US 1583559 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 4 1926.
C. H. KENNEWEG sHoTGUN CARTRIDGE Filed Nov. 2, 1925 l y/ml; Mm/f Fatented May 4, 1926.
SHOTG'UN CART RIDGE.
Application filed. November 2, 1925.
To ZZ whom t may concern.'
Be it known that l, CHRISTIAN H. linn- Nnwne, a citizen of the United States, residing at Millvale, county of Allegheny, and State oit Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful improvement in Shot-gun Cartridges, ot which the following is a iull, clear, and exact description.
The present invention relates to shot gun cartridges, and more particularly to a shot gun cartridge having its charge of shot so shaped as to scatter more than the usual spherical shot. The shot charge contains or consists principally of flattened shot, which when discharged from the gun, scatter more than the usual shot.
By the use of such cartridges, choke bore shot guns may be used for close shooting in the same manner as an open bore shot gun, or when used in an open b re shot gun an even greater scattering` ot the shot is obtained than is usual. in limiting in the woods or in thick growths or in tall grass, and so forth, the shot should have a large pattern or spread which aids materially in the chance of striking the gaine in quick shooting and also prevents an excessive number of shot from striking and mutilating the game. Shot guns are bored to shoot different patterns or spreads of shot, and may be divided into three general classes, i. e., full choke bore for long range shooting, modified or half choke bore for medium range shooting, and open or cylinder bore for close shooting. By using cartridges having the scattering shot charges as herein described, a full choke or a halt choke shot gun may be used for close shooting, and thus one shot gun may serve the hunter for shooting at different ranges.
Referring to the drawings, which illustrate the preferred embodiment ot the invention,-
Figure l is an elevation ot' a shot gun cartridge taken partly in section;
Figure 2 is a similar view showing a modification; and
Figures 3 and 4 are enlarged detail views showing respectively one ot the flat shots in cross section and in elevation.
Referring to the illustrated embodiment of the invention, the cartridge consists of the usual shell 1 containing the usual powder charge 2, the usual gun wads 3 and a shot charge 4. The shot charge 4 contains or Serial N0. 66,162'.
consists principally of lat shot. One ot' these flat shot is shown in enlarged detail in Figures 3 and 4. It consists or' an ordinary spherical shot '.lattened or deformed into a disk-like shape, as shown in the drawings. This flattening may be conveniently carried out by passing the shot through rollers which are separated the distance dresired for the thickness o' the shot. Then the shot are passed through rollers to flatten them, the flattened shot will not be perfectly circular, but will be approximately so. The shot are put into the cartridge in the usual way to form a charge ot loose shot. The charge ot' shot may consist entirely of ilattened shot, as shown in Figure l of the drawings, or may consist partly ot flattened shot and partly of the ordinary spherical shot as indicated by reference numerals 5 and 6, respectively, in Figure 2 of the drawings. By suitably proportioning the relative charges of flattened and of spherical shot, different patterns may be obtained. Also, by varying the aniolilnt of flattening ot the shot, the scattering ot the charge may be varied. Thus, a hunter using a full choke barrel and carrying three lots of cartridges, i. c., some containing the usual spherical shot, others containing shot ilattened somewhat and others containing shot flattened still more, may use such gun to obtain a close pattern, a medium pattern and a wide pattern.
The 'flattened or irregular surfaces ot' the shot apparently so catch the air when discharged that the shot are scattered thereby. l/Vhile I prefer to use the approximately circular disk-like shot, which are made by flattening the ordinary spherical shot, other forms ot shot may be used, such, for example, flattened shot having an angular instead of a circular outline. The present invention is therefore not limited to its illustrated embodiment, but may be otherwise embodied within the scope ol the following claims.
l. A shot gun cartridge, having a scattering shot charge containing flattened shot, substantially as described.
2. A shot gun cartridge, having a scattering shot charge containing approximately circular disk-like shot, substantially as described.
3. A shot gun cartridge, having a scattering shot charge containing shot having suficient flattened surface so as to scatter more than the usual spherical shot, substantially as described.
et. A shot gun cartridge, having` a scattering charge of loose shot consisting principal- 1y of fiat-tened shot, substantially as described.
5. A shotl gun cartridge, having a scat- 10 tering charge of ioosc shot consisting priir cipally of approximately circular disk-like shot, substantially as described.
6. A shot gun cartridge, having a seattering charge of loose shot consisting principally oil shot having sufficient flattened surface so as to scatter more than the usual spherical shot, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
CHRISTIAN H. KENNEVEG.