US 1583881 A
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-J. HEBERLING PINWHEEL Filed Dec. 19, 1924 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 WMMK )WIYQN ATTORNEY May 11 1926. 1,583,881
8 J. HEBERLING PINWHEEL Filed Dec. 19, 1924 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. v fin fi 'ff/Ig BY F v A TTORNEYS.
May11,1926. 1 1 J. HEBERLING PI'NWHEEL Filed Dec. 1924. s Sheets-Sheet 5 ATTORNEY Patented May 11, 1926.
UNITED STATES JOHN 'HEBERLING, or ROCHESTER, NEW YORK.
Application filed December 19, 1924.
The object of this invention is to provide a new and improved form of pin'wheel.
Another object is to make the pinwheel of sheet material preferably of celluloid and make each blade or Vane of the pinwheel of a separate sheet or section, and preferably of a separate color, so as to increase the br1lliancy and color effect of therotating wheel and add to its pick-up qualities when displayed for sale.
Another object is to mount the sect ons of the pinwheel on a metal plate which 15 used for a center so as to cheapen the cost thereof and provide a good bearing to support it in its rotation.
Another object is to provide means for positively spacing the blades apart and lock them positively in position in relation to each other.
These and other objects will be illustrated in the drawings, described in the specification, and pointed out in the claims at the end thereof.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a side elevation of two of my complete pinwheels mounted on an axis for rotation and on a stick for supporting the axis.
Figure 2 is a front elevation of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a plan view of the blank ofthe blades used in the making of my improved wheel.
Figures 4 and 5 are perspective views of the center plate of the wheel.
Figure 6 is a plan view of three blanks of Figure 3 assembled in a wheel with the center plate shown in Figure 5.
Figure 7 is a plan view of an assembled wheel in which a modified form of the blank is assembled with the center plate shown in Figure 4.
Figure 8 is a plan 'view of one of the blanks used in the assembled wheel shown in Figure 7.
Figures 9 and 10 are perspective views of four sided center plates'each capable of supporting a wheel of four blades.
In the drawings like reference numerals indicate like parts. I
In the drawings, reference numeral 1 1ndicates a blank for a vane or blade of my improved pinwheel. This blank is out out of sheet material, preferably of celluloid.
This blank is triangular in form and is preferably cut from a blank which is approximately the shapeof a right angled triangle.
Serial No. 756,905.
This blank has sides which are converging to a certain line and then expand to form shoulders 2 and 3 that are used in the assembling of the finished wheel. These shoulders will be located near the center of rotation of the assembled wheel. Between the shoulders the blank has, the straight or curved base 4. The outer corners of the blank are shown at 5 and 6, the corner 5 being made wide to catch the wind and the corner 6 being made narrow to give the flare and avoid catching the wind. 3
For the purpose of joining three blanks together, I preferably use the metal plate 7 shown in Figure 5. The three corners of this plate are bent up on the dotted lines 8, 8 so that they stand at right angles to the rest of the plate forming shoulders thereon. The three blanks are then placed in posit-ion on the center plate as shown in Figure 6 with the shoulders thereon in engagement with the upturned corners of the plate the corners of the plate having been bent down as shown in Figure 6 thus locking the three blanks together and holding them in fixed relation to each other on the center plate. The small end 6 of each blank 1 is perforated as indicated at 9 and these ends are bent over until the holes therein are in line with the hole 10 in the center plate 7, and a pin 11 is then passed through. In this way the wheel is assembled for rotation as is shown in F igures 1 and 2. A star 12 or other suitable device is put on the pin just under the head thereof and the wheels are spaced apart from each other and from the stick by collets 13 and 14. The pin 11 engages with the stick 15 on which the whole combination is supported.
The three blades of the wheel may each be made of the same color but are preferably made of different colors as this gives the wheel amore brilliant appearance and makes the wheel more saleable.
In Figure '4 I have shown a modification of the center-plate in which a triangular blank is used but instead of the blank terminating at each corner with a point, rectangular extensions are provided. This blank is stamped. out of flat sheet metal and the rectangular extensions are bent up to the form shown in Figure 4:- Thereafter the blades can be assembled thereon and the corner extensions can be bent down to fasten and lock the blades iii-position. I Either of these center plates can be 1186a with the blank shown in Figure 3 and the forming a wheel, each of said blades havwheel shown in Figure 6, or either of these center plates can be used with the blank shown in Figure 8 and the wheel shown in Figure 7.
The blank shown in Figure 7 is cut from a blank that has an angle therein that is larger than a right angle. The blank shown in Figure 3 is cut from a blank the largest angle of which is about equal to or less than a right angle. In either case, however, the wheel will form up into a pinwheel with good rotating qualities and with a brilliant appearance that is enhanced by the combination of colors that is made possible by this invention. Any combination of colors that may be desired may be used at will, so that each wheel will displaythe national colors of various countries or the colors of various schools, colleges or universities, or the colors of various clubs or organizations. As the blanks are all alike they can all be cut with the same tools from sheets of celluloid of different colors and assembled in any color combination that is desired. It is also obvious that the metal center will be concealed by the flared portions of the wheel so that only the brilliant colors of the wheel will be shown while it is rotating and the wheel will have the same appearance that it would have if it were made all from a one-piece blank with the added advantage that each blade can display a separate color.
In Figures 9 and 10, I have shown four sided metal blanks with either of which can be used four blades substantially like those shown in Figures 3 and 6 to make a fourbladed pinwheel.
1. A pin wheel having a rigid center, flexible blades fastened to said center, each of said blades being individual and being cut as a blank separate from the remaining blades, each blade having a perforated tip which tips are curved over the center and held together in front of it to conceal it.
2. A pin wheel having a perforated rigid metal center, blades fastened to said center, each of said blades being individual and being cut as a blank separate from the remaining blades, a tip on each of said blades, each tip having a perforation therein, the perforations in said tips being brought into line with the perforation in said center, a pin passing through said perforations in said center and said tips to hold them in line with each other.
3. A pin Wheel, the combination of a rigid center having corners, shoulders formed by bending the corners of said centers, blades of different colors that engage and interlock with the shoulders on said plate, each of said blades being individual and being out as a blank separatefroin the remain- 111g blades, said blades and. said center plate ing a perforated tip, which tips are curved over the center and held together in front of it to conceal it.
4:. A pinwheel having blades of different color, the combination of a rigid center, shoulders bent up from. the periphery of said rigid center, shoulders provided on said blades to engage under the shoulders of said rigid center and interlock with them and hold them symmetrically grouped around said center, each blade having a perforated tip which tips are curved over the center and held together in front of it to conceal it.
5. A pin wheel having a perforated triangular center plate, a triangular blade fastened to each side of said center plate, each blade having a perforated tip, said tips being flared over the center with the perforations thereof in line with the perforations in said center plate, a pin passing through said perforations and holding them in line.
6. A pin wheel having a triangular center plate, shoulders formed by bending the corners thereof, a blade having two shoulders on the opposite sides thereof, said shoulders on the blade being adapted to engage with shoulders at two corners of the plate and interlock therewith.
7. A pin wheel having a center plate, shoulders formed by bending the corners thereof, a blade having two shoulders and recesses adjacent thereto, said blade between the recesses spanningthe space on the center plate between two shoulders thereof, said shoulders on the blade being adapted to engage with the shoulders at two corners of the plate and interlock there-with.
8. An assembled blank for a pinw-heel made up of a rigid center, a series of flexible triangular blades grouped around said rigid center with a portion of a corner of each of said blades overlapping each other and said center, and means for clamping said overlapping sections of said blades against said rigid center, each blade having a perforated tip which tips are curved over the center and held together in front of it to conceal it.
9. An assembled blank for a pinwheel made up of a rigid center, a series of flexible triangular blades, each of said blades being 7 individual and being cut as a blank separate fromthe remaining blades, said blades being grouped around said rigid center with a corner of each of said blades overlapping a. portion of said rigid center, lugs carried on said rigid center, said lugs being bentover a portion of said flexible blades to simultaneously group and fasten said blades symmetrically on said rigid center, each blade having a perforated tip which tips are curved over the center and held to getlier in front of it to conceal it.
10. A blank for a pinwheel made up of a rigid center a series of flexible blades grouped around said rigid center each of said blades having a shoulder projecting on each side thereof, lugs provided on said rigid center and adapted to be bent over said shoulders on said blades to group said blades simultaneously in predetermined positions around said rigid center and clamp them in place against said rigid center.
11. A pinwheel made up of a rigid center, flexible blades of different color: grouped around said rigid center, each of said blades being individual and being cut as a blank separate from the remaining blades, means provided on said rigid center to clamp one end of said colored blades to said rigid center and means for locking the other ends of said blades together and hold them in opposite to said rigid center.
12. A multicolored pin wheel comprising a series of separately colored blades, a center plate having one side thereon for each blade connected thereto and a corner adapted to be turned over between each two adjacent sides, each blade having a shoulder extending outwardly on each side thereof, said shoulders being adapted to engage under the turned over corners of said center plate by which they are fastened to said center plate.
13. An assembled blank for pinwheel comprising a series of flexible blades, a rigid flat center plate, each of said blades being individual and being cut as a blank separate from the remaining blades, means for fastening said flexible blades to said flat center plate tohold a portion of said flexible blades flat while the outer ends of said blades are curved over the center plate and located opposite to it.
14. A pinwheel having a relatively rigid metal center, relatively flexible non-metallic blades fastened to said center, each of said blades being individual and being cut as a blank separate from the remaining blades,
a portion of eachof said flexible blades be- 7 said flexible blades being curved over said metal center, the remaining portion of each blade being held flat and slightly curved to reduce the wind resisting surface of the pinwheel and increase its driving surface, each of said blades having a different color.
16. In a pin wheel a series of blades each of said blades being individual and cut as a blank separate from the remainnig blades, said blades being grouped arounda common center and fastened together and suitably spaced apart, each of said blades having a perforated tip, which tips are curved over the common center and are held together in front of it to conceal it.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.