US 1589018 A
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June 15 1926. A. LUDWIG ILLUMINATED STAR Filed May 7. 1925 Patented June 15, 192 6 UNITED STATES ATENIIT OFFICE.
ANDREW unwm, or nocnnszrna, NEW YORK.
Application filed May 7,1925. serial No. 28,673.
* this star so that it can be constructed cheaply and readily attached to the tree or any other suitable point or mounted on a standard.
These and other objects will be'illustrated in the drawing, described in the specification and pointed out in the claims at the end thereof. I
In the accompanying draWing- Figure 1 is a perspective view of the star. Figure 2 is a vertical cross section of the star, the section 4 being taken on the line 2" x of Figure 1.
I Figure 3 is an enlarged detail perspective view of the lower portion of the star illustrating the locking means with which the parts of the star are held together. I Figure 4 is an enlarged section through the locking means, the section being taken on the line 4"-4" of Figure 1. Figure 5 is an enlarged detail perspective I of some of the depressions formed in the cas- I ing of the star.- v
In the several figures of the drawing like reference numerals indicate like parts. Thilluminated star forming the subject matter of my present invention is an improvement of the illuminated star illustrated and described inmy prior Patent 1,410,336 issued to me March 21, 1922. The improvement consists chiefly in making the star entirely outof metal and locking the parts of the star together with a simple but very effective locking means. To make the metal transparent it is perforated at the front, back and sides, .but in making these perforations the metal is not punched out but is simplydepressed into the inside of the star forming series'of small depressions having a small opening in the center thereof.
The body portion of the star as illustrated in the figureis made up in three parts, the
front panel 1, rear panel 2, and sides made up of a continuous strip of metal or'metal band that is attached to the front and rear panel to complete the star. For this purpose the metal band 3 is provided with the flanges'4, 4 at each side thereof and these flanges are adapted to be bent down on the outside of the front and rearpanel. The
metal band 3 is also provided with a series down first and form stops or nnssuEa of small triangular flanges 5, 5 that are punched out and bent down near the edges of the metal band. These flanges are bent ugs against which the front panel 1 and rear panel 2 are placed, the triangular flanges thus bear against the inner side of the front and rear panels. When the triangular flanges are in place the flanges 4, 4 are bent down over the outside of the front and rear panel of the star to hold them in place against the triangular flanges 5, 5'.
As illustrated 1n detail in Fig. 3 the metal band 3 is attached to the front 1 and back 2 of the star by extending the flanges 4 a short distancebeyond the ends of the metal band 3 and then bending up the flanges 6, 6 provided on the underside of the front panel 1 and rear panel2./These flanges of the front and rear panel thus hold the projecting endsof the flanges 4 in place and prevent the meta band 3 forming the sides of the star from isengagin itself from the periphery of the star shape front and rear panel. I y
For the purpose of further locking the extendlng flanges 4 of the metal band tothe flanges 6 of the front and back of the star a lug 8 is struck up through the flanges 4 and Y 6 as illustrated in detail in Figure 4. By doing this these flanges are interlocked and need not be soldered together to prevent their disengagement from each other.
The lug 8 thus formed serves an additional purpose, namely means for locking the supporting base 7 of'the' incandescent lamp supported within the star. This base is bent up in the shape illustrated in detail in Fig. 3 and is adapted to fit'into the opening left between the ends of the metal band 3 atthe bottom of the star. The lugs 8 struck up to interlock the flanges 4' and 6 when the base 7 is forced into the open-- ing of the star these lugs spring under the bottom of the base and hold the base in place in'the openingin the bottom of the star.
together project into. this opening so that flange extending from incandescent lamp supported within the star reflect the lightrays in all directions which adds to the illuminating'efl'ect of the star. The tact that, the perforations of the star are at the inner end of the and 'a'revery small prevents the incandescent light mounted within the star to be observed from the outside except when looking directly into the perforations. The outside of the star may be given a dull finish but the inside of it is reflecting finish,
I'claimr 1. An illuminatedstar comprising a" front panel, "a'rear panel, a band encircling the perimeter of said front and rear panel, a flange extending from the ends of said band and a flange bent up from said front and rear panel and clamped over said flange extending from said band to lock the ends of,
said band to said frontandrear panel and hold said band in place around the perimeter-of said front and rear panel.
2. An illuminated star comprising a front panel, a rear panel, a band encircling the perimeter of said front and rear panel, a the ends of said band and a flange bent up "from said front and rear panel and clamped over said flange exdepressions provided with a bright front and tending from said band to lock the ends of said band to said front and rear panel and hold said band in place around the perimeter of said front and up thru said flanges of said front and'rear panel and said extending flanges of said hand to interlock said flanges with each other, a supporting base adapted to engage between the ends of said band said lugs being adapted to engage under said supporting base and'hold said base in place between the ends of said band and between said rear panel.
3. An illuminated star comprising a front and rear panel, a band encircling the perimeterof said front and rear panel andholdingthem parallel to each other with a suitable space between them, a light mounted between said front and rear panel, depressions having small openings in the center thereof provided in said front and rear panel, sald depressions forming raised conical deflectin surfaces on the inside of the star, each 0% said raised conical deflecting surfaces diflusingthe light rays in all directions within the star.
rear panel, a lug struck In testimony whereof I afix my signature.