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Publication numberUS1601731 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 5, 1926
Filing dateNov 16, 1921
Priority dateNov 16, 1921
Publication numberUS 1601731 A, US 1601731A, US-A-1601731, US1601731 A, US1601731A
InventorsJohn Flood
Original AssigneeFlintkote Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Roof
US 1601731 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

. lv I .i D I F Y o Oct. 5 Q1926;

'IIhIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIE IIIIW)JIJIIIIIIIIW" illlllllllll lllllllIllllllllllllllllli Illllllllllll")fllilllllllllll IIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIII 77", I Z, @7272 16063,- P WWW? IIIIIIIIIIINII Illllllllllll arrangements ,tending inwardly ing to the effect desired.

Patented Got. 5, i926.

TATES new YORK, N. Y;- MASSACHUSETTS,

JOHN FLOOD, OF BOSTON,

nss euon T0 run rLnwrKorE COMPANY, or A CORPQRATION or MASSACHUSETTS.

" noon.

Application filed November 16, 1921.

In the application ofroofing material to buildings it is sometimes desirable to apply the footing in panels or strips of contrasting colors.- lhis invention relates to a method by which this panel eiiect may be produced readily with strip Shingles such as are often constructed of felt impregnatec with water or fireproofing material such as asphalt, either with-or without-a surfacing of ground slate.

Strip shingles as ordinarily constructed are provided with narrow spaced slots extrom one edge to form tabs which simulate the lower ends of adjacent shingles of .a course in appearance. Should adjacent courses of contrasting colors be laid in. the usual manner the slots being staggered, the color of the lower course'otdhingles would appear through the slots of the upper course, this causing the color of themppler course to be broken up by streaks of the color of the lower course. To avoid this breaking up of the solid color of the panel a continuous unslotted strip or a shinglestrip breaking joints therewith and of the same color is placed beneath the each panel showing between the tabs' the same as that of the panel. It will be noted that this underlying strip is of differ ent edge contour than the superposed rooting material. If desired an increase shadow effect between the panels may be produced by employing for the lower strip underlying the lowest course of each panel, a strip of a shade somewhat darker than. that of the panel and permitting it to project somewhat below the lower. edge of the tabs of the overlying course.

A pleasing shadow effect may also be produced in a roof of a single color bylaying a strip of the same or lower course of skipping intermediate courses, the' lower edge of the strip either being in alinement with the ends of the tabsot the overlying course, or projecting slightly below accord- For a more complete u derstanding of this invention together with further advantageous details more especially relative to of the various courses, refersuch shingles of.

of the same color so that the color of this course is d and so on.

darker shade beneath the lower end of each course, or at intervals,

Serial No. 515,577.

ence may be liad to the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1 is a plan of a strip shingle. Figure 2 is a plan of a roofing strip which may beused to underlie a course of shingles, Figure 3 is a planof a section of roofing I laid accor-ding'to one embodiment of this invention.

Figure 4: is a similar view showing a method by which the shadow effect may be increased.

Figure-5 is a view showing a manner of em gles in place of the roo shown in Figure 2.

Referrin to Figure 1 each strip shingle as ordinarily constructed comprises a strip of roofing material as 1. having a series of spaced substantially rectangular slots 2 extending upwardly from its loweredge'to form tabs 3' which simulate the appearance of the butts of ordinary shingles when the strip is laid. .At the ends of each stripare formed cutouts 41., the width of which is half the width of a slot so that when the ends of adjacent similar to Fig ure 3 but loying strip shinng strips such as unbroken.

as laid. in superposed courses, the lower strip being red, the next strip green, thenext stripblue black, the next red, the'next green Should these strips be laid in strips are placed together the Referring to Figure 3 the strips are shown the usual'manner with the slots 2 staggered in the adjacent. courses at is evident that through the slots of the green course the red shingles beneath would appear, and that similarly through the slots of the blue black the greenv of the lower course would appear, and through the. slots of the red the blue black of the underlying course would appear, this breaking up the solid color of each strip. In order of roofing material of. a width sufficient to bridge the the overlying course may be placed beneath the lower edge of each course where a change in color is made. For example, Figure 3 a red strip 5 is-placedheneath the lower edge of the course of red shingles thus showing red through the slots thereof, a green strip 6 is'placed below'the course of green. shingles to show green through the slots and of the same color as,

as shown. n

to avoid this a strip 7 slots thereof, and a blue black strip 7k is eral adjacent courses may be of the same color asshown in Figured. In this case it is only necessary to employ the additional roofing strip rbeneath the lowest course of what differentsuch as the overlying course hances t I courses only, omitting the strip under the tion is shown in which each group of {thesame color, since above this lower course the color appearing through the the same as that of the course-.

.In Figure 4, however, a: slight modificathe strips ofroofing.

material 8 are'preferably of'a shade-some darker than that 01 and the, lower, edge thereof pro ects somewhat" below the edge of this course.

slots ap earsof a darker shade and ene shadow'efiect giving an appearance of, increased thickness to the-"course. This effect is hightened by permitting-the "underlying strip' to "project slightly below the lower edge ofthe course less'than the length of the shinglelbutts exposed to (the weather but throughout their entire extents. This effect is sometimes desirable When a roof ofa single. coloris-employed, it being sometimesdesirable to place a strip beneath each course, in which case each course ap pears to be of increased thickness, or it may e desirable to use this strip -u'nder certain intermediate courses, this producing a panel effect to the roof in a single color.

In Figure 5 is shown a slight further modification in which insteadof using the uncut strips such as 5, 6, 7, and 'S'strip roofm shingles. may be employed for the underlying material. It is essential, however, that t e slots therein should break joints with those of the overlyin courses. In order to insurethis it may e desirable to invert the underlying strip shingle as shown at 9 in Figure 5 so that the slots as at 2' there n may underlie the solid portion of the overlying strip. Such'a construction elim inatcs the necessity of-using roofing mate-Q rial in two different forms and in some'cases is preferable on that account since the strips may be, used interchangeably as courses in the roof or as underlying strips. These reversely positioned strips maybe positioned, ifdesired, either under each of the courses or'skipping several courses andmay, if desired, be arranged according to color, as has been above described in connectlon with the strips 5, 6, 7 and 8.

Having thus described certain embodiments of this invention it should be evident blue black through the slots in. this figure adjacent of strip. shingles, "slots, extendin edge, and roo projetingbeloiv slots of-an.ovei -lying course is and projecting below lVhen the strips are laid in this fashion the color showing between the;

and roofing material same color underlying that many changes and modificationsmight suggest themselves to one skilled in the without-departing'froin the spirit or scope of the ilwention as claims.

l. Acroof comprising overlapping courses each strip having spaced ng materialflunderl ing and of certain coursesrin repeated series .and

' throughout their cnti're'extents.

2. A roof comprising, overlapping courses shingles presenting butts spaced by substantially rectangular slots, and roofing terial underlying said shingles andsa'id slots the buttsga. distance less than the-lengths of said 'butts exposed;

of-shingles presenting expose spaced butts,

underlying said butts and spaces an projectingslightly below said butts. i

and rooting material of .ajdiife-rent color shade from said-Shingles underlying said buttsjand spaces and projecting slightly below said butts-to present a marginal band band therebeneathof lesSJWidth than the exposed portions ofsaid. shingles.

63A roof compr sing courses of shingles d fferent colors, and

arranged ingroups of darker shade. of the roofing material of a and pro ecting slight- 1y below the lower edge of the shingles in the lowest-course. of each group to produce "a nrargina-l v shadow simulating band therealong.

7. A roof comprising courses of strip shingles arra ged in groups of different colors, ea clrstrip having spaced slots extending rom its lower edge, and a strip of a darker shade and of the same color under lying and exposed along the lower edge of the lowest course of-each group and bridging the slots therein.

In testimony whereof I have afiixed my signature.

JOHN FLOOD.

comprisingoverlapping course's .of shingles presenting exposed spaced butts,

art 65 defined; by the appendedt p dly :from its lower the" lower edges 0 shingles 3..A roof comprising overlapping courses;

'a'longthe lowerends of-said "butts and sald spaces presenting a different color] ofthe same color-underlying the lower edge

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5369929 *Feb 1, 1994Dec 6, 1994Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US5426902 *Jun 10, 1991Jun 27, 1995Certainteed CorporationComposite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US5611186 *Nov 30, 1994Mar 18, 1997Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US5660014 *Feb 10, 1995Aug 26, 1997Certainteed CorporationComposite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US5666776 *Aug 30, 1995Sep 16, 1997Elk Corporation Of DallasFor enhancing the appearance of depth of the shingle
US5901517 *May 9, 1997May 11, 1999Certainteed CorporationComposite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US6038827 *Dec 2, 1998Mar 21, 2000Building Materials Corporation Of AmericaTrilaminate roofing shingle
US6044608 *May 29, 1998Apr 4, 2000Certainteed CorporationLaminated shingle
US6195951Nov 17, 1998Mar 6, 2001Certainteed CorporationComposite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US6220329Mar 17, 1998Apr 24, 2001Tamko Roofin ProductsApparatus for making laminated roofing shingles
US6305138Oct 18, 2000Oct 23, 2001Certainteed Corp.Composite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US6457290 *Feb 29, 2000Oct 1, 2002Owens Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc.Shingle with a rendered shadow design
US6523316Oct 23, 2001Feb 25, 2003CertainteedComposite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US6544374Dec 18, 2000Apr 8, 2003Tamko Roofing ProductsMethod for making laminated roofing shingles
US6708456Aug 2, 2002Mar 23, 2004Elk Premium Building Products, Inc.Roofing composite
US6933037Sep 18, 1997Aug 23, 2005Tamko Roofing ProductsTriple laminate roofing shingle
US6990779Aug 2, 2002Jan 31, 2006Elk Premium Building Products, Inc.Roofing system and roofing shingles
US7516593 *Dec 28, 2005Apr 14, 2009Epoch Composite Products, Inc.Roofing shingle with a laying line
US7575701Feb 3, 2003Aug 18, 2009Shear Tech, Inc.Method of fabricating shake panels
US7836654Aug 5, 2005Nov 23, 2010Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LlcShingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US7882677Mar 11, 2009Feb 8, 2011Tamko Building Products, Inc.Roofing shingle with a laying line
US8099923Apr 1, 2010Jan 24, 2012Tamko Building Products, Inc.Roofing shingle with a laying line
US8156704Feb 28, 2011Apr 17, 2012Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc.Reducing humping of stacked roofing shingles
US8181413Sep 30, 2010May 22, 2012Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LlcShingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US8240102Aug 5, 2006Aug 14, 2012Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LlcShingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US8430983Jul 29, 2011Apr 30, 2013Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LlcMethod of manufacturing a shingle with reinforced nail zone
US8557366Apr 3, 2006Oct 15, 2013Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LlcRoofing shingle including sheet as headlap
US8607521Apr 29, 2011Dec 17, 2013Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LlcShingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US8623164Feb 28, 2011Jan 7, 2014Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LlcShingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
US8713883Apr 23, 2012May 6, 2014Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LlcShingle with impact resistant layer
US8752351Dec 13, 2013Jun 17, 2014Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LlcShingle with reinforced nail zone and method of manufacturing
EP1643053A2 *Aug 2, 2002Apr 5, 2006Elk Premium Building Products, Inc.Roofing system and roofing shingles
WO2003014492A1 *Aug 2, 2002Feb 20, 2003Kevin L BeattieRoofing system and roofing shingles
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/555
International ClassificationE04D1/26, E04D1/00
Cooperative ClassificationE04D1/26
European ClassificationE04D1/26