US 1610891 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 14,1926. 1 1,610,891
' 1 A. SCHULTZ CAR VENTILATOR '2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
Filed Jan. 14, 1924 Dec. 14,1926. 1,610,891
A. SCHULTZ CAR VENTILATOR Filed Jan. 14, 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet Patented Dec. 14, 192%.
STATES ARTHUR son'un'rz, on MILWAUKEE, Wisconsin.
Application filed January 1 1, 1924. Serial No. 685,939.
My. invention relates to ventilators for passenger cars, being more I especially in tended for the upper berths of sleeping cars, to enable the occupant of the upper berth to obtain direct ventilation; the invention having for its object the provision of a ven' tilator which may be readily manipulated by and be under the control of the occupant of the berth and which will also be of such construction as to prevent the ingress of cinders and dirt when the ventilator is opened.
Another object of my invention is to provide a ventilator which is not only air tight and moisture proof when closed, but which is so constructed as to also take care of and drain tothe car exterior any rain or moisture which may find access to the exterior portion or outer end of the ventilator housing, whether on the exterior or interior side of the window portion of the ventilator.
The objects and advantages of my invention will all be more fully comprehended from the detailed description of the accompanying drawings, wherein Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved ventilator as applied to the arched deck or root of a sleeping car; only a portion of the root or deck being shown.
Figure 2 is a longitudinal sectional view thereof as well as a cross sectional view of a portion of the deck of the car.
Figure 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken substantially on the line 3-3 of Fig" ure 2 looking in the direction of the arrows.
Figure 4. is a detail sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Figure 2 looking in the direction of the arrows.
Figure 5 is a detail sectional view taken on the line 5-5 of Figure 2 looking in the direction of the arrows.
My invention is especially intended for use in the upper berths of sleeping cars and for that reason has been illustrated as applied to the arched deck or root 10 of a car;
the root being usually formed with the inner and outer spaced walls 11 and 12, as shown in Figure 2, and these walls, at a proper predetermined p'lace, relative to the ends of the berth portions or the car, are provided with suitable sized openings there through to receive a housing or shell 13 which is adapted to extend from the inner surface of the inner wall 11 and through the corresponding opening in the outer wall 12, where the outer end of the housing or shell 13 is enclosed by an outer shell or housing 14 which latter is intended to be secured on the deck or root of the car.
The shells or housings 13 and 1 1 are pr'eterably of suitable sheet metal in order that they may be readily formed into shape and secured in place, although any other suitable material may be employed. The outer housing or shell 1 1 is provided with three 6 walls, which constitute the top 15 and the two sides 16, 16, each of which may be formed integral with the other or coin-posed ofseparate sheets, in which event the top wall 15 is preferably provided with the side flanges 1? overlapping the upper outer edges of the side walls 16 and securely tasten-edthereto in any suitable manner, as for example by rivets and soldering or welding, to provide a weather and air tight joint therebetween. he side walls 16, 16 are shown provided with laterally disposed flanges 18 of arcuate formation as shown to correspond with the curvature of the deck or roof of the ear and to permit the flanges to be properly secured onto the root oi: the car to form weather tight connection there with; while the top wall is also given a slight upward curvature toward the inner end thereof, preferably terminating in the flange portion 15 in order to permit the immediate inner end to lie flush with the root of the car and be securely fastened thereto in weather tight relation therewith; the ends 01 the flange portion 15 andthe a0 flanges 18 being preferably soldered or welded together in such manner as to enable the flanges to lie flush, throughout, with the root.
The outer ends of the side walls 16 are preferably extended slightly beyond the outer end of the main portion of the ventilator and curved outwardly so as to provide the shields or wings 19, 19 which are adapted to preventdirt and cind'ers from enteringthe ventilator. The forward or outer end of the top wall 15 is preferably bent upwardly as shown at in Figure 2 in order to receive a channeled member 21 which, by
preference, is removably secured to the upturned flange 20 by means of bolts and nuts as at 22 in order that the channel strip 21 may be removed when desired; the flange 20 and channel member 21 being disposed above the surface of top 15, will also prevent rain or moisture flowing down across the outer open end of the housing.
The forward end of the shell or housing 14 and adjacent to the shields or wings 19, 19 is provided at opposite sides with frame-forming or window-abutting members 23, 23, disposed vertically and preferably of the double channel forn'iation, more clearly shown in Figure 3, with the channel at one side of each member disposed in opposite direction from the main channel formation of said members so as to provide a slide-way for a suitable screen indicated at as; the in nor side of the main channel formation of each member being flanged or extended and secured in a suitable member to the side Wall of the main housing as shown at 25 in Figure 8. The bottom ends at the outer sides of the frame forming members 23 are shown provided with or secured to a transversely disposed channel member 26 (see Figures 2 and 4t) the inner side whereof is preferably extended slightly above the outer side of the channel member so as to provide, in conjunction with elements further to be described, a stop or abutting frame portion 27 (see Figure l) for the bottom of the frame 28 of the window 29 which latter, by preference, is hingedly secured at one side as shown at 30 to the inner side of one of the side walls 16 of the main housing.
The bottom of the transversely disposed channel 26 receives the lower portion of the screen 24 and prevents the too far downward movement of the latter. With this construction the screen is mounted in spaced relation with the window 29 and the bottom or transversely disposed channel 26, which is beneath the level of the window frame, at predetermined points, is shown provided with outlets or drains 81, see Figures 2, 3 and 4, so that any moisture or rain which may pass through the screen and enter the outer end of the housing will drain from the lower channel 26 out onto the deck of the car.
The lower member of the window-sash or frame 28, on the outer side thereof, is provided with or formed to provide an outwardly and downwardly disposed ledge or flange 32 adapted to overlap the inner side of channel 26 to induce rain or moisture on the outer side of the window to flow into the outer channel 26 from whence it is drained by the openings 31.
The mainportion of the channel frame or abutting members 23 are also preferably provided with suitable weatherstrips as at 33, see Figures 3 and 4, to provide snug weatherproof relation between the windowframe members 28, while the window-frame, especially on the lower side thereof, is also preferably provided on the inner side with weather-stripping as at 34, see Figure 2, which forms weather-proof relation with the partial bottom 35 of the main housin 14. This bottom wall or member 35, which merely extends across the outer end of the housing 14, on the inner side of the window, is also preferably formed to provide a channel as at 36, having downwardly sloping drains 37 at opposite ends as more clearly shown in Figure 5 so that any condensation or moisture which may accumulate on the inner side of the window may flew down from the window and drain off from the channel 86 and on to the exterior of the downwardly and outwardly sloping lower wall portion 35 of the partial bottom of the housing and therefore to the car exterior by reason of the fact that the main portion of the housing let and the window are dis posed outwardly from the roof of the car above the downwardly sloping portion 35 of the lower wall member 35 of the housing The window-frame may be provided with any suitable means or finger-grasp, as for example the lug or button 38 see Figure 2, on the unhinged side thereof to enable easy control of the window; and the window may be held in closed position in any suitable manner, as for example by means of a spring latch or strap 39 secured to one of the side walls of the main housing as at 40 see Figure 3; the spring latch 39 being adapted to hold the window in snug fitting relation with the frame-forming or abutting portions or members of the main housing; the top wall of the main housing being shown provided with a rib or flange 41 (see Figure while the bottom 35 of the housing is shown as preferably beaded or bent over the inner side of channel 26 (see Figure 2), to provide. in conjunction with the side members 2: suitable abutment on the oute' side for the window-frame. The bottom wall member is shown provided with a lip or upward bend at 4:2 to provide an abutment or stop for the outer end. of the inner housing section or shell 13 which latter is made to have snug fitting relation with the walls of the outer section or main housing 14., either by welding, soldering or otherwise; and the in ner shell or housing section 13, at a suitable point, may also be provided with a stop in the nature of a spring strap 43, see Figure 3, adapted to engage with the window-frame to hold the latter in open position.
With my invention, it is apparent that suitable ventilation of each upper berth may be obtained and the ventilation remain under the control of the occupant of the berth;
while at the same time a ventilator is provided which will prevent the ingress of cinders or rain; while at the same time any moisture, either while the window is being washed or from condensation that may accumulate on the inner side thereof, will be conveyed to the exterior of the carroof and injury or damage to the interior of the car or contents of the upper berth will be prevented.
The inner end of the inner section 13 of the housing may be secured to the inner wall 11 of the deck of the car in any convenient manner, as for example by means of a suitable moulding as at l i see Figure 3 disposed about the entire inner edge of the section 13 of the housing.
I have shown the ventilator formed out of separate portions of suitable sheet metal riveted and otherwise secured together, but it is apparent that other material may be employed and certain portions of the ventilator formed out of continuous sheets, while at the same time the general shape or contour may vary and be made to conform with the particular style of sleeping-car deck or type of structure to which it is secured; the invention having been described in terms which are employed merely as terms of description and not as terms of limitation, as structural modifications are possible and may be made without, however, departing from the spirit of my invention.
What I claim is 1. A ventilator of the character described, comprising a housing, one portion whereof is formed to the curvatureof a sleeping car roof, the interior of the housing at a point removed from the outer end being provided with inwardly disposed portions, while the outer end is formed to provide a slide-way, a window hingedly secured in the housing and adapted to abut against said inwardly disposed portions, and a screen slidable in said slide-way.
2. A ventilator of the character described, comprising a housing, one section whereof extends through the double walls of the roof of a sleeping car, while a second section is disposed about the outer end of the first mentioned section and shaped to fit against the roof of the car, the outer end of the second section being provided with a screen slideway and with a window abutting frame in advance of the slide-way, a movable window secured in said section against said abutting frame, a screen slidable in said slideway, and means intermediate of the window and the abutting frame portion of the housing section whereby weather-proof relation is provided.
3. A car ventilator, comprising a metallic housing, one section whereof extends through the double walls of the roof of a sleeping car, while a second section is disposed about the outer end of the first mentioned section and shaped to fit against the roof of the car, the outer end of the second section being formed to provide a screen slide-way and to provide a window abutting frame in advance of the slideway, the lower wall of the section in advance of the abutting portions being channeled and provided with oppositely sloping drains on the housing exterior, a window hingedly secured in said second section against said abutting portions, a screen slidable in said slide-way, and means for closing the end of the slide-way and provide a weather seal.
4. A ventilator of the character described, comprising a housing, one portion whereof is adapted to be secured to the roof of a sleeping car, the outer end of the housing on the interior being formed with a transverse- 'ly arranged channel having openings communicating with the housing exterior, a window hingedly secured in said housing adjacent to the channel, a screen slide-way in the outer end of the housing, and a screen slidable in said slideway.
5. A car ventilator, comprising a metallic housing, one portion whereof extends through the roof of a car while a second portion is adapted to conform to the car roof, the interior of the second mentioned portion at a point removed from the outer end being provided with inwardly disposed portions, while the outer end is formed to provide a slide-way, the outer end of the second mentioned portion being provided with outwardly flared side extensions and with transversely disposed channels on opposite sides of said inwardly disposed portions, said channels being provided with openings leading to the housing exterior, a window hingedly secured in said second mentioned section adapted to abut against said inwardly disposed portions and etl'ect weather-proof relation therewith, and a screen slidable in said slide-way.
6. A car ventilator, comprising a housing of sheet metal adapted to be secured about an opening in the roof of a sleeping car and having an upwardly disposed flange on the top at the outer end of the housing, the inner side wall of the housing being provided with inwardly and outwardly bent portions to provide a window abutting portion on the inner or car side and a screen holding slideway on the outer end and open at the top, a screen slidable in said slideway, a channel member adapted to engage and be secured to said top flange for closing said slide-way and to prevent ingress of moisture, and a window removably secured within said housing against said abutting portion.
7. A car ventilator, comprising a sheet metal housing adapted to be secured about an opening in the roof of a sleeping car, the inner side walls of the housing being proloo vided with inwardly and outwardly bent portions to provide a Window abutting portion and a screen holding slide-Way on the outer. end, 11 Window hingedly secured in the housing against said abutting portion, a Screen slidable in said slideway, means wherehy weather proof relation between the abutting portion and the window is etfeeted, the bottom of the housing on opposite sides of the window abutting portion being provided with moisture collecting channels having outlets for conveying moisture to the housing exterior.
' ARTHUR SCHULTZ.