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Publication numberUS1605540 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 2, 1926
Filing dateDec 30, 1924
Priority dateDec 30, 1924
Publication numberUS 1605540 A, US 1605540A, US-A-1605540, US1605540 A, US1605540A
InventorsGibney James J
Original AssigneeGibney James J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Marcel iron
US 1605540 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 2 192e.-

J. J. GIBNEY J. J. GIBNEY Nov. 2 1926.

MARCEL IRON Filed DSG. 50, @24

2 Sheets-Sheet 2 6 @YV l M mn n/f 604 MJ@ M, W JM 2 Patented Nov. 2, 1926.

UNITED 'STATES JAMES J. GIBNEY, OF MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA.

MARCEL mon.

Application med December 30,' 19241 serial no. 758,825.

My invention provides an improved hair cur-ler of the character especially adapted for use in producing what is known as a li/farcel wave and, generally stated, the

5 invention consists of the novel devices, combinations of devices and arrangement of parts hereinafter described and-defined in the claims.

In its preferred embodiment, the improved l0 curler involves various novel features, which adapt` the iron for use in producing various different kinds ofcurl or wave iin hair and it includes reversible and interchangeably usable-'elements whereby substantially all of the different kinds ofi hair wave or curl may beproduced by the use of the iron in the one or the other of its adjustments.

n the, accompanying drawings, which illustrate the preferred form of the improved iron, like characters indicate like parte throughout the several views.

.Referring to the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a right side elevation showingthe improved curling iron;

0 Fig. 2 is a fragmentary right side eleva` tion, some parts being broken away and the reversible convex wave-producing former or member being applied in reverse positionA from that shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view partly in elevation and partly in axial section, showing the wave shifter removed from the tool z;

Fig. 4 is an enlarged transverse section taken approximately on the line 4 4 of Fig. 1; f

Fi 5 is a fragmentary axial section taken on the line 5 5 of Fig. 4;

Fig. 6 is an enlarged transverse section taken on the line 6 6 of Fig. 1, but show- 40 ing the convex and concave wave for-mers pressed together Fig. 6 is a View corresponding to Fig. 6, but on a smaller scale and showing thereversible convex wave former reversed or turned end for end in respect to the arrangement illustrated in Figs. 1 and 6;V Y

Fig. 7 is a'plan view showing an element that is adapted to be used as the primary heating element and one ofthe levers or' handle members of the complete curling iron or, when detached, to be used as an ordinary curling iron 5. andV 8 shows the element of Fig. 7 com- J5 an ordinary curl-ing iron.

The wave inthe balais-produced bythe binedwith a channel-like clamping lever of` cooperation of two elongated wave formers 11 and 12, the former of which is concave or of trough-like form, and the latter of which is of convex form. The member 11 constitutes part of a lever and is provided with an offset handle 13 of wood or other heat-insulating materials and, between its handle and body, with a transversely extended bifurcated portion 14, within which is freely telescoped, as best shown in Figs. 1

and'5. As shown, the block 15 has a dowel pin 19 that engages a seat 2O in the adjacent end of the convex wave producer 12. As will hereinafter appear, the/said member 12 is reversible end for end on the curling iron 17 and, hence,.is provided with the dowel pin seats 20 at both ends and, also, near its ends, with upstanding latch pins or lugs 21, the purpose of which latter will presently appear.' y

To hold the above noed elements 12, 15 and 17 cooperatively assembled, as shown in Figs. 1 and 5, a 'latch 22, shown in the form of a flat spring, is intermediately secured to the pivot block 15 and, near its front and rear ends, has perforations to receive, respectively, the rear end latch pin 21 of the member 12 and a similar latch pin or lug 23 on the primary heating iron 17.

By the means liust described, the three ele- -f ments 12, 15 and 17 are not only held against axial separation but against rotation, the one in respect to the other, and said primary heating iron is thus combined with the wave former 12 to afford one ofthe levers of the complete curling iron. A U-shaped spring 24, applied tothe pivot block 1,5 andv operating on the handle portion of the member 1 1, tends to holdthe two lever members of the-iron' opened upmor separated substantially as shown in Fig. 1.

On one side, thel reversible convex wave former 12 hasv an outstandingflange V25 equipped with a'comb 26, and on its other-l side,it has an outstanding fiange that lforms a. clamping-channel v27 and an externally.

rounded and preferablyapproximately semicylindrical surface 28. The comb 26 may be formed or provided in any suitable way, but it is offset from the rounded body of the member 12 so as to leave space for the adjacent flange of the trough-like member 11. rlhe flange 28 is offset from the body of the member 12, so that the opposite fiange of the trough-like member 11 may freely enter the channel 27 to hold the hair against endwise movements through the said channel 27 while a certain important action pres ently to be described is produced. By reference particularly to Fig. 6, it will be noted that the flange 25 of the member 12 is slightly raised so that the flange of the member 11 will engage the channel 27 when there is still large clearance between said flange 25 and the adjacent side ange of the member 11. This relation of clearance between the flange 25 and the adjacent flange member 11 will be maintained also when said member 12 is reversed, side for side and end for end, in respect to Fig. 6. The purpose of this action will presently appear.

The device so far described will produce in the hair an approximately semi-circular wave, but to make a Marcel wave requires that such a semi-circular curl be flattened or axially tipped over; and for producing this result. I have provided an extremely simple and eliicient device herein designated as a .wave shifter, shown in detail in Fig. 3. rllhis device is in the form of a notched or toothed bar 29 that is arranged to detach* ably slide in a groove 30 extended longitudinally through the bottom portion of the wave former 12, (sce particularly Figs. 1, 4i, 5 and 6, by reference to Which it will also be noted that the concave wave former 11 is provided with a longitudinal channel 31 int-o which the toothed portion of the member 29 works with ample clearance). it its stem end, the toothed bar 29 is rigidly attached to a collar 32 that is telescoped and freely slidable on a cylindrical portion 18 of the handle 18 of the primary heating iron 17. The collar 32 is preferably made of metal and provided with a surrounding band 33 of wood or other heatinsulating material.

For use in connection with the curling iron 17, when the latter is removed from the complete curling iron or marcel-producing device, l preferably provide a channel-like clamping lever; 10 pivoted to a sleeve 41 that is slidable onto the body of iron 17 and is provided with a spring latch 42 perforated to engage the latch pin 21 of the said iron.

Operation.

In the use of the device as a maroelling iron, the parts are assembled as best illustrated in Figs. 1 and 5. Figs. l and 6 show the device properly adjusted for use on the hair at the left side of the head, for in the proper use of the device, the flange 28 should be next to the head and the comb 26 should be on the outer side of the device and, moreover the smooth-edge wave former 11 should be at the bottom of the device, so that it may be freely run through or under the lhair. When the hair has been properly positioned between the forming members, the handles 13 and 18 willvbe pressed together, thereby closing the wave-forming formers or members 11 and 12 and causing the hair to be bent into semi-circular wave. Moreover, when the two members are closed together, the hair of the wave will be pinched against the channel 27 by the adjacent flange of the member 11, and the teeth of the comb 26 will be forced through the hair of the wave but the hair' will not be gripped at that side of the device and, hence, while it will be held against endwise movements on that side adjacent to the head, will be free for endwise movements through the comb. 0f course, the hair of the wave, at its intermediate portion, will be passed over the teeth of the wave-shifting bar 29. lf the said waVeshifting` bar 29 be not given a slid ing movement, a round wave or semi-circular wave will be formed. However, the formation of a flattened wave known as a lvfaicel7 is one of the main objects of this invention and this type of wave may be produced, that is, the wave just noted may be shifted aXially and turned over and flattened simply by moving the bar 29 while the wave is clamped between. the members 11 and .12, as above described. The shifting of the bar 29 is a very simple matter and may be quickly and easily accomplished simply by forcing the collar 32-33 from the position shown in Fig. l to a position in which it will just engage with the upturned inner end of the latch spring 22. If the said collar be forced further outward than just stated, it will have a cam action on the engaged end of the lat-ch spring 22 and will release the same from the latch pin 23 and thereby uncouple the primary curling iron 17 from the other elements of the complete or marcelling iron. This quick release permits the primary curling iron to be quickly detached for use as an ordinary curling iron.

When the device is to be used on the hair at the right side of the head, the convex wave former 12 should be reversed end for end and side for side, and this may be quickly done simply by lifting the front end of the latch spring 22 so as to disengage the same from the co-operating latch pin 21, and then turning the said member 12 end for end and re-applying the same in the reversed relation illustrated in Fig. 6. JAttention is called to the fact that Figs. 6 and 6a are viewed from the handle toward the tip end of the tool, and when applied to the hair,

they will be reversed, side for side, for the reason that the tool will be held b y its handles 13 and 18 and will be turned rearward when applied to, the hair. As already indicated, when switch 39 is openl the complete heating' element 36 will be thrown into action and the relatively high resistance will then produce the relatively low heat required for use when the iron is used as an ordinary curling` iron; while on the other hand, whenA switch 89 is closed the relatively high temperature required for use in the complete marcelling iron will be afforded.

ln actual practice, this improved device has been found highly eiiicient for the several purposes had in view.

lNhat l claim is:

l. A device of t-he kind described comprising cooperating relatively movable concave and convex wave formers arranged to clamp the hair at one side and to hold the same with freedom for lendwise movements at the opposite side, and an endwise movable waveshifting member operative on the hair wave between the two members to shift the engaged hair and thereby form a Marcel or flattened wave.

2. The structure defined in claim l in which the convex wave former is reversible end for end and side for side.

3. The structure defined in claim l in which said wave formers are pivotally connected and operate as levers.

el. The structure defined in claim l in which said wave formers are pivotally connected and operate as levers, and in which said convex wave former is reversible end for end and side for side.

5. ln a device of the kind described, the combination with a lever comprising` a handle and a channel-like concave wave-forming,` blade, a pivot block pivotally connected to said lever between its handle and blade, a primary curling` iron inserta-ble through said pivot block and detachable therefrom, said primary iron having a handle and operating` as a lever, and a convex wave former telescoped onto said primary curling iron and cooperating with the blade of said first notedlever to form a hair wave.

6. ln a device of the kind described, two pivotally connected lever-acting members, the one having a convex wave-forming body portion and the other having a concave waveforming blade, and a toothed endwise movable wave-shifting bar operative between said body portion and blade.

7. The structure defined in claim 6 in which said wave-shifting, bar has a collar slidably on the lever-acting member having said convex wave-forming body portion.

8. rlhe structure defined in claim 6 in which said convex wave-forming body portion is detachably latched to the lever-forminxr member of which it forms a part.

9. The structure defined in claim in which said primary curling iron and convex wave former are. detachably latched to said pivot block.

l0. The structure defined in claim 5 in which said primary curling,- iron and convex wave forming are detachably lat-GliedA to said pivot bloclr, the said convex wave former heilig reversible end for end and side for side on said primary curling; iron.

ll. In a device of the kind described, the combination with a lever comprising,` a handle and a channel-like concave wave-foraning blade, a pivot block pivotally connected to said lever between its handle and blade, a primary curling iron insertable through' said pivot block and detachable therefrom, said primary iron having a handle and operating as a lever, a convex wave former telescoped onto said primary curling iron and cooperating with the blade of said'first noted lever to form a hair wave, and a toothed waveshifting` bar slidable on said convex wave former and operative to shift the hair and form a Marcelor flattened wave.

l2. ln a device of the kind described, the combination with a lever comprising a handle and a channel-like concave wave-forming` blade, a pivot block pivotally connected to said lever between its handle and blade,

e a primary curling` iron; insertable through said pivot bloclr and detachable therefrom, said primary iron having a handle and operating as a lever, a convex wave former telescoped onto psaid primary curling iron and co-operating` with the blade of said. first noted lever to form a hair wave, and a toothed wave-shifting bar slidable on said convex wave former and operative to shift the hair and form a lilarcel or `flattened wave, the said toothed bar having a collar slidable on the handle portion of said primary curling iron.

13. The structure defined in claim 5 in further combination with latch devices applied to said pivot block and operative on said primary curling iron and convex wave former to detachably connect the said three i elements.

le. The structure defined in claim 5 in further combination with latch devices applied to said pivot block and operative on fill iis

said primary curling iron and convex wave f former to detachably connect the said three elements, and in further combination with a toothed wave-shiftiingv bar slidable on said convex wave former.

l5. The structure defined in claim 5 in further combination with latch devices applied to said pivot block and operative on said primary curling iron and convex wave former to detac-hably connect the said three elements, and in further combination with a toothed wave-shifting bar slidable on said convex wave former, said toothed shifting bar having a collar slidable on the handle of said primary iron and by an eXtreme movement operative to release the latch that connects said primary iron to said pivot block.

16. A device of the kind described comprising co-operating relatively movable convex and concave wave formers arranged to clamp the hair at one side, one of said elements on thc other side having a comb operative to hold the hair against lateral shifting movements while free for endwise drawing movements, and a toothed wave-shitting` meinl er operative on the intermediate portion ot the hair waver to shift the hair wave and thereby form a Marcel or flattened wave.

17. The structure defined in claim l in which the means at one side of the device 'for clamping the hair is a channel on one ot :he members and a lange on the other nember, and the means at the other side of the device for holding the hair against lateral shifting movements but for endwise drawing movements is a comb.

18. ln a device o' the kind described, the combination with a lever comprising a handle and a channel-like concave wave-forming blade, a pivot block pivotally connected to said lever between its handle and blade, a primary curling iron insertable through said pivot block and detachable therefrom, said primary iron having a handle and operating as a lever, and a convex wave former telescoped onto said primary curling iron and co-operating with the blade of said lrst noted lever to form a hair wave, said concave wave former and co-operating waveforming blade at one side of the device having hair-clamping means and at the other side or the device one of said members having a comb for holding the hair against lateral shifting movement but free or endwise drawing movement.

i9. Ina device of the kind described, two

pivotally connected lever-acting members, the one having a convex wave-forming body portion. and the other having a concave wave-forming blade, and a toothed endwise movableI wave-shitting bar operative bctwecn said body portion and blade, said concave wave former and co-operating Waveforming blade at one side of the device having hair-clamping means and at the other side of the device one ot said members having a comb for holding the hair against lateral shifting movement but free for endwise drawing movement.

20. l'n a device of the kind described, the combination with a lever comprising a handle and a channel-like concave wave-torming blade, a pivot block pivot-ally connected to said lever between its handle and blade, a primary curling iron insertable through said pivot block and detachable therefrom, said primary iron having a handle and operating as a lever, a convex wave former telescope/l anto said primary curling iron and co-operating with the blade of said first noted lever to form a hair wave, and a toothed wave-shifting bar slidable on said convex wave former and operative to shift the hair and form a Marcel or flattened wave, said concave wave former and cooperating wave-forming blade at one side oin the device having hair-clamping means and at the other side of the device one of said members having a comb for holding the hair against lateral shifting movement but free for endwisedrawing movement.

ln testimony whereof I alliX my signature.

JAMES J. GlBNEY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2866468 *Nov 29, 1955Dec 30, 1958Eldridge Frances EHair straightening and waving iron
US3935423 *Jul 1, 1974Jan 27, 1976Massimo PucciHairdressing device
US4163143 *Jul 11, 1978Jul 31, 1979Federico Joseph JHairdressing device
US4209685 *Apr 18, 1977Jun 24, 1980Clairol IncorporatedHair straightening or waving mandrel for use with a vapor generating curling iron
US4819674 *Mar 4, 1987Apr 11, 1989Toyosaku TakimaeHair straightening iron
US6647990 *Apr 19, 2002Nov 18, 2003Kevin ShinnCurling iron handle
US6941955 *Sep 23, 2003Sep 13, 2005Naomoto Industry Co., Ltd.Hair iron device
Classifications
U.S. Classification132/127, 132/225, 132/136
International ClassificationA45D1/08, A45D1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA45D1/08
European ClassificationA45D1/08