|Publication number||US1612048 A|
|Publication date||Dec 28, 1926|
|Filing date||Jul 5, 1924|
|Priority date||Mar 10, 1924|
|Publication number||US 1612048 A, US 1612048A, US-A-1612048, US1612048 A, US1612048A|
|Original Assignee||Frank Pink|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 28 1926. v
r F. PINK SLEEPING BERTH FOR SHIPS, CARAVANS, RAILWAY CARS, AND THE LIKE Filed July 5, 1924 IIL-g.. 1.
3 Sheets-Shes*v 1 .A 7.o n n fk l d/ xy 6.. f m n .a7
n n a n 4 In W. i:
Dec. 28 1926.
F. PINK l SLEEPING BERTH FOR SHIPS, CARAVANS, RAILWAY CARS, AND THE LIKE Filed July 5, 1924 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Dec. 28, 1926;4
F. PINK SLEEPING BERTH 'FOR SHIPS, CARAVANS, RAILWAY CARS, AND THE LIKE Filed July 5, 1924 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Meer.
UNTED STATES PATENT @ight-@E FRANK PN-K, OF 'PGRTSMOUTEL ENGLAND.
SLEEPING BERTH FORfSH-PS, CARAVAN-55,. RALVAY CARS, AND THE LIKE.
Application filed July 5, 1924, Serial No. 724,43?, and in VGreat `Britain March 1U, 1926.
The present invention relates to i1nprovements in sleeping-berths for ships, caravans, railway cars, and the like.
ln cases as in the smaller cabins on board ship, and particularly ou yachts, the sleeping bunk is often used as a settee in the daytime. That which is sott enough to sit' on is not comfortably sott to sleep on.
lf however a spring mattress is used it is comfortable toslerep on, but yields too much to be comfortable to sit on.
The Ordinary bunk has a lee-board or rail in front eitherrextending the full length or `part of `the lengt-hotl the bunk, to prevent the occupa-ntv from rolling out, and this does not improve the Vbunk if used as a .settee The present invention broadly consists in a movable or false bottom, which may be padded, so arranged that when the berth is to be used as a settee, the false bottom can ybe raised 'up to form a support or backing close under the sleeping-mattress, whichfmay be a Woven wire or other kind of spring or canvas slung from end to end.
Any appropriate lifting and lowering device may be employed, as for example a screw device or a crank or eccentric device.
In one such device which will serve, the board is mounted on cranks which are con nected to a lee-rail or board in front of the bunk, so that when the false bottom is up, the lee-rail or boa-rd is down, and when the mattressy is in use for sleeping the lee-rail fis automatically up.
The cranked part which holds the bed Iboard may be set at right angles to an arm or lever which works the lee-rail or board; by raising the lee-rail and so giving that crank a quarter turn, the bed boards can be lowered sufficiently. Two cranks only need Fig. e is a iront elevation ot a inodiiied iorm ot lifting andlowering device, and
Fig. 5 an end view thereof.
yReterringto `Figs. l to 3, a readily lyielding mattress a, as tor example, a tlexible wire mattress, is secured or slung in appropriate supports b, c, mounted on the yends (Z, e, ot the sleeping berth.
7 is a movable or false bottom adapted to be raised, as shewn in full outline to form a .support or backing close under the sleepingmattress a.
The device illustrated for lifting or lowering the false bottom f consists of bent rods g forming cranks g1, g2 and crank shafts g3, g4, mounted in bearings 7L, z', in the sides 7c and Z of the berth. Any suitable number of these rods may be used, three yare shewn. The false bottom f is mounted on the rods g and is given an up and down movement through the mediation of bear-A ings m, on the underside of the false bottom f.
Each crank shaft g3 is extended in alignment with the crank g1 to form an arm n to which the lee-rail or board 0 is pivoted.
As shevvn in the drawings the false bottom f is raised close to the mattress a so that the bunk may be used as a set-tee. VV-hen however the cranks are given a half turn the false bottom is lowered out ot use, and rests on a base or support l29, while the lee-rail or hoard 0 is simultaneously raised to its normal position as shewn in dotted outline.
Stops or clips c] may be provided to prevent the lee-rail, when this is down, from being accidentally moved. v`When the leerail is to be raised it is released from the stops or clips q by a slight: `forward movement.
In the inodilied forni shown in JFigs` l and 5, the straight part of the rod g which carries the false bottom is set at right angles to the extension or arm fr on which the lee-rail or board o is pivoted, so that a lesser angular turn than that given `to the form shewn in Fig. l eects the desired movement of the false bottom and lee-rail.
llVhen the bunk is in use as a settee the cranks g may be turned slightly beyond the dead centre as shewn in Fig. 4, and the leerail brought against a stop s so that accidental movement of the bottom from its. 'raised position prevented The bottom ot the bed board may be grooved or r cessed, and the cranked parts arranged to slide therein, so that endivise movement of the bed board when this is being lowered does not take place.
In the arrangement sheivn by Figs. l and 2 it will be observed that the false bottoni is functioning as a support :ind the lee-rail is ont ot nse when the cranks are at the twelfth hour and the Yfalse bottom is in an .inoperative position and the lee-rail positioned Jfor use When'the cranks have been moved to the sixth honi'. n Figs. Lland 5 the false bottom is functioning as a snpport and the lee-rail is ont of ntie when the cranks are pointing' to the eleventh hour and the ifalfe bottom is in an inoperative position and the lee-rail positioned tor use when the cranks hare been n'ioved to third hour. ln this arrangement Ahe crank has a movement beyond the dead centre pothe Veition which movement is limiter by the stop .5'.
llnit l claim iszl. A berth convertible into a nient, coinprising in combination a` readily yielding mattress, a 'false bottom arranged to reinforce the mattress when the berth is to lie used as a seat, n lifting and lowering,I device for said bottom, and a lee-rail, ineens connesting` the bottom with the lee-rail so that when the bottom is raised olof-:e up to the mattress the lee-rail is ont ot normal position and when the bottom is Withdrawn 'from the mattressl the lee-rail is simnltaneonly returned to normal position.
2. A berth convertible into a seat comprising in combination a readily yielding mattress, a. 'false bottom arranged to reint'orce the mattress when the berth is to be used es a seat, a crank device on which said bottoni is mounted and :i lee-rail. means connecting' the crank device with the lee-rail so that when the bottom is raised close up to (he nnittress the lee-rail ont ot' normnl position and When the bottom Witlnlrawn Yfrom the mattress the lee-rail is siinultzineonsly returned to normal position.
A berth convertible into a :sent comprising in combination a readily yielding mattress, a false bottom arranged to reinforce the mattress when the berth is to be used as a seat-iy cranks on which said bottom mount ed and a lee-railr` means connecting' the cranks With the lee-rail so that when the bottom is raised clore np to the mattress the iee-rail is ont ot normal position and When the bottom is withdrawn from the n'iattressthe lee-rail is simultaneously returned to normal position, said cranks moving beyond the dead centre position when raisin` the seid bottom, and means t'or preventing accidental inoif'enient oi the bot-tom from its raised position. 4. iberth convertibleA into :i :feat coinprising in combination a readily yielding mattress, a talee bottom arranged to reinforce the mattres when the bert-n is to be used a seat, ernnks on which said bottoni is mounted and a lee-rail, means connecting the cranks and the lee-rail so that when the bottoni is raised close np to the mattressl the lee-rail is out ot normal position :ind when the bottom is withdrawn trom the maitre"l the lee-rail is simultaneously returns-:l t; normal position, said cranks moving' beyond the dead centre position when raising the said bottoni, und a stop cti-operatingwith the lee-rail tor preventingr accidental movement oi' the bottom from its raised position.
5. A berth convertible into seat comprisng in combination a readily yielding matress, a false bottom arranged to reinforce the mattre's when theberth to be need as a seat, cranks on which said bottom is mountf ed, a crank shaft7 an extension thereof, and a loe-rail piroted to said extension, means connecting the cranks with the lee-rail so that when the bottom is raised close np to the mattress the lee-rail is ont of normal position and when the bottom is Withdrawn from the mattress the lee-rail is simultaneously returned to normal position.\
G. A berth Convertible into a seat comprising in conibination :fi rendily yielding' inatlrese, a Yfalse bottoni arranged to reinforce the nnittress when the berth is to be used zii-1 a seul, a lifting and lowering device lor said bottom, and a lee-rail, means connecting the bottom with the lee-rail so that when [he bottom is raised close up to the mattress the lee-rail out ott' normal position and when the bottoni is nitl'idran'n troni the infiltrer-fs the lee-rail is simultaneously returned lo normal position7 and meine 'tir preventing the rlee-rail when out oi' normal position Vtroni being' accidentally moved.
lin testimoni),v whereof l nllir: my signiitnre.
FRAN li'. PINK.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6367839||Mar 5, 1999||Apr 9, 2002||Volvo Trucks North America, Inc.||Padded bunk restraint|
|U.S. Classification||5/430, 105/316, 5/9.1, 5/226|
|International Classification||B63B29/00, B63B29/10|