US 1581688 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
3 Sheets-Sheet 1 H? AV BLE Copy April 20 1926.
l A. K-QPEHRSON ARTICUVLATED CAR Filed Nov. l5, 1925 April 20,1926. 1,581,688
A. K. PEHRSON ART I CULATED GAR Filed Nov. 15, 1925 3 sheets-Sheet 2 WITNESS INVENTOR April Z0 1926. 1,581,688
l A. K. PEHRsoN ARTICULATED GAR Filed' Nov. -13., 1925 s sheets-sheet a Patented Apr. 20, 1926 .l
= UNIT/En STATES PATENT "foFFlcE,
ALFRED K.V PEHRSON, BELLEVUE, PENNSYLVANI, ASSIGNO TO PRESSED'STEEL CAR COMPANY, QF PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, A CORPORATION'OF NEW JERSEY.
Application manovember .13, 192'5. seria; No. 68,802.'
To all 'whom it may cof/wem.'
Beit known that I,- ALFRED K. PEHRsoN, a subject of the King of Sweden, residing in Bellevue, in the county of Allegheny 'and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Articulated Cars, of which the following is a specification. l n
This invention relates to articulated cars each of which comprises a plurality of car bodies andhas for an object the provision of a vestibule member between the adjacent ends of two of the bodies which is operabley jacent ends of two adjacent bodies of an ar-v ticulated car, will cooperate with said bodies ,in such a manner that the transverse center line ofthe vestibule member will bisect anyr angle formed by the longitudinal `center lines of the adjacent bodies. 1-
Anotherobject of the invention is to provide the adjacent ends of the adjacent bodies of an articulated car with means for driving 'or adjusting the vestibule member, arranged between said ends, to its proper position relative to said bodies, so that the passagef waythroughthe ear' will be unobstructed at all times. a
A furthery object of the invention is the provision of means whereby the vestibule member, between the adjacentends of two adjacent bodies of an articulated car, is supported by one of the bodies.
Referring to the drawings in which like' reference characters refer to like parts, Fig. 1 is a sectional plan view of the adjacent ends of two adjacent car bodies and vestibule member-of an articulated car embody-l ing the invention; Fig. 2 is an `ilarged 4cross sectional view taken-)on the line 2-2 of Fig. l; Fig. 3-is an enlarged longitudinal ,sectional view taken on the l, i 3--3 of Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken on the line 444 of Fig. 1; Fig. 5 is a diagrammatic plan view ot a portion of the car showing the positions of the adjacent end Vportions of two adjacent bodies and the vestibule member and mechanism when these bodies are on a portion of straight track;
Fig. 6 is a like Viewl showing one of the bodies on straight portion of the track and the other on a curved portion of the track 'and Fig. 7 is a like View showing both of the bodies on a curved portion ofthe track.
.Referring now in detail to the drawings, the reference'jcharacter l indicates an articulated .car'which comprises a plurality' of bodies 2, thev adjacent ends of which are pivotally supported lupon a truck (not shown)` of any suitable construction. In the present embodimentl of the invention the' truck bolster 4 is provided with a truck center bearing member 45 in which the body center bearingf members 6 of the adjacent ends of the underframes of two adjacent bodies are adapted to extend and cooperate with to form a bearing for the bodies and for maintaining said bodies in their proper spacedrelation against longitudinal movement Jin one direction, there being a spherical member".7 mounted inthe underframes above the center bearin which prevents relative moveniient of the bodies in the opposite direction and also prevents one underframe from moving vertically relative to the other.l
The foregoing construction has been descrlbed in detail in an application for U. S.
Between the adjacent ends of two bodies a vestibule member 8 is provided which comprises a bottom 9, sides 1() and a top or roof portionfnot shown). f' The construction of this member 8, its application to the adjacent ends of two bodies as well as the weatherproofing means between the member vandthe bodies have been fully described in a -pending application for U. S. Letters Patent filed September 1, 1925, in my name and Karl O. Winell, jointly, for articulated Letters Patent filed February 14, 1925 in 602 j Cif-he vestlb car, and` serially numbered 53793. The bottom 9 ofi this member has secured to its underside a center bearing member/12 which seats in' and cooperates with a center bearing member 13. secured to or formed integral with the -end portion of one of the underframes. 7 i
At each'side of the longitudinal center line oi the car, a pair of links 14 are provided the adjacent endsfof which are pivotally connected to a projection 15 formed on a slide member` 16. These links ,when so connected extend between the adjacent ends of adjacent cars and their outer ends are 15 pivotally connected with the underframes through the medium of bolts 17 or any other suitable means Secured to the underside of the bottom 9 of the vestibule member 8 there are mem- 20 bers18 each of which islocated at the transverse centerline of the vestibule member at one side of the longitudinal center line ot the car and vestibule member. Each member is provided with 4a groove or way 19 which is preferably of T shape and is adapted to receive the upper portion or fhead 20 of the member 16 in such a manner that the member 16 isr freely slidable inthe slot 19. It will here be noted that as lthe 39 adjacent bodies of the car assume an angle to each other, the links 14, due to their connections with the bodies and their slidin connection with the vestibule member, wil cause the vestibule member to rotate to such' an extent that the transverse centerline of* the vestibule member will bisect any angle formed by the longitudinal center lines of the bodies. v
When the car is on straight track, the vestibule member 8 will'be maintained by the links 14 in `such a sition that the transverse center line A t ereof will be at right angles to the longitudinal center lines B of the bodies as ,shown in Fig. 5 ofthe drawings, As one body of the car moves from a straight portion of the' track. to a curved portion the links 14 .and vestibule -8 will move to the positions vas shown inl Fig 6 in which position the transverse center line A of the vestibule`member .will bisect the` angle formed by the longitudinal center lines B of the adjacent bodies. When ,two adjacent bodies are on a portion of curved track the4 links 1 4 and vestibule 8 55 are in the positions as shown in Fig. 7 and ^theetracnsverse center linel of thevestibule member will bisect the angle formed` by the -;.longitudinal center lines B of the bodies. -le memberv is` maintainedin one 'of the positions shown in Figs .5,6 or 7 `or anyv otl'ugr position by the'links 14, lmti'l such tiineas the relative' positions of the bodies'jare changed 'from' any of the posif 65, ltions justfl'referredto.
, It will I said member for moving ysaid member when be understood that-many changes may be made in the device without depart- -ing from the spirit and-scope'of the i11ven tion as defined in the appended claims.
Having thus described the invention, what I claim as new and desire to secureby Letters Patent is :-v
1. In an articulated car, a plurality of bodies, a vestibule member loosely mounted between the adjacent ends of two of said bodies, and means operable bysaid ends for maintaining the relationship between said bodies and vestibule membe'r that the transverse center line of the vestibule member will bisect any angle formed; by the longitudinaltcenter line of said bodies.
. 2i `An articulated car comprising a plu- V rality of` bodies, a vestibule member mounted between the adjacent ends of two of said bodies, and means operable by said bodies for maintaining the proper relationship ot Vsaid vestibule member with said bodies.
3. An articulated car comprising a plurality ofbodies, a vestibule 'member mountedv between the adjacent ends of two of' said bodies, .and means7l connected with said bodies and vestibule member for maintaining-the proper relationship of said vestibule member with said bodies. L V
4. In anfarticulated car, a plurality ofbodies, a vestibule member between adjacent bodies, and meansoperable by said adjacent bodies for maintaining said vestibule. member in its proper relation to said bodies.
5. An articulated car comprisingj a plurality of bodies, ya vestibule member between the adjacent ends of two of said bodies, and carried by one 'of ,said bodies, and connections from each of said ends to said vestibule member .for adjusting said vestibule member to its proper position relative tosaid bodies.
6. An articulated car comprising a pluf .rality of car bodies, a` vestibule vmember \mounted on the end of onevofsaid bodies 110 and adapted to codperate with the adjacent end of an adjacent body, and means on both of said ends for driving said vestibule member. l
7. In an articulated car, a vestibule member between `the adjacent' ends of two ad-` jacent bodies of said car, ,and meansv con`- nected with said bodies for moving said vestibule member. 'f
8. In an articulated car, a vestibule member between the adjacent/endsr of two 11djacent bodies of said ca and -means extending between said bodies 'for moving said member. V j l 9. A,car comprising-1a lunality of connected'car bodies, a vesti ule member be tween the adjacent ends of two of said bodies, and connections from said ends to said bodies move at an angle to each other.v no,
1 0. An articulated car comprising a plurality .of bodies, avestibule member between the adjacent ends of two of said bodies, a movable member' on said vestibule member, and a link mounted on each of said bodies and pivotally connected with s aid movable member.
` 1l. An articulated car comprising a pluj rality of bodies, a vestibule member rotatably mounted between the Iadjacent ends of two of said bodies, and means mounted on" said bodies and connected with said member for rotating said member.
12.1An articulated car comprising a .plurality of bodies, a vestibule member rotatably Amounted between the adjacent ends 'of two of said bodies, and link means mounted on said bodies and connected with said member ign' rotating said member.
13. An articulated car comprismg a plurality of bodies, a rotatable vestibule' member between the adjacent ends oft o of said j bodies and means operable by sai ends for rotating said member.
14. An articulated car comprising a plura lityof bodies, a vestibule member ybetween tbe adjacent ends of two of said bodies, a member slidably connected with said vestibule member, and links connecting said bodies and slidable member.
1.5.An articulated car comprising a plurality of bodies, a vestibule member for the adjacent ends of two of said bodies, Aa conadjacent ends offtwo of said bodies, a slide member mounted on said -vestibule mem. ber,fand link means 4connecting said slide.,
member with said ends. f Y .j
17. lnan articulated car, aplurality of car bodies, and a single vestibule member mounted on the end vof one of said'bodies, rand adapted to cooperate with the -adjacent end of an adjacent body. .f i 4 f 18. In an articulated car, a plurality of car bodies, a vestibule member for the adjacent 'ends of two oflsai'd bodies, yand a support for said member onone o f said bodies, said member defining a, passageway between said ends.
19. The combinationlwith the adjacent ends of two adjacent bodies of anf'articulated car, a` vestibule member for said-*bodies movable relative to said ends, and a support for said member on one of said bodies, said member delining a passageway between said bodies. Y
20. An articulatedcar comprising. a plus rality of car bodies, a vestibule member mounted on the end of one of -said bodies and adapted to cooperate with the adjacent end of an adjacent body, and meansoperable by said ends for moving said vestibule member. .v
21. An articulated car com 'rising a plura'lity of car bodies, -a vestibu emember rotatably mounted onjthe end of one of said bodies and adapted tofcoo rate Vwith the adjacent-end of an adjacent said vestibule member.
22. An articulated car comprising a plu rality of-car bodies, a vestibule member mounted on' the end of one of said bodies, and adapted to coo rate with the adjacent end of an adjacent dy, said member being capable of rota `movement relative to both of said ends, an means associated with'said ends for controlling the movement of said vestibule member.
23. In an articulated car, a plurality oflbodies, and means connected. with said bodies and sald member'for moving said member so that the angular movement ofsaid member yand means operable by both of said bodies for rotating is less Athan the angular movement between said bodies.
25. In an articulated car, a lplurality ot bodies, a vestibule member rotatably mounted between the adjacent ends of two of`said bodies, and means connected with said bodies and said member for moving said member so that the rotary movement of said member is less than that which would be caused by the angular movement between said bodies.
26. In an articulated car, a plurality of bodies, a a vestibule member rotatably 'mounted between tbe adjacent ends of two oi said bodies, and means connected with said bodies and said member for moving said member so that the movement of said vestibule member is., less than the movement oi" said bodies relative to each yother.
j 27. The cnibination with tbe adjacent ends of adj acet bodies of an articulated car, of an extension on one yof said ends, and a vestibule member 'for both of said ends mounted on said extension. l
28. The co 'bination ywith tbe adjacent A ends of adjacentl bodies of an articulated car, of an extension on one of said ends, and a vestibule member loosely mounted on said extension, said member defininga passagewai between said ends.
testimony whereof I ailix my slgnature.
ALFRED K. PEHRSN.