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Publication numberUS1621951 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 22, 1927
Filing dateMar 5, 1923
Priority dateMar 5, 1923
Publication numberUS 1621951 A, US 1621951A, US-A-1621951, US1621951 A, US1621951A
InventorsPerkins Frederick E
Original AssigneePerkins Frederick E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rolling fire door
US 1621951 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 22', 1927.

. 1,621,951 F: E. PERKINS ROLLING FIRE DOOR Filed March 5. 192s 2 sheets-sheet' 1 amr @s March 1927.4

F. E. PERKINS 1,621,951

ROLLING FIRE DOOR Filed March 5. 1923 Patented Mar. 22, 1927.



Application filed March 5, 1923. Serial No. 622,924.

My invention relates to improvements in rolling fire doors such as are commonly employed in closing doorways in buildings as a precaution against the spreading of fire therein. p l l Broadly its Objectis to provide in a door, which may be normally raised and lowered like a window shade and which is fitted with means for automatically providing for the lowering of the door lin case of a dangerous rise in temperature, improved brake mechanism4 fory retarding the fall of the curtain and Vsaving' it against injurious shock when it Yreaches the floor.

More specifically it is my obj ect to provide in a device of this nature an effective centrifugal brake associated through simple and convenient connections with one end of the curtain balancing spring, whereby a regulated amount of balancing force is retained within the, released spring until after the curtain falls shut. y Y

Y `Withthe foregoing and other objects in view, which will appear in the following description, the invention resides in the novel combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed.

In` the drawings, Fig. 1 is a front 4,elevational view of aL door embodying my invention, certain partsv being broken away to show ,interior construction; Fig. 2 is a View partly in elevation and partly in section,y the elevational portion illustratingthe door-structure as seen from the right of Fig.` 2 and the sectional portion illustrating a housing for said door structure and Fig. 3 is a sectional view illustrating, in detail, the centrif uga-l brake, said view being taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1.

Referring to the drawings, wherein similar reference characters are employed to designate similar parts throughout the several views, I have used the numeral 10- toindicate a curtain shaft and 11, 11EL to designate brackets for revolubly supporting said shaft. A sleeve-likeroller 12 has bushings 13, 13a in theends thereof journaled on the shaft 10. A curtain A, made up of a plurality of slats a. pivoted edge` to edge, is adapted t-o be wound `upon and unwound vfrom the roller 12, one end of said curtain being fastened by means vof bolts 14 to said roller. The brackets 11, 11a are located with respect to a doorway so that the curtain will close said doorway when lowered and leave it unobstructed when wound upon the roller 12. A housing 15 (Fig. 2) covers the wound curtain A and braking mechanism soon to be described. A helical spring 16, encircling the shaft 10 within the roller-12, is secured at one end by means of a screw 17 to thev bushing 13. The other end of said spring 16 is secured by means of a screw 18 to a collar 19 keyed on the shaft 10 by a pin 20. Enough tension is put in the spring 1G by turning the curtain shaft 10 to balance the curtain A in wound, unwound and partially unwound relations, a large-gear 21 bengkeyed to said shaft 10 to normally lock the same against ,rotation and thereby retain the balancing force in said spring 16. The locking mechanism includes a lever 22 pivoted near the rear end thereof on a stud 23 reaching sideward from the bracket 11, said end of said lever being toothed as at 24 to mesh with the teethin said gear 21. The forward end of the lever 22,

in the absence of resistance, falls by gravity,

thus disengaging the toothed rear end of said lever from the gear 21. Normally, this lever 22 is held in gear locking relation bya conventional fuse link strand 25 arranged in any suitable manner and adapted to be automatically severed upon a dangerous rise in temperature.

From the foregoing, it will be understood that the Vcurtain A may be readily raised and lowered to open and close the door and that, in the event of severance of the fuse link strand 25 by excessive heat, the curtain will fall automatically. `This automatic lowering of the curtain is caused by gravity, following the freeing of the shaft 1() by the locking lever 22 and the consequent spending of the balancing force in the spring 16.

A centrifugal brake B, geared to the shaft 10 through the gear 21 thereon, allows the spring 16 to uncoil sufficiently to permit the unwrapping of the curtain by gravity, but controls the uncoiling of said spring during the fall and after the closing of the curtain, whereby damage to said curtain in closing and damage to said spring in uncoiling is avoided. The brake B includes a brake drum 26 fixed to the bracket 11. A stud 27 reaching from said bracket axially of said drum. supplies a bearing for a small gear 2S and a disc or head 29 having a `hub 30 thereon. Said gear28 meshes with the large gear `los i 2l on the curtain shaft l0 and is fixed with respect to the drum head 29. A pin 31 on the margin of the head 29 supplies a common pivot for opposed semi-circular brake shoes 32, 3j which when spread apart at their free ends, are adapted to engage the inner periphery of the brake drum 26. A bowed leaf spring 33 joining the brake shoes 32, 32Z1 yieldingly holds the same from engagement` with the brake drum 26. Reaching from the head 29 between the adjacent free ends of the slices 32, 32ZL is a pin 3i. Pivoted at tlieirends on this pin is a lever and an arm 36, the former having a cam athereon engaging the free end of the shoe 321 and the latter having a cani 36 theieon engaging the adjacent free end of the shoe 32. The free ends of the'lever 35 and arm 36 extend to opposite sides of the stud 27. Indiametrical position withk respect to the pin 34 and on the side of the stud 2T opposite said pin, is a channel-like guide 37 secured to the head 29. A pintle or slide 38 formed with a head (not shown) slid'able in said guide, pivotally connects a link 39 and lever v40, the former being pivotally connected with vthe lever and the latter with the arm 36. rlhe levers 35 and 40 are equipped with weights il at the ends thereof.

Following the tripping of the locking lever 22 and the initial uncoiling ofthe spring 16, the curtain A. starts to fall by gravity, and the weights fil are urged outward'by centrifugal force upon rotation .of the head 29. Before the lower edge of the curtain A reaches the floor and prior to the entire eX- penditure of balancing force in the spring 16. the shoes 29 are engaged with the brake drum 26,.tlius retaining a part of theu'nspent balancing power inY said spring. After the closing of the curtain A, the spring 16 rcompletely spends itself under control of the brake B. rlhus it will'be seen that the Vimpact of the curtain A against the floor unison.

Changes in the specific form of my invention, herein disclosed, may be made within Vthe scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of my invention,

Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:

l. In a device of the class described, a roller, a curtain 'adapted to be wound' upon and unwound from said roller, a spring arranged and normally tensioned to balance the curtain, means for normally retaining the balancing tension in said spring, said means being adapted to be rendered inoperative Vupon a dangerous rise in temperature, a centrifugal brake to control the release of said spring, said brake comprising a stationary drum, a revoluble head connected with and turned by said spring, brake shoes pivoted on said head, a cam arm and a'cam lever pivoted ona common axis between the adjacent free ends of said shoes, a guide on said member diametrically opposed to the pivotal mounting for said arm and lever, a slide in said guide, a link pivoted to said slide and to said lever at one side of the center of said head, a second lever having a 'pivotal connection with the arm at the other'side of said center and also with said Vslide,'and weights on the ends of said levers.

'2. In a device of the' class described, a curtain shaft, brackets revolubly supporting th'e'same, a curtain roller revolubly mounted'on said shaft, a curtain attached at one end to said roller and adapted to be wound thereon and unwound therefrom, a helical spring encirclinglsaid shaft, one end of said spring being fixed with respect to the roller and the other end thereof being fiXedwith respect to said shaft, said spring being tensioned t'o normally balance the curtain, a centrifugal brake operatively connected with said shaft and means normally securing the shaft against rotation, said means being adapted to free said shaft upon a dangerous rise in temperature, whereupon the spring is released and the brake operated to cont-rol the uncoiling of said spring and the falling of the curtain.

In a device of the class described, a roller, a curtain adapted to be woundV upon and unwound Vfrom said roller, la centrifugal brake including a-"revoluble member,`speed increasing mechanism geared to said member, a helical spring'no'rmally tensioned to balancesaid curtain, one end of thespring being fixed wth'respect to theroller and the other end' thereof connected with said speed increasing mechanism for operating the saine, and `means for releasing said last mentioned end of said, spring upon a dangerous rise in temperature, said brake being adapted to control the unwinding of said spring, whereby the fall :of the curtain is retarded.

itin a device of the class described, a roller, acurtain adapted to vbe wound upon andunwoundl from said roller, a centrifugal brake including a revoluble member, a curtain balancing spring fixed at one end with respect to the roller and `operatively connected at its other end with said ievoluble member for turning the same, and means normally securing the 'revoluble brake ineinber against rotation and adapted to free said meinberupon a dangerous rise 1n temperature, the rota-tion of said member ei'ecting the balancing tension in said spring, said a braking action for controlling the releasmeans being adapted to be rendered inop- 10 ing' action of said spring. erative upon a dangerous rise in tempera- 5. In a device of the class described, a ture, and a brake to control the releasing roller, a curtain adapted to be Wound upon action of said spring. and unwound from said roller, a spring In testimony whereof, I have signed my arranged and normally tensioned to balance name to this specification. said curtain, means for normally retaining,- FREDERICK E. PERKINS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3637004 *Oct 24, 1969Jan 25, 1972Cookson CoRolling door operating mechanism
US5022452 *Dec 8, 1989Jun 11, 1991Burrell Jere SRolling fire door
WO2014199126A1 *Jun 2, 2014Dec 18, 2014Coopers Fire LtdFire and smoke curtain
U.S. Classification160/8
International ClassificationE06B5/10, E06B9/80, E06B5/16, E06B9/82
Cooperative ClassificationE06B5/16, E06B9/82
European ClassificationE06B5/16, E06B9/82