|Publication number||US1578947 A|
|Publication date||Mar 30, 1926|
|Filing date||Apr 24, 1925|
|Priority date||Apr 24, 1925|
|Publication number||US 1578947 A, US 1578947A, US-A-1578947, US1578947 A, US1578947A|
|Inventors||Alber Walter L|
|Original Assignee||Alber Walter L|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (22), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 30,1926. 1,578,947
I W. L. ALBER ANCHOR Filed April 24, 1925 n A r.
f: xwwv /5` 7/5 vToiallauom #may concern:-
Patend Mar. 30, 1926. j
Y WALTER L. Annunci* `ciiicneo,ILLINioIs.
' 'Appucauongmea Ap'ii 24, iz's. Yrse'iiai nq. 25,4931:Ak `Y` Beit Yknown that I, VALTER citizen `ofthe United States, and a resident of ChicagofCool; County, Illinois, haveinventedan' Improvement in Anchors, of whiclr l Y y, y l .l l
' l nail loosely at the shank ofthe nail, but will l u the following is a specitication.
This invention relates to anchors and 4with regard to certain more specific features ,to anchorsfor sleepers or studdingswhich abut 'against'concretewor other once'V plastic inaterial. I
` Among the severalobj'ects of'tlieinvention;
may be noted the provision ci:` a. simple, rugged, and inexpensive, Vone-piece anchor, adaptedtoV be flat until put into use, and adapted to be readily laid "and Vaccurately aligned when used in numbers:`
The invention accordingly comprises the features of construction, combinations oi' elements, and arrangementsof parts which are y exemplified in the structurehereinafter de- 4sie scribed and the scope of the application of which willbe indicated in the following claims. v V
In the accompanying drawings in which isk shown one of various 'possible embodiments of the invention, Y
Fig. 1 is a front elevationof the anchor;
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of lthe anchor; y Fig. 3 is a side eleva-tion of the anchor;` Fig. l is a plan view of the stamped blank 'from which the anchor is made, andshows in dotted lines thepoints at which formative bendingis made totake place; l l l y Fig. 5 is a side elevation showinga number of anchors fastened to an aligning board;
Fig.16 is a cross section showing an anchor on its aligning board and sunkin concrete;
The ears or `plates 11 are provided with Fig. 7 is a view similarto Fig. 6 showing modified use of the de vi'ce'and an alternate position of the aligning board; and, f
Fig. Sshows the anchor buriedin concrete and applied to 'a sleeper.' `Referring no w more .wedgegor bridge 1 are integrally formed subf-l stantially horizontal'ears or` platesY 11.
planev with one particularly to Figs..
1 to' inclusive, there isv illustrated vat 1 a method of mounting tobe used. Y-
pairsof fastening holes 'pairs of'side notches 15.v V.The holes 13 "are adapted tor ceive nails or screws comparable in size kto about a ten-penny nail., 'The notches 15 are adapted to receivesaidiapproximate sizeof nO` permitthejpassage ofthe fiat 'of 'f such' a nail. y J
At the ends ofk theears'" 11 i arepr'ovided notches 1,7 comparable'in size to thefnotches o :t the material ot theear.
15 but'not formed so deeplynfroin"theedgek u '4 Themanufacturingfmethod used formait- ,ing the anchor isjsimple. "As illustrated inV Fig. 4 a flat blank is punched or otherwise formed outlvoffa relatively light gauge of., l ,Y
lsheet metal embodying in Iits shape the; i'e-atures notedregarding thefears.
The latearsare (as shown'by'tlie t) joined byv means otra strip of fiat sheet metal eration has been required.
Next thevflanges T are bentupwardly on thefourdotted' lilies 23ysh'0wnv in Fig; ,l These lines `pass from the ends ofthe vnotches A 21 and run to the edges of thefst'ripr 1Q-*at 'i its juncturel with'the ears. Y As stated, the de'- vice is made entirely of aj single piece of materialso tha-tf said juncture is not aijoint. i
The next; operation listo bend 'the strip y19 at the dotted rline, 25 (Fig. 4) to forni the limbs'of the wedge 1. :This bending operation involves .l overlapping the now formed langes';V
Simultaneously wth'the lastiianied operation the ears. 11 `arelfient into a single lines 27.
'Y Finally the no'wlat ears 11 aregivena l i poses to* be described. Y l
j To ,plant the anchors in concrete,l an alignment board Ais madel up. This board comprises any` suitable piece oft `l'ilvanlring. 29
slight upward concave curvature forpur- (Figs. 5 and 6) providedvwithk sets or'pairs l of nails 31 driven not quitehoine in oneside .of the plank. The 'separate nailsof ay pair are spaced either' the lateral distance apart of two ofthenotches 15 in loppositey'eaijs',or the lateral distance apart of the notches 17 in the opposite ears, depending yupoiint-he vFiglrgzs. 5 and 61show the former spacing and another along the dottedV l the latter spacing.` Thellongitudinal im y lli)
spacing of thev pairs may be arranged to suit'the job in hand.
. As stated, the nails are not driven home I but have space beneath their heads 33V vequaly approximately to the thickness of metal in the anchor.
' To mount anchors on the'board, the preferred method to be used is tospace the nails for the notches 15-as shown in Figs. 5 and A6.
The anchors are then slipped in under the heads 433 byplacing the kears 11 flat on the board and causing `a pair of the notches 15 to registerwith` a pair of nails 31. The slightly concave suriacesotl the ears 11, serve to givel them resiliency so that they'inay conform to various amounts of spacing which may be underthe nail heads.-
v Afterhaving mounted upon the board, as many anchors as are required to hold a. sleeper, orgasmanyr Yas need'be in a straight 1ine,t`he board is'laid downv upon -the wet Vconcrete in which the anchors are Vto be mounted.
The wedges lare made to point down- 'wardly.v Next af'workman or other person treads uponY the board, thereby pressing the wedges 1 intothe concrete. Y The pointed shape of Ithe wedges serves tov push and wedgeV yaside stones, gravel, etc., which may be encountered in the concrete mix.
Thus'the anchors are driven into the concrete which flows in Aover the limbs of wedge 1. The under-surface'of Vthe board 29 lprevents deformation of the concrete surface. The flanges' 7 serve to brace the lim-:bs against deformation when hard masses are encountered, and their upwardly tapering shape 6.). prevents pulling out of the anchor from hardened concrete should the .limbs break apart at line due to any cause `notches 15 vbeen used the motion of the board would have been in theA opposite direction for removal.
Upon moving the board longitudinally the heads of the nails are Jfreed kof the notches 15y and the board is free to be lifted and again used for aligning a newfbatch of anchors. The nails need not be removed or .reset in the aligning board in lorder Vto be used as often as desired for the purposes described.
VThe concrete of course hardensv about the anchor and after a period of time a sleepery 35 L(Fig. 8) may be'placed overand between the ears 11. The ears are then turned verktically and fastened tothe sides of the ysary to lift said board. l
When the board is lifted the ears .11 bend vupwardly untilthe nail heads are able to .It is to be understood that the aligningv board may be removed either while the con crete is wet or when it has dried. The resistance to motion throughl wet concrete offered by the` flanges?? is A@Hough t0 `keep I the Vanchors in place. Of. course,` it-it` is the anchors until the concrete "dries ai'ter which said board may be removed as' re-y cited.
chors to the aligningboard is illustrated in F ig. 7. As shown the nails 37 are spaceda lateral distance apart equal to the lateral distance between the end notches 17 of the anchor. rllhe `nails are not driven home but have, as before, a space under the head.
f To mount the -anchors rone of the end notches 17'is registered underV the heado one of the nails 37. The limbs of the wedge 1 are then sprung together slightly and the other notch 17 permitted to register with the other nail 37. Upon releasing the wedge limbs, the registration of notches under the nail heads is completely accomplished because of the spring in the lmaterial-ot' ytheV anchor.
To force the anchors into the concrete the board is trod upon as before. v the board A'from the anchors, embedded in either wet or dry concrete, it is only .necesclear the ends of the ears 11. The alternate position oip4 the anchor ears shownnrFig. 8
1 v1s accomplished.
Immediately after the nails pass fromin underfthe ears 11, said ears spring :back into their flat position on the surface .of the concrete. .e 3 y The anchor may now, .as before be applied to a sleeper or other kelement by turning up the ears 11, andnai'ling them to said sleeper or element, by. .means of nails passed through holes 13. l
There have been described herein, alter-- nate ways YforV fastening the anchors 'to the aligning board and alternate ways for removing the board. Thesefalternatives are incorporated in a single anchor sothat a person setting the anchor may have a lchoice of y mounting methods. Thisv feature permits of a wide range of adaptability of the anchor.
The fact that the ancho-r, after planting or setting, lies flat until applied to ka sleeper is of great advantage where objects and material are wheeled over a floor.
The single piece, wedge shape construc- The alternate Vway' for fastening the an-V partly finishedl desired, the aligning boardi'may'be lett with To remove y tion has obvious-advantages herein related,
and the aligning feature is of 'inestimable value where long rows of the anchors are to be used.
In view of the above, itwill be seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous resultsob-y tained. Y f 1 As various possible embodimentsmightbe made o-f the above invention and as'variousY changes might-be made in the embodiment above set forth, it is to oeunderstoodthat all matter herein'set forth o r shown in the accompanying drawings isto be interpreted' as illustrative and not in a limiting sense,
I claim: f l. A. one piece anchor for sleepers and the y like comprising a bridgeadapted to be sunk in aplastic composition and sidewardly ex- 20 tending ears thereon, means on said ears for detachably fastening the-anchor, to a device Ifor laying the anchor with the ears fiat,V
and means on said ears "for permanently fastening the ranchor to the sides 'of a sleeper.
2. A one piece anchor 'for sleepers and-the like comprisindan upwardly flanged inverted bridgeadapted to be sunk in a plastic v mounting said anchor 4on an aligning device and whereby the anchor may befreed of the aligningdevice by movement of the device when the anchor is set, sa`id means comprising a bulge in the ears and 'notchesthere in by means of which the ears may be partially forced in underheads of nails partially drivenvinto said aligning device.
A one piece anchor for sleepers and the lilre comprising a bridge adapted to be sunk in a plastic composition and `sidewardly lextending ears thereon, longitudinal upwardly tapering flanges thereon adapted to retain the anchor in position after laying althoughv the bridge breaks, means'on said ears for de-` tachably fastening the anchor to a device for laying the anchor with the-ears flat, "and means on said ears for permanently fastening the anchor to the sides of a sleeper.
5. An anchor for sleepers and the like comprising a bodyof wedgeV shape, side' wardly extending ears" thereon, adapted to .y Y be flat until bent 'upwardly for fastening, j
sideward notches in said ears adapted to slip',-
Vinnnder the heads offpartially ydriven'nails kin an aligning device and adapted to permit removal of thesaid device byr'elative longitudinalmovement ofthe saine. Y.
6. An anchorffor sleeper'sand the like comprising a body of wedge shape,side
wardly extending ears thereon vadapted to be flat until bent upwardly for fastening', Vlateral notches in said ears adapted to slip in under the heads of a pair of partially driven.. nails in'an aligning d,evice,and adapted to Y permit removal of vthe said device by relative vertical 'movement of the same, thereby temporarily, springingl the lears from ktheir flatposition so as to pass betweensaid nail heads. v
comprising a' body of wedgel shape, sidewardlyy extending vears 'thereon adapted toV be flat until bent upwardly for fastening, sideward` notches in said ears adapted to slip 7- Anl anchor for, sleepers and the like SQ i in underthe heads of partially' diiveii'nails in an aligning device andadapted to `perfi mit removal of the said deviceby relative vlongitudinal movement ofthe same, and lateral notches in vsaid ears adapted to slip inunder the heads of va pair'of partially driven nails in an aligning-device, vsaid lateral notches being adapted'ito permit removal of'V j the said device by relative verticalmoveinent of the same, thereby temporarily springing the ears from'their fiat positionso as tofpass relatively heads.
8. A one-pieceanchor forsleepers and the like, comprising a body `of wedge shape adapted to-be sunk in a plastic composition, upwardly tapered anges on said wedge downwardly betweeny lsaid nail shaped bodymember, and sidewardly exltending ears thereon.
- 9. An anchor Lfor sleepers and" the i' like comprising abody of wedge shape having lateral ears thereon, notches in the ears for temporarily'slipping the ears in -under parf tially raised heads of an aligning device and holes-in the ears whereby they may perma nently be fastened-t0 a sleeper'by a connection through said holes. l
In testimony whereof, I have signedmy name to this vspecification this 17th dayfof April, 1925.
. vWALTER L ALBER.
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|U.S. Classification||52/370, 52/749.13, 52/677, 52/745.21|