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Publication numberUS1582353 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 27, 1926
Filing dateMay 2, 1925
Priority dateJan 10, 1924
Publication numberUS 1582353 A, US 1582353A, US-A-1582353, US1582353 A, US1582353A
InventorsJoseph Garnett Henry, Statham Smith Willoughby
Original AssigneeJoseph Garnett Henry, Statham Smith Willoughby
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Magnetic alloy
US 1582353 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Apr. 27, 1926.

UNITED STATES PATENT FFIE.

WILLOUGH BY STA'IHAM'. SMITH, OF BENCHAMS, NEWTON IPOPPLEECRED, AND HENRY JOSEPH GARNETT, 0]? SEVEN OAKS, ENGLAND.

MAGNETIC ALLOY.

No Drawing. Original application fllcdj'anuary 10,1924, Serial No. 685,432. Divided and this application filed May 2, 1925. Serial No. 27,593.

To all whom, it may concern:

Be it known that we, WILLOUGHBY STATHAM SMITH, a subject of the King of Great Britain, residing at Benchams, Newton Poppleford, Devonshire, England,.and

HENRY JOSEPH GARNE'I'T, a subject of the King of Great Britain, residing at Lymne,

Solefields, Seven Oaks, Kent, England, have invented anew and useful Improvement in Magnetic Alloys, of which the following is a specification.

This application is a division of our application Ser. No. 685,432, filed J anuary 10, 1924.

This" invention relates to the production of alloys possessing a high magnetic permeability especially at low magnetizing forces.

It is well known that it is desirable to add Q inductance to telegraphic and telephonic cables and this \has before been done by wrapping around the core of the cable an iron tape or wire.

Many researchworkers' have been inves- '25 tigating the properties .of various alloys,

especially those. of nickel and iron, with a view to discovering an alloy'that should be suitable for this purpose. In our researches we have found that an alloy may be made of nickel, copper and iron, which has a low hysteresis loss with a very high permeability at low magnetizing forces such as those present intelegraphic and telephonic cables. According to our invention" we make an alloy of nickel, iron and copper, the nickel predominating, that is being at least 71% of the whole, while the iron is between 19 and 21% and copper between 5 and 6%.

In order also to increase the electrical resistance of the alloy we preferably add to it a fourth element which may be tungsten, chromium, silicon, vanadium, titanium, molybdenumor aluminium 3 the amount of this fourth element is small compared to the amount of copper and is preferably less 7 than 1%, since the addition of more than 1% of this fourth element, though inereas--' ing the resistance, will impair the permeability of the alloy considerably.

We also preferably include a small amount of manganese to render the alloy more easy to forge.

The following are examples of alloys made in accordance with our invention An alloy consisting of Per cent. Nickel 74.0 Iron 20.0 Copper 5.3 Manganese, 0.7

has an initial magnetic permeability of 7000.

An alloy consisting of Per cent. 'Nickel 73.0 Copper 5.4 Iron .-z- 20.7 Tungsten 0.6 Manganese 0.3

has an electrical resistance of'25 m crohms per cubic centimetre and an initial magnetic permeability of 6600.

An alloy consisting of Per cent.

gickel 73.0 opper 5.4: Iron 20.7 Silicon 0.6 Manganese 0.3

has an electrical resistance of 28 microhms per cubic centimetre and an initial magnetic permeability of 5000.

has an electrical resistance of 31 microhms per cubic centimetre and an initial magnetic permeability of 4700.

An alloy consisting of Percent. Nickel. 72.5 Copper 5.5 Iron 21.0 Aluminium 0.7 Manganese 0.3

has an electrical resistance of 25.5 microhms per cubic centimetre and an initial magnetic permeability of 5500.

As has been said above, by increasing the amount of the fourth element the resistance may be further increased but the permeability may be considerably aiiected.

An alloy consisting of:-

Pcr cent. Nickel 72.6 Copper 5.3 Iron 20.6 Silicon 1.2 Manganese 0.3

has an electrical resistance of 32 microlnns Examples.

Alloy No. 1, when heated to 600 C. and cooled in air, has an initial permeability of 800, when heated to 700 C. a permeability of 2600, and when heated to 890 C. a permeability of 7000.

Moreover, when collectively annealed for high initial permeability, the alloys have low hysteresis losses varying from to 150 ergs'per cubic centimetre with a maximum field of .25 c. g. 5. units.

What we claim is I 1. An alloy comprising nickel to the amount of at least 71%, iron to the amount of between 19%-and 21% and copper to the amount of between 5% and 6%.

2. An alloy consisting of nickel 74%, iron 20%, copper 5.3% and manganese .7%.

3. An alloy consisting of nickel to the amount of at least 71%, iron to the amount of between 19% and 21%, copper to the amount of between 5% and 6% and a. small quantity of manganese.

4. An alloy comprising nickel to the amount of at least 71%, iron to the amount of between 19% and 21%, copper to the amount of between 5% and 6%, a small quantity of manganese and tungsten.

5. An alloy comprising nickel to the amount of at least 71%, iron to the amount of between 19% and 21%, copper to the amount of between 5% and 6% and tungsten.

6. An alloy comprising nickel to the amount of at least 71%, iron to the amount of between 19% and 21%, copper to the amount of between 5% and 6% and a fourth element adapted to increase the electrical resistance of the alloy.

7. An alloycomprising nickel to the 1 amount of at least 71%, iron to theamount 5 of between 19% and 21%, copper to the amount of between 5% and 6%, another element adapted to increase the electrical resistance of the alloy and a small quantity of manganese.

In testimony that we claim the foregoing as our invention we have signed our names this 21st day of April, 1925.

WILLOUGHBY STATHAM SMITH. HENRY JOSEPH GARNETT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2825095 *May 21, 1953Mar 4, 1958Int Standard Electric CorpMethod of producing highly permeable dust cores
Classifications
U.S. Classification420/458, 178/45
International ClassificationC22C19/00
Cooperative ClassificationC22C19/002
European ClassificationC22C19/00B