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Publication numberUS1610387 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 14, 1926
Filing dateFeb 25, 1925
Priority dateFeb 25, 1925
Publication numberUS 1610387 A, US 1610387A, US-A-1610387, US1610387 A, US1610387A
InventorsPennington James E
Original AssigneePennington James E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wrench
US 1610387 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

, engaging devices whereby'thesaidfiexible' Patented ec 14 1926.

mr/;Es PENNING'ION, os GLEN AMPBELL,-rnnnsynvmam. V w

WBENCHA.

' a iieafionfiled':F bruar 25, 1925.- seriarN. 11,548;

This invention relates to wrenches of the flexible j aw type, and the said invention has for anobject the. provision of a flexible Carrier adapted to 'embrace an element to be turned, the said flexible element being associated with novel means for drawlng or Carrying the ends toward each other in Order that the 'fiexible wrench may be drawn tightly against the object 'which it is to Operateor-turn.

It is a further object ,of thisinvention to provide a fiexible element having friction producing means which will serve to securewrench is'manipulated.

It is a -stillfurther object :of this invention to Produce a flexible wrench'of the character indicated having interchangeableobject wrench may operate in conjunction with metalwhose surface need not be guarded from gripping marks, 'and' also by interchanging the flexible gripping elements the said wrench may O'perate 'in conjunction with metal rings or nuts having high finish, without liability of marring the surface thereoi' a It is a still further Object of'this invention to produce a wrench of the character indicated in which the gripping rings may be expeditiously manipulated for applying them to or, removing them from the object to be turned, and in which the said gripping elementsmay be expe'ditiously Changed for producing the difierent results stated.

With the foregoing and Other objects in view, the invention consists in'the details of construction, and ln the arrangement andj 'combination of parts .to be hereinafter more fully set forth and claimed In describing the nventlon ln detail, re-

said wrench';

Figure 3 illustrates a view of a modified clamping ring;

Figure 4: illustrates a view inside elevat-ion 'of a fragment of the wrench; and

Figure 5 llustrates a section taken On a the jaws to embraces;

parts 'in the several views, and in line .5-; 5 between the spring and the' latch,

looking in the direction of the handle."

In these drawings, 5 and 6 denote the'ends of pliers or 'tong-lke structures, having' handles 7 and 8, respectively, that are manipulated for causing the ends 5 and 6 to'apq proach or recede with relatio'n-'to' eaclrrother.

The handles 7 and' 8 are oscillatable on a pivotA. j

The elements 5 and 6 each has a recess such as 10, through whchpins 1 1 and 12 extend, respectvelyg The fiexible 'jaw or and it preferably terminates in eyes or loops band 13 may' be' any 'appropriate length V ly hold the object to be turned while the 14, through which'the pinsll and 12 exte'nd, for anchoring the fleXible band to the members 5 and 6. Preferably, the fleXible ele'ment has a pluralitytof jaws 15 secured to it, and these jaws 'have serrated surfaces 16 which are adapted to-frictionally engage .the object 'to 'be turned. The jaws, in' the present embodiment of the inventon, have flanges 17 and 18 at their ends and fastenngs 19, such as rivets or the like, extend through the flanges and through the fleXible band whereby they are held in assembled re- A lation to each other.

It will follow from an inspection of the drawing and from the foregoin'g description that as the handles are manipulated for.

pressingthe 'members 5 andtoward each Other, the flexible band will be contracted, and the: flexible band is capable of movement, within predeterrnined range, to cause en-gage-an object which the band As a means itor holdingthe handles at ydifierent 'pOsi-tions, the, handle 7 ;has a segmental 'armQOsecured to it, the' said arm passing'through *an aperture' 21. One edge Of'tl'le arm is provided with serrations 22 that are engaged by a detent23 for holding theghandles at different positions of adjustmentstud 24 anchored in the handleand a spring 25 is alsomounted onnthe stud interposed betweenthe 'detent and the handle 8, the said ;spring being operative to force the detent into engagement with the arm 20. r As here shown, the'spring has a slot 26 in its' end, whiohreceives the arm;20, and the detent 23 likewise 'has a slot 27 in its end to receive the said arm, (so that when the handle 8 is'movd the arm 20 acts 'as a The detent s secured On a bolt Ol' flexble band comprises a metal Core, 28 in the nature of a Wire and it has l Ops 29 and 80 atits ends, XVhiChRG intended t'oreceive the pins 11 and 12 When the modified 'can'ljping' ring is to he'substituted fer the 'naming' eleinent shown in Fig. 1. In this lnodi fied construction, the. Wire Or metal Core ''s Covered by a rubber sheathing 31 Which tends to grip against the sufaces of highly finished metal parts OI' the like, so that the manipulation of the WrenCh 'does not ln ure the surfaces *of the said parts. 'This last' ln ntiened wi'ench element may he used to advantege in Connection ith" the turnlng et' lens rings OI' the hke en automobfle lamps,

; and Other uses Will be found'or it, as One skilled in the art Will understand.

I claim:

In a flexible wrench, handles, a' piV Ot fer Oseilatably connecting' the handles, the said handles having extensions beyond the pivot, 'the said extensions having reeesses n their ends, a' flexihieband having 'eyes lying in the recesses of the extensions, pins projecting through the extensions and the said eyes, and Oh ect engaging aWS On the inner surace of 'the band, each having' a band engag- JMEs ,PENNNGTON

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2620697 *Oct 21, 1947Dec 9, 1952Walter SarviePliers
US4646418 *Dec 6, 1985Mar 3, 1987Clean Surface Technology Co.Carrier for photomask substrate
US6367355 *Apr 28, 2000Apr 9, 2002TANNé MARCUniversal wrench for tightening and loosening polygonal assembly elements
US8393254 *Mar 12, 2013Bradshaw Medical, Inc.Gripping device
US20090223332 *Mar 4, 2009Sep 10, 2009Bradshaw Medical, Inc.Gripping device
WO2000058057A1 *Mar 29, 2000Oct 5, 2000Smart Tools LimitedWrench
Classifications
U.S. Classification81/64, 81/340
International ClassificationB25B7/18, B25B13/52, B25B13/00, B25B7/00, B25B7/16, B25B7/02
Cooperative ClassificationB25B7/18, B25B13/52, B25B7/02, B25B7/16
European ClassificationB25B7/16, B25B13/52, B25B7/02, B25B7/18