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Publication numberUS1605961 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 9, 1926
Filing dateNov 17, 1920
Publication numberUS 1605961 A, US 1605961A, US-A-1605961, US1605961 A, US1605961A
InventorsC. H. Loew
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tabel bemoveb
US 1605961 A
Images(3)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

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3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 17, 1920 .lill Illa Nov. 9 1926.

C. H. LOEW LABEL REuovER Filed Nov. 17, 192() 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Nov. 9, 1926.

Fl C E CHARLES I-I. LOEW, OF LAKEWOUD, OHIO.

LABEL REMOVER.

Application led November 1'?, 1920. Serial No. 424,630.

I This invention relates to bottle washing apparatus, and more particularly to apparatus wherein the cleansing liquid or solution is used repeatedly. The object of the inveir tion is to provide such apparatus with an eilicient means for removing from the liquid or solution the labels and other material that may be dislodged from the bottles while the latter' are being subjected to the action of the liquid or solution. Further and more limited objects of the invention will appear hereinafter and will be realized in and through the combination of elements embodied in the claims hereto annexed, the invention being illustrated in the drawings forming part hereof, wherein Fig. 1 repre sents a plan view of a portion of a bottle washing apparatus having my invention applied thereto; Fi 2 a vertical sectional view through such apparatus corresponding substantially to line 2 2 of Fig. 1, one of the jet boxes being shown in section; Fig. 3 a sectional View corresponding` to the line 3-3 of Fig. 2; and Figs. 4, 5 and 6 details in perspective of the label remover.

Bescribing the various parts by reference characters, 1 denotes the side walls and 2 the bottom of the casing through which bottles may be conducted, the bottles 3 being indicated as mounted upon transverse carriers, indicated at 4, the said carriers being preferably connected to form an endless belt device supported upon rails 5 by rollers 6, said rails extending longitudinally through the casing'.

The casing may be provided with a top 7. A pump 8 shown as driven by an electric motor 9 has its inlet connection 10 extending to the adjacent side wall of the casing and communicating with a main tank A in the lower part of the casing and near the bottom thereof, through a. strainer 11. 12 denotes the outlet or delivery connection from the o Jump extending upwardly into the tank and discharging into a jet box 13 having nozzles 1-1 adapted to register with the mouths of the bottles 3 supported in inverted. position upon the carriers. he rails 5 are shown as conveniently supported by brackets 15 secured to the jet box. Above each jet box is a pan or tray 16 having perforations 17 in the bottom thereof, and to which liquid is supplied by a pipe 18 connected with the pump delivery by a pipe 18a. The water in the pan 16 is discharged upon the bottoms and sides of the bottles. By this arrangev` ment, the insides of the bottles are subjected to cleansing and sterlizing liquid supplied from the jets 14 while the outsides of the bottles are subjected to the water delivered thereto from each pan or tray 16. As the bottles advance, through movement of the carriers 4, some of the liquid from the nozzles 14 will impinge upon the outsides of the same, the nozzles thus cooperating` with the liquid supplied from the pan or tray to dislodge t-he labels and other refuse matter from the outsides of the bottles.

The bottle carriers are moved intermittently along the rails, preferably the distance between the adjacent transverse carriers. To

secure this action, the .following mechanism is employed. 19 denotes a rock shaft mounted in the bearings 20 and 21 and on the sides of the tank or casing. At one end, this rock shaft is provided with a crank arm 22. This arm is connected by a link 23 with a crank disk 24: carried on the shaft 25 of a worm gear 26 which is driven by a worm 27 on a shaft 23, the last mentioned shaft being driven from a motor shaft 29 by means of a gear 30 and a pinion 31. Mounted on the shaft 19 is an arm 32 to the lower end of which a pawl 33 is'pivoted. The lower end of this pawl is adapted to engage projections 34 on the carriers, thereby to move the same intermittently.

As stated hereinbefore, it is desirable that the cleansing and sterilizing liquid may be used repeatedly. For this purpose .it is necessary that the labels and other sediment be removed therefrom before the liquid reenters the tank and the pump inlet connection. For the purpose of effecting such removal, I have provided special label separating means. vProjecting from one side of one of the walls 1 of the casing is a supplemental tank, indicated generally at 35 and comprising a rounded bottom wall 36, an outer side wall, and end walls 37. This tank is adapted to receive the liquid supplied by the nozzles 14 and theperforations 17 and in turn to discharge such water, after the removal of the labels and other sediment., back into the main tank or receptacle. The tank 35 communicates with the main tank through a large opening 38 formed in one of the walls 1 in said tank immediately above the plate 39, said plate forming Va cover for the portion of the main tank which contains the liquid. The. liquid received within the tank 35 is in turn discharged into the main tank beneath the cover 39 through a wide opening 40 formed in the adjacent side wall of the main tank and located above the bottom thereof.

Mounted within the auxiliary tank 35 is a tray. This tray comprises sides 41 and a bottom 42. From the outer end of the bottom, there projects upwardly a. short end wall 43, the upper edge of the said wall being corrugated to provide a seat Jfor one end of a perforated corrugated screen plate 44. The inner end et the screen plate 44 is shown as attached to a support formed by one of the horizontal flanges o't a Z-bar 45, the other' horizontal flange of which is attached to the horizontal flange of an angleiron 41l secured to and within the upper portion of each side wall 41. The angleirons 41L also serve as a means for connecting the sides ot the screen plate to the sides 41. The other iange 45 of the Z-bar supports the screen assembly 41-45 upon an englobar 46 located below the opening 38.

The ilange 45L and the joint between the same and the adjacent wall 1 of the main tank are covered by a flap 47, preferably of rubber, extending from the outer edge o the plate 39 across said flange. Projecting upwardly from each end of the wall 43 is a strap 4S. Each strap is provided with an angular strap 49 secured thereto, the upper ends of the straps 48 being connected as by an anglebar 50. Each strap 48 is braced by means of a stay 51, preferably an angleiron, connected at its upper end to its strap or the bar 50 adjacent thereto and at its lower end to the angle-bar 41a. When the screen assembly is in the position shown in full lines in Fig. 2, the horizontal projections of the straps 49 engage the top of the outer wall of the receptacle 35.

vSurrounding the screen assembly 41 45 is a screen comprising a cage having outer and inner vertical walls 52 and 53, a bot tem wall 54 and end walls 55. The upper edge of the inner wall 53 is clamped between the vertical flange of the angle-iron 46 and a plate 56, and these parts are riveted together. lWithin the cage 52-55 is a third screen. The last mentioned screen comprises a vertical wall 57, preferably contacting with t-he wall 52, the upper ends of both walls being conveniently secured to an angleiron 58 extending around the top of the cage 52,55 and serving to support the cage and the screens therein upon an angle iron 59 secured within the outer and sidewalls of the auxiliary tank 35. Thewall 57 is spaced from the delivery end of the screen plate 44 and is curved inwardly beneath such end, as shown at 57a, engaging the bottom screen plate 54 therebeneath. Near its inner end, the bottom 57b is secured to the bottom 54 by a strap 62. The upper end of the wall 53 engages the bottom plate 42. The corner formed between the bottom 54 and side 53 is braced by a small angle-bar 63. Handles 64 are secured to the angle-bar 59 at opposite ends ot the screen assembly whereby the parts 41-63 inclusive may be removed from the auxiliary tank.

Secured to the end of the rock shaft 19 which projects through the wall 1 adjacent the tank 35 is a crank arm 19a. This arm connected by a link 65 with one arm 66 et an angle-lever pivoted upon a stud 67 carried by a bracket (i8 secured to the wall 1 et' the tank. The other arm G9 of said angle-lever is connected by a chain 70 with the angle-iron 50.

T he inner end of the bottom wall of the tray projects through the opening 40 in the side 1 and above a screen 7l that may be conveniently supported by angle irons 7 2, the said screen being of finer mesh than the screen 44 and being of a width which will permit it to be withdrawn through the opening 40 at'tcr the screen assembly 41--45a has been removed.

Nearly all ot the water delivered to the screen 44 passes through the periiorations thereof, and the screen 71 is employed because ot' the facttha-tsome fine sediment or small pieces of softened labels may pass through the openings in the screen 44 with this water and serve to clog the strainer 11. By the use of the screen 71, practically all ot this liner material will be collected, enabling the solution in the tank to be used repeatedly and without clogging the pump strainer.

5l/lith the parts constructed and arranged as described, the. operation will be as tollows: Cleansing liquid is supplied from the tank beneath the plate 39'to the pump S and thence to the jet box 13 and through the nozzles 14 to the interiors and exteriors ot' the bottles 3 on the carrier 4. At the same time, water will be supplied by the pump through the pipes 1.8-18a to the pan or tray 16 and thence upon the exterior of such bottles. This water will drain from the plate 39 and opening 3S upon the screen plate 44. The arrangement of the various screening surfaces will permit the water to.

be delivered into the tank 1, the labels being iinally collected by the wall However, there is danger that when the screen 44 is short, or the angle of inclination is less than about 150, the labels will adhere to the surfaces over which they pass, with the result that they will be reduced to a fine, pulpy condition before reaching the wall and the screen 71, and suiiicient of this pulp will be delivered into the main tank to cause a clogging of the pump strainer 11. To prevent this action, the screen assembly 41-45a is arranged to be rocked upon the flange 46.V This rocking may be pro duced by the rock shaft 19 which, as pointec out hereinbefore, serves to move the bottle carriers intermittently along the rails 5. The rocking of this shaft, through the parts 19n and Sti-70, 4will raise and lower the outer end of the screen assembly lil-lfK Thiswill cause the liquid to fiow alternately slowly and swiftly over the screen plate 4st, allowing the major portion of the liquid to pass through the screen plate when the latter is elevated and to pass swiftly over the plate when 'the latter is depressed and then .to sweep the labels and sediment from the screen plate and deliver the saine upon the screen surfaces 57, 57at and 571. l/Vhen the labels have accumulated, the com- Vplete assembly, comprising the parts il--fi3,

may be lifted from the auxiliary tank and the labels removed. lVhen there is sufficient room to accommodate a long screen 4:4, inclined at an angle of' about 15o or greater, it will not be necessary to rock the said screen in order to sweepl the labels off the same and permit the greater portion of the liquid discharged thereupon to be strained through the perforations thereof and be delivered to the screen 7l.

Having tlius described my invention, what I claim is l. In an apparatus of the character'I described, the combination, with a tank, of an article carrier and mechanism for moving the same, means for forcing liquid from said tank in operative relation to articles on said carrier, an auxiliary `tank adapted' to deliver into the first mentioned tank, a strainer pivoted within the second tank, a second strainer within said tank and surrounding the first mentioned strainer, means for delivering to the first mentioned strainer liquid which has been supplied to said articles from the first tank and means operated by the carrier moving mechanism for moving the first mentioned strainer.

2. In an apparatus ofthe character described, the combination of a casing having a side wall and a tank therein, a cover for said tank, the side wall having an opening above said cover, an auxiliary tank arranged at one side of the casing and adapted to receive liquid from said opening and to discharge such liquid into-the first mentioned tank, a carrier, mechanism for moving the same intermittently within said casing and above said cover', means for forcing liquid from the first mentioned tank in operative relation to articles on said carrier, a strainer' having a perforated bottom and pivoted adjacent tosaid opening within the second tank` a second strainer surroiindingthe first strainer within the second tank, and means operative by said mechanism for oscillating the first mentioned strainer upon its support.

3. In an apparatus of the character described, tlie combination, with a tank, of means for forcing liquid from said tank in operative'relation to articles to be cleaned, a strainer arranged to receive the liquid supplied to such articles, a second strainer 1nterposed between the first mentioned strain-y er and the tank, and means mechanically connected with the first mentioned strainer, for rocking the same.

4. In an apparatus of the character de scribed, the combination of a casing having a side wall and a tank therein, a cover for said tank, the side wall having an opening above said cover, an auxiliary tank arranged at one side of the casing and adapted to receive liquid from said opening and to discharge such liquid into the first mentioned tank, means for forcing liquid from the first mentioned tank in operative relation to articles thereabove, a strainer having a perforated bottoin and pivoted adjacent to said opening within the second tank, and a second strainer interposed between the first strainer and the delivery from the second tank to the first tank.

5. In an apparatus of the character described, tlie combination of a casing having a tank therein, a cover for said tank, the said casing having a discharge opening above said cover, an auxiliary tank at one side of said casing and arranged to receive liquid discharged through said opening and in turii to discharge such liquid into said tank, a screen having a perforated bottoni pivoted adjacent to said opening and within the tank` means for forcing liquid from the first mentioned tank into `operative relation to articles above said cover, means for varying the inclination of' the Vbottom of said screen, and a second screen within the secondtank and operatively interposed between the first screen and the delivery from the second tank into the first tank. v

.6. In an apparatus of the character described, the combination of a casing having a tank therein, a cover for said tank, the casing being provided with an opening in thewall thereof above said cover, an auxiliary tank at one side of said casing and adapted to discharge liquid received through said opening into the first tank, means for forcing liquid from the first tank into operative relation to articles above said cover, and a screen assembly in the second tank, said assembly comprising a screen having a perforated bottom and pivotally supported at one end adjacent to said opening and a screen interposed between the first mentionedV screen and the delivery from the second tank to the fii'st tank, and means coniiected with the end of the screen which is remote from the pivoted end for tilting the saine.

7. In an apparatus of the character described, the combination of a casing having a tank therein, means for forcing liquid from said tank into operative relation to lll) articles thereabove, a tank adapted and arranged to receive such liquid and to discharge the same into the first tank, and a screen assembly in the second tank, said assembly comprising a pivotally supported screen having a perforated bottom and a screen interposed between the first mentioned screen and the delivery from the second tank to the first tank, and means for tilting the first screen.

8. ln an apparatus of the character de scribed, the combination of a casing having a tank therein, means for supplying liquid from said tank to articles in said casing thcreabove, an auxiliary tank adapted to discharge into the first mentioned tank, screening mechanism in the auxiliary tank, said mechanism comprising a tiltable screen over which liquid supplied to said articles'is discharged into the auxiliary tank, and a screen operatively interposed between the tiltable screen and the delivery from the auxiliary tank into the first mentioned tank.

9. in an apparatus of the character described, the combination of a tank having a cover, means for forcing liquid from said tank to articles above said cover, an auxiliary at one side of the first mentioned tankfand arranged to `receive the liquid thus forced from the firstdnentioned tank to said articles and to deliversuch liquid to said first-mentioned tank, a supporting ledge within the second tank adjacent to said cover, a screen mounted at one end upon said ledge, means for rocking said screen upon such ledge, a screen operatively interposed between the first mentioned screen and the delivery from the auxiliary tank to the first lmentioned tank, and a strip of yieldable material extending from said cover above said ledge and'above the end of the first mentioned screen which is supported thereupon.

l0. In an apparatus of the character described, the combination of a tank having a'cover, means for forcing liquid from said tank to articles above said cover, an auxiliary tank at one side of the first mentioned tank and ,arranged to receive the liquid thus forced from the first-mentioned tank to said articles and to deliver such liquid to said first-mentioned tank, a supporting ledge within the second tank adjacent to the said cover, a screen mounted at one end upon said ledge, means for rocking said screen upon such ledge, and a strip of yieldable material extending from said cover above said ledge and above the end of the first mentioned screen which is supported thereupon.

ll. In an apparatus of the character described, Vthe combination of a tank, means for supplying liquid from said tank to articles thereabove, an auxiliary tank adapted to receive the liquid supplied to such articles, a tiltable screen within the auxiliary tank over which such liquid is delivered, a screen beneath the first mentioned screen, the bottom of the second screen being provided ivith an upwardly projecting dam between the delivery end of the first mentioned screen and the first mentioned tank, and means for tilting the first mentioned screen.

l2. In an apparatus of the character described, the combination of a tank, means for supplying liquid from said tank to articles thereabove, an auxiliary tank arranged to receive the liquid supplied to such articles and to deliver such liquid into the first mentioned tank, a screen within said auxiliary tank having a perforated bottom over which such liquid falls, means for moving said screen to vary the inclination of the bottom thereof, and a screen beneath the firstmentioned screen and operatively interposed between the same and the delivery from the auxiliary tank into the first mentioned tank, the second screen being provided with an upwardly projecting dam of perforated material arranged to intercept labels and other materials discharged from the first mentioned screen.

13. In an apparatus of the character described, the combination of a tank, means for supplying liquid therefrom to articles thereabove, an auxiliary tank arranged to receive the liquid supplied to such articles and to deliver such liquid into the first mentioned tank, a screen having a perforated bottom over which the liquid entering the second tank flows, means for varying the inclination of the bottom of such screen, a second screen within the auxiliary tank and interposed between the delivery end of the first mentioned screen and the adjacent wall of said tank and extending beneath the first mentioned screen, and a perforated cage containing the said screens and removably supported within the auxiliary tank, there being a dam of perforated material within said cage beneath the bottom of the first mentioned screen.

1li. In an apparatus of the character described, the combination of a tank, means for supplying liquid from said tank to articles thereabove, an auxiliary tank arranged to receive the liquid supplied to such articles and to deliver such liquid into the first mentioned tank, a screen within said auxiliary tank having a perforated bottom over which such liquid falls, means for moving said screen to vary the inclination of the bottom thereof, and a screen beneath the first` mentioned screen and operatively interposed between the same and the delivery from the auxiliary tank into the rst mentioned tank. j

l5. In an apparatus of the character described, the combination of a tank, means for supplying liquid therefrom to articles thereabove, an auxiliary tank arranged to receive the liquid supplied to such articles and to discharge such liquid into the first mentioned tank, a screen having a perforated bottom over which the liquid entering the second tank flows, means for varying the inclination of the bottom of such screen, a second screen within the auxiliary tank and interposed between the rst mentioned screen and the first mentioned tank, and a perforated cage containing the said screens and removably supported within the auxiliary tank.

16. In an apparatus of the character described, the combination of a casing having a side wall and provided with a main tank, a cover for said tank, the side wall having an opening above said cover, an auxiliary tank arranged at one side of the casing and adapted to receive liquid from said cover discharged, through said opening, a screen extending downwardly and outwardly from the opening in the side wall and arranged within said auxiliary tank, a strainer in said main tank, means for delivering to said strainer the liquid discharged upon and through the said screen and means for delivering liquid passing through the said strainer to articles above said cover.

17. In an apparatus of the character described, the combination of a casing having a tank therein, a. cover for said tank, means for forcing liquid from said tank to articles above said cover, sediment-removing means located at one side of said tank and casing and receiving the liquid from said cover, and means for delivering the liquid from such sediment-removing means back into said tank.

18. In an apparatus of the character described, the combination of a casing having a tank therein and a cover for said tank, means for forcing liquid from said tank to articles above said cover, a downwardly in. clined screen extending outwardly from said casing below said cover, said casing having an opening for delivering liquid from said cover upon said screen, an auxiliary tank, at one side of the casing and the first mentioned tank, in which the said screen is located, a strainer in said auxiliary tank interposed between the first mentioned kscreen and the rstmentioned tank, and

In testimony whereof, I hereunto aiiix my signature.

i .CHARLES H. LOEW.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2418934 *Jul 11, 1944Apr 15, 1947American Foundry Equip CoCleaning machine
US2608981 *Feb 3, 1944Sep 2, 1952Jackson Otto VDishwashing machine
US2627863 *Jun 7, 1947Feb 10, 1953Mario CavicchioliDishwasher and article intercepting drawer therefor
US2629390 *Feb 13, 1946Feb 24, 1953Frank G WalkerDishwashing machine
US2678050 *Dec 17, 1948May 11, 1954Walter I KnappPortable dishwashing machine
US2716990 *Jul 10, 1950Sep 6, 1955Katz Samuel WTreating machine for treating air filters and the like with a liquid
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US7763119Apr 22, 2005Jul 27, 2010Steelkor, L.L.C.Kitchenware washers and methods of manufacturing the same
CN101610706BFeb 13, 2008Apr 23, 2014迈科机械制造有限及两合公司用于清洗机的过滤装置
WO2008098746A1 *Feb 13, 2008Aug 21, 2008Meiko Maschinenbau Gmbh & CoFilter for cleaning machines
Classifications
U.S. Classification134/111, 134/104.4, 134/165
International ClassificationA47L15/00, B08B3/14, A47L15/24
Cooperative ClassificationA47L15/247, B08B3/14
European ClassificationB08B3/14, A47L15/24D