|Publication number||US1583039 A|
|Publication date||May 4, 1926|
|Filing date||Feb 23, 1923|
|Priority date||Feb 23, 1923|
|Publication number||US 1583039 A, US 1583039A, US-A-1583039, US1583039 A, US1583039A|
|Inventors||Cecil M Wickstrum|
|Original Assignee||Cecil M Wickstrum|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (12), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
C. M. WICKSTRUM TENT May 4-, 1926. 1 ,583,039
Filed Feb. 23, 192: ZSheets-Sheet 1 (Lmminlwtrum May 4 1926.
C. M. WICKSTRUM TENT Filed Feb. 23,
2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Jig. 6.
Jig. 8. J
Patented M ay 1926.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE; j
"E0113 1!. WICKSTRUM, 0F OMAHA, NEBRASKA.
Application filed. February as; 1923. Serial No. 620,020.
'mentsin tents and frames for the same.
The invention is particularly useful in enclosing the space about graves in cemeteries and alms to provide a collapsible structure which may be erected by a single person without assistance and which permits of folding into a small space for storage or transportation from one to another part of the cemetery.
An object of the invention is to provide a tent of this character which will adapt itself to the uneven ground usually found in cemeteries, to provide an enclosure wherein the act of 'lowerin the casket into the grave will be obscure from the vision of relatives and in which the device will provide a housing for the ceremonies in inclement weather.
With the foregoing and other objects in view, the inventlon will be more fully described hereinafter, and will be more particularly pointed out in the claims appended hereto.
In the drawings, wherein like symbols refer to like or corresponding parts throughout the several views:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the improved tent frame.
Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view showing one corner of the frame.
Figure 3 is a plan view of a detail.
Figure. 4 is a. fragmentary perspective view of an enlarged scale showing the joint between the arched members.
Figure 5 is a side view of one of the stakes.
Fi re 6 is a perspective view of the assemb ed tent in position over a grave.
Figure 7 shows a side view of a portion of a frame in the collapsed position.
gigure 8 is a plan v1ew of the ridge pole, an
Figure 9 is a similar view of one of the side rods.
Referring more particularly to the draw ings, 10 designates a grave which we will assume has been recently dug in a cemetery for burial purposes. In Figure '6 this grave and the surrounding parts are shown to be enclosed by the improved tent which comprises a top 11 side walls 12, a rear wall 13 and front curtains 14 which may be drawn together to enclose the'tent entirely or moved apart as indicated in Figure 6 to reveal the interior. If desired the top 11 may be bordered by frln e or other ornamental material indicate at 15.
The frame within the tent is shown in assembled relation in Figure 1 and consists of four tubular posts 16 erected upon stakes shown more particularly in Figure 5 and consisting of pointed shanks 17 adapted to enter the ground and having a shoulder -18 to receive hammer blows by which the stake is driven into frozen ground. A rod 19 extends upwardly from the shoulder and forms a fpart of the stake, said rod having a series 0 perforatlons 20 adaptedto register'with a perforation through the lower portion of each of the posts 16. Through the alining perforations a pin 21 is inserted. In this way the structure may be made to assume a level fposition without regard to the character o the ground about the grave.
At the top of each post 16, as shown in Figure 2, forks 22 and 23 are provided to receive the lug 24 which projects down from the arch or top frame bar 25. A shaft 26 passes through the forks 22 and 23 and also through the lug 24 in order to pivotally hold the parts together. The shaft 26 is flattened upon its outer end as indicated at 27 'to secure it in place at this end. The other end of the shaft carries an angle iron 28 having the perforation 29 indicated in Figure 3 to receive an arm 30 extending from the side spacing rod 31, the end of which abuts against the flattened upper surface of the posts 16.
The rod 31 is shown more particularly in Figure 9 and it carries near its opposite ends tWo such arms 30 each having perforations 32 in which to receive the locking pins 33 shown in Figure 2. These pins have heads 34 by which they may be inserted and removed and they are likewise inserted through openings 35 made in the arms 36. The arms 36 are pivotedupon the shaft 26 and similar arms 37 are also pivoted upon The arch members are preferably of thin spring steel or some such appropriate material and while they may be made in one piece, they are preferably formed of companion sections and 39 1o1ned together intermediately as by the joint shown in Figure 4 which consists of a single central lug 40 projecting from the member 39 between a pair of similar lugs 41 upon the member 25. Through the intermeshing lugs is passed a pivot pin 42 permitting of the collapse of the sections as indicated 1n Figure 7. The member 25 is provided with a shoulder 43 arranged in the path of an abutment 44 of the member 39 to restrlct the up ward opening of these two arch members. At the point is carried an car 45 pro ect1ng downwardly and provided with a perforation 46 to receive the rod 47. This rod extends downwardly and is provided at 1ts lower end with an eye 48 through which passes the cord or wire 49 connected with opposite bars 38. For instance one of the ends of "the wire 49 may be permanently coupled to a rod 38 as indicated at 50 while the other end is provided with a snap hook 51 by which this end is detachably coupled with the opposite bar 38.
The pins 42 in the central o nts of the arched members are provided with appropriate webs 52 projecting inwardly from the frames and adapted to receive the downturned ends 53 of the ridge pole 54 illustrated in Figure 8. When the canvas top 11 is in place, the ridge pole is retained from riding upwardly out of engagement with the webs 52.
In the use of the device, the front and rear frames are of course independent of each other, they being merely coupled by theridge pole 54. ,The side rods 31 have no connection with the posts 16 but merely rest against the fiat surface thereof and are prevented from disengagement or rotation about the shafts by the presence of the locking pins 33 and the engagement of these pins with the arms 36.
Each of the frames in its folded condition assumes the position indicated in Figure 7, where the two posts are allowed to approach closely to one another, thus occupying only a relatively small space and rendering the structure convenient for carrying about the cemetery. In this condition the arch members 25 and .39 are collapsed downwardly against their respective posts. To assemble the device, the posts are drawn apart and the snap hook 51 engaged with its proper bar 38 from which, in Figure 7 it has been shown separated. The bars 25 and 39 are then pushed upwardly, springing in the position under tension until they assume a position in which the shoulder 43 strikes the abutment 44, In this condition the resilient character of the arch members will place the cables 49 under tension and the rods 47 will assume the positions indicated upon the stakes and adjusted upon the shanks 19 of the stakes until the frame assumes a correct level position. The side bars 31 are then put into-position, the arms 30 being inserted through the perforations 29 into angle irons 28 and being locked in posi-' tion by inserting the pins 33 in place.
By following this up with the adjustment of the ridge pole 54 to the'webs 52, the completion of the frame is arrived at and the one requirement is to place the canvas top and sides about the frame. The top is sustained by the arch pieces while the side bars 31 provide for holding the canvas sides and the cables 49, which are under heavy tension, form adequate supports for the rear wall 13 and for the slidable curtains 14 at the front. The curtains may be supported on rings for sliding movement. These curtains may be drawn closed to shut from view the actual operation of lowering the casket into the grave and thus to spare the relatives the unnecessary sorrow of wit.- nessing this harrassing ceremony. The tent also provides an adequate enclosure for housing the funeral party in case of snow or rain or to protect the party from wind and will be found very desirable in winter and in inclement weather. may be easily taken down and subsequently erected at another part of the cemetery and the construction is such that it will not suffer by repeated disassembly and erection.
The structure will of course also be founduseful for campers and automobile tourists use on account of its compactness and ease with which it is transported.
I do not wish to be restricted to the size, form, and proportions of the various parts, and obviously changes could be made 1n the construction herein described without departing from the spirit of the invention, it being only necessary that such changes fall within the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is 1. In a tent frame construction, supporting posts having openings, angle irons having 1 shafts, said shafts adapted to pass,
through the openings. of the posts, arms pivotally connected to the supporting posts,
by the shafts, said angle irons having openings, connecting rods having laterally extended arms formed with openings, said laterally extended arms adapted to pass through the openings of the angle irons, said pivoted arms having openings, and locking pins extendin through the laterally extended arms and a apted to pass into the openings of the pivoted arm for securing the supporting posts against movement.
2. In a tent frame construction, supporting The enclosure posts, angle irons havin openings secured necting rods, laterally extended arms form-- to the support' posts eonnecting rods, ing a art of the connecting rods, and laterallyextending arms having connection s need In the ends of the rod to en age with the connecting rods and ada' ted to t e suplportmg posts, said arms exten ing 5 pass through the'openings of the angeirons', throng the opemngs of the angle rons, a. pivoted arms connected with the sup'gorting arms plvo ally c n c ed o the supportlng posts, and locking ins extending trough P t and means l' y e t r lly the laterally exten ed arms and engaging e ended arms and adapted to engage the the pivoted arms for securing the rods 5 mounted on-the pg g P for 1 against movement with respect to the sups 13017611191315 of t 9 S Wlth I ti t v spect to t e supporting posts. 3; In a tent frame construction, support- In s Wherwf have afilFed my ing posts, angle irons secured to the supslgnaturertmg posts and extending inwardly there-- v one, and angle irons having openings, con- I CECIL M, WIOKSTRUM.
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|U.S. Classification||135/136, 135/906, 135/118, 27/1|
|International Classification||E04H15/58, E04H15/48, E04H13/00|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S135/906, E04H13/001, E04H15/48, E04H15/58|
|European Classification||E04H13/00A, E04H15/58, E04H15/48|