US 1619817 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. L.- GIBSON WAX APPLYING TOOL Filed Jan. 15, 1926 Patented Mar. 8, 1927.;
My invention r dlstributing tion with batik w tools pigments dyes or 5 sign sectibns on sllk, wool and other fabrics and materials, th
with wax coloring or decor ning together of su HARRY LEE GIBSON,
OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
Application filed January elates to wax applying or used in the artin connecork in which paint, colors,
the like are applied at dee design areas being outbefore application of the ative matter to 10 subsequently melt material or fabric.
taming an even tem wastage ment in which a tool has been used such tool requ'irin an alcohol lamp,
g perio prevent runch matter, the wax being ed or dissolved out of the Hereto'fore, a very crude for applying the wax,
in order to keep the wax for application to the fabric or material.
. Among th eim tion are to provid ably'electrical, for
lating ortant objects of my invene improved means, preferheating the wax and mainperature thereofto pro- 3 regu' the wax from the application nozzle; to provide a structure which will permit application of the wax a fine thread and with a minimum to provide an arrangewax magazine member and a member cooperate to form an ade valve passageway for regulating the ow of the w orm of which will wax ax; to permit magazine with thereof; to pro abling the struc held in thehand in the provide an arrangement ready charglng of the wax and ready cleaning vlde improved means enture'to be more conveniently to permit more accurate operation with the tool and to prevent the the handheat of the simple, eiii e tional view The an fcient and purpose re erred to. On drawing, Fig.
of the tool; F1g. 2 is a vertical heatlngelement from reaching d, in general} to produce a reliable tool for the 1 is aside elevadiametral sectional 1 comprises a wax magazine or barrel element W, the heating-element E,
v1d v with the body or holder element H. The gazine'element comprises a tube 10 prefra l of metal which h the thr as the head 11 proeaded opening 12. At
. the outer end of the tube 10 is inserted a plug or fitting 13 h way 14., The outer end of the the reception of a cap dshe threaded for which exten avmg the outletpzissagep 1; 1S 15 from nozzle 16. At the die heating, as over.
15, 1926. seriai No. 81,386.
inner end of the passageway 14 the plug 13 is formed to provide a conical valve seat 17. The heating element comprises the metal heating tube 18 of considerably smaller diameter thanthat of the magazine tube 10. ear its outer end the heating tube has the threaded section 19 for engaging in the threaded opening 12 of the magazine element so that upon turning tube it can be adjusted longitudinally the magazine barrel. The inner end of the heating tube is closed and conical for valving cooperation with th of the heating tube within the magazme barrel, the passageway between the valve end and the seat can be regulated wax. The outer end of the heating tube receives the inner end of a handle 21, a ferrule 22 threading on the section 19 of the heating tube receiving the inner end of the handle and being secured thereto as by means of pins or screws 23, the handle being thus rigidly secured to the heating tube.
Extending through the heating tube E is the heat roducing structure shown as comprisingt e ribbons 24 and 25 of resistant material separated by insulatingmaterial 26, the ribbons at their inner ends being electrically secured together as by a rivet 27 so for the flow of.
of the heating e seat 17 on the fit t1ng13 so that upon longitudinal adjustment that the ribbons may be connected serially in an electric circuit. At their outer ends the ribbons extend into a terminal base or plug 28 and connect with the terminal blades 29 and 30," the plug and blades being within the cylindrical dl'e, so that a circuit terminal member may be readily applied to the handle to receive the terminal blades of the heat producing element. The terminal arrangement-shown is more or less diagrammatic, it being stood that any suitable arrangement may be provided in the handle for adapting the heat producing element with an electric current supply circuit.-
The body element H may be constructed of wood, fiber, or some suitable heat resistant material, and comprises the sleeve part 32 and the extension 33 thereon. The sleeve 32 is o a diameter to receive the wax magazine barrel 10 and extends preferably from the barrel head 11 to within a distance from the nozzle end of the barrel. The sleeve 32 is, in-greater part, separated from the barrel 10 by an air space 34 which will space 31 formed in the han-.
undera ,for the flow of the justed accor shield the sleeve and grip part from the heat and keep it cool. To strengthen the sleeve, it is provided with metal ferrules 35 and 36 at its ends. The grip part 33 has the finger grooves G and the shoulder 37 the grooves permitting the grip to be conveniently held between the thumb and forefinger ofthe operators hand and theshoulder then resting on top of the hand at the base of the thumb and finger. When thus easily and accurately gripped, the tool can be readily operated and manipulated to carry the nozzle end along the work to which the wax thread or stream is to be applied. The bottom 38 of the grip part 33 is fiat to form a seat for the tool when not in use-and tokeepthe hot garrel thereof well above the supporting surace. 1
When the tool is to be used, the heating element E is removed from the magazine or wax reservoir structure W and wax is then inserted into the tube 10 through the opening 12, the wax being preferably in the form of molded sticks. ficient charge of wax, the heating element, which has been connected up with electric circuit and which has rceivedv apreliminary heating, is inserted through the opening 12 into the barrel 10 and the tube 18 will melt its way through the ing of the handle 21 the tube 18 is rotated to bring its valve end 20 into closing engagement with the seat 17 After the wax has then been sufliciently heated and melted, the handle 21 is returned to open the passageway past the valve end 20 to. the desired degree melted wax to and through the nozzle tube 16, the tool being guided to apply the wax thread or stream along the line defining the color or decorative areas on the work to be accomplished. In order to vent the barrel 10 for the flow of air to replace the discharged wax, a vent tube 39 is provided, such tube, as shown, being inserted through the head 11 of thebarrel and outside of the outer ferrule 36 of the body member H. I
Depending upon the fineness of work to be accomplished, nozzle structures of different bore may be applied to the wax barrel and the passageway past the valve end 20 addingly so that there will be a uniform flow of melted wax from the nozzle and at a rate to meet the speed of operation of the operator. When through using, a slight turn of the handle 21 will close the valve'passageway and prevent further flow of wax. The electrical heating of the waxinsures a uniform and even temperature and the proper-heating and consistency of the Y wax delivered from the nozzle.
My improved tool is very efficient and very fine, and accurate work can be accomplished The tool is light so that it can be operated a long time without tiring the After insertion of a sufwax and then by turn-= same time the wax size to hold suificient while at the magazine is of sufficient wax to last for a long time and for a considerable amount of work. Changes and modifications are possible which would still come within the scope and spirit of the in vention, and I do not therefore desire to be limited to precisely what I have shown and described. I claim as follows .1. In a wax applying tool. the combination of a wax container having a discharge outlet, and a heating element within said container mechanically adjustable to coop erate with said outlet to control the flow therethrough. I
2. In a wax applying tool. the combination of a wax container barrel having a discharge outlet, a heating element extending into said barrel and forming a closure therefor, said heating element acting mechan i cally as a valve for controlling the flow through the discharge outlet.
3. In a'wax applying tool, the combination of a wax container barrel having a discharge outlet, a heating element extending through said barrel for heating the wax therein, a valve seat surrounding said disoperator,
eharge opening, said heating element being adjustable in said barrel and its end being formed to act as a valve for cooperating with said seat to control the flow through said discharge outlet. I
4. Ina wax applying tool, the combination of a barrel for containing wax, saidbarrel having a discharge outlet, a heating element comprising a heating tube adapted to be inserted into said barrel to heat the wax therein, said tube being longitudinally adjustable in said barrel and its end being adapted to cooperate with said discharge outlet to control the flow therethrough.
5. In a wax applying tool, the combination of a barrel for containing wax and having a discharge outlet at one end, a heating element comprlsing atube and an electric heat produemg conductor therein, said tube extending into said barrel and having threaded engagement with the outer en thereof whereby to be longitudinally ad' able in said barrel, the inner end of tube forming a valvev for cooperating with said discharge outlet to control the flow of melted wax therethrough.
6. In a wax applying tool, the; combination of a barrel for containing wax, said barrel having a discharge outlet at one end and a head at the other end, a heating ele-. ment comprising a handle and a. heating tube extending therefrom and an electrical resistance element in said, tube, said tube being adapted to be extended through said barrel head and having threaded engagement therewith to be thereby longitudinally adtube forming a valve for controlling said being adjustable within said container and discharge outlet. adapted to act as a valve for controlling said wax applying tool comprising a bardischarge outlet, and a grip structure formrel member and a heating element, said baring also a seating base for su porting said 25 rel having a discharge outlet at one end and barrel above a supporting suriace. at its other end having a head provided with 9. In a wax applying tool, the combinaa threaded inlet, said heating element colntion of a supporting body, a barrel supported prising a handle part, a tube extending in said body and having a discharge outlet therefrom, and an electric resistance conduc- Y at one end, an electric heating element com- 30 tor within said tube, said tube having a prising a tube and an electric heating conthreaded section near its outer endfor enductor therein, said tube being adapted to gaging the threaded inlet of said barrel, be projected into said barrel from the other the inner end of said tube being shaped to end thereof, the end of said tube being act as a valve for controlling the flow adapted to cooperate with said discharge 35 through said discharge outlet. outlet to control the flow therethrou h, and
In a wax applying tool, the eo'mbinaa grip extension depending from said body tion of a wax container having a discharge part and acting also as a supporting base outlet, an electric heating element compris- I In witness whereof, I hereunto subscribe ing a tube aving an electric heating conmy name this 13th day of January, 1926. 40
ductor therein and extending into said container to heat the wax therein, said tube HARRY LEE GIBSON.