US 1600887 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
. Patented Sept. 21, 1926.
)UNITED 4STATES KIMIBROUGH, F BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIAn nEFLEc'rINe SIGNAL.
Application led February 10, 1926. Serial No. 87,336.
This invention relates to signalling devicesfand is more articularly adaptedk to a reflecting signal w ich is operated by the light rays received from the headlight of 5 approaching vehicles.
One of the important objects of the present invention is to provide a reflecting signal which may be placed in the roadway as well as adjacent the same, the signal being Aof such-construction` as to enable the wheels of motor vehicles to pass over the signal without breaking or otherwise damaging the same. f A still further object is to provide a refleeting signal of the above mentioned character which will at al1 times be positive and eliicient in carrying out'the purposes for which it is designed, means being furtherv associated with the signal' for automatically maintaining the same in an `operative position even when the wheels of a motor vehicle accidentally engage the. signal when passing thereover.
A still further object is to provide a refleeting signal of the above mentioned character which is simple in construction, mexpensive, strong and durable and further well adapted to the purpose for which 1t is designed.
l Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent u during the course of the'following descriptlon taken 1n connection with the accompanying drawings.'
In the accompanying drawings forming a part of this application and in which like numerals designate like parts throughout the same: s
Figure 1 is a side elevation of the reflecting\signal embodying my invention showing the same supported 1n the ground. i
Figure 2 1s a vertical sectional view there- /th11pugh, and fr. 'd t 1 i re 3 is a agmenta eai e ective gell a modification shldywing thleil Ilisiiige of the signal in either direction.
In the drawing, wherein vfor the purpose of illustration is shown the preferredembodiment of my invention, with reference more particular to Fi res land \2, the refleeting signal is deslgnated generallyl by the' numeral 1. The reflecting signal comprises the base 2 ywhich is formed of a relaconstruction for facilitating the swinging shownin Figure 2 offthe tively wide stripl of sheet' metal, the same having 1ts lower end rolled as indicated at 65 3. This base plate is embedded verticallyin the ground either in the center of the highway, or at the side thereof in such a manner as to have the upper portion of the lbase plate projecting above the surface of the 00 road as indicated at 4.
The reflecting'signal further includes the reflector carrying member 5 which is alsov formed of sheet metal material and is of substantially the same widthas the base plate 2. The lower portion 'of the plate 5 is' hingedly secured to the upper portion 4 of the base plate 2 vas indicated at 6, an axial coil spring 7 being associated with the hinge I for the purpose of normally maintaining the plate in vertical alignment. Suitable coacting stops 8 and 9 are formed on the plates 2 and 5 respectively adjacent their hinged ends and are arranged on opposite sides of the hinge connection between the plates as 'Hil is more clearly shown in Figure 2. These stop members will limit the swinging movement of the reflector carryin member 5 in one direction and are prefera ly formed by providing laterally disposed projections on each of the side edges of the plate which lateral projections are' bent rearwardly;
The upper portion of the plate-like member 5 is circular design and adapted to' be supported on the opposed sides or faces of 35 the circular portion of the member 5. are the reflectors 10 and 11 respectively. The reflector 10 is preferablycolored red, while the reflector 11 is colored blue. These reiiectors are secured in position on the opno posed sides of the circular portion of the plate 5 by means of the retaining or clamp- 'ing rings 12 and 13 respectively, the rings being secured in position on the opposed sides of the platethrough the medium of on the bolts 14. The manner in which the' `clamping rings 12 and 13 cooperate with the 4 reflectors 10 and 11 is also more clearly drawing.
Also secured on opposite sidesor faces of the circular portion of the plate 5, and encircling the reflectors 10 and 411 are rubber protector rings 15 and 16 res ctvely. These rubber protector rings are ofubstantially the same diameter as the diameter of 1 the circular portion of the plate and further Vwill project beyond the thi as well as-the threaded ends The ight of a greater thickness than the greatest thickness of the reflectors so that the outer faces of the lrespective rubber protector rings c ened portion of the respectiveretlectors.'
The purpose of this arrangement will be hereinafter more fully described. f The rubber protector ri are secured on the plate through the m ium of the bolt 17, and suitable 'pockets 18 are formed in each of the rubber protector rings adjacent the perimeter for accommodatin the head an nuts car` i-ied thereon of the securing bolt so that the ends of the bolts will not project beyond the outer faces of the res tive rotector rings'. The inner opposed aces o the protector rings are also accommodate t e bolts 14 which secure the reflector retaning'rings,
A ,reflecting signal of the character above described isarraned referably in'the roadwy adjacent eac si e thereof -so that the r colored reflectors 4of the pair of signals will be disposed adjacent or rather lfacing the intersectionorwcurv linfthe road and shoulda vehicle ap roach the intersection, theA blue colored `r will receive thera of light emanating from the vehicle headlights of the app vehicle, andsuch rays of light will be uti ized to dis .lay a to the `driver of the approac ing vehicle that the vehicle is about to a roach lan intersection or a curve. j of a vehicle approaching from' the op te direction will be cast upon the red co credV reflector which is arranged on the opposite side of the road, thus warning the driver of the vehicle of the intersection or curve in theroad.
Should the wheels of the vehicle traveling o ver the hi way accidentally engage 'the signal, the hinge' 6 will rmit the to swing downwardly in e direction of the arrow so that the wheels will pass over the signal and will not come in, contact with reflectors due to the provision of the rubber.
protector rings andwill `thereby'enablie the vehicle to pass over the signal without break-l ing or otherwise dam the reector members. After the vlixfe wheels have passed over the signal, the axial coil Bp `F[will again returntheplatetoitsno upright position, .the stop members 8 and 9 maintaining the signal member in its operativIe ppsition.
n igure3ofthedrawing' Ihaveilluatrated a modification wherein the n iember is permitted to swing in either direction and this construction is' necessary where the signal member is at'the center of the intersection, and is liable to bedruckl by vehicles. a in either direction; In the mo'ilicatioh2 the base 20 il` r0- vided withtheattachingangesman 22 26, the upper rovided with pockets 19 to' "one direction. A lateral and 32 ,cooperate to provide Leccesewhich are disposed in opisite directions, the samehein n, adapted to secured in any suitable stan ard or support lwhich is embedded in the ground, the ila'nges being rovided with suitable openings illustrate at 23 to receive the appropriate fastening means. The reflector carrying member is indicated at 24, and an intermediate strip 25 is hingedly secured at its lower end to the upper portion of the base as illustrated at rtion of the intermediate hingedly secured to the lower Strip being member 24 as end of the reflector carryi at 27. These hinges are posite sides of the intermediate strips.'
An aiiial coil spring 28 is associated with each of the hinges. l
Lateral projections 29 are formed on the side edges f the intermediate strips 25, adjacent the lower portion thereof, and these projections are disposed rearwardly for cooperation `with similar projections 30 formed on the side e tion of the base 20. of projections provide a the swinging movement hese coacting pairs means for limiting of the strip 25 in projection 31 is formed on each of the si intermediate strip 25 adjacent the upper rtion thereof and are disposed forwardly or cooperation with the forwardly disprojections 32' formed on the side ed ofthe reflector carrying member 24 adjacentthe lowerA end thereof. The last mentioned pair of lateral v/projectionsfl a means for limitin the-forward swinging movement of the ntermediate strip 25, and the reflector carrying member 24.
This construction enables the s' to be swung in either direction and it is of course understood that the signal member is protected by the rubber protector rings in the same manner as has been heretofore more fully explained. 0
It will thus be seen from the foregoing description, that I have provided a highly novel, pet simple signal which utilizes the rays o light from the headlights of a preaching vehicles for actuating the si and fart ermore a of the above mentioned character will at all times be positive of the upper por-- e edges of thel a carrier member secured on said base, a reflector, a clamping ring extending over the edge portion of the reflector and secured on the face of said carrier member, and a rubber protector ring secured on said face of the carrier member and extending over the clamping ring, said rubber protector ring being of greater thickness than the reflector. i
2. A reflecting signal comprising a base, a carrier member hingedly 'secured at' its lower end portion to the upper portion of the base, a reflector arranged on the face of the carrier member, an axial coil spring associated with the hinge connection between the base and the carrier member, and coacting stop members extending laterally from the lower portion of the carrier member and the upper portion ofthe base.
A reflecting signal comprising a base plate extending vertically, a reflector carrying member, an intermediate strip hingedly secured at its lower edge to the upper edge portion of the base plate, the upper edge portion of the intermediate strip being hingedly securedtto the lower edge portion of' the reflector carrying member, the aforementioned hinges being disposed on oppo- 'site sides of the intermediate strip, an axial coil spring associa-ted with each hinge, coacting stop members carried by the lower portion of the intermediate strip and the upper portion of the base plate, and additional coacting stop lmembers extending laterally from the opposite side of the upper portion of the intermediate strip and the lower portion of the reflector carrying member.
In testimony whereof I affix my signa-l ture.