US 1584464 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 11 ,1926. 1,584,464
C. H. MARANVILLE Y MEDICINAL APPLICATOR Filed Maroh'v, 1923 A mi C v;
l?, 5' 22a/Zwin@ Zxd'fi Patented May 11, 1926.
CLARENCE I-I. MARANVILLE, OF DALLAS, TEXAS.
Application filed March 7, 1923. Serial No. 623,314.
This invention is concerned with medicina-l applicators and has for its general object the provision of a device which may be utilized for the application of heat and various medicines to the walls of the body cavities such as the rectum, the lower colon or the vagina. More specifically, the object of my invention is the provision of medicinal applicator in the nature of an internal heat applying bottle which may be readily inserted in a body cavity and be of such a simple character as to be serviceable either in hospitals or in the privacy of the home.
A further object of the present invention is the provision of a device of the character referred to, which may have the combined features of a. hotl water bottle for internal purposes and a douche.
Other objects of my invention will be hereinafter set forth in the following description, referring to the accompanying drawings which` illustrate al preferred embodiment of the invention. The essential characteristics thereof are summarized in F the claims.
In the drawings, Fig. l is a side elevation of a medicinal applicator embodying my invention and illustrating` means for retaining the device in position; Fig. 2 is an enlarged ycross sectional view taken through the device substantially along the lines 2-2 of Fig. l; Fig. 3 illustrates a modified form of my invention; F ig. t is a front elevational view of a supporting plate or member adaptable for the carrying of the device, while F ig. 5 is a fragmentary view showing a means forsealing the device after having been filled.
lily invention contemplates the provision of a medicinal applicator in the nature of an internal hot water bottle which may be inserted in the cavities of the human body in a collapsed or unfilled condition and embodies some of the structural character istics of a douche, the latter being adaptable for the usual purposes, while the medicinal applying element of the device may be in the nature of an enpansible or inflatable bag. To facilitate the ready and comfortable insertion in the body, I incorporate semi-rigid means in the device in the nature of a douche tip whereby the bag may be inserted and filled or expanded with a fluid after being positioned in the body cavity and check or valve means for retaining the Water this construction, however,
within the bag when once the bag is eX- panded.
As shown in Fig. l, my device may comprise an expansible bag 10 formed of rubber or other suitable elastic material which may be mounted upon a valve body member ll and an inner semi-rigid core member 12 also mounted on the valve body member l1, and a hose coupling member 18 connected to the valve body. The respective members are carried by a supporting plate 14; of
such shape as to permit full insertion of the device in the body while affording connection for strap members l5 and 16 in the nature of a harness or belt whereby the device may be held in position.
As shown in Fig. 2, the core member 12 may be formed in the nature of a. douche tip with a passageway 2O extending within the center thereof andterminating in orifices 2l formed in the upper end of the core member. The lower end of the core member may be made to facilitate ready tting thereof upon the inner end 22 of the valve body member 11, whereby the passageway 2O of the core member may be in communi*- cation withthe passageway 23 formed in the valve body member 22. The lower end of the valve body member may be restricted as indicated at 2A whereby a valve ball 25 may rest on an annular shoulder afforded by the restriction and thereby retain fluid within the bag when once forced therein. Fig. 5 illustrates a cap member which may engage the exterior threads formed on the bodymember after the hose coupling member is removed, the cap being serviceable to retain hot water within. the bag over a period when it is not desired to frequently renew the application.
In Fig. 3, I have illustrated a modified form of my invention wherein the semirigid core member is omitted from the bag interior, there being a removable core member whereby the bag may be inserted in the body cavity and the core member withdrawn after the bag is expanded vby the injection of fluid through the core member. The construction of the valve body, the supporting plate, and the expansible bag is substantially the same as that illustrated in Fig. 2. In I substitute a flap valve for the ball check valve of the construction shown in Fig. 2. In the construction shown in Fig. 3, a valve body mem ber 44 has a flange 50 formed thereon, against which the lower edges of the ei;- pansible bag 10 may be clamped by the supporting plate 14, and an interiorly threaded collar 5l may engage exterior threads formed on the vlower portion of the valve body member 44. This threaded portion likewise provides engagement for a hollow core member 45, which may be detachably connected to the bag.
The inner' end of the valve body member disposed within the baO' may be tapered to provide a valve seat for a resilient `gasket 42 mounted on a flap Vvalve member 4l. l/hen'the core member 45`is inserted through the opening 43, formed in the valve body member, 'the valve member 41 is raised to the I,position illustrated in Fig. 3. As the core member 45 is withdrawn from the bag, iow'ever, thelap valve member 41 will drop upon its seat and seal the bag. The core member 45 may be considerably smaller in diameter than the. core member 21 as its onlyfunction in this case is to serve as a fluid conduit .-from the exterior of the device Ato the interior of the bag, as well as to serve as a means for carrying the bag when the bag is inserted into the body cavities. rlhis core member, therefore, is preferably rigid and may be formed of any suitable material, such as Ihard rubber.
The Vrigid core member 45, which may be comparatively 'small in diameter relative to the expanded dimensions of the bag but of sufficient length to extend from the exterior ofthe Vvalve body member 44 to the upper end of the bag, may have an interiorly threaded rflange 46 adaptable for engaging the outer or lower threaded end of the valve 'member 44. Below the flange 46 I prefer to vform a hose engaging projection 47 integral with the core. member 45. A passageway 43 formed in the valve body may 'be of such dimension as to permit a sliding lit between the body member 44 and the core 45.4 `A hose 48 may 'be connected to the 'lower end of the core member, as illustrated. It will be seen that the core inember 45 serves to facilitate the insertion of the bag member 10 within the body cavity and also serves as a fluid conducting` means to the interior ofthe bag. A check valve may be incorporated in the core passage desired. In this construction, however, I have omitted the valve as the usual valve in the nature of a clamp on the hose 48 would be suitable.
In 'using this device the bag 10 may be coated with 'the prescribed ointment, or if it is desired to apply heat only, the bag may be 'moistened and inserted .in the body. It may 'then be dilated by the injection of water from the source of supply, vthrough the hose 4S and core member 45. The core member 45 may then `be unserewed from the body member and withdrawn from the bag. The valve flap 4l will thus drop upon its seat and retain the fluid within the bag. A cap member 53 such as is illustrated in Fig. 5 may then close the opening in the valve 'body member 44 of this device.
From the foregoing description it will be readily understood that I provide a surgical aid` in the nature of a combination internal heat applying bottle and medicinal applicator, which also may be used as a douche, the nature olf the device being` such that an intlatable member may be filled with a heat carrying medium such as hot water which will expand it when placed within thebedy cavity and Athus make intimate contact with all portions of the cavity walls. The device is particularly useful in treating diseases which are commonlyprevalent in the vaginal. regions. .The expansible ban' is readily adaptable to the application or ointment to the vaginal walls, and` it is likewise useful in treating various uterine ailments 'and diseases and likewise could vbe useful as an internal support for the uterus.-
My applicator is also useful in applying ointment to the walls of the lower colon and rectum, and would also be serviceable in treating diseases of the prostate gland, particularly where the drastic treatment of massaging the gland is necessary. rIfhe rangement of the various members compris-- ing the device may be such that it may be worn with comfort through protracted periods, in which case the core member: would be removed from the device and only the dilated or inflated bag would be lpresent in the cavity.
I claim l. In a device of the character described, the combination of an inflatable bag, and a. rigid member disposed within the bag and exteriorly removable, whereby the bag may be inserted in the cavity of the body and the core subsequently removed without removing the bag from the body cavity.
2. In a device of the character described, the combination of an elastic bag in the nature of a hot water bottle adaptable for internal use, a core member disposed therein, said core-member being hollow and having a` passageway extending' therethrough and establishingcommunication between thel interior of the `bag and the exterior' of the device, a body member aligning with and supporting said core member and said bag and having a central passageway communicating with the interior of the core member, said body member having a valve obstructing the passageway, and means associated with the body member whereby a liquid may be forced into the bag member through said coi'e member and be retained the-rein by said valve when the core meinber is removed.
3. In a device of the character described, a dilatable fluid retaining member formed of rubber, an interior member in the nature of a hollow removable core, means connecting said bag member and said core member and fluid injecting means connected to the core member, whereby the bag may be er panded by injecting fluid thereinto through. said core member.
1l. In a. device of the character described, the combination of a dilating member formed of elastic material, an inner removable member in the nature of a douche tip, and means for connecting said members in fluid tight relation, whereby the core member may be serviceable for insertion of the device within the cavities of the human body and serve as a fluid conducting means, said means engaging the tip in such manner that the tip may be removed wit-hout removing the dilating member. Y
5. In a device of the character described, an elongated inflatable bag formed of rubber, a body 'member in the nature of a valve body, means clamping said bag member to said body member, and a removable core member extending through said valve body member, whereby said bag may be dilated by the injection of fluid through said core member, means for retaining the fluid within the bag under pressure when said core member is being withdrawn therefrom, and a closure member for sealing the bag member after said core member is withdrawn,
6. In a device of. the character described, an elongated inflatable bag formed of rubber, a body member in the nature of' a valve body, means removably clamping said bag member to said body member, and a removable core member extending through said valve body member, whereby said bag;` may be dilated by the injection of a fluid through said core member and means for retaining the fluid within the bag under pressure when said core member is being withdrawn therefrom.
7. In a device of the character described, the combination of an inflatable bag, a core Vmember disposed therein, a body member' upon which the bag and the core member are mounted, a supporting plate formed to arry said body member, said core and said bag, and shaped to conform to the contour of the human body adjacent the cavities thereof, and means associated with said plate member for securing said device to the human body.
8. In a device of the character described, the combination of an inflatable hot water bottle adaptable for internal application in a human body, a semi-rigid core member extending substantially the length thereof, and disposed therein, means supporting the core member and said bag member, and a valve associated with said supporting means whereby said core member may be withdrawn from the bag after the bag is filled.
9. In a device of the character described, the combination of a dilatable bag member adaptable for internal application in a human body, a rigid member associated therewith, a plate member secured to said first named member, and adapted to clamp the bag to said first named member and a belt associated with said plate member, whereby the device may be secured to the human body.
l0. In a. device of the character described, the combination of' an elongated inflatable bag, formed of rubber or like material, a semi-rigid core member disposed within the bag, a supporting member carrying said core member, a plate member mounted on the supporting member, said plate member being adapted to connect to a body harness and to clamp the bag to the supporting member, a valve associated with said supporting member, and means associated with the supporting member for injecting fluid under pressure into said bag through said core.
l1, In a device of the character described, the combination of a dilatable bag member adaptable for internal application in a human body, a rigid member associated therewith, a plate member secured to said first named member, said plate member being formed to conform to the contour ot the human body and adjacent the cavities thereof, and adapted to clamp the bag to said first named member and a belt associated with said plate member, whereby the device may be secured to the human body.
In testimony whereof, I hereunto affix my signature.
CLARENCE II. MARANVILLE.