US 1617450 A
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O l l Feb 5,1927 W J KNEE 'TYPEWRITING MACHINE Filed AUEI.11. 1925 Patented F el 15, 1927.n
UNITED STATES PAT WALTER KNEE, OF OMAHA., NEBRASKA, ASSIGNOBqf- IO 4UNIDEB'WOOI) 'TYPEWRITEB COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CONPORTZFOISOF DELAWARE.
TYPEWRITING, MACHINES Application filed Augustll, 1925. Serial No. 49,511.
This invention relates to collating devices for typewriting machines, which are provided with means for holding work-'sheets "against theplaten at the printing line.
' the provision Many concerns send statements every month, which consist of 'a fewgroups of figures, each group being typed in its parterior width slightly greater than the statement-cards to be used in it. These chutes may be fastened, one at a time, to a crossbar which may be detachably mounted on plates fast on U-shaped brackets slidably mounted on a stiff horizontal rod, the latter being held fast on the usual carriage-frame ends. The chutes are provided with a back wall and a front wall, the latter terminating a short distance above the printing line of the platen. A plurality of downwardly-extending, narrow, flexible curved-fingers may be mounted on said front wall to coincide "with and overlie column-dividing lines of the statement-cards. These fingers are arranged to hold the cards against the platen at the printing line thereof, and guide its leadingd edge between the platen and av paper-table apron. Characters may be typed between the narrow fingers. Work-sheetholding rolls are provided on each side of 'each `chute for holding a record-sheet on the platen. By using cards sutli'ciently stiif that tit their' particular chutes correctly, the
v cards may be quickly inserted and gaged Iby the wing-scales to printing position with one movement, since they require gaging in vertical direction only. No further operation of any cllating mechanism of the machine is requiredunless two o r more lines are to be typed. In such cas e s the platen needs only to be line-spaced vA feature of the invention is the arrangement Aof the lower ends of thenarrow fingers to fit between broad teeth provided in the apron-extension of the usual paper-table, to prevent the cards from catching onthe en d of the apron' when they are pushed down around the platen. Another feature is the provision of simple means for mountingthe card-holding fingers for lateral yadjustment on the chute.
`Other features and advantages will here'- inafter appear.
In the accompanying drawings,
Figure 1 is a fragmentary frontview of the'pre'sent invention, embodied in an Under- Wood typewriting machine, a'nd illustrates how a statement-card appears in thedev'ice.
Figure 2 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view of the device in `Figure 1, and shows certain features of the typewriting machine which were omitted in Figure 1 for the sake of clearness.
Figure 3 is a perspective View of the chute of the present invention, arranged with adjustable work-sheet-holding fingers.
A type 10 held on a type-bar 11 is arranged as usual in an Underwood typewriting machine to be operated by keys, not shown, to strike against aplaten 12 mounted on a shaft 13, which is journaled in carriageframe ends 14. A ratchet-wheel 15' ar"- ranged for rotation, step by step, by the usual finger-piece, not shown, and two fingerwheels 16, one of which is shown, are mounted on shaft 13 for line-spacing the platen 12. Feed-rolls 17 and 17, shown in .both operative and released positions, may be operated by the usual means, not shown. A usual paper-table 18, except for modifications of its front apron-extension 19, as will be hereinafter described, may be arranged in-the rear of platen 12.
A stiff rod 20 is held fast by screws 21 in brackets 22, the latter being fastened by screws 23 to the carriage-frame ends 14., Rolls 24 and 25, arranged for pressing.
against the platen 12, are carried by flexible fingers 26 and 27, respectively, which are fastened by screws 28 to U-shaped brackets 29 .and 30, respectively. The brackets are slidably mounted on rod 20, with a bastv or lateral portion 31a of an L-shaped plate 31 fastened on the bracket 29, between it and the finger 26. A similar L-shaped plate 32 is fastened on a U-shaped bracket 34 adjacent the left end of the platen 12. The.` right end of a stiE bar 35, having a rectan-4 gular cross-section,'may be fastened by a. screw 36 to plate 31, and the left end of the.
bar, which is arranged with an open-end L-shaped slot 37, may be fastened by a screw 38 to plate 32, the slot 37 permitting the To hold the brackets 29 and 34 against undesired lateral or'rotary movement on ro'd 20, hubs 45, provided with screws 46, may be soldered to the outer and shorter arms of the brackets. Bracket 30 may have a flat s ring30 arranged to engage a groove, not s own, in the under side of the rod 20,
.to hold the bracket against rotary movement around the rod While permitting easy lateral adjustment thereon.
A chute 50, positioned labove the platen i 12, between the rolls 24 and 25, which may have converging and rearwardly-inclined .front and back walls 51 and 52, respectively,
is fastened on the bar 35 by screws 53, set in countersinks 54 of the back wall 52, so that the screw-heads do not project above the front side of the back wall. The chute may have ends made by riveting or sol. dering together flanges 57, 58 and flanges 59, 60 of the front and back walls, respectively.
To'use the collating devicea record-sheet 61, with an overlying narrower carbon-sheet 62, may be inserted around 'the platen 12 from the rear in the usual wa ,being passed under the rolls 24 and 25, andyi chute 50, and properly gaged by means of the usual wing-scales 72, whose top edges `7 3 may rest against the convex surfaces of the fingers 66. The feed-rolls 17 and 17a may now be cast oi, and a statementv sheet or card 63, havin ruled columns 64 with vertical dividing ines 65 and appropriate headings or designations for the columns, may be inserted in the top of the chute 50. To facilitate insertingand withdrawing the;` statement-card 63, the front and back walls 51 j and 52 may have central top portions 51 and 52", respectively, removed. The lower edge of the frontwall may be arranged approximately tangent to the platen, just above the printing line. To hold the statement card 63 closely against the record and carbon sheets 61 and 62 on the platen 12, a plurality of curved flexible lingers 66 are rovided which have a wide portion 67 for astening' them along ythe, lower edge of the front wall 51 by riveting or soldering. The lower portions 68 of the lingers 66 will preferably be very narrow and no thicker than necessary to give sulicient strength for holding the statement-card 63 closely against the platen- 12, since they eXtend\ down below the rinting line and must clear the usual ri bonvibrator, not shown. The pressure of the fingers 66 and rolls 24'. and 25 against the platen 12 can be varied by a small rotation of rod 20.
The statement-card 63 will preferably be printed on paper or cardboard slightly narrower than Vthe inside width of the chute 50,
vand will be suiciently stift' to allow it to lp-behind the with, so that the statement-card 63 catching on the top edge 69 of the apron 19 when the card is being inserted, the apron may have vshallow, teeth -70 arranged so that the lower ends of the narrow linger-portions 68 may rest against the platen 12 in notches 71 betweenk the teeth 70. Thus the loweredge' of a card will be past the top end of apron 19 before it is out from under the pressure of the fingers L When the leading edge ofthe statement' card 63 has been pushed down past the printing line and the card has been gaged to printing position by the wing-scales 72, one line of dat-a may be typed at once. To type two or more lines, the platen l2 may be linespaced by one of the finger-wheels 16, or by throwing on the feed-rolls and operating the usual line-spacing finger-piece, not shown.
When all the desired data has been typed on a statement-card 63, the feed-rolls 17 and 17a will be cast olf, and the card 63 can be easilypulled from thetop of the chute with' out changing the position of the record-sheet 61, which is securely held by the pressure of the rolls 24 and25.
To remove the chute 50 and replace it with J one of a different widththe screw 36 may be removed and the screw 38 released. and
the bar 35 carrying the chute 50 may then be removed. The screw 46 may next be r0- leased, and the bracket 29 carrying plate 31 may be moved to the new position and the vscrew tightened. The bar 35 carrying a different width chute may now be fastened on theplates 31 and 32. It can be readily seen that the collator can be easily and quickly removed from the typewriting machine by unscrewing the screws 21 and removing the collator upwardly. l
In Figure 3 is illustrated how the cardholding fingers 166 may be arranged for lateral adjustment along the chute 50. A rectangular rod 175 may be fastened by lscrews 176 to iaps 177 integral with t-he front wall 51 and bentaround in front of said Wall. Each finger 166 may have a flattened portion 167 fastened by soldering or welding to a split rectangular ring 169 ar- Y ranged for a sliding fit on the rod 175, and each ring may have a screw 170 for holding it in position on the rod.
The chute 50 can be simply and inexpensively made, and a separate chute for each Een `claim different kind of statement-card used in n frame, of a rod supported on said frame office may be provided at a small cost. y parallel to and above said platen, two brackhaving a. card arranged to fit the chute perets mounted on said rod, each bracket havmits easier and faster insertion of the card, ing an upwardly-extending plate-member since no lateral gaging will` be needed. In and being positioned adjacent each end of cases where only one line is required to be said platen, Aa rectangular rod detachably typed on a statement-card, the card can be mounted on said plate-members and parallel quickly inserted in the chute and pushed with said platen, a chute mounted on said down to the lproper printing position ready rectan lar rod arranged for guiding stateto be typed Without any other collating opment-s eets against said platen above the eration. -After it is typed and withdrawn, rintin line, narrow convex-.flexible fingers the record-sheet may be line-spaced one line astene to the lower portion of said platen with a finger-wheel 16and the next card inand arranged for holding the 'statementserted in like manner. f "sheets against said platen at the printing Variations may be resorted to within the line thereof, and two statenient-sheet-holdscope of the invention, and portions of the ing rolls engaging said platen and mounted improvements may be used without others. on said frame-supported rod, one roll be- Having thus described my invention, I ing positioned on eacli side of said chute.
f' v 5. The combination with a typewriting 1. The combination with a typewriting machine havinga laten, of a chute arranged machine having a platen and av carriageofor guiding a wor -sheet provided with colframe, of a rod above and parallel to said umn-dividing lines against said platen beplaten and fast in said carriage-frame, a low the printing line thereof, and a .plu-
' lsheet against l vline thereof.
ly-extending fingers fastened on said chute chute detachably mounted on said rod and rality of narrow curved fingers fastened to arranged for guiding statement-sheets prothe lower portion of said chute and extendvided with vertical column-lines against said ing downwardly therefrom, said fingers beplaten, record-sheet-holding rolls engaging ing arranged to hold said work-sheet against against said platen and adjustably mounted said platen and being positioned so as to on said rod, one roll being on each side of coincide with and overlie said column-dividsaid chute, a plurality of narrow downwarding lines.
6. The combination with a typewritlng and positioned to coincide with and overlie machine having a platen and a paper-table the vertical column-lines on said statementapron, of a chute arranged for guiding a sheets and arran d for holding said statework-sheet having vertical column-dividing ment-sheets closed; a ainst that characters may die typed thereon beline thereof,'and a plurality of narrow curved tween said fingers, and a paper-table apron downwardly-extending finfrer's fastened to' eol said platen, so lines against said platen'above the printinglcn provided with wide short teeth extending the lower portion of said chute and ai- 'i upwardly between said fingers. ranged to hold said work-sheet against said 2. In a typewriting machine, the complaten, each of said narrow fingers being.
bination with a platen, of a chute arranged positioned so as to coincide with and overlie for guiding a work-sheet tangentially one of said column-dividing lines and to against said platen a short distance above extend below the upper end of said apron.y 'the printing line, and a plurality of narrow v 7.' The combination with a typewriting flexible curvedv fingers fastened to said chute machine having a platen and wing-scales, of
and extending downwardly therefrom and a chute arranged for guiding a work-sheet arranged to hold said work-sheet with adaniaiiist said platen, a plurality of narrow justable pressure against said' platen at the convex fingersfastened to said chute and exprinting line thereof, whereby characters tending downwardly therefrom, said fingers may be typed on said work-sheet between being arranged to hold said 'work-sheet said fingers. against-said platen at the printing line 3. In a typewriting machine, the comthereof, said chutehaving a slightly greater bination with a laten and a paper-table interior Width than said work-sheet, whereby apron, of a chute aving a front wall and a the sides of the chute may. serve as lateral v back wall arranged for guidinga work-sheet gages, and the yupper edges of said wingagainst said platen above the printing line, scales serving as a vertical gage. and a lurality for narrow curved fingers 8. The combination with a typewriting fastened to the lower portions of said front machine having a platen, of a chute having wall and extending downwardly therefrom a front wall and a backwall arranged for between teeth in the top of said apron, said guiding work-sheets against 'said platen, a 'fingers being arranged to hold said workplurality of narrow curved fingers fastened said platen at the printingv guiding said work-sheets around said platen 4.' The combination with a typewriting -below said chute and an apron-extension of a l machine having a platen and a carriagepaper-table, said extensionl being formed to the lower portion of said front wall for with wide,'short teeth which are arranged between the lower ends of said fingrs, the
ends of the fingers and the teeth substantially the same curved plane.
9. The combination with a typewriting machine having a platen, of a chute having ing in ,a front wall and a back wall arranged for guiding work-sheets against said platen, a plurality of narrow flexible convex fingers fastened to the lower portion of said front wall and arranged toy 11e against said platen' with a light pressure, and means for varying the pressure of said fingers against saidl having a-front wall and a back wall supported on said brackets and arranged for guiding a work-sheet against said platen, and a plurality of narrow flexible convex fingers arranged to press lightly against said platen and below said chute for holding work-sheets l against the platen 'at the printing line thereof, said fingers being atta'ched to the bottom portion of said front wall, whereby the pressure against the platen may be varied by angular movement of said brackets about said rod.
11. They combination with a typewriting machine having a platen and a carriageframe, of a rod above and parallel to said platen and fast on said frame, two brackets adj ustably mounted on said rod, each bracket having an upwardly-extending plate-member and being positioned adjacent each end of said platen, a rectangular rod detachably mounted on said plate-members, a third U- `shaped bracket slidably mounted on said carriage-frame rod and normally positioned between said two adjustably mounted brack ets near the left one, two rolls engaging against said platen for holding a recordsheet on the same, one of said rolls being `fastened by flexible fingers to the right-hand bracket, and the other being 'fastened in like manner to the middle bracket, a chute o mounted on said rectangular rod between said rolls and arranged for guiding a statement-sheet against said platen, andfa plurality of narrow curved downwardly-extending fingers fastened on said chute and arranged forl holding said statement-sheet against said platen at the printing line thereof.
12. In a typewritingmachine, the combination with' aplaten and a'carriage-frame, of a chute mounted on said carriage-frame abovey the printing line of said platen and arranged to guide rWork-sheets having vertical colnmn-lines against said platen, and a plurality of-narrow convex fingers fastened and overlie said column-lines, said fingers being arranged for holding said work-sheets against said platen at the lprinting line thereof and being mounted for lateral adjustment `along said chute.
13. In a typewriting machine, the combination with a platen, a paper-table apron and a carriage-frame, of a Chute mounted on said carriage-frame above the printing line of said platen and arranged to guide worksheets having vertical column-lines against said platen, a square rod fastened to said chute a short distance in front of the same and arranged parallel to said laten, and a plurality of narrow curved ngers slidably mounted on said rod and 'fastened over said column-lines and arranged for holding said work-sheets closely against saidplaten at the printing line and guiding said worksheets between said platen and said apron.
WALTER J. KNEE.
- on said'cliute and positioned to coincide with f