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Publication numberUS1603786 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 19, 1926
Filing dateMay 15, 1925
Priority dateMay 15, 1925
Publication numberUS 1603786 A, US 1603786A, US-A-1603786, US1603786 A, US1603786A
InventorsMarsa Melchor
Original AssigneeNew Process Cork Company Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of manufacturing bottle closures
US 1603786 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

7 ML MARSA METHOD OF MANUFACTURING BOTTLE CLOSURES ()cm 19 9 1926. L63J86 Filed May 15 1925 Patented Oct. 19, 1926.

UNKITED STATES PATENT .oFFICE' MELCHOR MARSA, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR, BY MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, TO NEW PROCESS CORK COMPANY, INC.,' OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING BOTTLE CLOSURES.

Application filed Kay 15, 1925. Serial No. 30,531.

The present invention relates to the manufacture of bottle closures of the cap variety,

including those commonly known as crown corks.

Closures of this type usually comprise 'a metallic cap,'having a corrugated flange to be locked to the exterior of the bottle neck, and a sealing disk or packing of cork or the like within and cemented to the cap and adapted tobe seated against the top of the neck of a bottle, to make a gasand liquidti ht joint.

arious kinds of cementing materials have been employed heretofore in producin these closures, and the method of making t e closure depends -mainly on the character of the'cementing materlal employed. In some cases, for instance, fusible cements or binding materials are used; in others cements" are employed which are coagulated by heat. As far .as known, in all closures heretofore manufactured the cementing material is inserted into the metallic cap after the same has been shaped or formed, preferably by stamping operation, and the sealing or packing disk deposited into the .cap on top of the cementing material, the assembled closure being then subjected to further operations,so as to unite the disk with the cap by the aid of the cement.

The main object of the present invention is to reduce the number of steps heretofore employed in assembling and uniting the elements of the closures, and thereby not only simplifying the machines by which the closures are assembled and united, but also reducing the period of manufacture due to the number of reduced steps of the method employed.

With these and other objects in view, which will more full appear as the nature of the invention is etter understood, the method herein described consists, generally speaking, in applying a cementing material to the metal sheet from which caps are cut and formed into caps, mor articularly to those portions of the sheet 'w ich are to constitute the inner faces of the heads of the ca s; forming the caps; inserting thereinto t e packing disks; and then uniting the caps and disks by the aid of the cementin material.

he several steps of one of the many possible methods are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 illustrates the surface of a piece of sheet metal of which the caps are to be assembled closure,,the same being heated by a source of'heat, such as a gas flame; and Fig. 3 is a similar section taken through the closure, the elements thereof being held under pressure while bein cooled.

Referring now to the dr meral 10 indicates a piece of sheet metal, to one face of which 1s applied in circular spots ll a cementing medium. This cementing medium is, preferably, a resinous substance in solution, it being odorless and tasteless in orderv to meet the requirements, and it being applied to the sheet in any suitable manner while in solution. The circular spots 11 are of a size corresponding substantially to that of the inner faces of the heads 12 of the caps to be formed, and are properly spaced corresponding to the spacing of the dies of the press on which the sheet is initially out along the dotted lines 13 "in the process of shaping and forming the caps.

After the cementing material has been aplied'to the metal sheet, the latter is subected to high temperature, preferabl in an oven, to evaporate the solvent 0 cementingv material. The sheet may thus the awings, the nu be handled without danger of removing the like, and thereafter heat is applied to the assembled elements of the closure. Any suitable source of heat may be used, for inress and.

stance a gas burner 17, from which issues a jet 18, preferably striking the outer face of the head of the cap. The cementin material is thus sed. The assembled c osure is thereupm p aced on. a support 19, and the elements thereof placed under compression, for instance by a plunger 20 bearing against the exposed face of the packing disk 16, and the closure cooled in any suitable manner, to harden the cementing material, whereby the elements of the closure are firmly united.

This type of bottle closures is usually produced on automatic machines, all of which must, of necessity, contain a mechan sm for depositing into the metal caps of the closures a cementing material, either in liquid or viscous form, or in the form of paper collet, treated withthe cementing medium. It is obvious that the machines for carrying out the method here n described do not need the cement feeding and depositing means, and, therefore, they are not only simplified in construction but permit of a faster turning out of the closures. In the present method the cementing material is applied to the metal sheets, of which the closures are to be formed, simultaneously with the steps necessary for treating the same, preparatory to the cutting and shaping operations. These steps include shellacking of the sheets and decorating the same, that is to say print- .ing thereon trade-marks or other information, which is to appear on the outer faces of the heads of the caps.

It is obvious that, while in the method herein described heat is applied to the assembled closures previous to the elements thereof being placed under compression, heat may be applied, to fuse the cementing material, before the packing disks are placed into the caps, or after the elements of the closure have been put under compression without departing from the invention, which lies mainly in applying the cementing medium to the sheet, of which the caps of the closures are to be shaped and formed. It is entirely'immaterial, as far as the method,

forming the subject matter of the present application for Letters Patent is concerned, at which stage of manufacture the said cementing medium is fused or softened.

It is also obvious that, instead of a fusible cementing medium, a cement may be employed which is coagulated by heat. In such casethe closures, after the elements thereof have been assembled, are placed under compression and heated to coagulate the cement, whereby an almost instantaneous union is formed between the caps and the packing disks therein.

What I claim is Y 1. The method of manufacturing bottle closures of the cap variety which consists in,

first, applying to one face of the metal sheet of which the caps of the closures are to be fgrmed a fusible cementing material in spots,

each spot being of a size corresponding substantially to the area of the inner face of the head only of a cap to be formed, second, cutting the sheet around the said spots and shaping the caps, 'so that the inner face of the head of each cap is substantially covered with cementing material, third, inserting into a cap a packing disk of cork or the like, fourth, fusing the cementing material, and, fifth placing the cap and the packing disk therein under pressure and cooling the assembled closure so as to harden the co menting material.

2. Those steps of manufacturing bottle closures of the cap variety which consist in,

first, applying to one face of the metal sheet of which the caps of the closures are to be formed a cementing material in spots, each spot being of a size corresponding substantially to the area of the inner face of the head only of a cap to be formed, and, second, cutting the sheet around the said spot and shaping the caps, so that the inner face of the head of each cap is substantially covered with cementing material.

The method of manufacturing bottle closures of the cap variety which consists in applying to'one face of the metal sheet of which the caps of the closures are to be formed a fusible cementing material in spots, each spot'being of a size corresponding substantially to the area of the inner face of the head of a cap to be formed, cutting the sheet around the said spots and shaping the caps, so that the inner face of the head only of each cap is substantially covered with cementing material, inserting into a cap a packing disk of cork or the like, fusing the cementing material either before or after the insertion of the packing disk, and cooling the assembled closure under pressure so as to harden the cementing material.

4:. The method of manufacturing bottle closures of the-cap variety which consists in applying to one face of the metal sheet of which the caps of the closures are to be formed a cementing material in spots, each spot being of a size corresponding substantially to the area of the inner face of the head only of a cap to be formed, cutting the sheet around the said spots and shaping the caps, so that the inner face of the head of each cap is substantially covered with cementing material, inserting into a cap a packing disk of cork or the like, and thereafter subjecting the assembled closure to further treatment to unite the elements thereof.

Signed at New York, in the county of Kings and State of New York, this 8th day of May, A. D. 1925.

. MELCHOR MARSA.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3005433 *Jan 22, 1959Oct 24, 1961Anchor Hocking Glass CorpClosure cap and method of making same
US4327840 *Oct 29, 1980May 4, 1982Toyo Seikan Kaisha, Ltd.Metal cap and its method of manufacture
DE894366C *Feb 27, 1941Oct 22, 1953Vaw Ver Aluminium Werke AgVerfahren zum Verschliessen von Konservendosen aus Aluminium
Classifications
U.S. Classification413/9, 156/297, 413/18
International ClassificationB21D51/46
Cooperative ClassificationB21D51/46
European ClassificationB21D51/46