US 1583728 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 4 ,1926.
L. MARKLE HAIR WAVER Filed July l1 1925 parent from the following description when Patented May 4, 1926.
Uur-TED srarssrarsur orties.
LOUISE MARKLE, OF ROCHESTER, NEW YORK.
HAIR wAvER. i
Application led July 11, 1925, Serial No. 42,917.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, LoUrsE MARKLE, a
and particularly to devices for formingA waves in hair.
One object of the invention is to provide a device' of this character which is simple in construction, easily handled, and which will be effective in operation.
Another object ofthe invention is to provide a device of this character by means of which a horizontal wave, and a vertical wave 'may be simultaneously formed in the hair.v
Another object is to provide a device of this character which includes separable parts, whereby to facilitate the proper disposition of the hair for forming the waves.
Other objects and advantages will be aptaken in connection with the drawing.
In the drawing :V
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the invention. i
Figure 2 is a perspective view of the lower part of the device, showing the manner in which the hair is placed thereon, and the waves formed therein. Y
)referring particularly to the accompanying drawings, A represents the upper portion of the hair waving device, and B represents the lower portion thereof, between which the hair is placed for yproducing a- Marcel wave.
The upper portion A, of the device, includes a plurality of parallel metal kblocks and 11, arranged in alternate succession, the blocks 10 each having a longitudinal groove 12 in its lower face, while the blocks 11 each has its longer faces ungrooved. Secured to the upper faces of the blocks 10 and 11, and extending throughout the length of the series, is a connecting bar 13, said bar serving to hold the bars in proper spaced relation, as seen in the drawings. The other end of each of the bars 10 and 11 is reduced, as shown vat 14, and secured to the side of a hollow bar 15, which extends throughout the length of the series of bars, and has an electric lamp 16 in one end thereof. Connected to the first-named end of the central block 11 is one end of a hollow stem 17, to the other end of which is secured a hand grip 18. Current conducting wires 19 enter the outer end of the handy grip and extend through the stem 17, and are yconnected .with an electric heating coil 2O disposed :within a bore 21, formed longitudinally in said block. It is to be understood that each of the blocks 10 and11 is similarly formed and contains a heating coil',y such coils being connected in parallel, and also connected with said lamp 16, this latter connectionbeing provided so that the operator may instantlyv ascertain whether or not current is properly flowing'v through the coils. Pivotally connected to the lower side of the said stem .17 is an angle member 22, one arm of which constitutes a Vhand. grip while the other is elongated, as
shown atv28 for engagement within a portion of the member B, as will be later explained.
A strong spring 24: is mounted between the angle member 22 and the stem 17 for normally urging the arm 23 4firmly against the lower c side of the central block 11.
rIhe part B is preferably formed from a single length of metal of suitable dimension`s,'as shown at. 25, such metal being bent at regularly spaced intervals, to form the upwardly extending ribs or corrugations 26. To the lower facel of the intermediate portion of the metal plate 25, and extending in the direction of the smaller dimension thereof, .is a loop member 27, into which the before-mentioned arm 23 is arranged to pass, when the parts of the device are properly assembled. Upon 'reference to Figure l, it will be seen that the ribs or corrugations 26, of the part B, when said part is engaged with the part A, enter the grooves in the lower faces of the blocks 10. Secured to the p the pins of the other series. The hair is adapted to be laced around these pairs ot pins, by engaging the hair with one pair of pins, beneath the lateral upper ends, then around the next pair of pins, at the other side of the adjacent corrugation, and thence around the succeeding pairs until the other end of the plate is reached. Secured to the opposite ends of the plate E are the hook members 29, with which the hair is'engaged for the purpose of holding the hair properly at the endsot the plate. vExtending from the center of the plate at the side opposite to the loop member 27, is a handle 30, which is adapted to be graspedby one hand of the operator, while the other hand grip 18 is graspedin the other handto properly hold the device while the Hair is clamped between the members A and B. i
1When the parts are properly engaged, witlrthe'hair therebetween, the rib-s or corrugations 26 press the' hair up into the grooves 12, and b'etweentlie lower faces ol:4 the blocks, and the portionsv ot the'plate which lie between the corrugations, with the result that the hair is pressed int-o waves which wind around the pins 28, in a horizontal plane, and into vertical waves over the ribs or -corrugations Thus the hair is waved both horizontally and vertically, which is generally known as li/larce'l waves'. The pins QSproject upwardly between theA blocks l0 an'd'll, as clearly seen 'in the drawlng.
The electric lamp is adapted to be enclosed by red glass `so that the operator' may know when the current is present in the device.
Secured tor the end flanges 26', of the lower member B, are the hool members 3l, said members extending downwardly whereby to permit said flanges entering the grooves of the end blocks l0. Between these hook members, and the said end flanges, the end portions ot the hair are 4adapted to be engaged, as clearly seen in Figure 2.
lVliat is claimed isi l. A hair waving apparatus colnprisinga pair of hair clamping members one of which is provided with transverse' ribs, the other including' alternate,longitudinally grooved and ungrooved blocks, the grooves of said blocks receiving the ribs ofthe first clamping memben'and niean's'on` the ribbed member about which a tress ot hair is vadapted to be wound in serpentine fashion and which projects'between said blocks.
2. A hair waving apparatus comprising a pair 01" hair clamping members'one of which has transverse regularly spaced ribs, the
other member including regularly spacedv parallel blocks, every alternate block being longitudinally grooved for the reception ot a rib of the tirstv member, and pins on. the ribbed member projecting'between the blocks and arranged to have a tressot'hair wound in serpentine fashiontherearound' p In testimony whereof, IailiX'my signature.