wise connected, as aty 19, Lthe ends of the p braces having holes 20 adapted to receive the pins 1501i the upper ends Vof the 'sections 12., After the toilet is erected it may be held against spreading at its upper'ends by a cable or rope 21 engaged over these pins, as shown in Figure l.
Hingedly mounted within the closet and to what may be termed the rear posts is the seat 22, which is'preferably formed of a canvas web 23'attached to side supports 24.
This frame carries foldable legs 25 hinged to the frame of the seat and `,adapted to be folded upso that theV seat and the frame may be foldedup into the position shown in Figure 3 or against the canvas section B. Preferably, and for thepurpose of bracing the structure, two guys 26 are provided which may have screw eyes 27 at'their inner ends whichl are engageable through the canvas strains. Preferably the canvas Will be folded over at its margins so as to form a relatively strong hem.
When it is desired to fold up the structure, the convas is detached from the posts, the several sections of the posts are detached from each other and laid in parallel relation, and the canvas then folded up, as illustrated in Figure il, the bracing strips 18 and the guys, of course, being placed inside the folded canvas, the Whole being held together by straps. The Wall section B may also be provided with a pocket 28 for toilet paper. Straps 29 are used to hold the canvas in its folded form.
Vhile I have illustrated certain details of construction and arrangement of parts, it will be understood that these might be varied in many Ways Without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined in the appended claims. The device is simple, light, very compact, and may be easily set up and taken down. Vilhile l have illustrated only the section B as being attached to the sections ll of the supporting posts, it is obvious that the sections and C might also be attached to the sections of the supporting posts. The device is particularly convenient for tourists, it is readily car ried on the running board of a car and set up in almost any place, and it is also useful as a temporary closet structure or toilet structure such as are used by mechanics where house building or other Work is going on.
I claim l. A portable closet structure of the character described including a plurality of posts, each post being made in interfitting sections, a. Wall of canvas adapted to go around all four posts and form an end closure, the middle portion being attached to the middle sections of the posts, means for bracing the upper ends of the posts from each other to thereby keep the canvas stretched taut, and a seat operatively supported upon said posts.
2. A portable closet structure of the character described including a plurality of posts, each post being made in interfitting sections, a Wall of canvas adapted to go around all four posts and form an end closure or door, the middle portion of the canvas being permanently attached to the middle sections ofthe posts, means for bracing the upper ends of the posts from each other to thereby keep the canvas stretched taut, and a seat hingedly mounted upon said posts and foldable in a vertical position against the canvas or into a horizontal position on legs operatively connected to the free edge ofthe seat.
3. portable closet structure of the charactcr described including a plurality of posts, these posts being made in intertting sections, a Wall of canvas adapted to go around all four posts and form an end closure, the middle portion of the canvas being attached to the middle sections of all of the posts, means for bracing the upper ends of the posts from each other to thereby keep the canvas stretched taut, a seat hingedly mounted upon said posts and foldable into .a verticali( position against the canvas or into a horizontal position, legs operatively connected to the free edge of the seat, and guy Wires exterior to the structure and having screw eyes adapted to lbe engaged with the frame of the seat.
4l. A structure of the character described comprising four posts, cach formed in three sections, the three sections having means whereby they may be engaged With each other, the uppermost section carrying upwardly extending pins at their upper ends, a Wall of canvas adapted to be extended around said post and constituting a Wall of said structure, the middle portion of said u'all being attached to the n'iiddle sections of the posts, cross b'aces having apertures at theirends to receive the pins and the upper ends of said posts, and a .flexible element extending around said pins.
5. A structure of the character described including four posts, a Wall of canvas adaptd to be extended around the posts to enclose the structure, a seat hingedly. mounted upon two of the supporting posits and consisting of a web of canvas and tivo parallel supports, legs hinged to the forward ends of the parallel supports .and adapted to rest upon the ground when the seat is in a horizontal position, and guy Wires engageable through the canvas wall and With the forward ends of the seat supports extending laterally in opposite directions to thereby prevent sagging of the seat.
(i. A closet structure of the character described including a plurality' of posts, a canvas ivall operatively connected to said posts` the posts being adapted to be disposed in quadrilateral relation, a canvasseat hingedly connected to two of said posts, legs for supporting the forward edge of the canvas seat, and guys extending through the canvas Wall and engaging With the forward edge of the seat, thereby holding the seat extended and preventing sagging of the seat under Weight.
In testimony whereof I hereunto aiiix my signature.
NELLIE B. SMITH.