US 1619630 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 1, 1927.
. 1,619,630- c. H. PAJEAU y TOY Filed Oct. 8. 1926 i (6N/e; @4W/b Ried W am,
Patented Mar. 1, 1927.
I UNITED s'raras PATENT OFFICE.
CHARLES HAMILTON PAJEAU, OF GLENOOE, ILLINOIS, AssIGNOR To .THE TOY TINKERS INC., 0F EVANSTON,
ILLINOIS, .A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS.
Application filed October 8, 1926. Serial No. 140,322.
My invention relates to a toy in which portions resemble a human figure, and in its general objects aims to provide a toy ol this class in which the arn'is and legs of the figure can be moved conj-ointly without employing pull strings.
More particularly, my invention provides a toy figure construction and a mounting tor the saine so arranged that a rotational movement of a supporting member will raise the arms and legs of the toy; provides foot and hand portions of the figure so disposed as to serve as weights for utilizing centrifugal force in etfecting a raising of ythe arms and f legs; provides vsimple and vetfective'means for connecting the arms operatively with the legs; and provides a. toy of this class which can also be Ymanipulated without rotational movement for simultaneously raising or lowering the arms and legs. Y
Still further and also `more detailed objects will appear trom the following specilication and from the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. l is a front elevation of a toy embodying my invention, showing the armsand legs as lowered by the action of gravity.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged front elevation of the upper part ofthe same embodiment, with the arms and legs partly raised and with some portions in section; Y y l Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section through Fig. 2 along the line 33.
Fig. 4 isa reduced `view showing how the toy is manipulated tor raising thevarms and legs by moving thesupporting stem.
Figs. 5, 6 and 7 arereduced front elevations showing the arms and legs of the toy aslraised to varying heights. v
Fig. 8 is an enlarged section, taken along the line S-S of Fig. 3. K y y In the illustrated embodiment, the figure portion of my toy includes a` head l having a vertical bore 2 extending centrally and upwardly into it for housing the upper part o'f a flat neck Istrip 3 which corresponds in width to the diameter of the said borel and which is driven into the bore to anchor the head to the neck. l p
The lower end of the neck strip 3 is pivotally connected to the upper ends ot two arms 4 and 5, which arms diverge slightly `downwai-diy when the toy is held stationary in an upright position as shown in Figs.' l. and
4. Each ot these arms is desirably made of a tlat metal strip and has a'wooden ball 21 driven upon its lower end to simulate the corresponding hand of the ligure.V Each arm alsoV is pivotally connected intermediate 'olf its ends by a loose rivet 20 to the upper end of one of the leg members. bers Gand 7 cross each other and are pivotally` connected at their crossing, each leg member being desirably formed of a flat metal strip and having a Wooden element 8 secured to its lower end'to simulate a foot ot the ligure.
The head l ot the ligure also has another vertical bore 9 extending upwardly into it behind the bore 2 as a end portion l()f of the stem 10 which supports the ligure and which stem is provided at its lower end with a handle 11, and the ligure is connected at certain points tothis stem so as to be rotatable about the stem. For one of these vrotatable connections, I ein#4 ploy two pivot members on which the arms and the leg members are respectively pivoted, and then-mount these Ion the stem so that the pivot member connected directlyto the leg member can slide vertically on the stem while the other pivot member is prevented from sliding on the stem.
As a desirable construction forthis pur pose, Fig. 8gshows an upper pivot member comprising an eye l2 through which the stem extends, and a shank 13 on which the upper ends of the arms 4 and 5 are pivoted. n Thel shank 13 has its 'forward portion contracted in width to tit a smaller bore in the lower end ot the neck strip 3 and to afford shoulders againstwhich the liorwardend of the shank is riveted by enlarging it as shown in Fig. 8, a washer ll being desirably interposed between the front ol the neck strip and the extreme forward end of the said shank prior to this expanding, as shown in Fig. 8.
To prevent this upper pivot member from These leg memjournal for the upper similar eye 17 having a shorter shank 18 which extends through alined perforations in the twoleg members at the crossing of the latter,'but leave this eye free to slide on the stem.
Then the toy as thus constructed is held in any generally upright position, the weight of the legs and arms, together with the l is held. During such a movementakin to the movement commonly given to a socalled Roman candlecentrifugal force acting on the legs and arms, and particularly on` the balls 6 and the feet 8, tends to move the lower leg and `arm portions further from thelstem and hence raises both the legs and the arms. Hence, a nioderate speed of such rotational movement will raise the arms and legs tothe position shown in Fig. 5 and an increased speed to that shown in Fig. 6. Likewise, when the rate of rotation is decreased, gravity will lower the arms and legs, and these always move concurrently owing to -their pivotal connection to each other. The connections between the parts of the figure also permit corresponding changes in the positions of the armsrand legs tobe made without rotational movement, by manipulat ing either the arms or the legs, as for example by4 digitally lifting either one of the balls 21 or one of the feet 8. Indeed, such a manipulation will even enable the arms to be raised rather high, as shown in Fig. 7. I-Ience my toy is adapted to be employed in various ways with` decided fascination for young children.
Since the parts of the toy as here pictured and `described are all easily and cheaply manufactured and assembled, it is inexpensive and obviously can be packed in quite a compact carton. Furthermore, it employs no fragile strings and hence overcomes one of the common objections to toys of the so called Vjumping jack type. Y y
However', while I have illustrated and described my toy in a desirable construction, I do not wish to be limited to the details ofthe construction and arrangement thus disclosed, as many changes might obviously bem-ade without departing either from the spirit of my invention or from the appended claims. For example, it will be noted that while I am showing the neck of the figure as formed separately from the head,
this neck strip operatively forms an integral part of the head member of my toy.
I claim as my invention:
1. A toy figure comprising a handled stem, an upper pivot member swveled upon the stem, apair of arms both-pivoted at their upper ends to the said' memberpa head supported by the upper pivot member, a lower pivot member slidable and rotatable on the stem, and a pair of legs pivoted intermediate of their ends to the lower pivot member and pivoted at their upper ends respectively to the two'arms.
2. A toy as per claim l, in which the head is swiveled upon the upper end of the stem.
A toy as per claim 1, in whichthe head has a bore in alinement with the stem and housing the upper end of the stem to swivel the head on the stem.
4,. A toy comprising an upright stem, a head and an upper pivot member both swiveled on the stem, a. pair of diverging arms pivoted at their upper ends to the pivot member, a lower pivot member slidable and rotatable on the stem, and a pair of crossed leg members both pivoted attheir crossing to the lower pivot member and eachv pivoted ata. more elevated point to one of the arms. 5. A toy as per claim 4, in which each arm and each leg has a weight at its free end.
G. A toy comprising a head, a pair of di` verging arms pivoted at their upper ends to the head, and a pair of crossed legs pivoted to each other intermediate of their ends and each pivoted at its up er end to one of thev arms, whereby the a oresaid parts constitute a jointed assemblage in simulation of a human ligure; a stem extending Avertically behind the said figure, and means interposed between the said figure and the stem to mount therigure for rotationV on the stem` and to permit concurrent movements ofthe lower ends ofthe arms and leUs toward and away from the head, the said means being arranged to permit movement of the pivot axis of the crossed legs longitudinally of the stem during the said concurrent movements of the lower ends of the arms and legs.
7. A toy comprising a head, apair of diverging arms pivotally connected at their upper ends to the head, and a pair of crossed legs pivoted to each other intermediate of their ends and each pivoted at its upper end to one of the arms,`whereby the aforesaid parts constitute a `iointed assemblage in simulation of a human figure; anrupright stem extending vertically behind .thesa-id figure, the head being journaled u on' the` upper end of the stem for rotation a outv the axis of thestem, and a handle on the lower end of the stem .whereby thefstem may be manipulated to cause centrifugal force toV move the legs and arms of the figure.
8. A toy as per claim 7, incombination with weights on the lower ends of the arms lll for causing centrifugal force to increase the divergence of the arms when the said assemblage is rotated about the stem.
9. A toy comprising an upright stem and a jointed figure rotatably mounted on the stem and having its center of gravity at one side of the axis of the stem; the said figure comprising a head, a pair of downwardly converging arms pvoted to the head, a pair of crossed legs each pivoted at its upper ends to one of the arms, a pivoting member slidable upon the stem and on which both legs are pivoted at their crossing, and an upright handle on the stem below the figure whereby the stem may be manipulated to cause centrifugal force to raise, the lower ends of the legs and arms.
10. A toy as per claim 9, in which each of the arms and legs has a weight at its lower end.
11. A toy comprising an upright stem, a pair of pivot members spaced along the stem and both rotatably mounted on the stem, means for preventing one only of the pivot members from sliding on the stem, a head' f carried by the upper pivot member, a pair of diverging arms pivoted at their upper ends to the pivot member, and a pair of crossed leg members both pivoted at their crossing to the lower pivot member, each leg member being pivoted' at its upper end to one of the arms.
12. A toy as per claim 11, in which the head is also pivoted directly on the upper end ot the stem.
13. A toy as per claim 11, in which the legs have weights at their free ends.
14. A toy as per claim 1l, in which the arms and legs are disposed substantially in a common plane extending at one side of and parallel to the said stem.
Signed at Evanston, Illinois, October 4, 1926.
CHARLES HAMILTON PAJ EAU.