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Publication numberUS1597318 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 24, 1926
Filing dateJun 6, 1923
Priority dateJun 6, 1923
Publication numberUS 1597318 A, US 1597318A, US-A-1597318, US1597318 A, US1597318A
InventorsThomas H Kane
Original AssigneeTruscon Steel Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building construction
US 1597318 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 24 1926.

T. H. KANE BUILDING QOHSTRUCTION Filed June 6, 1923 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Aug. 24 1926. 1,597,318

T. H. KANE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed June 6. 1923 '3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Aug. 24 192s. v 1,597,31s-f T. H. KANE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed June 6. 1923 5 Sheets-rSheet 5 avwewto'c Patented Aug. 24,1926, i v

muons s n. KANE, or YOUNGSTOWN, 0310, Amer ca TO 'rnuscou 'srnni. comm,

' or YOUNGSTOWN; cam-a conronsrron or MICHIGAN.

nonmnm cons'rnuc'r'rou. Application med June aim e Io. 048,043.

This invention relates to an improved The invention is shown in Figures'l -to building structure, particularly adapted for." 4 of the accompanyin drawings as applied use as a roof structure or as a floor struc to a roof structure, which con'slsts of a plulure. I rality of metalsu ports or purlins I prefera Theprimary object of the invention is to ably of channel orm, these being suitably i provide a Structure comprising a plurality supported. at the ends thereof by the oppoof metallic plates 'and means for su porting site walls of the building, or bein assothe same, said metallic plates and the joints ciated with other purlins in arafter 1i e contherebetween-being covered by a coverin', struction and arrangement, dependin upon such as the ordinary asbestos or other roo the type of roof employed. A plura ity of 5 ing material in the case of a roof structure, auxiliary supports or si1b-purlins '2, preferor wooden floor boards in the case of a floor ably of substantially I form as shown, exstructure. q tend transversely of the main su ports or- Another object of the invention is to propurlins 1, the bottom flan s 3 ofthe subl5 vide said metallic plates with means ada ted purlins being secured to t e upper-flanges to receive and to anchor or securely. old of'the'purlins, as by welding, riveting or nailso'r like secur i1'1g devices .for holding other convenient means. The suourlins'2 said covering-in place. a are referablyformed bystwo simi ar chan- Further object of the invention is to pro- 'nel-s ape d members having their web por-- vide improved means for connecting ortipns' 4 secured together bywelding, riv- 'sp' icing'the adjacent edges of-adjaceht meetm or the like," with the upper portions ta lic plates. e A of t e webs separatedor spaced apart to A' still .further object. is to pro form longitudinally extendm grooves or the case of the floor struct re, an ir space recesses -5. It is of course un erstood that between the metallic plates (1 e flooring i the purlins and sub-purlins will be of suit- 80 for the purpose of providing afireproof able'thickness an strength and so s aced structure. l in relation to eac other as to meet t e re The invention is illustrated inthe accom quirements'of the particular structure under panying drawings,in which: I processof. constructiom Figure 1 is a vertical section of a roof Extending across between adjacent pairs 95 structure-in accordancewith thefpresent inof the sub-purlins 2 are the-metallic roof vent-ion. 1 sheets 6 which aresupported upon the upper Figure 2 is a vertical section on the line flanges 7 of the sub-purlins, andare them- II-JI of Figure 1'. selves provided at their edges with flanges Figure 3 is a plan view ofthe roof struc- 8 and 9 as hereinafter described, the roof 90 ture; i 4 sheets thus being) supported by the sub-pur- Figure .4.is a rspective view showing, linsto form a su stantiall flat surface, with the manner in w i ch the roofing nails en- -t he flanges of said 1 00 sheets extending gage the loop members of the roof sheets downwardly along the inner sides "of the 40 after passing through the outer roof covgrooves or'recesses' 5, of the sub-purhns. 95 ring. v -The joints or s'pacesflbetween the ad acent- Figure 51s a vertical section of a floor edges ofthe-adjacent roof sheets 6 are covstructure in accordancewith the present inered, and such roof sheets held firmlyn devention showing the air space provided, sired relative positions b means of omt'or Figure 6 is a vertical section of a similar splice strips 10 above t e roof sheets vand 100' I form of tfloor' structure without the air s lice channels 11 below said sheets with space. v 1 t eir flanges extending downwardly; The

Figure 7 is a detail view of a modified said splice strips extend river and cover the manner of "connecting or splicing the adjoints or spaces between the ed of the jacentedges or the. roof sheets, and roof sheets, as clearly ShOWXl'lD Big. 2, and 1 Figure 8 is aperspective view of a stifleneach splice strip isprovided"with a plural ty i g angle used in the construction shown ofdownwardly pro ecting tongues or prongs in Figure 7. 1

I- 12 preferably stamped therefrom which are Similar numerals: referto similar parts adapted to pass throu h a rtures or slots h he isal-sieve a r inthe. 9 01mm embemth a to engage with the undersurface of said channel to thereby draw said splice plate and channel together and into close engage.- ment with the opposite surfaces of said roof sheets, so that the latter at their edges are securely clamped between said plate and channel. The roof sheets 6 are spaced apart sufliciently at their edges or provided with recesses to allow the passage of the prongs 12 through the apertures 13 provided in the said splice channels 11. The prongs 12 of thesplice strip 10 are upwardly distorted or bent in the manner shown in Figs. 1 and 2- of the drawing,-so as to provide an upwardly extending head or projection '14; adapted, when the, splice'strip is moved relatively to" the splice channel by a sliding.

movement, to exert a camming action of the roof sheet 6" a sti ening angle 37 has one flange 38 secured to the roof sheet 6 1 by welding, rivetingor the like while the other flan e extends perpendicularly from the roof s eet. From the latter flange are pressed nt, as shown in Figure 8, a plu rality of tongues 39 which extend underneaththe edge of the roof sheet 6*" to properl support the same. he roof structure so far; described is adapted to be rendered waterproof and weathertight by a covering of roofing material '15, such as asbestos roofing or the like. laid in sheets across the substantially. flat surface provided by the metallic roof sheets 6. j

The covering of roofing material may be secured to the roof sheets 6 in any conven- {ient .manner, as by means of a securing or cementing material such for example as hot asplialt 'or pitch'applied between the roof sheets and the covering to cause the latter to adhere to-the former. This makes a very practical, .simple and effective roof construc tion, the lates giving the necessary strength andrigi ity, and the waterproofing material extending over the sheets and covering the joints therebetween rendering the structure waterproof and weatherproof. With this form of structure thegrooves or recesses at the upper parts of the sub-purlins need not be so wide as shown in the drawings but may be such that the flangest-of the roof sheets fit snugly and firmly within such recesses.

. In the pgpstruction shown in the drawurge, the, fing material is afiixed. to the roof sheets by means of'th'e usual roofing nail 16, driven through said material along the line of the grooves or recesses 5 of the sfib-purlins 2. i

Theiroof sheets 6 are formed or equipped with means adapted to receive and to securely anchor or hold the.roofing nails 16, and for this purpose, the. flange 8 at one edge of each roof sheet 6 is provided with a multiplicity of 100 members 17 extending outwardly 'there rom' and preferably stamped from the metal of the flange such. multiplicity of loops preferably comprisinga plurality of rows thereof arranged one below the other, theloops of each row preferably being offset with respect to the loops of ad'- jacent'rows. Flange 9 of the adjacent roof sheet 6 may be provided with a projection or bead 18, and the said flanges 8 and 9 'of the roof sheets are arranged in separated relationship to one another within the groove 5 of the sub-purlin as shown in Figure 1'.

The roofing nails 16 when driven throu h the roofing material 15, will be guided y the head 18 on the flange 9 of the one roof sheet into the groove 5 against the face of the adjacent flange 8 and said nails will pass through one or more of the loop members 17 of said flange. The loop members 17 will preferably be spaced from the face of the flange 8 a distance. such that the nails 16 when driven into place,will tend to expand said loop members'awayfrom said flange, so that said loop or'loops tend to securely grip the, nail and anchor or hold the same in place.

In order to strengthen ,the roof sheets and to prevent the possibility of buckling thereof metal stiffening members or angles 19 of suitable thickness andstrength and suitably spaced apart may be allixed to the undersur- .face of the roof sheets as shownin Figures.

1 and 2. Further, if a ceiling should be associated directly withthe purlins 1 air spaces will be provided between such ceiling and the. metal sheets which will serve to make the construction fireproof.

Another application of the invention in connection with a fireproof fl'oor construction is'shown inFigure 5. This construction comprises a plurality of metallic floor supports or joints 20 of substantially I form,

the lower flanges 21of which are pierced at intervals as at 22, so as to permit the at- 1 tachment of small lengths or loops of wire 23 for the purpose of supporting the lathing 24, to which lathing is attached in the ual manner the plaster 25, so as toform a ceil ing. The upper portion of the, joist is H formed by angle members 30 secured to the web" portion of the joist, and separated or spaced apart in the same manner as already described with reference-to the sub-purlins 2 of the roof-construction. Metallic sheets grooves provided in the ture is s ing the the fastening of, the beams 31 struction shown in Fig 5, This form of.

6', exactly similar in construction to the roof sheets hereinbefore described, are laid across between the adjacent-joists 20 with their flanges 8 and 9 extending downwardly along the grooves 5' thereof, the

' flanges 8" being provided with the loop members l7.

With the sheets 6' in position, beams 31 of suitable material such as wood are laid directly over and along the lines of the 'oists' 20, and said beams are securely fixed to the.oists by means of nails 32 driven through t e'belams 00 members 17 on the flanges 8 of the sheet s '6'. As hereinbefore described in connection withthe roof structure, the nails are guided into engagement; with the loop members 17 on the flange 9c-of the adjacent. metal sheet. The floor boards'33 may now be laid across the thereto by nails 34. j I This form of structure provides large air spaces between the lathing 24 and the metal sheets 6', and alsobetween the metal sheets 6' and. the floor-boards, 33. which beams 31 and secured render the construction fireproof and each floor thus constructed would serve as a bar rier to a fireoccurring either above or' below such floor; i a

A sli htly modified form of floor struca to the metal sheets 6' by the nails'34f in the manner. already described with reference to "of the con-' structure eliminates the use of the beams 21 and is adapted for use in buildings-of lighter construction. a v

This invention has been described in connection with certain. forms of buildingcon- 'structiop in order to clearly illustrate the manner of its use, and it is not of course to belimited to'the particular forms of structure escribed since what is claimed as new and 1 hat is desired to be secured by Letters Patent is set forth-in the appended claims. What, I claim. is 1 I 1. Building structure, comprising a'*plu ralityof substantially parallel supporting members having longitudinally extending recesses therein,

ownwardly into said recesses, arate from'said sheets for connectm a plurality. 'of flat sheet metal'unitsextending across between adjacent su porting members and provided along aralle edges thereof with flanges extending means sepand the remaining edges of ad acent supporti a COVQIIH" ov r1 in said units units, an

and secured thereto.

2. Building structure comprising supporting means, a plurality of metallic sheets supported by said means, a waterproof com position own in Figure 6,th'is structure .havfloor.- boards 33 fastened directly,

covering overlying' saidsheets. and

J covering the same and the joints therebe- A tween, securing nails driven through said coverin and means on said metallic sheets for anc oring said nails. L 3. Building structure comprising a pluralit of substantially parallel supporting mem ers with longitudinally extending recesses therein, metallic sheets extending across between said su porting members and supported thereby, an provided with flanges along the edges thereof extending downwardly into the recesses in the supporting members, a waterproof composition covering overlying 'said sheets and covering same and the joints therebetween and means cooperating with said flanges of said metallic sheets for securing the covering in place.

4. Building structure com rising a plurality of substantially paral el supporting a members withlongitudinally extending recesses therein, metallic sheets extend-, ing across between said supporting members and supported thereb said metallic sheets beihg providedvvwit flanges along the edges thereof 'extendinggdownwardly' into the recesses in-,'the supporting memrbers, a water-proof "composition covering overlying 'said units and}? covering the same and the joints-:therebetween, securing nails driven" through said covering and means-on said flangesgbf'said metallic sheets for grippingor anchoring saidnails,

5.'Buildin 1-Estructure com rising a pluralit 0f sligstantially paral e11 supporting a mem rs with"longitudinally"extending.rem cessestherein, metallic" sheets i extending across between said ,supporting members and supported thereb 'said metallic sheets being provided with' anges along the edges thereof extending downwardl into the recesses in t e supporting mem a' waterproof coinpositlon .icovering qoverlying said units and samejand the joints 1 therebetween atffleast one row ofloolp in'em- I berspressed-outfrom said flanges an ,secur in'gails-driven through said coverin "and through .'said 1001: members Land gripped thereb 'i 6. uilding structure, oompfisin substantially parallel sn porting mem rs, plurality o fiat metal ic sheets each extendmg'across thev space igbetween twoof said members and an at its edges bysald members, said" sheets. having means thereon co-actingdirectl p 'bers' to hold e sheets 1, against movement, 1 .means separatefifromi' "sheets and inde-flpendent of said support p y those adjacentedges'ofiadpcent sheets which are perpendicular to said-members 5 ,mutuallyf'sup'porteachother, and a water-' proof-composit on covering "laid flat upon saidfsheets an .t qsame 'and the 2 joints therebetw ywith said sup ortin -mm members wh re? 7. Building"' str ipiirefcom rising lsdb' iio cent sheets which are perpendicular to said supporting members, and a waterproof composition covering laid flat upon said sheets and covering the same and the joints therebetween.

8. Building structure, comprising substantially parallel supporting members, a plurality of flat metallic sheets each extending across the space between two of said memedges which are parallel to bersand supported at those edges which are parallel to said members by said members, said sheets having means thereon coacting directly with said supporting members .to

hold the sheets against movem'ent, means connecting those adjacent edges of adjacent sheets which are. perpendicular to said supporting members, said means including flat metallic plates overlying said adjacent edges of said sheets and metallic members under? lying said edges and connected to said plates,v

and a waterproof composition covering laid flat-upon saidsheets and said plates.-

9.'Building structure, comprising substantially parallel supporting members havomally thereof, a plurality of metallic sheets I each extending across the space between two of said supporting members and supported at its edges thereby and having at said edges flanges extending downwardly into said re-. cesses and engaging the walls thereof to,- hold the plates a ainst movement, means connecting those a jacent edges of adjacent sheets which are perpendicular to said membersgl'sa'id means at the npper surface-thereof being flat. and substantially in the plane of.

said. sheets, and a waterproof composition covring laid flat upon said sheets and-covering the same and said connecting means.

10. Building structure, comprising substantially' parallel supporting-members hav ing grooves or recesses extending longitudinally thereof, a plurality of metallic sheets each extendingacross the. space between two of saidmembers-and supported at those said members by said members and havin at said edges flangesextending downwar y into the recesses of said sup orting members, means connecting those a jacent edgesof adjacent sheets which are perpendicular to said supportin members, said means including flat metallic plates overlying said adjacent edges of adjacent sheets and metallic members un-' derlying said edges and interconnected with mg grooves or recesses extending longitu-- said plates, and'a waterproof composition covering laid flat upon said sheets and said plates.

11. Building structure comprising a plurality 'of' supporting members having grooves or recesses extending longitudinally thereof, a plurality of metallic sheets extending across between said supporting members and supported .thereby having flanges extending downwardly into the recesses of said supporting. members, means for joining adjacent edges oi adjacent sheets, a water roof composition covering overlying said sieets and covering the same and said joining means, and means cooperating with said flanges for securing said. covering in place.

12. Building structure, comprising substantially parallel supporting members, a plurality of metallic sheets each extending across the space between two of said members and supported at those edges which are parallel to said members by said mem-j bers, said sheets having means thereon co acting directly with said supporting mem-.

bers to hold the sheets against movement,

and means connecting thoseadjacent edges of adjacent sheets which a're perpendicular to said'supporting members, said means in-.

'cluding fiat metallic plates overlying said adjacent edges of said sheets and metallic members underlying said edges and con nected to said plates. v

13,. Building structure, comprising substantially parallel supporting members, a plurality of flat metallic sheets each extending across supporting members and supported atthose edges which are parallel to said members by said members, said sheets having means thereon co-acting directly withsaid supportingmembers to hold the sheets against movement, and means connecting those adjacent edges of adjacent sheets which are perpendicular to said supporting members, said means including flat metallic plates overlying said adjacent edges of said sheets and metallic members underlying said edges,

said plates and members having co-acting means for connecting the same.

114. Building structure comprising -wsupporting means, a plurality of metallic sheets supported by said supporting means, means jomin adjacent edgesof adjacent sheets including metallic plates overlying said adjacent edges vof said sheets, and provided with a plurality of projectin metallic members underlying sai edges and provided with a plurality of apertures through which said tongues rojcct tofand connect said plates and mem ers. v

15. Building structure comprising sup porting means, a lurality of metallic sheets supported by sai joimng adjacent edges 0t, adjacentsheets the space between two 0t said tongues,-

supporting means, means 3 includin metallic plates overlying said ad 1 'rality with a plurality of projecting tongues upwardly distorted or bent so as to provide an upwardly extending projection or bead,

metallic members underlying said edges and provided with a lurality of apertures through which said tongues extend with said projection or bead pressing against the underside of said members.

16. Building structure comprising supporting means, a metallic sheet structure sup orted upon said means and built up of a p urality of units, a covering above said sheet structure, securing means driven through said covering and means provided on said structure for anchoring said securing means.

17. Building structure comprising a plurality of substantially parallel supporting members having longitudinally extending recesses therein, a plurality of metallic sheets extending across between said supporting members and supported thereby, said metallic sheets being provided with flanges along the-edges thereof extending,

downwardly into the recesses in the supportin members, a covering overlying saidmetalllc sheets and means co-actingwith curin the covering in place.

18. uilding structure comprising a pluraliti of substantially parallel supporting mem ers having longitudinally extending recesses therein, a plurality of metallic sheets extending across between said supporting. members and supported thereby,

said metallic sheets bein provided with flanges along the edges t ereof extending downwardly into the recesses in the supporting members, a covering overlyin said sheets, securin nails 'riven through said coverin an means on said flanges of said metallic sheets for gripping or anchoring said nails.

19. Building structure comprising a pluof substantially parallel supporting members having longitudinally extending recesses therein, a' plurality of, metallic sheets extending across between said sup porting members and supported thereby,

said metallic .sheetsbein provided with flanges along the edges t ereof extending downwardly into the recesses in the supporting members, a covering, overlyin said metallic sheets, at least one row 0 loop members pressed out from said flanges" and securing nails driven throu h said coverin and through said loop mem rs and gripped thereby. j v

' ,20. A structural element comprisin a flat metallic sheet of such length and width thereof and at least one row of loop members pressed out from said flange and adapted to engage and securely hold or anchor securing nails,

22. A structural element comprising a metallic sheet having a flange along an edge thereof, a plurality of rows of loop mem bers pressed out from said flange, and arranged one below the other, each row of. loop members being offset with respect to the 100 members of adjacent rows, and adapte to engage and securely hold securing nails.

23. A structural element comprising a metallic sheet having flanges along the edges thereof, one flange havin loop members pressed out therefrom an adapted o engage and securely hold securing nails, and the opposite flange having a guiding head or' projection formed thereon. said flanges of said metallic sheets for se- I relation, and grippmg means for closing the gap between said adjacent edges and grippingsaid edges to connect the same together. l

25. Building structure comprising a plurality of substantially paral el supporting members having longitudinally extending recesses therein, a plurality of metallic sheets each extending across between adjacent supporting members and supported thereby, each sheet being provided along parallel edges thereof with flanges extendmg downwardly into the recesses in the supporting members, and means for joining to ether the adjacent remaining edges of ad acent sheets, comprising metallic plates overlying said adjacent edges, metallic members underlying said edges, and means connectin said plates and members.

In testimony whereof I aflix my. signature.

. THOMAS H.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2684224 *Aug 14, 1950Jul 20, 1954E O Bulman Mfg Company IncShelving standard and bracket
US2895432 *Sep 10, 1954Jul 21, 1959American Steel Band CompanyRoofing material
US2959897 *Jun 28, 1956Nov 15, 1960United States Gypsum CoClip nail
US4011704 *Nov 1, 1972Mar 15, 1977Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel CorporationNon-ghosting building construction
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/364, 52/480, 425/DIG.107, 52/762, 52/551, 52/460
International ClassificationE04B5/10
Cooperative ClassificationE04B5/10, Y10S425/107
European ClassificationE04B5/10