US 1613732 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 11 1927.
M. STOCKOV WARDROBE TRUNK Filed Sept. 9l
INVENTOR 5to( 0 V ATT NEY Patented Jan. 11, 1927.
MAX STOCKOV, F NEW YORK, N. Y.
Application mea september 9, 1925.4 serial No. 55,231.
This invention relates to wardrobe trunks arranged with a tier of drawers, and relates particularly to means to releasably retain the drawers in closed position, and it is the object of the invention to provide improved means for this purpose which is simple in construction and operation and edective in keeping the drawers closed to withstand the hard uses to which a wardrobe trunk is subjected, and that is readily releasable when it is desired to open the drawers.
In carrying out the invention I secure a lock to an end drawer, said lock having a key operated bolt to co-operate with a keeper 16 fixed to the trunk wall to retain said drawer in closed position. A rod is releasably/engaged in apart iiXed to the trunk wall opposite to that to which the keeper for the lock bolt is carried, said rod being adapted 20 to extend transversely of the drawers and releasably retained in such position to maintain the drawers closedby engaging a por tion extending from the rod in an opening in the lock casing, and adapted to be releasably engaged by the lock bolt to retain it in such position and released when the lock bolt is actuated by the key to moveit to unlocking position.
In the drawing accompanying and torming a part of this specication, Figure 1 is an elevational viewfof a wardrobe trunk showing the same in open position and arranged with a series of drawers land an eml bodiment of my improved locking means applied thereto.
Figure 2 is a front elevation, on an enlarged scale, of a key operated lock forming a part of my improved locking means and showing a part of the drawer retaining rod in operative relation thereto, and showing in dotted lines the position of the lock bolt when the locking means is in drawer locking position.
Figure 3 1s a sectional side elevation of the lock taken on the line '3-3 of Figure 2 looking in the direction of the arrow.
Figure 4 is a side elevation of the lock looking at the right of Figure 2.
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the lock bolt.
' Figure 6 is an elevational view of the upper end of the locking rod. Y
Figure 7 is a elevational view of a key for use in connection with lock shown in Figure 2.
`ing strip intermediate the drawers.
relation to the plate 8 and space the plates v Figure S is a plan view of a rod engaging member adapted to be secured to a partimilar characters ot reference designate like parts throughout the diterent views of the drawing.
I have shown an embodiment of the invention in the drawing in connection with a trunk commonly termed a wardrobe trunk comprising a pair of hingedly connected sections a and b, the section (9 being provided with a tier of drawers arranged in superposed relation to have inward and outward sliding movement. f
I have shown an embodiment of my invention in connection with a trunk of this character to retain or lock the drawers in closed position and comprising a key operated lock, the bolt or latch of which is adapted to co-operate with a fixed keeper to retain one of the end drawers in closed posi.- tion. In the `present instance this lock is Vattached to the top drawer, as shown at 7 in Figure 1. This lock as shown in Figures 2 to 4, inclusive, comprises a pair of plates 8 and 9, the opposite side portions androne end of plate 9 are flanged to extend at right angles to the body of the plate, as shown at 10 and 11 in Figure 3 to lie in abut-ting from each other, and secured in such position by engaging nihsor tongues formed on the longitudinal edge of the plate flanges 10 and 11 in perforations in plate 8 and peening or riveting over the portions of the nibS extending beyond the surface of plate 8, as at 12 in Figure 3. The plate 8 is Hanged at one end in a direction toward plate 9, as at 12', with a portion intermediate the end of the flange cut away to provide an opening for a purpose hereinafter described. One side ange of plate 9 has a cut away portion and when the plates are secured together forming an opening 13 in the lock casing, the plate 9 at lsaid opening being slightly bulged outwardly 'as at 14. kThe plate 8 is arranged with laterally extending ears 15 having perforations l16 for the engagement of securing 1neans,s uch as screws or the like. Y
A locking bolt or latch comprising a plate 17 shown in Figure 5 and in dotted lines in Figure 2 is slidably mounted in the space between the plates 8, 9 and normally urged by a spring 18 confined between the bolt ,lle
and end flange 11 ot casing plate 9, in a direction toward and into engagement with the tlange 12 or plate 8 with a projection or tongue 19 on the plate 17, having one lace beveled, as shown in Figure 3 projected through the opening arranged intermediate the ends of plate iiange 12', as; shown in dotted lines in Figure 2. rllhis plate tongue 19 is adapted to be vengaged in van opening in a keeper plate 2O iixed to the wall ot the upper wall of the trunk as viewed in Figure 1. iks the drawer is closed the beveled Iface of the tongue 19 engaging the end o' the keeper v2O will torce the plate 17 against t-he tension ot the spring 18 in a direction to move the tongue into the casing, and as the tongue comes opposite the keeper opening the tongue will be engaged in said openthrough the action oi spring 18.
To move ythebolt tongue 19 out ot engagement with the keeper to j vermit-the drawer to be moved outward a suitable key 2l (Figure 7 is provided, this key being engaged in a slot ot a barrel 22 rotatably mounted in opposed openings in the casing plates, said barrel having an enlargement intermediate the casing platesto prevent yaxial displacement thereof. rihe casing plate 9 has a slot 23 tor the passage ot the key as it is engaged in the slot ot the key supporting barrel 22, theA key having a transverse slot 24 to provide the key with a projection 25 to have movement in the space between the casingplates. The bolt plate 17 is arranged with a rectangular opening 26. This plate is normally positioned by the spring` 18 so that the key projection may enter therein as lthe key is engagedrin the casing slot 23, and as the key is rotated the key projection 25 will engage the wall oi plate opening 26 and move the plate against the tension 'ol' spring 18 and thereby the plate tongue 19 out of engage` ment with the 'keeper 20. To prevent the insertion of ,an` imp-lement vbetween the keeper 2O and the plate tongue to move said tongue out ot engagement with the keeper the one end of the easing Vplate 9 is arranged with an extended curved portion 27 to overhang the end of the tongue and for engagement of the perforated end ofthe keeper, as shown in Figure 3.
To retain and lock all oi the Idrawers below theftop drawer in closed position a rod or bar 28 is provided to extend transversely ot the drawers as shown in Figure 1.
The one end or the rod, in the present instance the lower end, is reduced in diameter and engaged in a 'perforation in a plate 29, which is in the nature oi a keeper plat-e, said plate being lixed to the trunk wall op- .posits to and offset in relation to the lock keeper 2O with the shoulder formed by the reduced end of the rod vabutting against the plate 29.
The rod is of a length to extend from the bottom of the trunk to alongside the lock casing, 'as shown in Figures 1 and 2, and is arranged with a laterally extending lock member, comprising a shouldered pin or plug 30 having a reduced end engaged in a transverse perforation in the rod and secured therein as by vriveting over the end, 'as at 31. The pin has a transverse slot 32 arranged at the bottom, and the ree end is beveled, as at 33. The bolt plate 17 has a recess 34 'extending inward trom one side which registers with the opening 13 in the lock case when the bolt is urged to locking position by lthe spring 18. The bottom wall 'of this recess has an under 'cut portion 35 forming a tongue 36 having the 'outer upper edge beveled as at 37.
The rod is releasably retain'ed'in position f to extend transversely of the drawers by engaging the pin 30 in the casing 'opening 13, as shown in Figure 2,'the beveled'end ot' the pin engaging with the beveled portion 37 of the bolt tongue 36 moving the bolt 17 against the tension oi the spring 18 until the pin recess 32 comes Aopposite the bolt tongue 36 when the bolt is moved by the spring to engage said tongue in the pin recess thereby looking the rod in position eX- tending transversely 'of the drawers.v The rod is released from the lock casing simultaneously with the releasing 'oit' the bolt tongue 19 from the keeper 2O as `the bolt is manipulated by the key 21. The bolt is normally positioned by its actuating spring so that the upper wall ot the bolt opening is in position to be 'cleared by lthe key projection 25 as it is entered into the casing slot 23, Athe lateral wall "of said opening being arranged 'so that- 'as the key is rotated the key projection will pass said wall. The lower wall 'ot the Vbolt A'opening is positioned so that the Vkey projection will engage therewith during 'the rotation thereof and such engagement by the 'rotary movement ot the key will move the bolt tounlocking position.
To prevent springing of Vthe rod a Asecond keeper plate 38 (Figure 8) is 'sec'ure'dtoa parting strip, as 39, -between a pair of drawers, said plate having a recessed portion l0 extending outward `from the drawers for engagement of the locking rod intermediate the ends thereof.
Having thus described my invention,V I claim:
In a wardrobe trunk arranged with tier ot drawers, releasable means Yfor retaining the drawers in closed position comprising keepers arranged at the top and bottom 'of the tier of drawers, a-lock tixedto on'eoi'' the end drawers including a casing and a. plate bolt slidably mounted -in the casing having a tongue to co-operate with one keeper toVVV retain the drawers in closed position, 'a bar one end of which is adapted to be releasably second tongue to co-operate with said pin to engaged with the other keeper to extend secure the bar in said position. transversely to the closed tier of drawers, Signed at the City of New York, in the 10 said bar having a pin fixed in and extending county and State of New York, this 5th 5 laterally from one end and adapted to enday of September, 1925.
gage an opening and extend into the lock casing, and the plate bolt arranged with a MAX STOCKOV.