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Publication numberUS1606716 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 9, 1926
Filing dateMar 23, 1923
Publication numberUS 1606716 A, US 1606716A, US-A-1606716, US1606716 A, US1606716A
InventorsAlast Boss Mtjhyaed
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1606716 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 9, 192e. www@ A. R. MUNYARD v DOLL Filed March 25, 1923 2 sheets-sheet 1 RTTDRNEKY Nov. 9, 1926. moan@ A. R. MUNYARD DOLL- Filedmareh 23, 1923 2 sheets-sheet 2 Patented Non. 9, i925,

n ai i r DOLL.

Application field March 23, 1923,` Serial No. 627,147', and in Great Britain January 25, i923.

This invention relates to dolls of the type in which the facial expression can be changed. The invention may also be 'applied to toy animals to which different Jracial expressions can be imparted. y

The object of the invention is to provide a doll which will, so nearly as possible, simulate the actions and changeable moods of a-child thereby creating greater and more prolonged amusement than playing with dolls has heretofore ailorded.

rlhe invention consists, mainly, in the provision oi' a doll or the like of which the facial expression changes gradually as, for instance, troni sadness to cheeriinlness.

i Further, the invention consists in the provision o'l a doll or the like of which the facial expression will change gradually when picked up from a reclining or sitting position and rocked as in the act of caressing.

A Further, the invention consists in the provision ot a doll ot which the 'pleasant facial ex' ression produced Aby rocking will be maintained so long as the doll is not placed vin a recumbent position.

Further, the invention consists in the provision ol' a doll which, when in a recnmbent position on one of its sides, will maint-ain a pleasant expression, but which, when placed upon itsy other side will immediately resume a fret'ful expression.

Further, the invention consists in the pro'- vision of a doll which, so long as it isheld ont ol a recumbent or sitting Vposition and slightly rocked will open and close its eye lids as in the act of winking.

F urther', the invention consists in the provision of a doll having` mechanism and alternative parts of mechanism, substantially as and producing the effects hereinbeifore described, 'the mechanism being preferably arranged in such manner that it can be integrally placed wit-hin the doll and remove therefrom ior repair. l f

Reference being had to the accompanying drawings :--V Y Fig. l shows the headfoi a doll, partly in section, and illustrating the mechanism therein, also in section.

2 is a plan oiE the mechanism, the .onerating cords 'being omitted/to vensure Fig. 3 is a -section through the base or support for the mecnanism, the section being taken in a direction which is at rightangles to that shown in Figure l. Y

Figs. l and 5 show, respectively, 'tragmentary end and side views oi' the supporting rods and guides for the operating cords mounting pendulums which constitute parts .oi the mechanism.

Figs. ll and l2 illustrate means and alternative means, respectively, for releasing Acertain mechanism to restore the face to its normal expression after being gradually changed yto an abnormal expression.

Fig. 13 is a fragmentary sectional view illustrating an alternative method ot' operating the eyes.

Fig. lli is a view illustrating an alternative method ofoperating the lips, the meth? od being also applicable to the operation oit the eyebrows. y f

Figure l5 is an enlarged view showing the connections i'or actuating the eyebrows.

Fig. lois a diagrammatic view showing the connections between the pendulum, the rack bar and the pendulum-actuating cord.

The mecliaiiisni,witli tne exception oi: the movable pa-rtsof the face such, for instance, as the eyes, eye-lashes, tears, eyebrows, lip or lips, and dimple-are snpported by a base l. lhisbase consists ot a stamped diaphragm having, preferably, a stili'emng annular bead 2, a central opening 3 and two depending 1flanges 4l, 5 formed integrally with the base, the ilange l having a perforated lug t3, and a channel shaped' recess 7. rlhis base rests'upen a seat 8 and may be retained in'placein any suitable way as, for instance, by means of a severed spring-ring 9 having its yperiphery sprung into an annular recess l0.

The mechanism, carried by the base, for operating the movable parts ofthe tace, comprises a pendulum 1l of which the rodlQ Vis titl ill?

flattened and perforated as at 13, or twisted into a loop to enable it to be passed over and mounted upon a wire support 14 which is horizontally disposed and retained between the flanges 4 and 5, by having' its ends bent at right-angles as shown at 15.

A rack-bar 16 tits and is capable of reciprocating within the recess 7 `and has teeth 17 which are engaged by the upper part of the pendulum rod 12. The rack-bar has a slot 18, an eye or staple 19, and is retained withinthe slot 7 byplates 2O which aresoldered or otherwise secured to the base.

A pawl 21,having a projection 22, engages the teeth 17 of the rack,`is retained within a housing 23 which is soldered or otherwise secured to the base, and is normally ressed Voutwardly Afrom its `housing by a spring` C)4, there being a'slot 25 in the housing to permit of the rearward movement therein of the projection 22.

VA'horizontally disposed wire support 26, held in the lflanges 4`and 5, as described with reference to the wire 15, carries a pendulum 27, of which the rod 28 has a loop 29, aboveV which is its extremity 30. The stem 28, and valso the stem 12 of the pendulum 11 are held in place upon the respective supports 26 and 14 by washers 31, 32 which are secured inv place by solder 33 or in any other suitable way. The washers l32 have rounded inner surfaces to permit the rod 12 to rock in a direction whichis parallel to the supporting rod 14 as well as at right anglesl thereto, the perforation in the pendulum rod beinglarge enough to permit of such combined move-V ments. Y

Brackets 34, preferably onsisting of lengths of wire bent into suitable shape and soldered to the flanges 4 and 5, respectively, are each formed with a loop 35 to encompass the lrods 28 and 12 to limit the amplitude of the pendulums. These loopsmay be covered with rubber to eliminate noise occasione'dby contact of the rods with the brackets when the pendulums swing.

Apawl 0r lever 36upon a wire support 37 which is secured in and between the iianges 4 and 5, as described with reference to the Supports 14 and 26, projects through the slot 18 yof the rack-bar 16 andk is bent and shaped in suchmanner as to extend lover thefpen.- dulum rod 28, the pawl lhaving an lindentation '38 to engage the extremity 30 of the ro'd.V The pawl is normally retained in a forward position by a spring 39 retained in Y perforations in the lug 6 and pawl 36 respectively, there being a stop-pin 40 projectinghetween the flanges 4 and 5 to limit the forward movement of the pawl.

The face is made of rubberfo'r similar elas- .ticf substance or, assho'wn in Figure 1, of

`:rubber 41 .covering :ra "base of harderusubstance 42, :there fbeingiopeni-ngs r'43, l,4.4, $45,' "46 the tetten either-*teiieivemevehie Spar-ts and to permit them to be moved in the openings or the rubber to be stretched and consequently moved at those places as hereinafter explained.

rlhe `eye-lids 47, 48 have inner and outer curvilinear surfaces to conform to the similar surfaces of the openings 44 and the eyeballs 49 respectively, eye-lids having eyelets 50 at their inner portions. Each eye-ball has a wire stem 51 which extends through a slot 52 in each upper eye-lid. f l

Y Vf' 1e stems 53 `extend through the vsubstance 44 and carry tear Vdrops 54 of glass or the like which can be withdrawn into recessesy 55-see 'Figure l13.

The eye-brows 56 are attached to the rubber covering 41 and the lips 57 .are formed thereof.

vRubber pad-s 58, 59, 60 are cemented to the covering 41 and enclose metallic washers 61 (Fig. 8) to which operating cords are attached.

Upon the base lare a -pair of standards having {hinges-63 by which they are soldered or otherwise secured to the base. The 'J0 standards retain transversely arranged cord guides 63a, 631, 63C, 63d to which are soldered i angle-pieces 64, each having a slot 65 to guide the cord. These angle pieces constitute abutments for springs 66 whichencompass. the cords and are retained in place thereon orto wire stems 67, 63and the stems 51 and the stems 53 by washers 69, the stem 68 being attached to the stems 51 and the stem 67 to the eyelet 50 of the lower eye-lid. W0

The movable parts of the face described are operated vby cords 70, 71,` 72, 73, 74, `75,

76. The cords'7() to 74 inclusive, are all attached to theeyelet19 on the rackbar and the cords 75 and 76 to the eye '29 of the pen- 105 dulum rod 28. The cord 70 passes over a bridge 77, y-projecting upwardly from the basel, and is attached to the rubber pad 59 connecting with the lower lip 57. The cord 71 Apasses underlthe bridge and is attached to 110 the parts 61,66 in the recess 46. The cord 72 passes under the bridge ,and is attachedto the stem 68, after passing under the guide rod 63fand through a! spring 66. The cord lpasses over the uppermost guide-rod `63a 115 and is attached to the rubber pad 58 connecting' with eye-brows 56.- The cord 74, passes over a guide-rod 63" ant. is attached to the stems 53 of the tears. The cord 7 5 is attached to the loop 29 of the pendulum j 120 rod 23,'passes under a guide-rod 63c through a spring 66 and is attached to the stem'connecting with the upper eye-lid. The cord 76, attached to the loop 29, passes over the guiderod 63", Ithrough a spring 66, and is 125 attached` to the stem 67 connected to the lower eye-lid. i i

"1t .-is'vto' `bev :understood "that those ofthe `cordswhich are connected vto the l ey-es, eyelids, andf eye-browsV are duplicated' 'If Mw yLeoeflie 7 9 may be attachedto one end 85 of a leverV 86 pivoted at 87 to an'Y upright 88 and attached to a push-button 89rby means of a wire stem 90, the button being situated wit-hina housing 91 secured to the lower body portion of the doll. 'A spring 95 keeps the push-button normally pressed outwards.

rlhe cord 79 is attached to a simple eye at the top of the penduluml rod 12, as shown in Figure2, so that when pulled upon it merely draws the pendulum rod over to one side clear of the teeth 17, and, further, there is no spring for drawing the rack bar baclr to its normal position when thus released, but this movement is effected by the numerous springs 66 and 78 in the cords which become slightly stretched when the movable part-s of the face have reached the rextent of their movement.

1n Figure 13 the eyes are shown as turned inwards. The movement of the eyes is, in such instance, effected by wires 92, springs 56 and cords 95. This movement of the eyes can be either alternative to the downward movement shown in Figure 1, or additional thereto as'will bc readily understood.

ln Figure 14 is indicated an alternative method of and means for operating the lips. rhe under lip 57 has embedded in it a. leaf spring 83, pivoted at two points 94 to the solid portion ofthe face, so that when the extremities 91- ofthe spring are raised by the cords, the lips will part. The same de- .vice may be adapted to effect movement of the eye-brows.

The operation of the mechanism is as follows Normally, the parts of the mechanism are in the position shown in the drawings and the facehas a fretful expression. Slightly rocking the doll forwardly and rearwardly will cause'the pendulum 11 to engage the teeth of the rack-bar successively, the upper part of lthe rod 12 riding over Vthe teeth, when moving in one direction, by reason of its ability to swing in two directions as hereinbefore described. Because of the space betweenl the pendulum rod and the projection 22 of the pawl the latter will not be operated. rlhe travel of the rack-bar will gradually raise4 the eye-brows, yraise the eyes, withdraw the tear, part the lips yand cause a dimple to appear, in the cheek. When thev rack-bar reaches the end of its travel, the end of the slot- 18 therein will have pushed back the lever 36 and released the pendulum 27 which, commencing to rock, will open and close the eye-lids as in the act of winlring. This performance will continue until the doll is laid to rest upon its right side when, the pendulum 11, mov-- ing in adownward direction, will cause the upper part of the stem to move clear of the rack teeth and, subsequently coming into Contact with the projection 22 on t-he pa-wl 2 21, will push the latter inwards. This action will release the rack which will thenk resume its normal position under the influence of the springs 66 and the face will resume its normal fretful expression. The

return movement of the rack will release the lever 36 which will be drawn forwardly by its spring 89 and reengage the extremity 80 of the pendulum stem 28. lt will be understood. howev r, that when the doll is laid 'is to rest upon its left side after the krack has been caused to operate the movable parts of the face, they upper part of the pendulum rod l12 will remain in contact with the teeth of the raclrbar and they vdoll will recline with a continued pleasant expression. Either additionally or alternatively to the method described, the raclrcan be released by causing'the doll to assumey a sitting posture, in which event,.the leg 84 will move upwardly and the arm 83, pulling upon the cord 79 `willpull the upper part of the pendulum rod 12 against the pawl, thus disengaging it from the rack-teeth. The same effect can be produced by the mechanism shown in Figure 12, it being understood that the weight of the doll will cause the pushbutton 2) to recede into itshousing and a. pull to be exerted upon the cord 79.

' As h'ereinbefore described, the cords 70, 71, 72, 73 and 7 i-and, if necessary the other cords alsof-comprise springs 78, so that in the event of the movable parts of the face to which the cords are attached arriving at the limit of their permitted movement before kthe rack-bar has reached the limit of its travel, the springs will elongate and not prevent the completion of the movement of the -bar for the reason that the downward pull on the cords will not be so direct and ex -tensive as it would be if the cords passed beneath the bridge 77.

1 A doll having changeable features, a reciprocatory rack bar and cooperating mechanism connecting the saine with the movable features, including movable eyes,

eyebrowsl and lips, whereby thel facial en* pression can be caused to change gradually,


'Knections for automatically maintaining the facialexpression when the dell reclines upon one of its sides, and a single base upon which the operating. pai-ts are all mounted. v

.3. A doll having changeable features and a reciprocatory rack bar and cooperating mechanism connecting said rack bar with the movable features'of` the face whereby the facial expressioncan be caused to'change gradually `and means maintaining; the changed expression when the doll reclines upon one Vof its sides but of which the normal facial expression will be assumed Vwhen the doll reclines upon. its

Vothervside by means of mechanism situated upon'a single base capable of insertion and removal Afrom the interior of the doll and comprising said rack bar operating in conjunction with a pendulum anda means for operating the rack bar,'and separate and independent means to release the rack bar to normal position.

Ll. A doll having vmovable features and mechanism within the doll whereby the facial expression' of the doll can be caused to change gradually and means for automatically maintaining the changed expression when the doll reclines upon one of its sides', but of which the normal facial expression, will be assumed wheny the doll reclines upon its other side, said mechanism.comprising a rack bar,` and connections between said rack bar vand-the movable facial features operating in conjunction with a pendulum, and capable of being released after ygradual movement in one direction by certain movements of the pendulum thus permittig said rack to move in a reversed direction.

5. A dollV having inovablefacial features including movable eyes, eyebrows and lips, a reciprccatory rack bar, means foractuating the rack bar and connections between the same and the movable facial features to cause the facial expression to gradually change, and meansfor automatically maintaining the changed expression, independent means for returning the rack bar to normal position and means whereby when the changed? expression has'beenl attained said second named means will be released and the eyes, eyebrows and lips moved and parts of themeclianism released and certain parts @pertaining 'to die facial ifea yes will ibs for automatically mosaic operated independently Vof vother Vmovable parts of `the face. y i

6. A doll having movable features and mechanism within the doll whereby the facial expression of the doll can be caused to change gradually and. of which the changed expression can be maintained or released,VV

but in which, when said changed expression has been attained, the eyes, eyebrows and -lipsmay be moved and certain Vparts `of mechanism may lbe released, said mechaism comprising a lever adapted to Vengage j a pendulum rod, a spring to retain the lever normally in engagement with the pendulum rod, a stop :to limitV4 the movement of theV lever when in engagement with. the pendufv hun rod and means for .operating the lever to release said Vpendulum rod to operate cer tam movable parts appertaining tothe face independently of the eyes, eyebrows and lips, l

said means being connected with lthe latter named features of the doll to move-the same.

LA doll having movable features and` mechanism within the doll i. whereby. the facial expression of the doll can be caused to change gradually and of which the changed Y1f ed to be operated by the pendulum rod to release the toothed rack, flexible connections attached at one end to the toothed rack and icoY at the other end to the movable ;features, guides .for said. connections, standards upon Vthe base to support the guides, and springs adapted and arranged to operate inconjunction with said flexible vconnections and gi'iides. if

8. A doll havin-0- movable features and mechanism within the doll whereby the facial expression of the doll can be caused to change gradually and of which the changed expression can be maintained or permitted to assume itsnormal state,A said Amechanism consisting of a base, a toothed rack capable of reciprocation, a pendulum adapted to move the toothed rack, a bracket for limiting the amplitude'of the pendulum, a pawl for retaining the toothed rack in abnormal positions, said pa-wl having a projection adapted'to be operated by the pendulum rod to re-` `to retain said lever normally lin engagement with'the rod of said second pendulum,a `stop -te'li'mit 4the movement .of the lever, said lever spied-.ite be' operated by thetoetlied-fracla when it approaches the limit of its movement in one direction to release said second pendulum rod to operate certain movable -features of the face of the doll independently of other movable features thereof operated by the rack, Flexible connections joiningr tbe second pendulum rod and the rack with the respective yfeatures operated by each, guides for Said connections, standards upon the bese to support the guides, and 10 springs adapted and arranged to operate in conjunction With said flexible connections and guides.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this Specification.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2616216 *Jan 10, 1947Nov 4, 1952Edward FraysurDoll
US2686388 *May 4, 1951Aug 17, 1954Rudolph SeidlSmiling doll
US2889661 *Aug 7, 1956Jun 9, 1959Wooten Jr JurdenEye actuating device for a doll
US3841020 *Oct 17, 1968Oct 15, 1974Mattel IncFacial animating means for a figure toy
US6599166Apr 27, 2001Jul 29, 2003Steven EllmanMethod and device for causing a toy to simulate a condition, such as yawn or sleep
US7189137May 16, 2005Mar 13, 2007Steven EllmanTearing mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or movable eyes
US7322874Jun 1, 2005Jan 29, 2008Steven EllmanExpression mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or moveable eyes
U.S. Classification446/342, 446/306, 446/347
International ClassificationA63H3/00, A63H3/40
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/40
European ClassificationA63H3/40