|Publication number||US1586750 A|
|Publication date||Jun 1, 1926|
|Filing date||Nov 19, 1924|
|Priority date||Nov 19, 1924|
|Publication number||US 1586750 A, US 1586750A, US-A-1586750, US1586750 A, US1586750A|
|Inventors||Joline Emmet A|
|Original Assignee||White S Dental Mfg Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
" b21/lef Afd/[126' E A JOLINE FLEXIBLE SHAFT CASING Filed Nov. 19,
June 1 1926.
EMMET A. JOLINE, F TOTTENVILLE, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR '10 THE S. S. WHITE DEN- TAL MANUFACTURING COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF PENNSYLVANA.'
Application :tiled November 19, 19%. Serial No. 750,8d5.
My invention relates particularly to that class of casings 'that provide sheaths or sleeves for Hexible shafts vsuch as are employed in connectinga dent-al engine handd piece,'diesinkers tool, massage device', hair clipper or other such power actuated handcontrolled implement, with shaft actuating means such as a dental engine, motor or other suitable driving element, and is espel@ cially directed to novel means for reinforcing said casing at -regions where the most severe and more frequent strains are likely to occur and produce a permanent bend or set therein.
In the manufacture of shaft casings as heretofore constructed, it has been com mon practice to form a hollow tube ot coiled wire or strip material upon which a cover- 'ing of fabric is woven or braided and to il@ form reinforcements by -weaving or braiding a plurality of layers of fabric of varying longitudinal extent at the regions where it is desired said casing be reinforced. rlhus it will be seen that the required weaving or d@ braidin of the several layers of fabric to form reinforcements necessitated such inter? ruptions in the formation of said covering as to prevent its continuous fabrication, and consequently added greatly to its cost of manufacture. y
'lhe rincipal objects of my invention ar to provlde a hollow Hexible shaft easing that may be formed in continuous length with reinforcements disposed at redetermined distances and subsequently divided into lengths suitable for commercial uses. v
@ther objects of my invention are to provide a flexible shatcasing with spring reinforcements forming a component part of 4@ said casing, and a continuous covering for said casing and its reinforcements.
My invention comprehends a dexible shaftl casing having tapered spring sleeves :torming reinforcements that'may be Jformed or otherwise disposed thereon and concealed bya covering which may be uninterrnptedly fabricated around said casing and its reinorcements.
Specically stated, the form of my inven- 5@ tion as hereinafter described, comprises a continuous dexible shaft casing formed or .coiled wires or strip material, and having disposed at suitable predetermined regions thereon coiled spring reinforcements, preferahly tapered, and a covering'ot fabricated material of uniform .thickness woven or braided over said casing and its reinforcements to provide an uninterrupted textile protection therefor, said reinforcements serving to indicate Where the casing may be severed to provide cut lengths for commercial use.
ln the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a side elevational view yof a continuous length of dexible shaft casing showing reintorcements disposed thereon in suitable predetermined spaced relation in accordance with my invention; Fig. 2 is a side elevation view, on a reduced scale, of a flexible shaft casing constructed in accordance with my i11- vention, showing its practical embodiment in connecting a handpiece with a motor; Fig. 3 is a side elevational view of a fragment of the flexible shaft casing shown in Fig. 2, and comprising the terminal' portion which is connected with the motor shown in said tigure; and lFig. l is a longitudinal sectional view, on an enlarged scale, of the structure` shown in Fig. 3, taken on an axial plane of said structure.
lln said figures, the casing body 1 may preferably be formed of wire or strip material 2, helically coiled as shown in Figs. 1 and ll, to afford a flexible tubular structure, which, as shown in Fig. 1, may be produced in continuous length.
At suitable predetermined regions along said casing body, reinforcements may be formed or disposed, comprising spring supports 3 of any desired construction, but preferably formed of coiled strip material 5, and tapered as shown.
Having thus provided the. reinforced tubular casing body, it may be conveniently covered by a textile fabric 6, which may be 95 woven or braided' continuously about said casing body l and its reinforcing spring supports 3, throughout its length. A
Referring to Fig. l, it will be readily seen that the relatively spaced opposed larger l0@ ends of the reinforcing spring supports 3 serve to indicate where the casing ody` lf may be severed to produce cut lengths tor .1.1. ercial use, such as is illustrated in lliw. 2.
durch out lengths may, las shown in Figs. 3 and d, be provided with a terminal ntting comprising the tble or terrule 7, into which it may be engaged with the internals ly disposed threads 9, and which, as shown, "M0,
is provided with the terminal -member 10 having the threaded nipple l1, for convenient connection with the motor 12, or other suitable driving element, as shown in Fig. 2, to connect a handpiece 18, or other suitable driven element, with said motor or driving element.
It may be here noted that the reinforcement may be only at the supported end as shown attached to the motor in Fig. 2, or the casing may also be provided with a reinforcement at its free end to Which the handpiece is attached.
Although I have described the fabrication of the textile covering about the continuous unsevered casing body shown in Fig. l, it is to be understood that said casing may be severed into cut lengt-hs, and with the reinforcements properly disposed, such cut lengths may be temporarily connected as by Wiring them together or anyother suitable manner, to provide a continuous train of such cut lengths, and the textile covering fabricated continuouslyY about said casings and their reinforcements throughout the connected train.
My invention is advantageous, in that flexible shaft casings formed as herein contemplated are not only more economical to manufacture than the casings in commercial use, but have increased efficiency and durability.
I do not desire to limit my invention to the precise details of construction and arrangement as herein set forth, as it is obvious thatvarious modifications may be made therein Without departing from the essential features of my invention as defined in the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
l. A flexible shaft casing having a tapered coiled spring reinforcement forming a component part of said casing.
2. A flexible shaft casing comprising a tube of coiled strip material formed in continuous length and having spring reinforcements formed at predetermined distances along its length, and a covering for said tube fabricated continuously over said tube and its reinforcements, said reinforcements indicating the regions Where said tube may be severed to provide individual reinforced lengths of casing suitable for commercial use.
In Witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this 17th day of November, A. D. 1924.
EMME'I A. JOLINE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2640501 *||Feb 27, 1948||Jun 2, 1953||Int Standard Electric Corp||Tube and its manufacture|
|US2671325 *||Feb 25, 1950||Mar 9, 1954||Master Vibrator Company||Casing for flexible shafts|
|US3086556 *||Jun 10, 1960||Apr 23, 1963||Crane Co||Flexible metal pipe|
|US4669172 *||Nov 20, 1985||Jun 2, 1987||Circon Corporation||Method for fabrication of flexible shaft|
|U.S. Classification||464/174, 138/131, 74/502|
|International Classification||F16C1/26, F16C1/00|