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Publication numberUS1607774 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 23, 1926
Filing dateJul 14, 1925
Priority dateJul 14, 1925
Publication numberUS 1607774 A, US 1607774A, US-A-1607774, US1607774 A, US1607774A
InventorsMorse Arthur A
Original AssigneeTin Decorating Company Of Balt
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Container and spout structure
US 1607774 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 23 1926.

, A. A. MORSE CONTAINER AND SPOUT STRUCTURE Filed July 14, 1925 I INVENTOR Erik all /Y Morse BY I I M 1447 ORNEY Patented Nov. 23, 1926.

UNITED STATES, PATENT" OFFI ARTHUR A. MORSE, or nnnrmoan, MARYLAND, assrenonrro ram rm nnconarme company or BALTIMORE, or'BALrIMoR-E, MARYLAND, A oonronnrron or NEW mnsnx.

' CONTAINER AND SPOU'I STRUCTURE.

Application. filed July 14, 1925. Serial No. 43,512.

My invention'relates 'to containers of a type which require a spout for conveniently pouring the contents, and to. spout structures to co-operate therewith. a Theinvention consists in novel features of a construction or arrangement of the container to co-operate with a detachable spout, in a spout structure or arrangement adapted to co-op'erate with the container and also hava l0 ing novel features irrespective of such adaptation, and in the combination'of the container and the spout.

The container top is provided with a nipple having screw threads or e uivalent means for the ready connection an disconnection of a spout in convenient position for pouring, and also with a recess in which the cap portion of the spout may be located and detachably secured with substantial firmness for shipment. The container bottom has a special formation or concavity so that when two or more containers are superposed for packing and shipment the concavity of any superposed container accommodates an upwardly projecting part of the spout located in the recess of the lower container; This prevents injury to the spout, and also enables superposed containers to be packed in a s ace no greater than is requiredby the dimensions of thefcontainers themselves, without allowance for projectin portions, such as the spouts located in i leposition in, the container to recesses.

- In ad ition to .its const-ructionor arrange- 5 ment for co-operation with the container nipple and recess, the spout structure includes a new and improved swivel arrangement by which the spout proper may be turned at any angle to the base or screw cap 40 portion, to facilitate the positioning of the spout for convenient pourlng.

I will now describe one representative embodiinent of the invention in physical form,

I and after considering this example, skilled persons will understand that many variations may be made within the principles of the invention; and I contemplate the emplovment of any structures that are properly within the scope of the appended claims.

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a; container or can and spout, embodying the invention in one form. J

Fig. 2 is a side elevatlon of the upper portion-of one can and a superposed can with .7

certain parts in section.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged sectional detail showing the can top recess and spout construction. i

Fig. 4 is a side elevation of the spout looking at the nozzle end.

The container is not limited, in the broader aspect of the invention, as to form or material, but the invention is especially valuable in connection with sheet metal containers, usually called cans, in which liquids are placed for shipment and use, and it will tially above the top 3 and bottom 4 respec tively, or in other-words, the main flat por tions of the top and bottom are substantially inset or recessed with relation to the top and bottom edges.

The top 3 is provided with an upward rojecting nipple 10, which may be formed integrally with the top or may be a separate piece attached thereto. The nipple is formed for the convenient connection and disconnection'of thecap portion of a spoutstructure,

this formation being represented by screw threads 11. Any similar or equivalent arrangement, such as bayonet joint formations, or interrupted threads, may be substituted. The nipple top 12 is continuous or imperfo rate, and is preferably provided with a central depression 13 to facilitate the location of the point of a puncturing tool for making a central perforation when it is desired to pour the can contents. The nipple 10 is usually located near one'side wall, or preferably, as

shown in Fig. 1, near acorner of the can, when the latter is of polygonal shape. Usually the nipple projects somewhat above the level of the edge 7 {this projection is taken care of by the recess at the bottom of any superposed can, as shown in Fig.2.

A recess or socket 15 is formed'in the top 3 and. usually this is located substantially centrally. The recess has a tapering or' approximately conical wall 16 and its bottom 17 is usually perforated as at 18 for filling, and this perforation is then sealed by solder 19.

Figs. 3 and 4 show a co-operating spout I bottom thereof, or in other words, the cap When thec'ans 'are filled and ready for flange has a substantially tight friction fit against the side wall of the socket, sufiiicent to retain it in position forshipment, but permitting ready removal for use. The spout proper, 21, may in some cases be rigidly secured to the cap or baseportion .20; but to permit the spout to. be easily turned to convenient pouring position after the cap has been screwed upon the nipple 10, without necessity for any care in the formation of the screw threads or otherattachment devices to insure that the spout will point in the proper direction when the cap is screwed down tight, it is preferred to provide a swivel connection of thespout upon the cap. For this purpose the spout includes a bottom portion 25 formed with an aperture in which the central portion of the cap top surrounding an aperture formed therein, is pressed or spun, forming a lip 26 overlying the spout bottom around its aperture. This connection may be made before the top member 30 is applied. Thetop member has a concave elongated formation. Its main edges lie upon the upper Surface of the bottom piece 25 and are secured by a continuous upturned andpressed flange 31. Towardthe nozzle this flange has cars 32 which are bent up and pressed upon the nose portion of the top piece 30, completing the nozzle formation, as easily understood from Fig. 4 without further explanation. In this or equivalent Ways the spout proper 21 may be rotated to any convenient position, usually substantially as indicated in Fig.1, after the cap 20 is screwed down tight on the nipple. In brief, the spout is usually directed outward and diagonally, so that it has a substantial overhang for the convenient pouring of the liquid contents of the can into any other receptacle. After pouring the spout may be turned back sothat it lies over the cantop and there is then no danger of injury to the spout by contact with objects alongside the shipment, a spout is applied to each can in inactive position by inserting the cap 20 in the can top socket 16 and pressing it down shape, at least one portion, such as the high-. I

estportion 35 ofthe top member 30, projects high enough to strike the bottom of a superposed can, if the bottom is fiat, as usual. Therefore each bottom 4: is preferably formed with an upward curvature or con cave portion 40, which is usually substantially central to conform with the central location of the socket 16. This concavity accommodates any projecting part of the spout, such as the highest part 35, in a man- Tier which is obvious in Fig- 2,'and permits any number of'cans to be superposed and to occupy the smallest possible space in shipment without danger of injury to the spouts by contact with superposed can bottoms, and with the additional advantage that all the spouts, except those located on the top can in the stack, are thoroughly protected against injury or the possibility of displace-e ment and loss.

While the pivotal or swivel connection of the spout proper to its base 20 is very desirable, in a detachable spout structure of this type, it is not necessarily limited to a detachable spout, or one designed to co-operate with a temporary holding socket, such as 16. r

I claim I 1. A container having a nipple adapted to detachably receive a spout structure for pouring and having also means for detachably holding .the spout-structure in idle position for shipment, the bottom of the container having a concavity to accommodate a projecting portion of a spout located in idle shipping position at the top of an underlying container.

2. A can structure comprising a. recessed top having a screw-threaded nipple located near one side of the can and adapted to detachably receive a spout structure for pouring and also having a substantially centrally-located socket having tapered side walls,'a spout structure adapted to co-op-- erate witlrthe nipple and socket, and including a cap threaded to detachably engage the nippleand having a flange adapted to frictionally fit the socket side walls.

Signed at Baltimore State of Maryland this 9th day of July A. D. 1925.

ARTHUR a. MORSE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2423145 *Aug 5, 1944Jul 1, 1947Halm Herman JCap removing socket wrench
US2534708 *Nov 5, 1947Dec 19, 1950Abram ShlefsteinDevice for dispensing material contained in collapsible receptacles
US2684181 *Dec 9, 1949Jul 20, 1954Neuner Carl JDispensing container
US2696935 *Aug 5, 1952Dec 14, 1954French Co R TContainer construction and closure therefor
US2786597 *Oct 12, 1953Mar 26, 1957Benson Ernest HContainer for beverages
US2842289 *Aug 2, 1954Jul 8, 1958Victorian Diemoulders ProprietConstruction of pouring spout
US2862645 *Sep 14, 1955Dec 2, 1958Delta Tank Mfg Company IncContainer
US2950844 *Sep 16, 1957Aug 30, 1960Hollingshead CorpStackable containers
US2981444 *Mar 28, 1956Apr 25, 1961American Can CoSqueeze-to-use type container
US3389830 *Jun 29, 1966Jun 25, 1968Gordon SmithCan construction
US4105141 *Dec 9, 1976Aug 8, 1978Waddington & Duval (Holdings) LimitedPouring device
US5406808 *Jan 7, 1994Apr 18, 1995Babb; Alvin A.Two-liter bottle cooler/insulator
US6952858Sep 16, 2002Oct 11, 2005Merck Christopher TWater extraction device
US7152546May 24, 2005Dec 26, 2006Bernath Engineering Concepts, Inc.Boat drain plug system
US20060266272 *May 24, 2005Nov 30, 2006Chris BernathBoat drain plug system
DE1079538B *Mar 24, 1956Apr 7, 1960Continental Can CoStapelbarer Kanister
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/143, 220/694, 220/744, 206/508, 222/538
International ClassificationB65D25/48, B65D25/38, B65D21/02
Cooperative ClassificationB65D25/48, B65D21/0231
European ClassificationB65D21/02E12B, B65D25/48