US 1615823 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb 1 1927 G..|. BARCLAY WINDOW Filed Aug.. 5l. 1925 2 sheets-sheet 1 Feb G. l. BARCLAY WINDOW 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Feb. 1, 1927.
UNITED STATES 1,615,823 PATENT OFFICE.
GUSTAF IVAR BARCLAY, OF,DETROIT, MICHIGAN, ASSIGNOR T DETROIT STEEL i PRODUCTS C0., OF DETBOI'L'MICHIGAN, .A CORPOERATION OF MICHIGAN.
Applicationled August 31, 1925. Serial No. 53,633.
The invention relates to windows and .re-
fers more particularly to that type having a swinging ventilator. One of the objects of the invention is to provide an lmproved construction of window which may be economically manufactured. Another obJect is to provide means upon the window sash for anchoring the Window bv the bricks or the like of which the building is constructed; to provide means upon the window sash for guiding the bricks or the like; to prov1de a hinge member between the ventilator and sash which is adjustable relative to one of these members to permit commercial manufacture of the window; to provide means for guiding the ventilator to locate the same relative to the sash; to provide upon the s1ll of the ventilator a drip mold for carrying moisture away from the glass; and to pro- .20 vide a sash having a sillwith a channel in its upper lface for collecting moisture which might pass between the barsof the ventilator and sash. Further objects of the invention reside in the novel features of construction and combinations and arrangements of parts as more fully hereinafter set forth. In the drawings y Figure 1 is aninside elevation of a window embodying my invention; i
Figure 2 is a plan view thereof;
Figures 3 and 4 are cross sections respectively on the lines 3-3 and 4 4 of Figure 1 and showing the window in placein a building; f
Figure 5 is an inside elevation of a corner portion of the sash;
Figure 6 is a similar view'showing a bar of the sash before it is bent;
Figure 7 is a cross section on the line 7-7 of Figure 6;
Figure 8 is an inside of the ventilator; l l
Figure 9 is an end view thereof.
I have shown in the present instance a basement window having the sash 1 and the ventilator 2, which latter receives the glass. The sash is made up of the bars 3 and 4,
which respectively form the lintel and the sides and sill of the sash. The ventilator is made up of the lintel'bar 5, the side bars 6 and the sill bar 7. The bars of both the sash and ventilator have a general Z-shaped c'ross section and are so arranged that when the ventilator is in closed position its inner elevation of a corner and outer flanges respectively overlap and contact with the inner and outer flanges of the sash.
The ventilator 2 is pivotally connected to the sash 1 by meansof the hinges 8 preferably located near opposite sides of the ventilator. Each hinge comprises the hinge member 9, which is rigidly secured to the inner side of the inner flange of the ventilator lintel bar 5 and also the hinge member l0, which extends through the inner flange of the sash lintel bar 3 and is secured to the web of this bar. These hinge members have aligned barrel portions through which the cotter pin 1l extends for securing the same to each other. these barrel' portions preferably having an interior diameter of a size such that an ordinary nail may be used as a pivot, in the event that the cotter pin is lost. To provide for the commercial manufacture of the window, the hinge mem bers l() are pivotally connected to the sash lintel bar' by means of the rivets 12 which permit horizontally swinging the hinge members 10 so that they will properly align and also allow the ventilator to be properly located relative to the sash.
To guide the ventilator and properly align the same when it is being swung to closed .Y position there is the wedge member 13, which as shown is formed of a plate having the flange 14'rigidly secured to the inner flange of the sill portion of the sash bar 4 and at the middlethereof. This plate also has the bent downwardly and inwardly inclined flange 15, which has inwardly converging side-edges forming a wedge. The inner side flange of the ventilator sill bar 7 has the notch 16 cut therein of a width to receive the flange 15. The arrangement is such that -if the ventilator is out of line the iange 15 of the wedge member engaging the ends forming the notch 16 will compel the ventilator to assume a proper aligned position when it is closed.
For locking the ventilator in closed position the flange 15 of the wedge member is provided with a longitudinally extending slot, which is engageable by the locking Wedge 17. This locking wedge is preferably permaneritly securedto the window and furthermore preferably by means for holding the ventilator in open osition. This means, as shown, comprises t e chain 18 iixedly secured at one end to the ventilator sill bar 7 the ends of the side bars,
and slidably secured at the other end to the ring 19, 'which latter slidably extends through the upper end of the locking wedge. This ring may be used when the. ventilator is in open position to engage over a nail or the like for suspending the ventilator in this position. l
The ventilator sill bar 7 has the integral lateral fl-ange 20, which extends outwardly and downwardly from the upper edge of its outer flange and projects over the upper edge of the outer flange of the sill portion of the sash bar 4 and forms a drip mold for conducting moisture away from the glass.
To collect any moisture which may pass between the outer flanges of the ventilator and sash bars the inner flange of the sill portion of the sash bar 4 is provided with the upward extension 21 upon the opposite side of the web of this bar. This extension with the outer flange forms a channel in the upper face of the sill portion of the bar for collecting the moisture. The outer flange of this bar is preferably provided with the slots 22 through which the moisture may pass to flow out upon the sill of the frame.
In order to take care of the peculiar cross section of the bar 4 when bending this bar to form the side bars and sill of the sash, I have, as shown in Figures 6 and 7 particularly, formed' in the portion of the bar to be bent, when in straight condition, the V- shaped notch 23 in the outer flange of the bar, the aligned Vshaped notch 24 in the extension 21 of the inner flange and the longitudinally extending slot 25 in the inner flange immediately adjacent to ,the web of the bar. This permits bending the bar at right angles without tearing or breaking apart the metal at the bend inasmuch as the stretching or elongation of the metal is reduced by reason of the longitudinally extending slot which is practically closed during` the bending.
To facilitate the assembly of the bars of the sash or ventilator so that the window may be manufactured on a commerical scale,
as shown particularly in Figures 8 and 9, are cut off at right angles with the exceptions of the tongues 26 forming extensions of the webs of these side bars. The outer flanges of the lintel and sill bars are cut away to the web at 27 to receive the outer flange of the side bars. Also the webs of the lintel and sill bars are provided with transverse slots for receiving the tongues upon the webs of the side bars, which after insertion are riveted over to rigidly secure the side bars to the lintel and sill bars.` This provides for securing good joints-be` tween the bars and at the same time does not necessitate exacting work in fitting the bars to each other.
To assist the workman in lining up the bricks or the like of which the building is ywindow opening, if the masonry constructed and also to anchor the window, I have provided upon each side bar of the sash the combined guide and anchoring strip 28, which is substantially U-shaped and has its base rigidly secured to the web of the side bar by suitable means such as rivets. This strip has the anchoring flange 29 which extends outwardlyand away from the side bar of the sash and in the plane of the window. The strip also has the outwardlylinclined or diverging flange 30 which is of less width than the flange 29 and the edge of which may be used to guide the bricks or the like of which the building is constructed.
These bricks or the like may be laid upon opposite sides of the flange 28 to anchor the window.
The outer flange of the sash bar 4 is provided with the extension 31 on the opposite side of the web of the sash bar and as. a consequence the sill portion of this sash bar has a channel in its lower face providing room for the masonry sill 32, a portion of which extends up into this channel so that the joint between the masonry sill and the sash is l' completely covered. The inner side flange of the sill portion of this sash bar extends downwardly on the inside of the masonry sill and it with the extension 3l serve to ,anchor the sash to the masonry sill. 'Furthermore this inner flange provides free and unobstructed surface on the inside of the window for the convenient locking of the ventilator without interference with the masonry construction. T he inner side flange of the lintel bar 3 of' the sash extends upwardly into the masonry at the top of the is used at this place, to also an'hor the sash rmly in place. In the event that masonry is not used at the top of the window opening but a wooden frame member is used the lintel bar can be rigidly secured to this wooden frame member by means of the screws 33 which extend through the holes 34 formed in the web of the lintel bar 3 inside of and adjacent to the hinge members 10. Thus it is seen that my sash lintel bar is so constructed that' it may be firmly anchored either to a wooden frame member or to masonry at the top of the window opening,
-either of which may be used.
3. In a window, the combination with a sash, of a ventilator and means for pivotally connecting said ventilator to said sash, including a plurality of hinges, each hin-ge having a hinge member rigidly secured to one of said first mentioned members and sash, of a swinging ventilator and cooperating means upon said sash and ventilator engageable-during the closing movement of said ventilator for locating the same relative to said sash.
6. In a window, the combination with a sash, of a swinging ventilator, and means forlocating said ventilator relative to said sash, including a member upon one of said first mentioned members and having diver-ging shoulders, and means `uponthe other of said first mentioned members engageable with said shoulders.
7. In a window, the combination witha sash, of a swinging ventilator having spaced shoulders and a member secured to said sash and .having divergino' shoulders engageable with said first mentloned shoulders during the closing movement of ysaid ventilator for locating the same relative to said sash.
S. In a window, the combination with a sash, of a swinging ventilator, a wedge mem ber upon said sash engageable with said ventilator for locating the same relative to said sash, and means engageable with said wedge member for locking said ventilator in vclosed position.
9. In a window, the combination with a sash, of a swinging ventilator, a wedge member for locking said ventilator in closed position and means for permanently connecting said wedge member to said ventilator, including a flexible member and a loop.
10. In a window, the combination lof .a sash and means permanently secured to said sash and extending therefrom Vfor guiding 'the bricks or the like of which the building is constructed.
11. In a window, the combination `of a sash and a member secured to said sash and lincluding means for anchoring the sash in a building, and means for guiding the bricks or the like of which the buildmg is cona structed.
12. In a window, the combination of a sash having side bars and U-shaped members having their bases secured to said side bars and provided with outwardly extending anchoring flanges and outwardly eX tending guiding flanges of a width less than said anchoring flanges.
13. In a window, the combination with a sash, of a ventilator pivotally connected at its upper end to said sash` the lower end of `said sash being formed of'a bar having an upwardly extending outer flange and the lower end of said ventilator being formed of a bar having an upwardly extendin flange engageable with said first mentione flange and terminating in a lateral flange extendingr over said first and forming a. drip mold.
14. In a window, the combination with a sash formed of bars of general Z-shaped cross section, of a ventilator formed of bars of a general Z-shaped cross section, means for pivotally connecting the lintel portions of said sash and ventilator to each other and means upon the sill portion of said ventilator.A and extending over the outer flange of the'. sill portion of said sash forming a drip mold, the sill portionof said sash hav-4 ing a channel in its upper face for collecting moisture and its outer flange being provided with an opening registering with the channel.
15. In a window, the combination of a sash, of aventilator, 'means for pivotally connecting said ventilator to said sash inmentioned flange cludinga hinge member pivotally connected to one of said members and adjusted relative thereto, and means operable durin the closing movement of said ventilator to locate the same relative to said, sash.
16. In awindow, the combinationof a sash, and means permanently secured to said sash and extending therefrom adapted to anchor the sash to a bnilding and guide the bricks or the like of which the building is constructed. said sash having at 'its lower end a bar with a channel in its upper face for collecting moisture.
In testimony whereof I aflix m signature.
. GUSTAF IVAR BAyltCLAY.