US 1580841 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. MACKLER FUR 4WORKING Toon April 13 1926. 530,841
Filed May e, 1925 @eww www, l
Patented prfll, 1926.
muren stares A ingaan patear orties I-IYMAN MACKLER, OIEy NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR T JOSEPH SPOONER AND PAUL KREISWORTH, COIMPOSN'G THE FIRM OF SPGONER Se KREISVTORTH, OF NEWl YORK, N. Y.
Fun-WORKING froci.. y i
To all colmo/rit may conce/fn.'
Be it-hnown that HYMAN Maenner-z, a citizen o'f the United States ot America, residing at city oit New York, county oi' New York, State oi New York, have invented certain new and uselul Improvements in Fur- Viorling Tools, of which the following 'is a speciiication.
This invention relates to tools or implements and in particular to one adapted to be used in fur working. l
A particularobject oi the invention is to provide an implement lor combing cleaning and ironing a tur garment which will not only save time but will do the work thoroughly and with a minimum expenditure 0i labor on the part ot the worker who is using the tool.
Hereto-iore in the fur industry, the in was 'lirst glazed by wetting with a brush. the brushing being done by rubbing the hair down, to clean the surface of the same. Then the .tur is COn'ibed and cleaned with a cold comb by working the 'lur in the wrong direction. '.ihen the .tur is ironed witha heavy hand iron. All oi these steps were lnisatist'actory inasmuch as the use of a cold comb did not thoroughly clean the fur or kill the vermin ii'ound therein; and the usc ot a heavy iron caused burning voi the Ytur in spots, killing` the hair thereby causing it to quickly rot and tall out, an d all parts of the tur garment are not accessible with a heavy iron. Further, the use ot the heavy iron alone slowed up the worl; and thereby cut productionby tiring the worker.
lWith my improved implement the .toregoing objections are done away with and in producing my implement, the work is done more speedily, every part of the garment can be treated, no parts are leftunpressed or uninished and the operator can work fast inasmuch as the tool is portable, light of weight and is electrically heated.
Referring to vthe drawing wherein l have shown a preferred embodiment of my invention;
Fig. 1 is a side view of the fur working implement constructed in accordance with my invention,
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section oit' the implement showing the interior thereof, and the heating element,
Fig. 3 is an enlarged section taken on the line 8-3 of Fig. 2 showing the location of the heating element, and shape ot the implement body in cross section;
Fi l is an enlarged end ViewY of a portion ot the implement and handle to sho-w the latch member used ttor retaining the comb in place,
lP ig. 5 is a side edge view of the heating element and its supportingbar as seen when removed trom the implement. and
Fig. G is an enlarged vview in section taken on the line. 6@ ci" Fig. 5. .x
3teterring to the drawing in detail 5 indicates the body ot the implement which is shaped substantially convene-convex and is n'iade ot light metal such as aluminum, the eater end/ef which is pointed as at 6 and the opposite end oi which is reduced as at 7 and provided with screw threads 8 the latter of which is adapted to screw into matching threads formed in the interior bore 9 of a i handle l() which is made of wood, rubber or other heat resisting material. rllhe body ot 'the implement is providedwith an interior bore l1 which extends substantirdly 4the length thereof, and is adapted to receive i therein the heating element indicated generally by 12.
The body oi? the implement may be cast in one piece or it may be made in two convex pieces and l have shown it as cast in a single piece with a slot 18 cast in the upper edge thereof.; the slot being adapted to receive a n'ietal comb lelhaving extended ends and 1G, the latter ot which is adapted to t into a cut out 17 at the end-of the slot 13, while the other end l5 is provided with a notch 1S into which tits the pin. 19 which is fixed in the body of the implement and which prevents longitudinal movement of the comb. ln order to prevent the comb end 15 from raising I provide a latch 2O which is held in position by a spring 21, the latch being disposed in a deepened portion 22 of the end of the slot 13, and pivoted on the fixed pin 23. lllhen the latch is swung back, the comb can be removed.
The heating element consists of a bar 24 having a layer of mica or other like yinsulating material 25 on the flat faces thereof to which at the end of the bar is attached the wires 26 by screws 27 the wires being suitably covered by insulation and connecting at their ends with the wires 28 which ormthe heating elements and which are wrapped about a suitable insulating strip ico 29 as seen in Fig. G. A layer or strip of asbestos 30 and a layer of mica El, is placed between the bar 24e and the heating element, the latter having a layer or strip of insulating material 3l on the top thereof. rlhis arrangement is carried out on both sides of bar 24 and the heating wire is suitably join-ed to complete the circuit. The Whole is bound at the ends to the bar 24 by the binders or rings 32. A suitable cord is used to contain the Wires where they pass through the handle and the cord carries at its end an electrical plug 33, which is adapted to be used in the usual manner.
In using my improved implement the fur is first glazed with a Wet brush as first described, then it is cleaned by brushing` it the Wrong Way With the smooth edge of the` implement, the same being of course heatec by its heating element. rlhen the comb is inserted .into the implement and the fur is thoroughly combed, the fur being brushed up in the wrong direction. This combing and cleaning kills vermin, and thoroughly removes all dirt thereby rendering the fur sanitary. The heated comb attracts to itthe dirt and also gives the fur more action than a cold comb or implement. After the cleaning and combing the comb may be removed by operating the latch and then the fur is brushed back and forth with the flat sides of the tool. This brushing imparts a uniform appearance and luster to the fur. It is light and prevents excessive heatbeing applied at one place to burn the furas is the -ase when a heavy hand iron is used. Also the tool maltes all parts of the garment accessible for uniform and uninjured finishing. rl`he, tool being light conserves the energy of the operator thereby making for more etlicient finishing of the furs.
It will be thus seen that I hav-e provided a light etiicient tool or implement, and its use and advantages will be readily apparent from the foregoing.
Having described my invention what claim is:
l. A fur working implement comprising a smooth conveXo-convex body portion having' a slot therein, and a toothed member adapted to be detachably held in said slot.
2. A fur Working implement; comprising a body portion of convex formation, a heating element in the interior thereof, a handle on said body portion, and a toothed member removably associated with one edge of said boc y portion.
3. A fur working implement comprising a body portion, the sides of 'which are convex, and one of the meeting edges of said sides being spaced apart to form a slot, a toothed member adapted to be held in said slot and means for locking said toothed member in the slot,
4. A fur working implement comprising a metallic body portion of convexe-convex shape in cross section and having a bore therein; a heating element in said bore, said body having in one edge thereof a comb member, the comb being adapted to be heated by transfer of heat from said body portion.
5. A fur Working implement comprising an elongated body member of conveXo-convez; shape, a handle therefor, said body having a central bore therein, a heating element inI said bore whereby the body member can be heated, and a comb held in one edge of said body member and adapted to be heated by the body member.
G. A fur working implement comprising an elongated body portion having in one ,dge thereof a slot, a comb disposed in said slot, a latch member for locking the comb in said slot7 the body portion having a bore therein, a heating element in said bore, a handle for saidl body portion, and a heat retaining element associated with said heating element.
ll YM AN MA CKLER.