US 1580717 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1,580,717 Aprll 13 ,1926. L.
ORNAMENTED FABRIC AND METHOD OF ORNAMENTING IT Filed April 14, 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 April 13 1926. 1,580,717
' L. FLICK ORNAMENTED FABRIC AND METHOD OF ORNAMENTING IT Filed April 14, 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Apr. 13, 1 92 6.
UNITED STATES LORENZ FLIGK, or SAYLESVILLE, BHbDEISLAND, ASSIGNOR 'ro SAYLES FINISHING :eLANrs mm, or SAYLESVILLE, RHODE ISLAND, A CORPORATION or mIofiE ISLAND.
'oItNAmEN'rEn manic AND METHOD or oaNmnN'rINo rr.
Application filed April 14, 1925 semi No. 23,121.
characters on the drawings representing like parts.
This invention relates to ornamented fabric and to a method of producing the ornamentations. v
In the Lorenz Flick Patent No. 1,521,363, granted December 30, 1924, is described and claimed a fabric that is ornamented by contrasting designs formed of flock, and the contrasting effect is obtained. by 1 forming some designs of heavy thick deposits of flock while other designs are formed of thin narrow deposits of flock.
The present invention relates to a further development of the invention of said patent, and in the present case a more pronounced contrast in the fabric ornamentation is produced by printing a colored substance on portions of the fabric and by forming deposits of flock upon other portions of the fabric.
The ornamental effect of the present invention is particularly pleasing when p01; tions of the same design are formed of the colored substance while. other portions are formed of the flock; for example, if the design represents a flower the effect is very pleasing if part of the flower is formed by c the colored substance and the rest by the flock deposits.
In producing the contrasting ornamentations upon the fabric it is desirable that both ornamentations be placed upon the fabric while it passes thru a single machine, so
that the ornamentations will be accurately positioned in relation to each other., In carrying out the invention it is-not practical to apply the flock deposits first and then the colored adhesive, since the pressure of the color applying roll upon the fabric might crush the flock deposits. ,It is therefore necessar to applythe colored adhesive first, but t is leads to difiiculties, because the colored adhesive printed upon the fabric must be dried before it reaches the flock appl mg means to prevent the flock from stic ing to the colored adhesive.
Heretofore, in printing designs uponfabric, it has been customary to use a colored adhesive that required to be steamed to set the same, but this type of adhesive could not be used satisfactorily in carrying out the present inventionbecause of .the difficulty of drying the -"steamed fabric before it reached the flock applying portion ofthe machine.
To overcome thisdifiiculty aquick-drying, I
color-carrying adhesive is used, and in carrying out the method ofthe present invention, the quick-drying adhesive is printed upon the fabric where thecolored design is desired; the printed fabric: is then heated to dry the color adhesive, and flock securing adhesive is then printed upon the fabric in a wet condition where the flock deposits are desired; the flock is then applied to the fabric so thaxit will become embeddedin the wet adhes' e, after which this adhesive is dried and the excess flock not held by the adhesive is removed. As a result an ornamented fabric is produced in which part of each design may be produced by the colored substance and the rest of the design by the raised flock deposits.
The ornamented fabric of the present in+ vention and method of producing the same will be best understood from the followingdescription when read in connection with the accompanying drawings In the drawings r Fig. 1 is a plan view of 'a' piece of fabric having the color adhesive applied to form part of the different designs.
Fig. 2vis a plan view of the same piece of fabric having the flock deposits applied to complete the ornamentation of the fabric.
Fig.3 is a diagrammatic view of one form' of machine for carrying out the method ofthe present invention.
Flg. 4 on an enlarged scale is a vertical sectional view thru a portion of the ornamented fabric of Fig. 2, the section being color effect.-
hand design vary extensively, the structure of the fabric preferably is such that the adhesive applied to the fabric will penetrate thru the same.
The colored adhesive is printed upon "the fabric as indicated :by 11. in Fig. 1, to form a predetermined portion of each design,.and the flock deposits 12 are then formed upon the fabric to complete the designs as shown in Fig. 2. .The configuration ind general appearance of the designs ma varied as desired, and in Fig.2 the le -hand deslgn represents a group or reef of flowers having the contrasting color effect, while the rightof Fig. 2 is given the form of a geometrical figure having the contrasting Since the colored adhesive and flock deposits arepreferably applied to the fabric in rapid succession, the colored adhesive should have the property of drying quickly and of becoming set without being steamed. It should also be nonsoluble in water so that the rnamented fabric may be laundered, and it 1s found thatan adhesive formed of a cellulose solution meets these r uirements satisfactorily. The desired co or may be imparted to the adhesive by. pigments, by powdered metallic particles, or
by other substances that will produce a pleas-- ing design upon the fabric. The width and thickness of'the flock deposits maybe varied "as desired, but particularly pleasing effects are'obtained by applying the contrasting ornamentations to a relatively thin colored fabric having the design portions 11 produced in a color different from that'of the fabric, while theremaining portions .of the designs are formed by thick heavy deposits 12 of a white or colored flock. As a result the flock de osits are non-transparent and stand out bo dly, as shown in Fig. 4, in marked contrast to the colored portions 11 of the dek signs and the different color of the fabric.
In practicing the method'of the present invention to produce the new ornamented fabric, the colored adhesive 11 is printed upon the fabric as shown in Fig. 1, and. then about the backing ro prlnting roll 14 by a roll 17. that dips into the adhesive sup lying trough 18, and it will be understoo that the back grey passes downwardly from a 'sul pply roll not shown 15v and then upwardly to a itake up IOlILllOt shown. It
is assumed that the fabric 10 being ornamented is relatively thin so that the colored adhesive will penetrate thru the fabric and produce the colored design on each face thereof.
As stated, the colored adhesive employed is a quick drying adhesive which can be drid upon the fabric by the time it reaches the flock applying position, and in order to dry the adhesive quickly the fabric 10 upon leaving the printing roll 14 passes thru a heating chamber which may have the heating pipes 19.
The fabric 10, upon leaving the heating chamber, passes between an adhesive applying roll 20 and a backing roll 21 and the backing roll21 is provided with a back grey 22 similar to the back grey 16. The adhesive applyin roll 20 may be a perforated or stencile roll having means 23 within the roll for supplying the adhesive.
After the wet adhesive has been printed on the fabric by the roll 20 the flock is applied to the fabric, and in the construction shown this is accomplished by causing the fabric to pass beneath a rotatin perforated cylinder 24 which is filled wit flock and throws the flock outwardly as it rotates. A hood 25 supported over the cylinder serves to direct the flock downwardly upon the fabric. The flock preferably is applied to the fabric in a relatively thick la er over the face of the fabric so that it Wlll cover and stick to the wet adhesive deposits The fabric 10 with the layer of flock thereupon passes from the flock applying means to the feed rolls 26 within a drying chamber 27. From these rolls it passes upwardly about a feed roll 28 and is then looped over bars 29 that are passed lengthwise of the upper portion of the drying chamber 27 by spaced endless chains 30 supported at the opposite sides of the dryin chamber. The chamber 27 may be heated by'pipes 31, and by the time the loops of fabric reach the delivery end of the drying chamber the flock securing adhesive will be thoroughly dried, whereupon the excess flock may be brushed off of the fabric without injuring the raised flock deposits 12 that remain where the.
flock securing adhesive was applied and are firmly secured to the fabric by the dry adhesive. This completes the ornamentation of the fabric in accordance with the present invention, and the designs formed in part by the colored adhesive and in part by the flock deposits willstand out in marked contrast and produce a pleasing-effect.
What is claimed is 1. The process described for ornamenting fabric with designs having contrasting portions, which consists in printing a colored quick-drying adhesive upon the fabric to form part of the complete designs, drying the colored adhesive, printing a flock securing adhesive upon the fabric where the remaining portion of each design is to appear, then depositing loose flock upon the wet adhesive, drying the flock securing adhesive with the flock embedded therein, and rem0ving the excess flock not secured to the fabric by the adhesive to complete the designs.
The process described for ornamenting woven fabric with contrasting colors, which consists in printing a colored quick-drying adhesive upon the fabric to form part of the drying the colored adhesive,
ornamentation, printing a Hook securing adheslve upon the fabric Where a different ornamentation is de- SIIGCl, then deposlting the loose flock upon the wet adhesive, drying the flock securing adhesive with the flock embedded therein, and removing the excess flock not retained by the adhesive.
3. As a new article of manufacture, a woven fabric ornamented by designs having contrasting portions, one portion of each design being formed of a water-insoluble colored-adhesive printed upon the fabric,
and the remaining portion of each design being formed of flock deposits "adhcsively secured to portions of the fabric other than that to which the colored adhesive is secured.
4. As a new article of manufacture, a fab ric ornamented by designs portions of which are formed in contrasting colors, one portion of each design being formed of a colored sub- I deposits adhesively secured to the fabric and having a sufficient thickness to stand out from the surface of the fabric to a pronounced degree, and the flock and colored substance being applied to different portions of the fabric in spaced relation to each other.
of its surface so that the flock deposits are placed upon different portions of the fabric from that upon which the colored substance is applied.
In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification.
to other portions.