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Publication numberUS1582550 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 27, 1926
Filing dateMar 11, 1925
Priority dateMar 11, 1925
Publication numberUS 1582550 A, US 1582550A, US-A-1582550, US1582550 A, US1582550A
InventorsSeymour James M
Original AssigneeSeymour James M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cooling tower
US 1582550 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 27 1926.

J. M. SEYMOUR COOLING TOWER Filed March v11, 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet l 1 N V EN TOR. ahesflfiymauz;

A ril 27 1926.

J. M. SEYMOUR COOLING TOWER 2 Sheets-Sheet Filed March 11 1925 Patented A r. 27,1926. f

v UNITED sures PATE T err-ice;

cums all. smoun, or m 1 coonnve rowan.

Application fled Karch 11, 192:. Serial No. 14,054.;

To all whom it may concern: -Be' it known that I, JA s M. S'nmoun', a citizen of the "United States,residin'g at Newark, in the county of Essex and Stateof New Jersey, useful improvements in Cooling Towers;

and I do hereby declare the following'itof be a full, clear, and exact. description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the and to characters accompanying drawings,

which form of reference marked thereon, a part of this specification.

This invention relates, generally, to im provements in coohngtowers for cooling condenser water and for simi'lar uses; and the invention has reference, more particularly, t6 a construction-of cooling tower provided with a novel means for bringing together air and water to becooled while the air is centrifugally gyrated orrotated, whereby the lighter air, whichci's nearest the saturation point, is-first vented or exhausted through the central discharge openmg of the tower, while the heavier or drier air is retained in contact: with the "water to be cooled by centrifugal action 'and. .its escape through the discharge open ng of the tower is retarded until it has efliciently exercised its cooling function and has inturn become saturated. I V

It is well known that, in' cooling towers 1 as heretofore constructed, there is a largevolume of air passing through" the tower without performing all the cooling effect it is possible for it to perform. In other words, a large volume of air passes through i every cooling tower and is allowed to escape well place within the cooling tower'produces the largest part of the coolingj-efiect; In the ordinary construction ofcooling tower, the

'' air is delivered into the base" of the tower with the air stream directed toward the center line or axis of the discharge openingstack or line. Deflectors are commonly employed to start the air stream on its upward course through the numerous bafiles that are placed w th n t e s ell of t e towe Th se dehave invented certain new andwhile only partly saturated. 'It is also known that the evaporation taking flectors and battles interfere with the free flow-of the "air currents, and produce a back 1 ressure on the air driving fans necessitatmg an increased expenditure of power to operate the fans.

It is the object of this invention to provide a novel construction of cooling tower, inwhich the cooling air and water are brought togetherand retained in operative relation 'untila maximum of the coolinge feet of the air is attained, while at the 7 same time eliminating, as far as possible, all obstruction to free movement, circulation and escape of the air stream, both during the performance of its cooling function and when discharged-from the tower uponaccomplishment of its cooling function; With this end in view this invention seeks to eliminate waste of air, to reduce the amount of power required to circulate the air, while nevertheless attaining a more rapid and,complete cooling effect upon the water or-other medium under treatment.

Other objects of thisinvention, not 'at this time more articularly enumerated, will be clearly un erstood-from the following detailed description of the Same.

Figure 1 is a central vertical section of a cooling. tower made according to and embodying the principles of this invention; Figure 2 is a horizontal section, taken on line 2-2 in Figural; Figure 3 is another horizontal section, taken on line 3-3 in Figure 1; Figure 4- is a fragmentary vertical-section, taken on line 4.-4 in Figure 2;

and Figure 5 shows a fragmentary section of an air intake pipe equipped with a controt da rc Similar; characters of reference are employed in all of the hereinabove described views, to indicate corresponding parts.

Referring now to said drawings, the reference character 1 indicates a catch-basin which is provided in connection with'the bottom of the cooling tower. The said catch-basin 1 may be constructed from any suitable material, but is preferably made of concrete, and countersunk below ground level, as shown. Supported above said catchbasin 1 is a substantially cylindrical tower housing 2, the lower end of which is open and in communication with the interior of said catch-basin 1. The tower housing 2 may be built of wood, sheet metal, masonry or any other material found convenient or desirable.

Axially alined with and communicating with the upper end portion of'the interior of said tower housing 2 is a vertically and upwardly extending chimney o'r stack 3 which provides a discharge opening'vi. Preferably said chimney or stack 3 is of. considerably reduced diameter relative to the diameter of the tower housing 2. Said chimney or stack 3 may also be made of sheet metal, wood, masonry, or of any other desired material. Said chimney or stack 3 issupported from the bottom of said catchbasin 1 by a plurality of perpendicimiumns 5, thus leaving a central open space 6 which is alined with and which communi-' cates with the lower receiving end of the discharge opening 4. The interior of the tower housing 1, intermediate its outer walls and said central open space 6, provides an annular chamber 7 opening into said cen-' tral space 6.

Suitably arranged at the upper end of the tower housingv 2 and above said annular chamber 7 is a water receiving and distributing trough 8. This trough 8 surrounds the upwardly projecting chimney or stack 3, and is preferably open to the atmosphere. The ends of the trough 8 are determined by a partition member 9. Beginning at one side of said artition member 9, the .ioor or bottom portion 10 of the trough inclines or slopes downwardly, as it winds about the chimney or stack 3, to the opposite side of the partition 9, thereby establishing a descending grade from one end of the trough to the other, whereby water delivered thereinto will flow by gravity around the entire lengtlrot the same. The bottom portion 10 of the trough is provided throughout its extent with a plurality of discharge openings or perforations, through which the water delivered thereinto may escape in thin streams, so as to descend through the annular chamber 7 of the tower housing 2, to be there subject as it gravitates to the catch basin 1, to the cooling effects of air circulated within said chamber 7.

The said discharge openings may be in the form of a series of radially disposed narrow slots 11, as shown, or they may be of any other conformation found to be convenient. The hot water or other medium to be cooled is delivered from a condenser or other source through a delivery pipe 12, which discharges the same into the high level end of the trough 8, so that the same flows downwardly around the same, and is thence discharged through the bottom openings 11 to rain downwardly through the annular chamber 7 in the interior of the tower housing 2. That portion of the partition 9 which is adjacent to the low level end of the trough 8 is provided with discharge port 13 leading into the interior of the tower housing 2, so that any water in the trough 8, in excess of that discharged through the bottom openings 11, is caused to empty into and fall downwardly through the interior of the tower housing 2, and thence into the catch basin 1. Said port 13 is closed by an inwardly swinging gate 14, which opens inwardly to the pressure of the water, which reaches the low level of the trough 8, so that the water is thus admitted into the interior of the tower housing 2, while the air circulated therein is not discharged outwardly through said port 13. The above described construction of excess water discharge means for the trough 8 is clearly illustrated in Figure 4 of the accompanying drawings.

Said tower housing 2 is provided with one or more air deliver devices adapted to deliver air tangentia ly into the interior of the annular chamber 7 within said tower housing. Each air delivery device comprises a tubular intake arm or pipe 15 tangentially projecting from the outer circumference of said tower housing 2. The outer end of said intake arm or pipe 15 is open to the atmosphere, while the inner end thereof communicates with the interior of said annular chamber 7 within the tower housing 2. Mounted within each tangential intake arm or pipe 15 is a transversely disposed air propulsion fan 16. The fan 16 may be suitably driven from any source of power, but it is probably most convenient to drive the same by means of a direct connected electric-motor 17 as shown in the drawings.

The air delivery arms or pipes 15 direct streams of air by means of the fans 16 tangentially into the annular chamber 7 of the tower housing 2, so that the air within the latter is caused to whirl or gyrate around said annular chamber. The hot water or other medium rains downwardly into the rotating body of air, and in this manner the cooling effect of the air upon the water is produced both by direct transfer of heat from the water to the air and by evaporation of a percentage of the water and its absorption by the moving body of air. The Y whirling or gyrating movement of the air in contact with the water produces a centrifugal action which will cause the heavier and drier air to be thrown outwardly toward the walls of the tower housing 2, and thus retained in contact with the descending streams of water, while the lighter air which is nearest the saturation point will be displaced by the heavier and drier air, and thus forced inwardly to the central space 6 subject to free escape through the discharge opening 4 provided by the chimney or stack, so that the air which has most completely exercised its cooling effect upon the water descending through the interior of the tower-housing, will be first discharged through the chimney or stack 3, while the air, which is still capable of cooling effect, is retained in contact with the water until it too has substantially completed its cooling effect, and is displaced by the relatively dry incoming air so. as to be in turn discharged through said discharge opening 4.

By the time the water, descending through the tower housing 2- in contactwith the retating cooling air, comes to rest within the catch-basin 1 the same has been substantially relieved of its heat, andis sufficiently cool to be withdrawn from said catch-basin 1 through a water discharge pipe 18 and delivered to the place of use again.

It may be pointed out that since the novel construction of water distributing trough S, with which the cooling tower is provided, is

open to the atmosphere, there is a perceptr.

ble preliminary cooling effect exercised upon the water by reason of its exposure to the atmosphere as it flows around the open trough, so that the open trough possesses additional advantage contributing directly to the cooling functions of the tower.

I desire also to call attention to the fact that the basic principles involved in the construction and operation of my novel cooling tower relate to the delivery of air tangentially into the annular cooling chamber 7 to produce a rotative or gvrating movement of the air in contact ,with the water to be cooled and then afinal discharge of the air upwardly through thediseharge opening 4-. Such movement of the air body is greatly aided by the air delivery fans 16, hutit must beunderstood that in a simplified form of my inventionthe fans may be omitted from the tangential air intake pipes so that the natural draft of the stack or chimney 3 will cause the induction of air through the intake pipes 15 and tangentially into the annular chamber 7 to produce more or less gyration or rotative movement of the air with the effects already above described.

In such construction, the intake pipes 15- if desired, with dampers may be provided,

to control the 19; as shown in Figure 5,

struction of my water tower, and which contribute to the rapid cooling of water or other medium to be treated are as follows The rotation of the air in the annular chamber 7 produces a centrifugal action; which constantly throws a certain amount of water against the outer walls of the cham- 1 her 7, thereby producing a film of water on said walls against which the moving body of air constantly impinges in frictional contact therewith, so that-evaporation is accelerated and a consequent increase of cooling effect is attained by reason of such evaporation.

Additional cooling effect is obtained by the impingement of the moving body of air upon the surface of the water deposited in the catch basin.

Finally it may be pointed out that my invention contemplates broadly, as equivalent to the tangential air delivery pipes 15, either with or without fans 16, any means whereby the air in the base of thetower beneath the chimney or stack 3 may be caused to whirl or gy ate to produce a centrifugal action so that dry air is separated from saturated air, and the latter first displaced toward the discharge flue or vent provided by the chimney or stack 3, while the dry or partially saturated air. which is still capable of exercising considerable cooling effect is retained in contact with the water or other medium under treatment until it too becomes saturated and ready for discharge and replacement by dry incoming.

air.

I am aware that some changes, other than those already pointed out, may be made in the general arrangements and combinations of the various devices and parts comprising this invention, as wcllas in the details of the construction of the same, without departing from the-scope thereof as described in the foregoing specification, and as defined in the appended claims Hence, I do not limit thisinvention to theexact arrange-- ments and combinations of the devices and parts as set forth in the foregoing specification. nor do I confine myself to the exact details of the construction of said parts as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

I claim 1. A substantially tower, the top of said tower having a central discharge opening to the atmosphere. an annular water trough at the upper end of cylindrical cooling said tower having a perforated bottom to deliver divided streams of water for descent through said tower, means for forcing a plurality of streams of atmospheric air tangentially into said tower for unimpeded rotative movement through the descending water streams, said tangential air streams being projected along the side walls of said tower until each stream reaches the stream in advance thereof which will crowd the former it may pass out freely to the atmosphere through said discharge opening, and a catch basin at the bottom of said tower.

2. A cooling tower, comprising a vertical substantially cylindrical tower housing. a discharge stack axially alined with and communicating with the upper end portion of said tower housing. means for rotating a body of air delivered within said tower housing about the vertical axis of the latter, a. catch-basin at the lower end of said tower housing, and means for discharging the medium to be cooled into the upper end of J said tower housing for descent through said rotating body of air into said catch-basin, said latter means comprising an annular distributing trough at the upper end of said tower housing having discharge openings in its bottom communicating with the interior of said tower housing.

3. A cooling tower, comprising a vertical substantially cylindrical tower housing, an

upwardly extending discharge stack axially alined with and communicating with the upper end portion of said tower housing, air intake means in laterally tangential ernnmunication with the interior of said tower housing whereby air is delivered into the latter for rotation about the vertical axis thereof, a catch-basin at the lower end ot said tower housing, and means for discharging the medium to be cooled into the upper end of said tower housing for descent through said rotating body of air into said catch-basin, said latter means comprising an annular distributing trough at the upper end of said tower housing having discharge openings in its bottom communicating with theintcrior of said tower housing.

4-. A. cooling tower. comprising a vertical substantially cylindrical tower housing, a ('tltt'll-l'iilSiIl at the lower end of said tower housing, an upwardly extending discharge stack axially alined with and communieat ing with the upper end portion of said lower housing, air intake means in laterally tangential communication with the interior of said tower housing whereby air isdelivered into the latter for rotation about the vertical axis thereof, air propulsion means within said air intake means to propel the air into said tower housing, and means for discharging the medium to be cooled into the upper end of said tower housing for toward the center: of the tower where descent through said rotating body of air into said catch-basin, said latter means comprising an annular distributing trough at the upper end of said tower housing extending around said stack intermediate the same and the outer circumference of said tower housing, a. transverse partition means to determine the ends of said trough, said trough having a bottom portion inclining downwardly from a high level point at one side of said partition means to a low level point at the opposite side of said partition means, said trough being open to the atmos phere, and said bottom partition having a plurality of discharge openings therein communicating with the interior of said tower housing.

A cooling tower, comprising a vertical substantially cylindrical tower housing, a catch-basin at the lower end of said tower housing, an upwardly extending discharge stack axially alined with and communicating with the upper end portion of said tower housing, air intake means in laterally tangential communication with the interior of said tower housing whereby air is delivered into the latter for rotation about the vertical axis thereof, air propulsion means within said air intake means to propel the air into said tower housing, and means for discharging the medium to be cooled into the upper end of said tower housing for descent through said rotating body of air into said catch-basin. said latter means comprising an annular distributing trough at the upper end of said tower housing extending around said stack intermediate the same and the outer circumfeience of said tower housing, a transverse partition means to determine the ends of said trough, said trough having a. bottom portion inclining downwardly from a high level point at one side of said partition means to a low level point at the opposite side of said partition means, said trough being open to the atmosphere, said bottom portion having a plurality of discharge openings therein communicating with the interior of said tower housing, and said partition means having adjacent the low level of said trough adischarge opening provided with an inwardly opening closing means, said discharge opening also communicating with the interior of said tower housing.

6. A cooling tower. comprising a vertical substantially evlimlrieal tower housing, a catch-basin at the lower end' of said tower housing. an upwardly extending discharge stack axially alined with and communicating with the upper end portion. of said tower housing. air intake means in laterally tangential communication with the interior of said tower housing whereby air is delivered into the latter for rotation about the vertical axis thereof, air propulsion means within said air intake means to propel the air into said tower housing, and means for discharging the medium to be cooled into the upper end of said tower housing for descent through said rotating body of air into said catch-basin, said latter means comprising an annular distributing trough atthe upper end of said tower housing having discharge openings in its bottom communieating with the interior of said tower housmg- I 4 In testimony, that'I claim the invention set forth above I have hereunto set my hand this 10th day of March, 1925.

JAMES M. SEYMOUR.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2496281 *Jul 12, 1944Feb 7, 1950Whiting CorpFly ash and dust collector
US4157368 *Dec 23, 1977Jun 5, 1979Combustion Engineering, Inc.Vortex cooling tower
Classifications
U.S. Classification261/79.2, 261/115
International ClassificationF28C1/00
Cooperative ClassificationF28C1/00
European ClassificationF28C1/00