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Publication numberUS1606588 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 9, 1926
Filing dateSep 30, 1925
Priority dateSep 30, 1925
Publication numberUS 1606588 A, US 1606588A, US-A-1606588, US1606588 A, US1606588A
InventorsMeermans John
Original AssigneeMeermans John
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Highway
US 1606588 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 9 1926.

J. MEERMANS HIGHWAY Filed Sept. 30 1925 /7/'s EH0 791 M Patented Nov. 9 1926.

- JOHN MEERMANS, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO.

HIGHWAY.

Application filed September 30, 1925. Serial Ito. 59,568.

Thisinvention relates to improvements in highwayswhich comprise two substantially parallel driveways.

One object of this invention is to provide improved means for preventing vehicles driven on one of said driveways from encroaching on the other of said driveways.

My improved highway more especially comprises a wall arranged between and extending upwardly from the surfaces and longitudinally of said driveways and having a height which measures more than the distance from said surface to the highest point of the caps on the hubs of the wheels of vehicles suitable for'travelling on said driveways, and another object of my invention is to so contour said wall in cross-section as to prevent mutilation, by said wall, of the capped or outer ends of the hubs of the I wheels at the adjacent side of a vehicle travelling along and in close proximity tosaid wall and to minimize injury to the fenders and running board or steps at said side of said vehicle.

With the hereinbefore mentioned objects in view, and to attain other objects hereinafter appearing, this invention consists in certain features of construction, and relative arrangement of parts, hereinafter described in .,th1s specification, pointed out in the claims, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

In said drawings, Figure 1 is a plan view of a highway embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical transverse section taken along line 22 in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a vertical longitudinal section taken along either line 3-3 in Fig. 2, looking inwardly, and in dotted lines in Fig. 2 is also shown a wheel, a fender, a running board or step, and a hub-cap, of a vehicle driven in close proximity to the hereinbefore mentioned wall. Figs. 2 and 3 are drawn on a larger scale than Fig. 1, and portions are broken away in the drawings to reduce their size.

Refering to said drawings, A indicates a highway a considerable portion of which is shown divided, centrally and longitudinally of the highway, into substantially parallel driveways 6 by a wall 7 extending longitudinally of the highway. The wall 7 is arranged, therefore, between and extends upwardly from the surfaces and longitudinally of "said driveways 6. Asjshown, each side of said wall, from endfto end-thereof, has 'a' height which measures considerably more than the distance from the surface of the driveway adjacent said side of said wall to the highest points of the caps on the hubs of the wheels of vehicles suitable for travel on said driveway.

I would here remark that each driveway is preferably wide enough to permit a pluralitv of vehicles to move abreast thereon, that the two driveways may be used exclusively the one for vehicles to be driven longitudinally of the highway in one direction' and the other for vehicles moving in the opposite direction, and that said driveways may be used for vehicles moving longitudinally of the highway in one and the same direction and exclusively the one for slowly driven-vehicles and the other for vehicles driven at a high speed.

The wall 7 has two recesses 8 which are formedv at opposite sides respectively of the wall and extend longitudinally of and through the "wall so as to be open at the ends of the wall, and the recess 8 at each side of said wall is substantially parallel with the surface of the driveway which extends along said side of said wall and sized and arranged to permit the entrance, into said recess without contact with said wall, of the caps on'the hubs of the wheels of the adjacent side of a vehicle travelling on said driveway along and in close proximity to said wall.

The recesses 8 are substantially uniform in width from end to end, and preferably the recess at each side of said wall is gradually reduced in size vertically in the direction of the opposite side of said wall to prevent unduly weakening-the wall between the recesses.

The wall 7 has preferably such contour in cross-section that the top edge 15 of the recess 8 in each side of the wall is spaced from the bottom edge 16 of said, recess, as

shown in Fig. 2, in the direction'of the 0pposite side ofthe wall preferably to the ex- ,tent required to cause said well to measure enough less in thickness at and between and above the to edges 15 of the recesses 8 than at and etween and below the bottom stantially solid next above and next below edges 16 of said recesses for the purpose of minimizing injury to the fenders and runand between the recesses 8 from end to end of said recesses, so that'a vehicle being driven in close proximity to said wall on the driveway at one side of the wall is not liable, when accidentally collided with or struck by another vchicle driven on said driveway, of beingforced over said wall onto the driveway at the opposite side of the wall or into an entangling or objectionable position in relation to said wall. It will be observed, therefore, that the wall 7 has a substantially solid ortion extending from the one'to the other of the recesses 8 and from end to end of said recesses, and it will also be observed that the thickness of said portion of said wall gradually increases toward the lower and upper ends of said portion so as to gradually increase the strength of sa1d port on of the wall toward the bottom and top edges of said recesses from a point central between said ends of said portion of the wall.

hat I claim is 1. A highway which comprises two substantially parallel driveways extending longitudinally of the highway and also comprises a wall arranged between and extending longitudinally of said driveways, said wall havinga height which measures morethan the distance from the surfaces of said driveways to the highest point of the caps on the hubs of the wheels of vehicles suitable. for travel on said driveways, said wall having two recesses which are formed at opposite sides respectively and extend longitudinally of the wall, the recess at each side of said wall having the dimensions and arrangement required to permit the entrance, into said recess without contact with the wall, of the capped or outer ends of the hubs of the adjacent wheels of vehicles adapted to travel along said side of the wall, and said wall being substantially solid between as well as next above and next below its recesses.

2. A highway which comprises two driveways extending longitudinally of the highway and also comprises a wall arranged between and extending longitudinally of said driveways, said wall having a height which measures more than the distance from the surfaces of said driveways to the highest point of the caps on the hubs of the wheels of vehicles suitable for travel on said driveways, said wall having two recesses which of the hubs of the adjacent wheels of vehicles adapted to travel along said side of the wall, and said wall being substantially solid between its recesses from end to end of the wall,

driveways and having two recesses which are formed at opposite sides respectively and extend longitudinally of thewall, the recess at each side of said wall being sized and arranged to permit the entrance, into said recess, of the capped or outer ends of the hubs of the adjacent wheels of vehicles adapted to travel along said side of the wall,

and said wall measuring less 1n thickness above than below the aforesaid recesses and being substantially solid between said recesses from end to end of the recesses.

4:. A highway which comprises two driveway extending longitudinally of the highway and also comprises a wall arrangedbetween and extending longitudinally of said driveways, said wall being highenough to extend above the caps on the hubs of the wheels of vehicles suitable for travel on said driveways, said wall having two recesses which are formed at opposite sides respectively of the wall and extend longitudinally of and through the wall, the recess at each side of said wall having the dimensions and arrangement required to permit the entrance thereinto of the capped or outer ends of the hubs of the adjacent wheels of vehicles adapted to travel along said side of the wall, and the top edge of the recess in each side of said wall being spaced from the bottom edge of said recess in the direction of the opposite side of the wall to the extent required to cause the wall to measure less in thickness at and between and above the top edges of the aforesaid recesses than at and between and below the bottom edges of said recesses. 5. The combination of a driveway and a wall which extends along and upwardly from the surface of said driveway and has a height measuring more than the distance from said surface to the highest point of the caps on the hubs of the wheels of vehicles suitable for travel on said driveway, said wall being provided, at the side thereof adjacent said driveway, with an open-ended recess extending longitudinally of the wall, said recess being sized and arranged to permit the entrance thereinto of the capped or outer ends of the hubs of the adjacent wheels of a vehicle adapted to be driven on said driveway, and said wall being substantial- 1y solid between said recess and the opposite side of the wall from end to end of the recess. i

6. The combination of a driveway and a wall which extends along and upwardly from the surface of said driveway and is high enough to 'extendabove the caps on the hubs of the adjacent wheels of vehicles driven on said driveway and along said wall, said wall having a recess at the side thereof adjacent said driveway, said recess extending longitudinally of the wall and being sized and arranged to permit the entrance thereinto of the capped or outer ends of the aforesaid hubs, the top edge of said recess being spaced from the bottom edge of the recess in the direction of the opposite side of said wall, being substantially solid between said recess and the last-mentioned side of the wall, and said wall measuring less in thickness at and above the top edge of said recess and between said top edge and the last-mentioned side of the wall than at and below the bottom edge of the recess.

7 The combination of a driveway and a wall which extends along and upwardly from the surface of said driveway and is high enough to extend above the caps on the hubs of the adjacent wheels of vehicles driven on said driveway and along said wall, said wall being provided, at the side thereof adjacent said driveway, with an open-ended recess which extends longitudinally of the wall and is substantially parallel with the surface of said driveway and reduced in size vertically toward the opposite side of said wall and sized and arranged to permit the entrance thereinto of the capped or outer ends of the aforesaid hubs, the top edge of said recess being spaced from the bottom edge of the recess in the direction of the last-mentioned side of said wall to the extent required to cause said wall to measure less in thickness at and above the top edge of the recess and between said top edge and said last-mentioned side of the wall than at and below the bottom edge of the recess, and

. said wall being substantially solid between said recess and said last-mentioned side of the wall from end to end of the recess.

8. A highway which comprises two adjacent driveways extending longitudinally of the highway and also comprises a wall arranged between and extending upwardly from the surfaces of and longitudinally of said driveways, said wall having a height which measures more than the distance from said surfaces to the highest point of the caps on the hubs of the wheels of vehicles suitable for travel on said driveways and also having two open-ended recesses which are formed at opposite sides respectively and extend longitudinally of the wall, the recess at each side of said wall having the dimensions and arrangement required to permit the entrance thereinto of the capped or outer ends of the hubs of the adjacent wheels of vehicles adapted to travel along said side of the wall, and said wall having a solid portion extending from one to the other of the aforesaid recesses and from end to end of the recesses.

9. A highway which comprises two adjacent driveways extending longitudinally of the highway and also comprises a wall arranged between and extending upwardly from the surfaces and longitudinally of said driveways, said wall having a height which measures more than the distance from said surfaces to the highest point of the caps on "the hubs of the wheels of vehicles suitable for travel on said driveways and also having two open-ended recesses which are formed at opposite sides respectively and extend longitudinally of the wall, the recess at each side of said wall having the dimensions and arrangement required to permit the entrance thereinto of the capped or outer ends of the hubs of the adjacent wheels of vehicles adapted to travel along said side of the wall, said wall having'a substantially solid portion extending from one to the other of the aforesaid recesses and from endto end of the recesses, and the thickness of said portion of said wall increasing toward the lower and upper ends of said portion.

In testimony whereof, I sign the foregoing specification.

\ JOHN MEERMANS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3069709 *Jan 14, 1954Dec 25, 1962Magline IncDockboards
US3308724 *Oct 8, 1963Mar 14, 1967Smith Henry SuchRoadway guard rail barrier
US3326099 *Feb 16, 1965Jun 20, 1967Autostrade Concess ConstSafety barrier for roadways
US3658300 *Oct 28, 1970Apr 25, 1972Richard A TempletonVehicle guard for highways
US4406563 *Mar 30, 1981Sep 27, 1983Urlberger Hermann HansProtective barrier provided with at least one longitudinal side bar
US8061926 *Nov 21, 2007Nov 22, 2011Hill & Smith LimitedCrash barrier beam
Classifications
U.S. Classification404/12, 256/1, 256/13.1
International ClassificationE01F15/08
Cooperative ClassificationE01F15/083
European ClassificationE01F15/08M2