US 1609208 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 30 1926. 1,609,208
E. sc'HNEEBERGx-:R ET AL HAIRDRESSING APPARATUS Filed July 18. 1925 Patented Nov. 3i), 1926.
UNITEDv STATES PATENT oFFics.
i ELIZABETH SCHNEEBERGER AND KURT SGHNEEBERG-EB, OF HERRLIBERG,
v SWITZERLAND. i
Application filed July 18. 1925, Serial No. 44,584, and in Switzerland August 10, 1924.
The object of the present invention is an apparatus for curling the hair for hairdressing purposes. It is composed ot two combs, the teeth of lone corresponding exactly to those of the other, and which can be brought into such a position that the teeth of the two combs cover each other, the points ot the teeth ot one of the combs being directed upwards and those oi' the other downwards, whilst the extremities of the hair to be dressed are pressed into the tree interstices ot the teeth. After the hair has been rolled around the two combs these are held in place against each other by an elastic clasp which at the same time presses the hair against the combs. On ,the annexed drawing the object of the invention is represented as an example with several forms of execution.
Fig. 1 represents in a side elevation an open hair-dressing apparatus with two hinged combs which can be closed upon each other.
Fig. 2 represents the same `apparatus in a` plan view.
Fig, 3 represents in a side elevation the same apparatus closed.
Fig. 4t shows in a side elevation an apparatus ot a diiierent form of execution.
Fig. 5 is a view of Fig. i in a plan view.
Fig. 6 represents in a side elevation an apparatus with two isolated combs and an isolated clasp.
Fig. 7 is a view of Fig. 6 in a plan view.
Fig. 8 represents in a plan view an apparatus with isolated combs and a clasp ot' diflerent torni of execution.
Fig. 9 is a view in a plan view of an apparatus with combs having a T-shaped section,
Fig. l() is a side elevation of the form shown in Fig. 9.
Fig. 1l is a vertical section following the line -m Fig. 9.
Fig, l2 is a vertical section through an apparatus with combs having an L-shaped section.
The apparatus is used for curling the hair of woman and girls wearing the modern style of short hair. The two combs (a) and (b) each have the same number of teeth equally spaced and of the same length. They are made of some appropriate material, such as mother-of-pearl, horn, bone, vulcanized rubber, Celluloid etc.
In the apparatus according to the form of execution shown in Figs. l, 2 and 3, the combs (a) and (t) are connected by a pivot (o) around which they can revolve'like the parts of a pair of scissors, to drop upon each other, the points of the teeth of each ofthe two combs meeting `those ot the other. A nose at the extremity'of the comb (ZJ) hits a staple (q, Fig. 2) when the part is dropped; the teeth of the two combs then leave free interstices (Z) in which the ends of the hair to be dressed are caught. The pivot (c) attached to the comb (a) bears a small socket (7c) 'in which is held one ot the ends of a. clasp formed by a sort oi' hasp in flexible metal wire, prolonged and with two branches, so that when it is turned i t )is applied to the exterior tace of comb Z) fully to the hair thus rolled it is provided at its other extremity with an elastic eye (Z) in which the button (h), of the staple (g) engages.
In order to proceed with the curling of the hair a Wisp of dat hair is taken in one hand and the open hairdressing apparatus in the other; then the end of the hair is pinched between the two combs by bringing them into their closed position. When this is done the hair is rolled around the two combs, the clasp (d) is applied to the exterior face of the comb (ZJ) which is then fixed by pressing the button (71,) in the eye (i). The hairdressing apparatus is now completely closed and the rolled curl can be kept in it until the wisp of hair has attained the degree of dressing desired.
Instead of being of flexible metal wire the clasp (el) can be of metal plaque or any other material. A small oblon g buckle (m) serves to hold in place the socket (lo) the bent extremities of theV metal wire constituting the clasp.
In Figs. 4 and 5 another form of execution of the hairdressing apparatus is represented. Here the two combs are joined by a small hollow. axis (o) around which they can revolve, andv the bent ends of the clasp (all) are engaged in the hollow axis (o) where they are held in position by a buckle (m1) thus permitting the clasp to be turned around the axis. After the wisp of hair has been rolled the clasp is closed above the two combs and the hair until its end engages in the notch (g1).
In order that the clasp may fit carei A third form of execution of the hairdressing apparatus is seen in Figs. 6 and 7. Here the two combs (ai) and (b) are independent; in order to pinch the hair which it is intended to dress they must be pla-ced one upon the other by slipping the ridges (s1) and (s2) of the combv (ZJ) along the gadgets (t1) and be (t2) until the two noses (al) and (a2) hit between these gadgets. The elastic clasp (d2) is bent at its extremities (p) in the form of a hook; by putting it against the combs; these are caught in the said hooks and the position of the combs and of the hair is thus assured. The gadgets (t1) and (t2) when prolonged penetrate at the same time into the eyelets of the clasp (d2) and assure the firmness of the whole.
Fig. 8 shows a form of execution of the hairdressing apparatus with two independent combs and a separate clasp the ends of which engage in the notches (Q1) practised in the two combs, and intended to hold in place the two combs and the hair pressed against the two exterior faces of the said combs.
Figs. 9, 10, l1 and 12 represent an apparatus for hairdressing with hinged combs (a) and (b) in section in the form of a T or L. The wisp of hair is rolled around the two upper bent parts (g) ot' the combs (a) and (b), which results in heavier waves. The hair is pressed against the combs by the aid of an elastic (d) which is stretched above the wisp and fixed in the tree space formed by the protuberances (79).
Having carefully and fully described our invention what we claim and desire to secure by Letters Pat-ent is:
A hairdressing device or' the character described comprising in combination two combs, means for holding said combs in closed position, the teeth of both combs being in alignment wit-h each other in the closed posit-ion, and pointing in opposite directions in said position, means Jfor pressing the ends of the hair to be curled into the spaces between the teeth and means for pressing the hair coiled around the closed comb upon the latter.
In testimony whereoil we aiiix our signatures.
ELIZABETH SCHNEEBERGER. KURT SCHNEEBERGER.