US 1609130 A
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Nov. 30 192s.
W. F. SCHACHT Filed May 24, 1926 ADAPTER LINING FOR CANDLE HOLDERS I 'll H v a Patented Nov. 30; 1926.
UNITED STATES 1,609,130 PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM F. SCHACHT, OF HUNTINGTON, INDIANA.
ADAPTER LINING FOR CANDLE HOLDERS.
Application filed May 24 This invention is a novel improvement in adapter linings for candle holders and the like, and the principal object thereof is to provide a simple, novel, inexpensive and cf- 6 ficient lining made of elastic material, and
adapted to fit around the base of a candle inserted in the candle holder or stick, to adapt the candle to the holder, retaining same firmly and rigidly in the holder, and, furthermore permitting the use of candles of various diameters in a single candle holder.
All hand-made candles vary in diameter at the base. it being impossible to manufacture hand-dipped candles of uniform diame-' ter, and such variations. have caused a great deal of trouble in trying to make the various sizes of candles fit diflerent candle sticks or holders, such variations necessitating the use of paper, cloth, and even toothpicks,
packed around the base of the candles to make same fit properly, and even then the candles are very insecurely held in the holder. 1
One feature of my lining is that it is made in the form of a band, with openends, the
band being relatively thin and provided with spaced ribs on its outer or inner walls, or both. which ribs yieldingly allow for the different diameters of the candles when same are forced down into the holders, the ribs slightly flattening o1; bending over against the wall of the holder, retainlng the candle securely and rigidly therein.
I will explain the invention with reference to the accompanying drawing which illustrates several practical embodiments thereof to enable others to adopt and use the same, and will summarize in the claims the novel features of construction for which protection is desired.
-'In said drawings Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a candle holder showing a candle retained therein by means of my novel adapter lining. Fig. 2 is a transverse section through the holder, candle, and lining, on the line 2-2,
Fig. 3 is a vertical section through the holder, candle, and lining. Fig. 4.- is a perspective view of the preferred form of lining, detached.
Fig. 5 is a top view of a modified form of the lining. Fig. 6 is atop view of a--further modified form of the lining.
As shown inthe drawing, the candle holder 1926. Serial No. 111,416.
ner, and adapted to receive and seat the lower end of candle B.
My novel adapter lining preferably comprises a relatively thin elastic band 1, preferably of soft rubber, and adapted to fit around the'lower end of the candle B within the socket A, the normal diameter of the baud being preferably slightly less than that of candle B. Preferably on the exterior of band 1 are a plurality of evenly spaced ribs 1 substantially triangular in cross section, said ribs being short and thick and being dispozed parallel with the longitudinal axis of band 1, and spaced apart a distance greater than the width of the bases of the ribs, whereby when the candle B with the band 1 thereon is inserted into socket A the ribs 1 will slightly flatten, or bend over, against the wall of socket A, and retain the candle B firmly and securely in the holder A, irrespective of variations in the diameter of the candle B, as shown in Figs. 1,2, and 3. the diameter of the candle necessarily being smaller than that of the socket A.
The linings 1 may be formed of endless rubber tubing, on a steel tubing mandrel, to make the lining perfectly round, then placed in a vulcanizer and cured in open steam or soapstone. .The tubes may then be removed from the mandrel, and the linings cut in suitable lengths. The linings may also be made in the form of strips instead of tubes,
,which strips may be of any desired length, and cut to suit the diameter of any particular candle, and inserted in the holder around the-base of the candle in the same manner above described.
If the lining 1 is too small for a particularcandle, the same may be cut open and then laced in the holder, and the lining woul then suit almost any candle or holder socket.
As shown in Fig. 5. the ribs 1 may be located on the inside of the tubular lining instead of the outside thereof giving the same results; also as shown in Fig. 6 the ribs 1,
1 may be disposed on both the inside and.
outside of the lining for use in holding small candles in relatively large holder sockets.
The ribs 1, 1", are preferably triangular I in cross-section, and or greater width than elastic wall or web of the lining, having open ends, and the spaced ribs on one or both faces of the web which I consider the novel features of my invention. ever limit my invention to the exact forms shown in the drawing, for obviously changes may be made therein Within the scope of the claims.
1. As an article of manufacture, a lining for candle holders comprising a strip of flexible material havinga plurality of lntegral spaced ribs thereon.
2. As an article of manufacture, a lining I do not howlel with the axis of the band; said ribs being for candle holders comprising a band of l flexible material open at both ends, and hav- 25 for candle holders comprising a band of 30 flexible material open at both ends, and having a plurality of spaced integral ribs on its exterior wall substantially triangular in cross section.
4. As an article of manufacture, a lining 35 for candle holders comprising a relatively thin tubular band of flexible material open at both ends, and having a plurality of intogral rib's on its exterior wall disposed paralsubstantially triangular in cross-section, and spaced apart a distance greater than the width of the ribs. V
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I affix my signature.
WILLIAM F. SCHACHT.