US 1621802 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 22 '1927. I
J. MORRISON VEHICLE BODY DOOR 2 She-ets-Sheet 1 r 5 Filed June 2s. 1922 x. liuc.
I JIIIII A Tram/frs,
March 22, 1927.
J. MoRRlsoN VEHICLE BODYDOOR Patented Mar. 22, 1927.
JAMES. Meneses; 01. Gesteine, Gele Assiettes '120; THE HIGHLAND BODY Meew- Feervelie Geri-teli?? .QF Gewisse@ @me e QCR'PQMHGN QF 031.09
` vnnronn BQnY noon.
.Apiplieationled June .23, 1322. Soria1No.; 570.,3g7.
the .top oi' the door in position in the side Panel Well 011 line 3-3 .Off Eisele AFigure t is a detail plan vien7 ofthe joint @between Vthe door and the dash side panel @lione l i 4 i Figure 5 is a perspective section showing the spring `clamp and the trael ,and roller.
Figure@ is a side `elevationof the doorlo- .oated on the sill ot the eab ivith the traoli partly renioyed to show the locking points. Figure 7 is .a side .perspective View ot' 4the eeb shopping .the door closed and the sashes oi' the Window Withdrawn on one side.
i .Rigore :8 is Yay perspective view of the entire @ab shoving it fully Qreii- Figure 9 .is i perspective section taken veritiottlly through one ef .the tvindoiv sashes adjacent ithe front edge thereof.
rlhe cab as shown is inade up ot a` top l, side panels 2, a .dash 3 and a dash side panel e. Eziehside panel is fornied with s `Well 5 of a `ldepth to take the door and opening i'orivardly. The .top l6 .of the irell extends rearwardly inside of .the side panel and alongside .of this top .Wall a giiide channel 7 for the Window is formed. The top Wall oi' the yivell is formed so as toslope doiynivardly and outwardly.
The 'liront panel i terminates rearwardly in -a yeoluinn -having a sloping tace 8 directed inwardly .of the oa'b.
The floor of the cab comprises sills 9 which extend bzicl; forming the brises .of theftwo Wells, and erected on the outer sides of the sills are tracks made up preferably of instal bars l() turned on edge. Beneath each sill is :placed a strip ll havinojiits onter'face .about .iitvish with the track bar end having its Linder tace sighting .iniverdly and np- .ivardly In the sill ere lolceted the desired holes or socket plates 1.2 for til-,ie door look, one 4)being closely .adjacent thedash side panelond one edjncent the mouth of( the VWell eaoli side of thestriictiire. i
rlthe .doers are formed with framework nieces severed with sheet .metal viti@ the SM1.)-
My invention relates to sliding doors for vehicle bodies and more generally to lclQSLn-.es 'Ier vehicle cabs.
in my Letters Tai-tent in the United States No. 1,451,526, dated April io., 1923,.7 l have described and shown a. forni, oi' window :for vehicle bodies and cabs, in .which the Win donv has a (combination ot ,sliding and 'folding motions, ivliioli permits of its entire removal troni the open sides oi .the eab, leeving; all but a partially eiit-a.\ vay panel es .the only lateral Vo osiire oit the Lab.
if ie present intention deals met@ pilil* lerly with .a sliding door, which enters a .vell ornied in the `side panl .of the eab, thereby permitting .the door also t0. il@ 9D- tiiely -withdrawn except for the side `pan-el. This door is adepted particularly for use with the sliding` and folding' WindcmY construction ot n'iy said application.
ln connection with the door' l have. .provided for a mounting' `sind guiding means which Imaintains a tight, nonmattling lit, with compression springtaire .nip `and .with the wear' faces between .the moving ,parts adapted for a nature-.l `even .wenn Without id@- veloping looseness at any one point.
Nhenfolosed l yprovide for the door .an autoniatio means for maintaining e tight tit against the dash side panel, `and when moved into the pocket or Well, l provide for the dooi` an automatic means dororeing 'it into a` tight fitting` position.
in the locking mechanism I provide an automatic or spring` lock having a handle Whieh is likewise used' tor manipulating the door, end which folds down behind .the inside pillarot the well when the 4.door iS Open.
ln various other Ways, as .Wil-l be noted, l provide the door with means whereby its inotiou is easy but its lit andposition at all 'times is secure and non-rattling.
r:These objects and `advantages :l aoooin plish by that certain constrnotion :and .2111- rangeinent ot' parts to zbe hereinafter niore specifically pointed out and ciaiined- In the drawings,
Figurel l is a. iront elevational Vdetail shea-3T- ing` the door edgeivise vand in .the panel Wel-l. l l
Figure 2 is a section taken vertically through the door on the line v2-.2 .O iggu 6 Figure 3 is a detail vertical .section .Oil .a larger scale showing the 'spring plunger on gains in the `traine and covered by the plates. The vertical trente pieces of .the `doors I .have indicated e513, the bep nieces es 'le' and the .betteln pieces as L6. 'lhere may also be cross desired. The outside plates 17 forming a complet-e lacing for the .door
.porting rollers and olpnip -inechanisni' set in frames may be mounted thereon in any desired way and over the top is set a plate 15.5, while at the front there will preferably be another' metal plate 19.
The top of the door frame and also the plate covering it are arranged at a slant facing downwardly and outwardly, while the front frame piece of the doors. together with its facing, if any, slants inwardlv and forwardly.
I provide in the top of the door frame a narrow space between the top frame piece and the metal binding la, in which is set a strip of spring steel l5 having` a bifurcated end 16a forming a bearing. This bearing lies in a pocket 17a formed in the upper frame piece and binding. The bearing carries a roller 2O therein which lies in the well when the door is closed, and holds the door frame up against the member at the inside wall of the mouth of the well. The strip 15a, the roller and the pocket are on a slant similar to the top of the door.
Spring plungers 2l are mounted in the rear of the door, so that when the door is thrust back into the well and locked, these plungers will bear against the rear wall of the well and hold the door tight between the lock and said wall.
A further set of said spring plungers are set, as shown at-22, in the dash side panel or column, so as to press inwardly on the slanting forward edge of the door.
Since the dash side panel is formed with a ilange or web 23 on its inner face, the door will be pressed against this iiange by the plungers 22, thereby holding it tight at the front.
Set into gains in the base frame piece of the doors are mounting plates 24 for rollers 25, which said rollers are grooved to ride on the rails or tracks 10. The facing plates of the doors cover these rollers from view, as has already been noted.
Set into a long gain 25a in the forward frame piece of the doors are guide straps 26 mounting slidably a long bar 27, which acts to hold the door down to the track, prevent it from becoming displaced laterally, and brings it to alignment with the track when it is dislodged. This bar has at its upper end a lip 28, and at its lower end a lip 29, said latter lip being bent so as to take a full bearing against the under face of the strip l1. In a deeper gain or socket at the npper end of the gain 25'"L is set a compression spring 30, which presses against the lip 26 and forces the bar upwardly, so that the lower lip on the bar will ride closely against the strip ll, thereby holding the door down tight with its rollers on the rail. As this lip and strip engagement is on an angle, there is no chance of Athe lips 28 becoming dislodged,-and the wear will be even on the strip 11.
The lock for the door comprises a jump bar 3l mounted in brackets 32 on the forward frame piece of the door at the inside thereof. A compression spring 33 mounted over the bar tends to force it down by engagement with a collar 34 thereon. At the top of the bar is pivoted a handle 35, which is mounted pivotally in the door frame in a countersunk iitting 36.
rihus the handle extends downwardly close to the door when the jump bar is positioned in one of the holes in the sill, such that it will lie against the edge of the inner wall forming the well for the door without projecting and catching the drivers garments.
It will be. further noted that the driver in operating the door from open position with the handle lying alongside the edge of the well, will grasp the handle and raise it, thereby lifting the jump bar from the socket adjacent the well. He will then manipulate the door with the same handle and thrust it forward until the door contacts with the spring plungers on the dash panel, whereupon the release of the handle will permit the jump bar to descend into the sill socket at this point.
The door will be held tigthly when closed by means of the plunger devices at the front and by the plungerv lying within the pocket Von the upper edge of the door, and at all times will be held down tightly by the hooked bar engaging the beveled under strip hitherto described.
Referring to the window devices it will be noted that the windows are made up, as in my said application for patent already referred to, in three sections (preferably) as indicated at 50, 51 and 52. The sections 50 and 5l are hinged together in any desired way. The sections 5l and 52 are hinged by means of leaves 53 and pintles which serve other purposes also.
Thus at the upper hinge, the pintles 54 have springs 55 holding them down and hooked ends 56 riding over beveled strips 56 set in the top of the vehicle.
The lower pintles 57 have rubber rollers 57a on their under ends, which ride in the groove or channel located on the inside upper edge of the door well.
At the forward end of the section 50 and rear end of the section 52, these special pintle devices are used also, although in this .instance they do not act as pintles.
The sections 52 and 5l. will fold inwardly, so that the rear section may lie flat against the back of the cah with the section 51 lying in parallel position against it while the front section lies against the side panel of the cab.
A handle 58 is used to lock the window in place into sockets in the top rail, and also to manipulate the window.
On theunder edge of the Window is a Wiping strip 59 which engages the top edge oit the door, same slanting downwardly and outwardly, as Ahas been noted. `The top oi the dash side panel maybe provided with a channel at each side similar to the channels alongside of the door well.
T here is not necessarily any connection between the doors and the windows except 'for the wiping strip, and eXcept as they appear in combination with the side panel construction of a cab.
rhe windows and doors both slide into concealment with relation to the side panel structure, so that a completely open or completely closed cab may be provided, using no iiexible trames, so that glass may be provided in the windows. Y
l do not wish to be limited to specilic structure in the claims that follow because of my 'failure to note, as the above description proceeded, these mechanical equivalents that might be substituted for the parts named.
'Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure `by Letters Fatent, is1- l. ln combination with a vehicle cab having a top, side panels, a dash, and panels at the sides of the dash, a well formed in connection with the side panels, a support, a window formed in rigid, articulated sections and mounted so as to slide on the support and fold behind the vertical plane defined by the 'front edges of the side panels, a door adapted to fill the space between the well and the dash panels. said door adapted to slide into the well, said window havingmeans to engage the door to act as a weathering, and means for holding the window and door in place to close all space between the side panels and dash side panels of the cab.
2. The combination with a vehicle cab having` side panels, sills and a dash, means lorming' a well in a side panel, track tormiingmeans on the sill, means on the door for holding it across the opening between the side panel and dash, and resilient means positioned between the top of the well and the top of the door to force the door into tightposition within the well when the door is positioned across said opening.
3. Vlhe combination with a vehicle cab having` side panels and sills, means forming a well in a side panel. means on the sill toi' the door to ride upon, said door havingan upper edge slanted outwardly and downwardly, said well iorming means having,` its top edge slanting in the same manner, and spring means operating between the top ot the door and the top of the well adapted to press the door downwardly and inwardly, said means comprising a resiliently held roller set into the top of the door and so positioned as to lie within the well when the door is closed.
il. In a vehicle cab, the combination oli' a door, an element on which the door will ride, means behind which the door will move, and a resiliently pressed bar on the door, and means beneath the rhaving means at `its end to enga-ge said means beneath said element to hold the door tightly down on the said element.
5. ln a vehicle cab, the combination with track means and a-door riding on sald track,
means behind which the door will move, and a resiliently pressed bar on the door, and means beneath the track, said ybar having means at its end to engage said means beneathfthe track to `hold the door tightly down on the track, said means beneath the 'rack and on the bar ha p; a slant inwardly and upwardly ot the cab, or the purpose described.
(5. in a vehicle cab, the combination with a r linear track, a. door, rollers on the door engaging said track, means behind which the door will slide when opened, a resiliently pressed bar on the door.rv and a strip beneath the track, said strip being faced on its under side in a slantinwardly and upwardly of the cab,'and a hook on the bar bent in alike manner to engage said strip, for the purpose described.
7. ln a vehicle cab, the combination with a track, a door riding;` on said track, means behind which the door will slide when opened, a bar slidably mounted in the door, said bar having,` a flange or lugadjacent its upper end, a compression spring seated in the door and arranged to impart upward pressure on said flange, and a hook on the bar to engage beneath the track.
8. In a vehicle cab, the combination with a track, a door riding; on said track, means behind which the door will slide when opened, a bar slidably mounted in the door, said bar having a flange or lug adjacent its upper end, a compression spring,` seated in the door and engaging; ,trom beneath said flange, a strip beneath the track, and a hook on the bar to engage said strip, said strip and hook being bent inwardly and upwardly, for the purpose described.
9. In a vehicle cab, the combination with a well, a sill, a door adapted to slide into the well and ride on the sill. a dash panel, and means to resiliently hold the door down against the sill and resiliently press it away from the top of' the well, when closed again st the dash panel and further means to resiliently press it inwardly at the dash panel, said panel having a projection aga-inst which said door is pressed.
l0. ln a vehicle cab, the combination with a door, said cab having an opening adapted to be closed by said door, means tor slidably supporting the door in the eab, means against which the door abuts when closed. said means and the door having abutting faces which l element, said bar Cil llt)
forwardly of the cab, adapted to lies between the said faces when the door is closed, and a projection against which the inner edge of the door is pressed by said resilient means.
ll. In a vehicle cab, the combination with a door, said cab having an opening adapted to be closed by said door, means for slidably supporting the door in the cab, means against which the door abuts when closed, said means and the door having abutting faces which slant inwardly and forwardly of the cab7 and resilient means adapted to lie between the said faces when the door is closed, and a projection against which the inner edge of the door is pressed by said resilient means, said resilient means comprising a spring plunger set into the door.
l2. In a vehicle cab, the combination of a door, an element beneath the door on which Jthe door will ride., means behind which the door will move, and resilient means on the door engaging the cab beneath the element on which the door rides, and adapted to hold the door down on said element, and to align the door` with said element.
13. In combination with a Vehicle cab havslant inwardly and and resilient means ing a top, seat dash, floor and side panels extending alongside the seat, leaving aspace to be closed and opened, a sliding` door supported at the floor of the eab, and resiliently held to the floor, a pocket at the side panels into which the door will slide7 said door adapted when closed to lill the space between the pocket and dash, an overhead support, a window in a plurality of sections mounted on and adapted to take positions on said support of c osure of the space above the door and between the side panels and dash, and of nesting behind the vertical plane defined by the forward edges of the side panels.
let. In a vehicle cab, the combination of a door, a support on which the door rides and located beneath it, a well Jfor said door serving to hold one end thereof when the door is closed and to house the door when the door is open, and a bar on the door having a hooked end, spring means exerting stress between the bar and the door, and said support including a member to engage said hooked end of the bar7 holding the door down on the support.