|Publication number||US1616957 A|
|Publication date||Feb 8, 1927|
|Filing date||Jul 10, 1926|
|Priority date||Jul 10, 1926|
|Publication number||US 1616957 A, US 1616957A, US-A-1616957, US1616957 A, US1616957A|
|Inventors||Honigbaum Harry H|
|Original Assignee||Honigbaum Harry H|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (19), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
H. H.` HONIGBUM RETAINER Filed July 10. 1926 [N VENTOR.
Maw] #Hoa/gba By .l ATT NEYS. l
Patented Feb. 8, 1927.
UNITED; STATES HARRY B'. HON'I'GBAIUM, OF RICHMOND HILL, NEW 'YOfiL RETAINER. t
Application filed July 10,
This invention is a new article of manu' facture adapted -to be used as a retainer in the various arts. For example, it may be used in the hanging of picture frames or other articles on walls or by varying the well adapted for the securing of .composition shingles to a roof. In fact, by variations in shape and size, the invention is susceptible to an infinite num- "U ber of uses without departing from the spirit or scope' of the invention.
In its broad aspect the invention comprises a Abody portion provided with one or more spikes' or rongs ormed integral with the body portlon and stamped therefrom, said-body portion and prongs being stamped from', al blank, wherein the prongs are formed by stamping from the blank one or more portions thereof extending into the 3U body of the blank from one or more ofthe edges of such blank. In every embodiment of the invention, the prong portion ofthe blank extends from one edge of the blank into the body of the blank and terminates '-15 within its edges. This manner of forming the retainer is believed to be broadly novel. Other portions of the blank are preferably lbent or stamped into the form of one or more keepers of appropriate shape.
' liso In practically carrying Outvthe invention,
sheet metal is stamped to form a blank and then by stamping and forming operations, each blank is manipulated'into the form of aret-ainer with the prongs formed as de- :5 scribed and one or more keepers are simulltaneously stamped up in appropriate relation to the prongs to .fuliill'the function for which the retainer isV const-ruote .i The retainer of this invention is economical to i9 manufacture, is not susceptible of a turning movement when in position. and will etti-fciently retain articles on the wall, shingles 011 the roof and otherdevices in proper places. Features of the invention,other than those specified, will be apparent from the hereinafter detailed description and claims, when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
The accompanying drawings illustrate i0 di'erent practical embodiments of the invention, but the constructions therein shown are to be understood as illustrative only,
' and not as defining the limits of the invent-ion. Y
Figure 1 is a sheet metal blank from .along the lines 2,
i926. serial No.' 121,512.
which the retainer. o Figure 2 may be formed.
Figure 2 is a retainer stamped from the blank of Figure 1; and,
Figures 3, 4, 5, 'and\6 are modiied forms of retainer, all embodying thel present invention. y i
Referring first to Figures 1 and 2,' the former figure rshows a rectilinear blank 1 which is adapted to be -cut by suit-able dies 2 to form a convergent or wedge shaped spike portion 3. It will' be noted that the lines 2, 2 intersect at the free edge ot the blank, so that the spike portion 3 extends. from the edge 4 ot the blank-'into the body of suchblank and terminates at a spa-ced distance from the cppo site ends 5 of the blank. In other words, 'the spike portion extends into the blank and to a point remote from its edges. .y After the blankhas been cut`along the lines 2, 2,
it is bent along the line 6 to position the prong or spike 3 in an ular relation to the remainder of the blanI. In practice, the prong may extend at right angular relation tothe blank or in any other angular rclation appropriate to the particular use to which the retainer is to be put. Afterv bend- 'ing the blank along the line 6 to form the spike 3, the blankis further bent aloiigthc lines 7 to form keepers 8, 8, whereupon the retainer is complete. Thekeepers may manifestly be of any suitable shape, but the simplest form of retainer is shown in Figure 2.
It will be noted that the spike is widest atA its base so that it is strongest at the point where it joins the body portion 9 of the retainer. Moreover, the body ,portion is substantially bifurcated by the cutting away of 95 the spike, but this bifurcation is produced by a tapering cut so that where the keepers are formed, the arms of the body portion are at substantially thevwidest. In other y words, the keepers are formed at the point 1,00 where the body portion is the strongest and the body portion joins the spike where the spike is the strongest." These parts of the body portion between the keepers and the lspike are', in practice, generally subjected 105 only to tension without any appreciable bending strain and it ywill therefore ap ear that the disposition of the metal is suc as to give maximum strength for the material l o.
The structure of Figure 3 difers from that of Figure 2 only in that an additional spike and an additional keeper .are added. Thus, in this ligure, Qtl is the body portion, 3.a, 3- are the spikes and 8a, 8 and 8, are the keepers. The structure ofFigure 4 is practically the same so far as the spikeportions are concerned as the structure of Figure 3, but the keepers-are formed from the body portion 9b in a diferent manner. These keepers Share stamped out of the body portion instead of being bent up from one edge thereof. The spike` portions 3b are .formed in the same manner as in Figure 3.
The structure of 'Figure 5 is, practically speaking, a duplication of the structure of Figure 2joined end to end and positioned in angular relation to one another. Thus the elon ated body portion 9 is provided at each end7 with kee ers 8c and between each two keepers a spik portion 3 is stamped out.
In Figure 6, I have shown the invention as constructed in the form ci' a picture hook to hang pictures from a picture molding. The body portion `9d is formed at its lower end with t'wo'keepers 8d, while at its opposite end, it is bent to form a single. curved keeper 8d, This latter keeper is adapted to hook over apicture molding and the piwcture Wire is adapted'to engage with thekeepers 8d. The single prong 3d stamped out from the body portion, as hereinbefore described, is made relatively short and is adapted to be pressed into the wall to keep the device from shifting or swinging on the molding.
The several embodiments of the invention shown in the drawings are only illustrative ot a great numberof structures which :might be constructed in accordance vwith the present invention and the particular configuration of these several structures would, inanifestly, depend upon` the particular use to which they are to be put in the several arts. For instance, the retainer oi this invention may be employed to mount pictures, book trames, mirrors, etc. on a wall, or ifor attaching strip shingles to a root or for holding down individual shingles or roll roofing at the weather edge thereof or fornumerous other purposes when the invention is made 'in the smallersizes. It the device is made in larger sizes, it may be used for various' otherpurposes, for hat racks, coat racks and other analogous uses wherein, manifestly, the keeper will be formed ot a shape a propriate to the particular use to which` the device is adapted.v lt is obviously not prac tical to show all forms of which 'the invention is susceptible and the accompanying drawings are merely illustrative. For these Leanser' of manipulatingl the blank in the form of a.
retainer as described.
Having thus fully described -the invention, Awhich I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
l. The herein described method of making a retainer which consists in providing .a sheet metal blank with divergent slits intersecting one another at one edge of the blank and extendingat a sharp' acute angle into the body of the blank, thereafter bending that' portion of the blank between the slits into angular relation with the body of the' blank to form a spike portion, and thereafter bending another portion of the blank back upon itself and substantially par ylel with the body portion to 'form' at least ne keeper at anl outer edge ofthe body porton.
2.'As a new articlel of manutactur, a' Sheet metal body portion having a spike integral therewith and extending 'from a point in the body portion inwardly from the edges of the body portion and in anguL lar relation to the body portion, said body portion being provided with a slot extending from the base 'of the spike to one edge of the body portion, and at least one keeper integral with the body portion and bent toward 'the latter at an edge thereof said keeper extending substantially parallel with the face of the body portion.
3. As an improved article of manufacture,
a retainer composed of a single piece of sheet metal and embodying a body portion provided inwardly of its edges with a spike positioned at angular relation to the said body portion, the body portion being pio vided with an angular slot toi-med by the Vproduction ot said spike, and angled keepers bent at an angle to. the body portion. with their terminals parallel with and in relative close proximity to the outer edges of the body portion.
4f. is an improved article oi manufacture a retainer formed oi a single piece oi sheet material with divergent slits intersecting one another at one edge of the body porti n, a spike bent jfrom the body portion atK the base of the angle formed by said slits, and keepers formed by ree portions `at the side edges of the body portion, bent at an angle to the body portion and again substantially parallel to such edges.
In testimony whereof, llenar llorar@- 'napir has signed his naine to this speciiication this lilith day oit dune, i926.,
narrar n. noureeann lll?
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2592717 *||Oct 31, 1949||Apr 15, 1952||Mann Cecil E||Mason's line block|
|US3110467 *||Jun 15, 1961||Nov 12, 1963||Emile Dube||Hook for facial tissue box and the like|
|US3298651 *||Mar 7, 1966||Jan 17, 1967||Passer La Roy B||Wall hanger|
|US3680031 *||Apr 30, 1971||Jul 25, 1972||Gen Electric||Grounding device for mounting strap|
|US4333625 *||Feb 21, 1980||Jun 8, 1982||Richard Haug||Wall hanger hooks|
|US4613108 *||May 16, 1984||Sep 23, 1986||Sundstroem Fred||Appliance for hanging objects on walls|
|US4871140 *||May 20, 1988||Oct 3, 1989||Moore Push-Pin Company||Hanging device|
|US5048788 *||Aug 31, 1989||Sep 17, 1991||Moore Push-Pin Company||Hanging device for hardboard|
|US5267718 *||Dec 8, 1992||Dec 7, 1993||Indevco Corporation||Hanger structure|
|US5429252 *||Nov 2, 1993||Jul 4, 1995||Liu; Hung-Yang||Versatile rail for supporting objects in kitchen|
|US6641107 *||Oct 10, 2002||Nov 4, 2003||Peter G. Janssen||Tool-free hanging device|
|US7025320 *||Feb 10, 2004||Apr 11, 2006||Renny Barnes||Wall article hanger for d-ring and method of use|
|US20040065027 *||Nov 15, 2001||Apr 8, 2004||David Birss||Anchorage|
|US20040187425 *||Mar 30, 2004||Sep 30, 2004||Kozyrski Vincent T.||Apparatus for installing framing material hangers|
|US20040188494 *||Dec 12, 2003||Sep 30, 2004||The Fletcher-Terry Company||Apparatus for installing framing material hangers|
|US20050173611 *||Feb 10, 2004||Aug 11, 2005||Barnes Renny H.||Wall article hanger for d-ring and method of use|
|US20070108357 *||Nov 17, 2005||May 17, 2007||Plowman Daniel L||Support bracket for bicycles|
|US20110174940 *||Jul 21, 2011||Edward Cai||Hook for hanging object on a wall|
|US20160044911 *||Aug 10, 2015||Feb 18, 2016||Ancestry Outdoors, LLC||Bracket and Hanger System to Aid in Hanging a Tree Stand|
|U.S. Classification||248/217.3, 211/87.1, 248/301, 5/238|
|International Classification||A47G1/22, A47G1/16|