|Publication number||US1609541 A|
|Publication date||Dec 7, 1926|
|Filing date||Dec 26, 1922|
|Priority date||Dec 26, 1922|
|Publication number||US 1609541 A, US 1609541A, US-A-1609541, US1609541 A, US1609541A|
|Inventors||James C Gooding|
|Original Assignee||James C Gooding|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (33), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
J. C. GOODING Dec. 7,1926. 1,609,541
BUILDING CONSTRUCTI ON Filed Dec; 26. 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Dec. 7 1926. 1,609,541
v J. c. GOODING BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed De. 26. 1922 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 3 nvewtoz Patentecl Dec. 7, 1926.'
' UNITED-,STATES JAMES c. GOODING, on WELLSTON, omo.
This i-nvent-ion relates to fire proof bu ilding walls and partitions, and more particularly to studs for supporting` plaster bards or Similar slabs in partitions or ceilings of bu-ildings. l
The Object of the invention'is to provide a metallic parti-tior stud by -the use of which a double-walled :or hollow partition may be readily formed and a structure produced which is strong and durable.
Another Object is to provide a stud'ding of this character whichflcan 'be ,Combined n various ways to support a'number of partitions or walls arranged in different' ways aswiill be pointed ,out in the ,de-tail description appea-ring hereinafter.
Another Object is to provide a stud of this character in which a solid core is encased in a metal shell and the members of the shell 'secured together by-clamping clips.
With the foregoing and other objectsin view which will appear as -the description proceeds, the invention resides in -the .com-
bination a-nd -arrangement ,of partsand in -t'he details .of construction hereinafter .de-
scribed and claimed, it being understood tha-t changes in the preciso embodiment of .the invention herein disclosed may be made within 'the scope of what is claimed without 'dep'arting from the Spirit of the in-ve-ntion. V In the accompanying drawingafi Figure 1 represents a transverse section of one form of studding embodying thisfinvention, Fig. 2 is a similar view of another form thereof. a r v V Fig. 3 is a perspective view of one form of' connecting clip for uniting the parts of -theshell of the studding,
Fig. 4: is a Similar view showing another form of clip. v
Fig- 5 *is a transversesection showing the clip in position before the flanges there- I of are clinched down.
Fg. 6 1s a transverse section showing another form of studding.
j Fig. 7 is a Similar view of still another form.
Fig. 8 is a similar view of' another form einbodying this inventiom'and' e Fig. 9 is a transverse section of still another form. v
In the embodiment illustrated in Fig. 1, a
straight stud is shown comprising a .wooden core *1 rectangular IILCIZQSSSBOJIOD and encased n a metalgsheath-ng 2 ompQSed of Application' filcdDeeem'ber 2.6, 1922. Serie-1 No. 608,9 84
two similar Sections 3 and 4 shaped when united to completely enconpass the core 1.
Each of these Sections is provided along its side edges with laterally and outwardly extcnding plates 5, having' .outtrned fianges 6 the plates 5 of one section being designed to abut those of the other when the Sections are assembled as shown clearly in Fig. 1, with the flanges 6' of the two sections extended laterally ontw ardand in the same plane,
Securing clips 7 are designed for connectng the flanges 6 of the shell Sections 2 and 3 and in the form shown in Fig. l, these clips are constructed of fiat strips of. sheet metal, each 'of said strips being bent longitudinally to formcontinuous flanges 8 and 9 connected by the-\integral web 10. This web 10 may' have mortar clinching apertures ll formed therein if desired, but these aperturesmay be omitted. The web 10 of these clips is ofa width corresponding to the combined width of the flanges 6 of the two Sections as is shown clearly 'in Fig. 5, andwhen applied, fits closely around the outer faces of these flanges and the, fianges 8 and 9 of the clips are clinched down around the flanges 6 into the full line position shown in Fig. 1, said position being shown in dotted lines in ig- 'It will thus be seen that this arrangement of the plates 5 and fianges 6 with the. securing clips fastening the Sections together, substantiallv U-shaed seats 12 are forned to receivethe plaster boards to be supported therein.
n the form shownin Fig. 2, the stud is ofa d fferent Configurat on in transverse section, the core l beng substantially rectangular with riblike projections 13 and 14 ingly shaped tofit the ribs or arns 13 and '14 of the core, and these sections are united along one s de edge by a clip 'T such as that shown in detail in Fig. 3. The web portion 10 ;is substantially V-shaped in cross section to fit snugly between the parallel flanges G carried by the plates which extend laterally a'e-right angles from the Sections 15 and 16, said flanges 6 being arranged parallel with the side walls of the shell Sections.
The correspondingly shaped sections 15 and 16 are connected by a section 17 which is right angular in cross section to fit the correspondingly shaped corner of the core l This section 17 is provided along its side edges with inturned lips 18 which are designed to interlockingly engage the flanges G at the outer edges of the Sections 15 and 16. 4
In the form shown in Fig. 6, the core 1 is L-shaped in cross section and the shell 2 which encompasses it is correspondingly shaped, being:` composed of three sections 19, 20 and 21. The Sections 19 and 20 are sub stantially U-shaped in cross section to fit the ends of the arms of core 1 and are Similar in form, and are provided with laterally EX- tending flanges 22 having' inturned lips 23 which are arranged parallel with the side walls of the section to form seats between them and said side walls for the boards to be supported.
The inner lips 23 of the Sections 19 and 20 are connected by a Connecting' strip or clip 7 Similar to that shown in detail in Fig. 3, the flanges thereof being* clamped around the flanges 23 and thus securely connecting the sections 19 and 20.
The member 21 is folded longitudinally to provide at the corner of core 1 a longi tndinally extending rib 24. The side wails of this member 21 which fit around the corner of the outer face of core 1 have ontwardly and obliquelv disposed arms or plates 25 merging at their edges into flanges 26 which are disposed parallel with the lips of fianges 22 lying close against the outer face of said lips. These flanges 26 are provided with inturned lips 27 which clamp around the edges of lips 23 and securely connect the member 21 with the members 19 and 20, thereby forming` a shell 2 completely enco'npassing the core 1.
The arrangement of the sheathing sections 10 and 20 of the shell above described, provides at the inner corner of elbow or core l between it and the sheathing', an air space 28, while the oblique arraugement of the arms 25 of the section 21 provide air spaces 29.
In the form shown in Fig'. 7, the studding is similar to that shown in Fi. L being illustrated in connection with an upright having soclets 32, 33 and 34 to receive the projecting portions of the member 80.
In the embodiment iilustrated in Fig. 8, the core is made crucittorm in cross section and eneased in a metal shcathinn- 36 composed of four sections 37, 38, 39 and 40, which are all exactly alike, being similar in form to the sections 19 and 20 shown in Fig. 6, one being provided for the end of each of the arms of the core. These Sections are connected in the angles between said arms by attaehing clips or strips 41 which are exactly like those shown at 7 in Fig. 6. This arrangement provides four air spaces 42 at the anglcs of the arms of the core between them and the shell Sections.
In the form shown in Fig. 9, the invention is applied to a right angled stud which comprises a hard wood core 43 shown substantialiy T-shaped in cross section and encased in a metal sheathing 44 composed of four Sections 45, 46, 47 and 48, the first three being constructed exactly alike and Similar to those shown in Fig. 8 and which are connected by Connecting strips or clips 49 similar to those shown in Fig. 8.
The section 48 which connects Sections and 47 is made in the form of a plate designed to rest against the outer face of' the head of the core 43 and has outwardly and obliquely extending arms 50 from which extend flanges 51 within inturned lips 52. The flanges 51 fit againstthe outer faces of the flanges of the sections 45 and 47 and the lips 52 around the edges of these flanges. This arrangement of the section 48 in connection with the sections 45 and 47 provide air chambers Air seats 54 are also formed at the junction of the core 43 with its stem between said portions and the shell Sections 45, 46 and 47.
In the form shown in Fig. 8, eight plate receiving seats are formed while in Fig. 9, six only are provided thus adapting the studding to be used with doubled ouiter walls 1. i
The conneetions of the various Shea chin sections by the V-shaped or trough-s'hape sockets strengthens and reinforces the sheathing at the outer edges of the seats 'formed thereby.
From the above description it Will be obvious that with some slight variations, these metal eneased studs and plates may be used to completely construct and fit walls, floors or ceilings and roof being formed therefrom. The wooden cores used permit fastening of any woodcn trimming or finishing to the walls without any special grounds, furring or blocking being employed.
The apertures 11 formed in the shell section Connecting strips, provide mortar clinching holes which may be used at the option of the builder.
It is of course understood that the arrangement above described of the sheathing Sections and cores is designed to form seats in which plaster or other wall boards may be mounted and these boards may vary in thickness for either the outsicle or inside, all having nonconducting air ehambers which render the partitions or walls substantially sound proof.
I claim 1. A fire-proof construction including a solid wooden core, a sectional casing having lateral ofiset portions, adapted to encase the core, and renovahle clips adapted to embrace the ofl set portions of the Sections to hold the Sections in position on the core.
3. Afire-proof construction including a solid wooden core, a* sectional casing con- 15 struoted to conform to'the shape of the core and adapted to encase the core, the sections enhodying laterally extended portions terninating in right angled flanges, and 'means embraoing portions of the right angled 9 flanges to hold the Sections of the casingeonnected.
In testimony that I Claim the foregoing as 'ny own, I have hereto affixed my signature.
JAMES C; GOODING.
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|U.S. Classification||52/834, 5/280, 52/481.1, 52/285.3, D25/132|
|International Classification||E04B2/74, E04B2/62|
|Cooperative Classification||E04B2/62, E04B2/7411|
|European Classification||E04B2/74C2F, E04B2/62|