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Publication numberUS1577880 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 23, 1926
Filing dateOct 31, 1925
Priority dateOct 31, 1925
Publication numberUS 1577880 A, US 1577880A, US-A-1577880, US1577880 A, US1577880A
InventorsAlexander A S Stuart
Original AssigneeAlexander A S Stuart
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Surgical knife
US 1577880 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 23 1926. 1,577,880

A. A. s. STUART SURGICAL KNIFE Filed Oct. 51, 1925 INVENTOR Alxanderliijilmfi ATTORNEYS];

Patented Mar. 23, 1926.

UNITED sTArss ALEXANDER A. S. STUART, F HARRISBURG, PENNSYLVANIA.

SURGICAL KNIFE.

Application filed October 31, 1925. Serial No. 66,015.

Dauphin and State of Pennsylvania, haveinvented certain new and useful Improvements in Surgical Knives, of which the followin is a s ecification.

The main object of this invention is to generally improve the construction of surgical knives having detachable blades.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a knife constructed in accordance with this invention;

Fig. 2 an edge view of the knife;

Fig. 3 a longitudinal sectional View taken through the knife handle; V

Fig. 4 a view similar to Fig. 3, showing the manner of attaching the blade to the handle; and I Fig. 5 an enlarged transverse sectlon taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 1.

Referring to the various parts by numerals, 1 designates the knife handle which is preferably formed of one piece of suitable metal. The handle is comparatively thin and fiat, but, of course, it may be of any suitable shape to adapt it to the use for which it is designed. The blade-receiving end of the handle is hollowed to form a longitudinal cavity or socket 2 which extends inwardly for a material distance from said end of the handle and is adapted to re ceive the shank of the blade 3. An elongated, substantially V-shaped cleft 4 is formed in the blade-receiving end of the handle and extends longitudinally inward to a point substantially midway the depth of the socket 2. This cleft is disposed transversely to the plane of the blade and extends through the flat sides of the handle at opposite sides'of the socket. Formed upon the lower edge of the handle, just in- .wardly of the cleft 4, is a notch 5 which opens into the lower side of the socket 2.

The knife blade 3 is integrally formed with a shank G which is adapted to enter the handle socket. The shank is made thicker than the blade and is bifurcated longitudinally to form a pair of spaced spring fingers 7 and 8. These spring fingers, when free, are expanded so that their outer longitudinal edges are spaced apart a distance greater than the width of the socket 2. To facilitate their insertion into the socket the free ends of the fingers are tapered or rounded as at 9. The opposite side faces of the fingers are fiat and are adapted to snugly fit between the flat sides 10 of the socket, as will be seen in Fig. The outer longitudinal edge of the upper finger 7 is straight and adapted to bear throughout its length against the straight upper wall 11 of the socket. The lower finger 8 is made thinner than the upper finger 7 in order to make it more flexible and its lower longitudinal edge is straight for a substantial portion of its length adjacent its connection with the blade portion-as at 12. This straight portion is adapted to bear against the lower straight wall 13 of the socket located forwardly of the notch 5. Beyond its straight portion 12 the finger 8 is bent slightly inward and formed at its free end with a locking head 14. This locking head is formed with a forwardly facing locking shoulder 15.

In sliding the blade shank into the socket the spring fingers are compressed toward.

each other as the locking head 14 slides over the lower wall 13 .of the socket. When the shank is forced in sufficiently to aline the headl i with the notch 5, the head is snapped out through the notch by the resiliency of the finger 8 and its locking shoulder is brought into locking engagement with the shoulder 16 at the forward edge of the notch. The shank is then positively locked against withdrawal from the socket. Near its juncture with the blade the shank is shouldered at its upper and lower edges, as at 17, to abut the end of the handle. The expanding tendency of the spring fingers is only partly relieved by the snapping of'the locking head through the notch 5. The fingers will therefore continue to press firmly against the upper and lower walls 11 and 13 of the socket, and this pressure, combined with the snug engagement of the side walls 10 with the shank and th contact of the shoulders 17 with the end of the handle, holds the blade firmly against wabbling.

To remove the blade from the handle it is merely necessary to press the locking head 14 laterally inward and pull outward longitudinally on the blade. The notch 5 is of a size and shape to permit a finger or thumb to readily engage the locking head. By bifurcating the end of the handle and the shank of the blade, the knife is rendered lighter at this point and give a better balance. The cleft 4 and notch 5 both open into the socket 2 and facilitate the cleaning and removal of the blood or other matter therefrom. This renders the knife more sanitary. The bifurcation of the handle and the blade shank gives the further advantage of facilitating the withdrawal of the blade in case its shank should bind in the socket as a result of rust or drying of the blood. I11 this case a sharp tool maybe inserted through the cleft 4t of the handle and the crotch of the shank to forcibly withdraw the shank. The blade and handle are formed without screws, pins, or other projections which would render them diflicult to clean. The shank and socket are formed with substantial, open structures which may be easily and thoroughly cleaned and steri-- lized. The manner of forming the blade and mounting it renders it possible to use a blade formed of substantial stock which may be re-ground repeatedly.

hat I claim is:

1. A knife comprising a blade formed integrally with a shank longitudinally bifurcated to form two spaced fingers, one of said fingers being resilient and formed at its free end with a locking head; and a handle formed at one end with a socket adapted to snugly receive the blade shank endwise said handle being formed with a notch in one of its outer sides opening into the side of the socket and adapted to receive the said locking head whenthe shank is inserted into the socket, the said blade fingers being normally spread apart to a greater width than the width of the socket, whereby the flexible finger will be compressed toward the other finger when the shank is forced into the socket and the looking head will be snapped outwardly into said notch by the resiliency of the flexible finger to lock the blade against withdrawal from the handle.

2. A knife comprising a blade provided with a shank longitudinally bifurcated to form two spaced fingers, one of said fingers being resilient; a locking head carried by one of said fingers; and a handle formed at one end with a socket adapted to snugly receive the blade shank endwise and formed with a notch in one of its outer sides opening into the side of the socket and adapted to receive the said locking head when the shank is inserted into the socket, the said blade fingers being normally spread apart to a greater width than the width of the socket, whereby the flexible finger will be compressed toward the other finger when the shank is forced into the socket and the locking head will be snapped outwardly into said notch by the resiliency of the flexible finger to lock the blade against withdrawal from the handle.

3. A knife comprising a blade provided with a shank longitudinally bifurcated to form two spaced fingers, one of said fingers being resilent; a locking head carried by the free end of one of said fingers; and a handle formed at one, end with a socket adapted to snugly receive the blade shank endwise, said handle being formed with a notch through one of its outer sides opening into the side of the socket and adapted toreceive the said locking head when the shank is LD- serted in the socket, the said blade fingers being normally spread apart to a greater width than the width of the socket, whereby the flexible finger will be compressed toward the other finger when the shank is forced into the socket and the locking head will be snapped into said notch by the resiliency of the flexible finger to lock the blade against withdrawal from the handle, the handle being formed with a notch extending inwardly from its socket end and adapted to aline with the crotch of the bifurcated shank.

4. A knife comprising a blade formed integrally with a shank longitudinally bifurcated to form two spaced fingers, one of said fingers being resiliently flexible and formed at its free end with a locking head; and a handle formed at one end with a socket adapted to snugly receive the blade shank endwise, said handle being formed. with a notch through one of its outer sides opening into the side of the socket and adapted to receive the said locking head when the shank is inserted in the socket, the said blade fingers being normally spread apart to a greater width than the width of the socket, whereby the flexible finger will be compressed toward the other finger when the shank is forced into the socket and the locking head will be snapped outwardly into said notch by the resiliency of the flexible finger to lock the blade against withdrawal from the handle, the socket end of the handle being bifurcated and having its cleft adapted to register with the crotch of the bifurcated blade shank.

5. A knife comprising a blade provided with a laterally compressible resilient shank; a handle formed with a socket adapted to receive said shank under compression; and means carried by the shank and the socket adapted to effect a snap locking connection therebetween by an expansion of the resilient shank within the socket, the handle being formed with an opening leading laterally into the socket and adapted to give access to the shank therein and permit it to be manually compressed to release said locking means.

In testimony whereof I hereunto aflix my signature.

ALEXANDER A. S. STUART.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2630029 *Sep 9, 1949Mar 3, 1953Imp Brass Mfg CoCombination tube working tool and reamer
US3877147 *Jun 25, 1973Apr 15, 1975Acme United CorpDisposable scalpel handle
US5060382 *Dec 20, 1989Oct 29, 1991Cooper IndustriesHigh leverage shears
US5810865 *Sep 14, 1995Sep 22, 1998Koscher; StefanSurgical instrument
US5916218 *Apr 9, 1997Jun 29, 1999Aesculap Ag & Co. KgSaw for surgical purposes
US5924206 *Sep 30, 1997Jul 20, 1999Becton, Dickinson And CompanyReusable device handle
US5933918 *Sep 8, 1997Aug 10, 1999Dart Industries Inc.Handle with interchangeable kitchen implements
US7121009Mar 17, 2005Oct 17, 2006Robbins Industries, Inc.Can opener
US7647704 *Dec 30, 2005Jan 19, 2010Petersen Thomas DHandle with removable disposable surgical blade
US7818885 *Feb 5, 2008Oct 26, 2010Brolex, LlcDevice for performing surgery
US8099868 *Jan 9, 2009Jan 24, 2012Votolato Living TrustDisposable blade cartridge utility knife
US8295526Sep 21, 2010Oct 23, 2012Bose CorporationLow frequency enclosure for video display devices
US8351629Feb 21, 2008Jan 8, 2013Robert Preston ParkerWaveguide electroacoustical transducing
WO1996009008A1 *Sep 14, 1995Mar 28, 1996Stephan KoscherSurgical instrument
WO2002016086A1 *Aug 23, 2001Feb 28, 2002Bergqvist HaakanArrangement for tools including a shank with a recess and a flexible handle with a catch
Classifications
U.S. Classification279/93, 30/337, 30/340
International ClassificationA61B17/32
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/3213
European ClassificationA61B17/3213