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Publication numberUS1599264 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 7, 1926
Filing dateApr 9, 1926
Priority dateApr 9, 1926
Publication numberUS 1599264 A, US 1599264A, US-A-1599264, US1599264 A, US1599264A
InventorsYanchik John G
Original AssigneeYanchik John G
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Steel tie
US 1599264 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 7 1926. 1,599,264

- J. G. YANCHIK STEEL TIE Filed April 9. 1926 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 v n; I I? INVENTOR Sept. 7 1926. 1,599,264

J. G. YANCHIK STEEL TIE Filed April 9; 1926 3 Sheets-Sheet f5 I J0 @1572 fijaficzz' $10 V INVENTOR 1:. '19! XYITNQ I ATTORNEY 1 Patented Sept. 7, 1926. g




Application filed A rils 7 My present invention has reference to a metallic tie, and means associated therewith for effectively clamping railway rails thereonf The object ot a construction which will :preventthe same from sinking or longitudinal moveis the provision of a metal tie ment in the road-bed and which. has as- ,sociatedtherewith rail clamping means of a novel construction which permits of the ready-arrangement 0t rails on the tie and the clamping thereof to hold the rails from; vertical or tilting movement but which will.

provide for the necessary longitudinal move ment of such railslncid'ent to the expansion and contraction thereof. 1

A still further object is'the'provisionof ametal tie and means associated therewith tor clamping rails thereon, and-wherein the rails is supported'and cushioned in a manner that will permit the yielding thereof almost to the extent ofthat afforded by an ordinary wooden tie. I

To the attainmentot the above broadly stated objects and others which will appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the improvement resides in certain novel features of construct on, COmblnation and operative. association of parts,

satisfactory embodiments of which are il lustrated by the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings i v Figure 1 is a sectional-view approximately on the line 1-1 of Figure 2.

Figure'2 isa top plan view with one of the cover platesremoved. V

Figure 3 is an end view. Figure 4, is a detail nlarged sectional other ties of metal-constructions, and which view approximately on the line 41- 1: of-

Figure 2.

Figure 5 1s a sectional view approximately on the line 5-5 of Figure 4; toillustrate the manner in which the. rail engaging clamps are adjusted.

Figure 6 isa sectional view on the line -66 of Figure 1.

Figure 7- isa plan view'ot one of the inner v side plates or liningstor thetie. l igure Sis a similar view of one" of the cross members or partitions. H Figure 9 is a top plan view of one end of the improvement illustrating a modification.

' Figure 10 is a sectional view on the line' 1010 of Figure 9.

Figure 11 a sectional view on the line 11 -11 of Figure 9. I

1926. Seria1 No.100,941.j,

Figure 12 is a sectional view I approximately similar to Figure 11, but showing the wrench engaging the stern. of the adv-j ust1ng element; and the manner in which the spring nfluenced dogs are brought out 5 PATENT OFFICE,

0 engagement with said elements bythe a contact of the wrench therewith.

Figure 13 is a bottom plan view of the wrench. I

Because 'of the scarcityot wood adnum-i. ber of railway systems have attempted, to

make. use of composition, ties. These: ties,

havebeen found so. weightyand costly in manufacture that they are not ;in' general use. Aside from this, such class of ties with which I .am acquainted, do not afford the, desired: yieldability to the rails. Also be-Y cause of sinking of ties in road-beds, and

the disalignment ofthe rails incident thereto I railway systems have'tound expedient'to plant or lay their ties on' 'a' bed of concrete or similar material.

With my improvement I aim to produce a metal tie whichwill overcome the defects of I is of a nature whereby a smaller number of ties for supporting the rails ployed than is ordinary.

By reference to the drawings. it: will be noted that my improved metal tie 1 comprises' a box like body which is open at its. top and which has, its sides,, from points.

equidistant from its end s, notched orcutaway longitudinally. Thus the top. of the central portion of each tieis depressed. Received in and fixedly secured to the sides of the tie 1' there are metal plates 2; These plates have their end portions. formed'with- 6 therein. The plates 2 have straight openingstl. that communicate .with the notches 4; I and inwardly disposed arcuate openings v7 WVhlCll merge nto thesa1d' stra ght open ngs The openings 6' are arranged each at 6'. an equi-distantspace from the end provided by the notches 4..

.walls The plates 2, inward of the enlargements may be em- I upstanding enlargements 3that' are centrally Q notched; as at 4-, and the said notches being of a length to receive thebase 5 of the rails 3, at both their upper and lower edges are notched at spaced intervals, as at 8, and

' these notches are designed to receive therein lugs 9 formed on and extending from the corners of partition plates 10. These part1- tion plates may be riveted orotherwisejse cured to the plates 2. Each pair of partition plates provides therebetween a compartment which, for'distinction, is indicated bythe numeral 11. Passing through suitable openings 12, disposed below and to one side of each of the curved slots 7,'thereis a "bolt member 13, and these bolts preferably have reduced ends which pass through the sides of the tie body 1. Each bolt 13 has a circumferential groove to provide a reduced portion 1% and received in each of thereduced portions of the bolts 13 there is the notched lower edge 15 of a rail clamping member 16. The clamp is removable so that the same can be replaced in case of breakage. The outer or active ends of each of the rail clamps 16 is hooked, as at 1'7, and this hook is designed to be swung over and frictionally engage with the base flange of the rails 6. There are passed through the inn-er portion of the body, at the corner of the angle walls below the hooks 17, rod

members 18. Each of-these rods is received in one of the slots 6 a'ndis movable into the arcuate or curved slot 7 to swing the clamps to rail engaging position, in a manher which will now be described.

Straddling the body of each clamp 16 and 'pivotally secured'to' each of the rod members 18 there are thebifurcated ends 19 and 20 of bolt members 21 and 22, respectively.

The bifurcated end 20 of the bolt 22 is offset with respect to the longitudinal plane of the said 7 bolt, and both of the bolts pass through openings 23 in the spaced partition plates 10. There is screwed on each of the these perforations are disposed opposite or in a line with the respective nuts 24L By reference to Figure 5 of the drawings it will be noted that the upper wall of one of the perforations 27 is designed to be engag'ed by the hooked end 28 of a lever 29,

the said lever having pivotally secured thereon a linger 30 to engage with the notches 26 of one of the nuts 2st. By swinga ing the lever in one direction the nut will be screwed home on the bolt, and by virtue of such turning of the nut the bolt will be moved longitudinally through the openings in the partition to swing the clamp 16 to cause the rods 18 to travel out of the straight slots 6 and into the curved slots 7. It is to be noted that the walls of the curved open ings 7 are not struck concentric with the axial center of the pivot bolts 18 so that there will be a wedging engagement'between therods l8 and the walls of the said openings 7 which will more effectively hold the jaw portions of the clamp 16 inrail engage-- ment. Of course, when the position of the lever is reversed the nut may be screwed in an opposite direction to swing the clamps to the position illustrated in Figure 4 of the drawings, and thereby permit of the arrangementof the rails on the tie or the re lease of old rails whichare to be replaced. l/Vhen the clamps are in proper rail engagement lock nuts, 31- may be screwed on the bolts to contact with the partitions 10. V

Secured on the under face of the tie at the ends and at the center thereof there are fiat plates 32 and 33, respectively; These plates project asuitable desired distanoe beyond the sides of the tie. These plates are designed to rest directly on a concrete foundation on the road-bed and even if such foundation is notemployed the plates add materially'to the width of thetie and prevent the same sinking in the road-bed. Also a portion of the road-bed is arranged over the projecting edges of the plates which not only prevents the sinking ofthe tie but the lateral or canting movement thereof l Secured by the bolts 13 to the sides of 'th tie and by additional securing means 3 1 there are the straight ends of angle brace members 35 whose upper ends are flattened and inwardly directed, as at 36. ends 36 there are riveted or otherwise secured plates 87 that afford the rest or cushioningplates for the rails 6. The cushioning plates, have their edges opposite the clamp 16, notched, as at, 38 so that the clamps may be easily removed, and the top To the of the tie is provided with a removable I cover plate 39 wh'ich is preferably made of two sections. r r

In'l igures 9 to 13 I have shown a different means for operating the rail clamp throw members which I have referred to the bolts 21 and 22; In other respects theconstruction is. similar to that previously described. The throw members in these figures are indicated respectively by the numerals 40 and 41. The shanks of each of the throw members lO'and 4-1 have their ini ner confronting faces toothed, thus providplates the rack bars 42 and43 pass. The

ng rack bars 42 and I 43, respectively.' These rack bars are recelved through suitrackbars are engaged by the teeth of a wheel or nut 4L5 that has its shaft 46 journaled in a bearing opening in the lower plate 4% and'that has a round boss orhub extension 47 that is journaled in the upper plate ll. From the boss there is a frustoconical extension 48 from which extends a square shaft 49. Normally engaging with the teeth ofthe wheel or nut 45 to hold the same against free turning there are pivotally supported spring influenced dogs 50. The active end ofeach dog has an inwardly rounded upwardly directed flange or lip 51.

The numeral 52 designates the turning element for the toothed nut or wheel 4:5. This element has a hollow frusto conical end portion 53 of a size to receive the conical'portion A8 of the nut member ll) therein and is also provided with a squared socket 54 to receive the squared shaft it) of the nut and to engage with the sides thereof. The socket is formed on the inner end of the lat eral handle portion of the'member 52.

By providing the member 52'with a conical end 53 the outer periphery of the lateral portion will contact with the curved lips 51 of the spring influenced dogs 50 to swing the same out of engagement with the teeth of the nut and thereby permit of the operating member or handle 52 turning the nut and moving the rack bars longitudinally in either direction, with the result that the rail clamping elements will be swung to rail clamping or rail releasing positions My construction and the advantages thereof will, it is thought, be perfectly apparent to those skilled in the art to which this invention relates, when the foregoing description is carefully read in connection with the accompanying drawings. The nature of the invention, however, is such as to necessarily render the same susceptible of changes and modifications and therefore, I am not to be restricted to the details herein set forth and hold myself entitled to all such changes therefrom as fairly fall within the scope of what I claim without departing from or sacrificingany of the advantages of the invention.

Having described the invention, I claim 1. A metal railway tie, lateral plates extending from the bottom thereof, plates providing rail seats also projecting laterally.

from the sides of the tie, brace'means be tween the rail seats and tie, and rail engag=- ing clamps mounted for swingable movement in the tie and means for swinging said clamps into rail engagement, for locking the rails on the rail plates.

2. A metal railway tie and means cooperating therewith for supporting and clamping railway rails thereon, including plates extending laterally from the tie and upon which the rails rest, brace means between the plates and the sides of the tie,

swingable rail engaging clamps loosely mounted, on the tie, guide means for the clamps, longitudinally movable means pi'votally connected with each clamp forswinging the same into or out of rail engaging position and means for locking said longi tudinally movable means from movement. j

3. A metal rail tie and means cooperating therewith for locking rails thereon, comprising a box-like member, plates'on the sides thereof, partitions; connected to the plates and providing between a pair thereof a compartment, each of said plates, adjacent to its outer end, having vertical and inwardly inclined pairs of slots, rail clamps arranged in pairs and having hooked rail engaging ends, shaft members passing through the bodies of the clamps and received in the mentioned slots, guide means between the plates and the clamps, a rail supporting plate between each cooperating pair of clamps and extending'laterally beyond the sides ofthe tie, brace means between said' plates and tie, longitudinally movable means connected to the shafts and received through the respective compartments and means in the compartments engageable with said'members for imparting a longitudinal movement thereto to swing the clamps into or out of rail engagement, and locking means for said longitudinal movable means.

4. A .metal railway tie andmeans cooperating. therewith for lockingrails there on, comprising a box-like member, plates on the sides thereof, partitions connected to the plates and providing between each pair thereof a compartment, each of said plates, adjacent to its outer end having vertical and inwardly inclined pairs of slots, rail clamps arranged in pairs and having hooked rail engaging ends, shaft members passing through the bodies of the clamps and received in the mentioned slots, guidemeans between the plates and the clamps, a rail supporting plate between each cooperating pair of clamps and extending laterally jbeyondthe sides of the tie,-brace means between said plates and tie, longitudinally movable means connected to the shafts and received through the respective compartments, means in the compartments engageable. with" said members for imparting a longitudinal movement thereto to swing the clamps into or out of rail engagement,

lockingmeans for said longitudinal movable means and a cover plate for the open'top of-the tie. f a v 5. A metal tie for railway railsand means cooperating therewith for clamping the rails thereon, said tie having lateral extensions at the base thereof, plates; fixed on the inner sides of the tie, having their upper ends notched and provided with spaced pairs of vertical slots which merge into inwardly inclined slots, partitions arranged in pairs and providing compartments therebetween in the tie, shafts arranged transversely in the tie and having their ends received in the mentioned slots bolt members between the sides of-the tiebeloW and outwardly with respect to the respective shafts, rail clamps, each including a body member having its outer corner hooked inwardly and through which bodies the said shafts pass, means holding the clamp bodies from lateral movement on the shafts, said clamp bodies having lower notches that receive the bolt members therein, brace members secured to the sides of the ties by said bolts, rail plates arranged between each pair of clamps, eX- tending' beyond the sides of the tie and supported by said brace members, members passing through guide openings in the partitions and having forked ends which straddle the respective clamp bodies and are connected to the mentioned shafts, means arranged in the compartments and engaging said members turnable to im Jart a lon i tndinal movement to said members to swing the clamps, means for locking the members from movement and a cover plate for the open top of the tie. V V

In testimony whereof I affix my signature.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5193789 *Feb 12, 1992Mar 16, 1993Avco CorporationAutomatic clamping apparatus
U.S. Classification238/357
International ClassificationE01B9/00, E01B9/32
Cooperative ClassificationE01B9/32
European ClassificationE01B9/32