US 1589138 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 15 1926.
C. F. FISK NURSING BOTTLE Filed Nov.
Patented June l5, 1926.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
CLARK I. FISI, OI' CAIDEH, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOB, BY DIRECT All) um AB- BIGmHTS, 0F 013m T0 SAMUEL H. BELL, 0F READING, PENNSYLVANIA, 0mm!) T0 J. H. MUMBAI., AND OIE-HALF T0 DJV-B RUBBER. A
PQBATIOH 0F DELAWARE.
m0 30ml appunti mea menue a, im. 'seran in. naast.
This invention relates generally to nursing bottles and particularly to a to surround an ordinary nursing bottle to serve, first, as a protector for the same, second, as a means or securel hol the nipple upon the neck of the taner for a hea or cooling fluid, and fourth, as a toy an teething zppliance.
Acco to the invention el is molded of rubber and when used aroun an ordinary ass nursingbottle, forms a cushion aroun the bottle to revent the latter from being broken when pped or struck against a hard object.` The casing also serves to prevent the glass of the bottle from scattering in case it should be broken Or'iihmshsledn' g a at' h d ded e is uiitan isprovi with a restricted opening through which the nipple and the neck-o the nursing bottle extends. The material of the casing at the ed es of this o ening is intended to fit tig tly against e portion of the nipple surrounding the neck of the bottle and not onulzy maintaining the nipple firmly upon the n of the bottle but to also provide a duid-tight, joint between the oipamng and the neck of the bottle, so that ting or coolin fluid placed' in the casing around the bott e will not leak out.4 Preferabl the casing is molded in the form of a oll, so that it presents the api; pearanceofandmaybeusedasatoy.
molding the a rib or pro'ection may be formed upon t e outside to used for teething purposes.
The invention will be better understood by reference to the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which Figure l is a front elevation of a device constructed in accordance with the invention;
Figure 2 is a side elevation of the device;
Figure 3 is a vertical or longitudinal sectional view of the device take-n on an enlarged scale;
Figure 4 is a transverse sectional view taken substantially on the plane indicated by the line 4 4 of Fig. 3; and
Figure 5 is a plan view of the closure or plug for the open end of the casing, showing this member partly broken away and in section to. show a portion of the reinforcing plate.
Referring ings, the numeral 1 dignatcs a hollow caslng, which is preferably constructed of rub berandismodedsothatitsexternalsha is in the form of a two-faced doll. In ino dthe casing a rib 2A and rejections are formed upon its exterior an these ma be used for purposes.
e end of the casing 1 is provided with a restricted opening 3, while the other end of the casing 1s left open, but formed u n the inside o the casing at the open en is an annular rib 4.
An ordinary glass nursing bottle 5 is disposed within the cas' 1 with a portion of its rubber mpple 6 an a portion of its neck 7 extending rough the restricted opening 3. By reference to Fi 3 it will be seen that the neck 7 of the bott e 5 is provided at its extremity with an external rib or bead 8, and that the open end of the nipple 6 is provided with an external bead 9. The nipple 6 of course fits over the bead 8 of the neck of the bottle so that the bead 9 of the nip le will be disposed in spaced relation to 51e bead 8. When the neck 7 of the bottle 5 carrying the nipple 6 is inserted through the restricted opening 3 of the casing 1, the bottle is pushed until the material of the casing at the edges of the opening 3 snaps past the bead 8 and becomes disposed between that bead and the bead 9 of the nipple 6. In this wa a Huid-tight joint between the neck of the bottle and this end of the casing is provided and the ni ple 6 is securely maintained upon the nec of the bottle.
In insert' the ordinary nursing bottle .into the casing 1 or withdrawing it from the same that may be done through the o end of the casing 'opposite the end having the restricted opening 3. After the bottle 5 has been inserted in the casing 1 through the open end, such end is closed by a removable closure in the form of a plug 10. This plug 10 is preferabl constructed of molded rubber, having a tgin body rtion or disk 11 reinforced with an em ded metallic or other suitable stili plate 11', and bein provided at its edge with an annular ange 12. This flange 12 extends above the upper side of the body portion 11 more yparticularly to the drawof the plu'g and has a lower annular rtion13formedbyanannular velin the outer side of the body portion 11. The outer side of the 12 is provided with an annular groove 14 adapted to receive the annularrib 4 formed upon the inside of the casing 1 adjacent its open end. The flange 12 fits snugly within the open end of the 1,thenb2 inthegroove 15, and tins a duid-tight joint between the plug and the o end of the casing is provided. Tlms, r continuous rib 4 and the continuous groove act in the of inter-engaging' elements, and while the elements are preferably constructed and arranged as sho Vit is obvious that other constructions an arrangements are equally a plicable.
Pref little larger than the outside of the nursingbottle 5,s othataspace between these two members is provided. This may be filled with `a heating or cooling fluid such as hot or cold water to keep the contents of the n boule either warm 'or cool which ever is desired.
In Dnto revnctlergals of the (ls- 1 m being o t against e iihgrsing bottle 5, a plurality of projections 16 are f upon the inside of the 1. These projections extend inwardly for engagement with the outside of the bottle. By refereneetoligureiitwillbeseen that some of the projections 16 the outside of the bottle 5 while others o not, this due to the fact that the bottle illustra in the dra is of the flat type. Itofcourseisun erstoodthat any ofthewellknownformsofn bottlesmaybeusedinconnectonwi the invention.
Especial attmtion is directed to the constructii of the lug 10. As hereinbefore explained the portion of this plug is more or less stiff, being reinforced the reinforcement plate 11'. The annular 12 is more or 1w flexible or eldable .to
facilitate roper engagement o the ilale with the of the casing 1 when e plugisinsertedintheopenendofthecas-V mg. Attention is further directed to the fact that due to the embedded plate 11', the closure 11 is still' in comparison to the wall of the 1. Thus, when the 'acketed bottle is held in one or both hands, e lower endofthewallmayreadilybestri pedback upon itself, by pulling upon Said ower end with one or both thumbs. When this is done to a suliicient extent, the closure 11 has a tendency to snap out of the lower end of the casing, so that removal of such closure isaverysimplematter. Assoonasthis removal is effected and the jacket or casing is rel its inherent resiliency returns ittoitsnormalshapginreadinetoagain lytheinsideofthecasinglisa` mid bottle is mspnded from said u endofthe The I wallisrgiiiciently stili to effect this 'on as shown clearly in Fig. 3, yet its resiliency permits downward yielding of the bottle under the influence-of a vertically acting force. Thus, there is no r of breakthe. bottle if it is-drop on its lower end.
Use of a rubber casing around an lassnursing bottle in the -manner above escnbed is very desirable not only .to provide a means for maintaining the nipple of the nursiln bottle securely upon the neck of the bor e and providing a container for heating or cooling Huid, but also to provide a protector for the glass bottle. The casing is made of rubberso that the lass bottle would not be broken when accidentally dropped or struck upon a. hard article. In case it should be crushed or broken b y unusually hard wear, the casing will retam the mcles of glass, and there will be little hood of the baby or person cutting its hands briiin gli-hss. bbe havmg th y p cmg e ru r casing e shape of a doll around the o nurm'ng bottle, the whole is given very -much the appearanceof a doll, so that the article will be attractive and therefore may be used when travelling or before the pubhc without embarrassment.
If desired, the glass bottle may be removed from ecasingandabellorrattlemaybe placed therein, so that the ma used as a toy. In this connection 1t be pointed out that a baby will make use of the rib 2 as a teething ring.
From the forhgoing description taken in connection with e accompan dra l' the construction, use and advantages :iig invention will be readily understood, so that er explanation is not considered necessary.
It is obvious that numerous ch in form, roportion, and in various of e details o construction may be resorted to without departi from the spirit and principle of the invention and without sacrilicing any of the advantages thereof, so that it is to be understood that the may be made within the meaning and scope of the appended claims.
I bottl bottle, 1. nursin e com a the neck of w 'ch is proviIded with an external bead, a nipple fitted upon the neck of said bottle over said bead and provided at its end with a bead surrounding the neck of said bottle in spaced` relation to the bead of said neck, and a fluid-tight casing surroundin said bottle and having one end provided with a restricted opening through which a portion of said nipple and a rtion of the neck of said bottle extends, the material of said casingat the ed e of said opening being yieldable and yielda 1y fitting against the portion of said nip le surrounding the nec of said bottle tween said beads, making a iluid-tght joint between said casing and the neck of said bottle and maintaining said nipple upon the neck of said bottle.
2. In a cushion-jacketed bottle, a bottle having a neck formed with an external bead, a casm surrounding said bottle and projecting elow the lower end thereof, and a removable closure for the lower end of said casing spaced below the bottle bottom, the upper end of said casing being contracted and having an o g through which the upper end of the ottle neck projects snugly, the bead of said neck overlying the casing, the latter having a sufleient degree of stiffness-to suspen'dtlie bottle above the aforesaid closure but being elastic to ermit downward yielding of the bottle un er the influence of a vertically actin force` 3. In a cushion-Jackete bottle, an elastic casing wall adapted to surround the bottle and havin an open lower end, and a relatively stig closure ittin Within the open lower end of said wall, said wall and closure havin interengaging sealing elements readily re easable by stripping a portion of said wall back upon itself, the elasticity of said wall permitting such stripping and serving to restore said wall toits normal shape after removal of the closure.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto aiixed my signature.
CLARK F. FISK.
of said bottle over said bead and provided at its end with a bead surrounding the neck of said bottle iu spaced relation to the bead of said neck, and a fluid-tight casing surroundin said bottle and having one end provide with a. restricted opening through which a portion of said nipple and a por tion of the neck of said bott e extends, the material of said casing at the ed of said opening being yieldable and yielda ly fitting against the pprtion of said nip le surrounding the nec of said bottle tween said beads, making a Huid-tight joint between said casing and the neck of said bottle and maintaining said nipple upon the neck of said bottle.
2. In a cushion-jacketed bottle, a bottle having a neck formed with an external bead, a casln surrounding said bottle and projecting elow the lower end thereof, and a removable closure for the lower end of said casing spaced below the bottle bottom, the upper end of said casing being contracted and having an openm' throu h which the upper end of the ottlegneck prjects snugly, the bead of said neck overlying the casing, the latter having a suiiicient degree of stiffness 'to suspend the bottle above the aforesaid closure but being elastic to ermt downward yielding of the bottle un er the infinence of a vertically actin force.
3. In a cushion-Jackete bottle, an elastic casing wall adapted to surround the bottle and havin an open lower end, and a relatively sti closure ittin within the open lower end of said wall, sind wall and closure havin inter-engaging sealing elements readily re easable by stripping a portion of said wall back upon itself, the elasticit of said wall permitting such stripping an serving to restore said wall to its normal shape after removal of the closure.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto affixed my signature.
CLARK F, FISK.
CERTIFICATE 0F CORRECTION.
mm No. 1.589.138.
Granted June 1926, to
cram; F. msx.
lt is hereby certified that the State of Incorporation of the third mentioned assignee in the above numbered patent was erroneously given as ',Delaware" whereas said State should have been given as "New Jersey", as shown by the records of assignments in this office; and that the said Lettera Patent should he read with this correction therein that the same may conform to tbe record of the case in the Patent Office.
Signed and sealed this 9th day of July, A. D. 1929.
M. Moore, Acting Commissioner of Patents.
CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION.
Plum No. 1,589,138. Gamed im 1.5.1 1926, :o
CLARK r. msx.
It is hereby certified that the State of Incorporation of the third mentioned essignee in the above numbered patent was erroneously given u 'Delsware" whereas said State should have been given as "New Jersey", as shown by the records ol sssignments in this office; and that the said Letters Patent should be rend with this correction therein that the name may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Office.
Signed and sealed this 9th day of July, A. D. i929.
M. J. Moore, (Sesl=) Acting Commissioner of Patents.